Heiner Geissler

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Heiner Geißler at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2016
Heiner Geißler in December 2007

Heiner Geißler (actually Heinrichjosef Georg Geißler ; born March 3, 1930 in Oberndorf am Neckar ; † September 11, 2017 in Gleisweiler ) was a German politician ( CDU ).

From May 1967 to June 1977 he was a minister in the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate under Prime Minister Peter Altmeier , Helmut Kohl and Bernhard Vogel , from 1982 to 1985 Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health in the Kohl cabinet and from 1977 to 1989 Secretary General of the CDU. Especially during his time as Secretary General, Geissler was often noticed by strongly polarizing statements about political opponents. Later, his turn to positions that tended to be left, especially in economic and social policy, caused considerable sensation and criticism in his party. B. when he joined the globalization-critical organization attac in 2007 .

From 1997 Geissler acted as an arbitrator in various collective bargaining disputes . In 2010 and 2011 he acted as an arbitrator in the conflict over the Stuttgart 21 station construction project .

Life and work

Geissler was born the fourth of five children to a senior government councilor . He was a member of the Center Party , did not conform to Nazi ideology and was often transferred to Tuttlingen (1938 to 1940) and Spaichingen , where the family saw the end of the war. He was drafted into the entrenchment service in the final stages of World War II ; he managed to escape home with a schoolmate. After attending school in Ravensburg, Tuttlingen, Hanover and Spaichingen, at the age of 16 he came to the Jesuit school Kolleg St. Blasien in the Black Forest, which is considered an elite school , as there was no school in Spaichingen leading to the Abitur . After graduating from high school in 1949, at the age of 19, he joined the Jesuit order as a novice . After four years he left him before he should have permanently taken the religious vows of poverty , chastity and obedience : “At the age of 23 I realized that I couldn't keep two - at least one - of these vows. It wasn't poverty. "

Geißler studied philosophy at the Jesuit-run University of Philosophy in Munich and then law in Munich and Tübingen . There he became a member of the Catholic student association Alamannia in the KV . He completed his legal studies in 1957 with the first state examination. The second state examination followed in 1962 . In 1960 he was promoted to Dr. jur. PhD . In 1962 he worked as a judge at the Stuttgart District Court and from 1962 to 1965 as a member of the government, head of the ministerial office of the labor and social affairs minister of the state of Baden-Württemberg Josef Schüttler .

Geissler was married and had three sons and lived in Gleisweiler from 1980. He died at home on September 11, 2017 and was also buried in Gleisweiler.

Political career

Political party

Heiner Geissler, 1978

Geissler was a member of the CDU. Together with Franz Sauter , Erwin Teufel and Josef Rebhan , he founded the Rottweil district association of the Junge Union in 1956 . From 1961 to 1965 he was state chairman of the Junge Union Baden-Württemberg. In 1977 he was elected Secretary General of the CDU to succeed Kurt Biedenkopf . As such, he managed the CDU in three federal elections until 1989 ( 1980 , 1983 and 1987 ). To this day he is the CDU general secretary with the longest period of service and the only one who also held a ministerial office at the same time. During this time he was responsible for the adoption of the basic program of the CDU and decisively shaped the new foreign policy ideas of the CDU, which were developed at the youth party congress in Hamburg and were considered a prerequisite for the later coalition with the FDP , as well as the CDU's new women's policy ( Federal Party Congress 1985 in Essen ).

At the federal party convention of the CDU in September 1989 , Geissler was not proposed again as Secretary General after considerable differences had developed between him and Helmut Kohl about the future course of the CDU and, together with Lothar Späth and Rita Süssmuth , he had prepared Kohl's replacement from the party leadership . He was then a member of the CDU Presidium until 1998 and the CDU federal executive committee until 2002 . On November 26, 1999, in the course of the CDU donation affair , he admitted that the party had "black accounts" in the Kohl era.

In 1977 Geißler was responsible for a brochure in which he accused many left-wing and liberal cultural workers and politicians in the Federal Republic of Germany as “sympathizers of terror” (meaning the attacks by the Red Army faction ), including Helmut Gollwitzer , Heinrich Albertz , Günter Wallraff , Herbert Marcuse and Federal Minister of the Interior Werner Maihofer . In 1983, Geissler spoke of the SPD as the “ fifth column of the other side”, which meant the Eastern Bloc , when it came to deploying US medium-range missiles in Europe.

In the election campaign leading up to the federal election in 1983 , Geissler used the quote “If you don't know the truth, you're just a fool. But whoever knows it and calls it a lie is a criminal! ”From Bertolt Brecht's drama The Life of Galileo against the SPD.

Willy Brandt accused him on May 12, 1985 of being " the worst agitator in this country since Goebbels ". Geißler interpreted this as a reaction to his comment on the dictatorial system of the GDR , which he made in connection with a commemorative event initiated by the SPD for the 40th anniversary of the end of the Nazi dictatorship in Germany. Brandt's statement is sometimes incorrectly associated with Geissler's comparison of Auschwitz and pacifism (see below).

Geissler criticized the award of the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize to International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War , because its vice-president, the Soviet Minister of Health Yevgeny Chazov , had dissidents admitted to psychiatric hospitals.


Geissler at a press conference on the coalition negotiations between CDU / CSU and FDP on February 12, 1987

With the federal election in 1965 , Geissler became a member of the German Bundestag as a directly elected member of the Reutlingen constituency . As a state politician, he was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament from 1971 to 1979 . From 1980 to 2002, Geissler was again a member of the Bundestag , this time as a directly elected member of the Bundestag constituency in Southern Palatinate . After the first all-German federal election in 1990 , he held office from January 1991 to October 1998 as deputy chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group .

In a Bundestag debate on NATO's double decision and the stationing of Pershing II missiles on June 15, 1983, Geißler commented on an interview in Spiegel in which the Green MPs Otto Schily and Joschka Fischer, in their opinion, threatened nuclear war with the missile stationing compared to Auschwitz :

"[...] to associate the mass extermination in Auschwitz with the defense of the nuclear deterrent of a liberal-democratic constitutional state, this also belongs to the chapter of confusion of terms and spirits that we now have to endure. In response to what you said there, Mr Fischer, I would like to draw your attention to the following: The pacifism of the 1930s, which in its ethical justification differs little from what we know today in the justification of today's pacifism have to take, it was this pacifism of the thirties that made Auschwitz possible. "

While this statement was defended by proponents of the missile deployment, some MPs from other parliamentary groups accused Geissler, among other things, of " distorting history ". In this context, the left-liberal FDP MP Hildegard Hamm-Brücher asked “what has pacifism to do with hatred of Jews in Germany”. Geißler himself later emphasized in an interview with the NDR that with his remark he meant the pacifist currents in France and England, whose appeasement policy had encouraged Hitler to "attack other countries and let off steam through his racist policies to the point of mass murder".

In 1995, he referred to the CDU, alluding to the role of Helmut Kohl, as a " leader cult party". At the CDU federal party conference in 1995 , Geissler then apologized for the word about the Führer cult : “The term was wrong, the concern remains”.

State and federal ministers

On May 18, 1967, he was appointed minister of social affairs to the state government of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate led by Prime Minister Peter Altmeier , which he retained after May 19, 1969 under Prime Minister Helmut Kohl . In Kohl's second cabinet and the first state government of his successor Bernhard Vogel , the official title was "Minister for Social Affairs, Health and Sport". On June 23, 1977, he resigned from the state cabinet.

During his time as minister in Rhineland-Palatinate, he was responsible for the first kindergarten law, the first hospital reform law and the first law on sports promotion in the history of the Federal Republic. He was also the initiator and founder of the first social stations and thus the creator of the outpatient care infrastructure .

Of 4 October 1982 to 26 September 1985 he was Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health in by Chancellor Helmut Kohl led Federal Government and as such a member of the cabinets of carbon I and carbon II . During this term of office, he stood for the reorganization of the Conscientious Objection and Civilian Service Act, childcare allowance , parental leave , the recognition of years of parenting in the pension insurance system, the reform of the license to practice medicine and the internship as well as the establishment of the Federal Foundation "Mother and Child" . During his tenure, he refrained from making the newly discovered AIDS illness notifiable.

Political engagement after 1997

Arbitrator in wage disputes

Geißler mediated several collective bargaining disputes, four times between 1997 and 2002 as an arbitrator in the main construction trade , in 2006 in the collective bargaining dispute of Deutsche Telekom and in August 2007 together with Kurt Biedenkopf in the collective bargaining dispute between the union of German locomotive drivers and Deutsche Bahn .

Membership in organizations critical of the government

Later, Geissler increasingly represented left-wing positions, particularly on economic policy issues . He described positions criticized by him as “ultra-conservative”, “ turbo-capitalist ”, “ neoliberal ”, “backward- looking ” or “yesterday”. Based on his criticism, in May 2007 he declared his accession to the globalization-critical organization Attac as ideal support for the humanization of the globalization process aimed at by “Attac” .

"The current economic system is not capable of reaching a consensus and is deeply undemocratic; it must be replaced by a new economic order."

- Geissler in the program "Razzien und Randale - How far can the state and demonstrators go?" By Maybrit Illner on May 31, 2007

“There is money like dirt on earth. It's just the wrong people. "

- Geißler in the Marler Zeitung , March 20, 2017; P. 14; on the occasion of the 8th Church Film Festival, Recklinghausen

In May 2007, Geissler described an economic system "in which hedge funds can work uncontrolled, so-called vulture funds make huge profits at the expense of heavily indebted African countries and in which the stock market value of a company increases the more employees are rationalized away " as "sick, immoral and economically wrong ”. Capitalism, as it knows "no values ​​beyond supply and demand", is just as wrong as communism. A model for a new middle way to be found could indeed be “the old German social market economy ”. However, since the markets are already globalized, the nation-state as such can no longer offer any solutions; rather, politics must also internationalize itself in return. However, impulses for this would have to come from regional, sub-state levels - instead of national centralism; Because: "Only they can convey home, only there people can find themselves again." But the EU, as a supranational organization, has lost trust among the population due to its excessive economic orientation.

With regard to the G8 summit in Heiligendamm in 2007 , when asked whether he would travel there and demonstrate:

“I don't want to surrender myself to any chaos or people who have gone crazy - on one side or the other -; and because I know myself: If someone touches me, I hit back - and if it's a police officer, I hit back. When I demonstrate, I am exercising a fundamental right, then I will not let myself be touched - by anyone. And I don't want to get into this situation. "

- Geissler in the Phoenix program “Im Dialog” on June 1, 2007

The then state chairman of the German Police Union of North Rhine-Westphalia and vice-chairman in the federal government, Rainer Wendt , who is himself a CDU member, then demanded Geißler's exclusion from the party.

Geissler was a member of the board of trustees of the ÖDP- related Foundation for Ecology and Democracy .

Mediator in the conflict over the Stuttgart 21 station project

In 2010, the Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg, Stefan Mappus , appointed Geißler to act as a mediator in the conflict over the Stuttgart 21 rail project in order to bring experts, project opponents and supporters to the table. Among other things, the Greens had brought Geissler into the conversation as a moderator. In October and November he moderated the public arbitration talks between seven supporters and seven opponents of the project. With his arbitration verdict on November 30, 2010, he spoke out in favor of continuing the rail project as "Stuttgart 21 Plus" and called for improvements.

In 2010, Geissler was awarded the “ Lighthouse for Special Journalistic Achievements” for the explanatory analyzes by the journalists' association Netzwerk Recherche .

On July 29, 2011, he moderated the second and final round of arbitration, in which the “ stress test ” for Stuttgart 21 agreed in November 2010 was presented. After the two sides could not agree on whether and in what quality the planned underground station could perform 30% more than the existing Stuttgart Hbf station in this stress test , Geißler presented a compromise proposal that he had made in advance in cooperation with the Zurich appraiser SMA und Partner had worked out. This envisaged a “combi station” similar to that of Zurich's main station and a variant of the S21 underground station reduced from eight to four tracks. While the opponents of S21 welcomed the proposal and Deutsche Bahn immediately rejected it, the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Transport examined the compromise, which was referred to as "SK 2.2". In the planning approval process , this variant was discarded. Such a variant will be examined in 2020.

Shortly after the cost increase for the project to at least 1.1 billion euros was announced, Geißler put Stuttgart 21 in doubt in December 2012 .

In a panel discussion entitled “Five years later - The arbitration at Stuttgart 21”, Klaus Arnoldi Geißler pointed out that his demands were unrealistic and that not a single one of them had been implemented. Arnoldi had participated in the arbitration talks for the VCD on the side of the S21 opponents.


Geißler learned climbing in the Danube Valley as a child and was a passionate mountaineer and paraglider . From 1992 he was chairman (since 2004 honorary chairman) of the Kuratorium Sport und Natur eV Since 2003 Geißler was the patron of the international mountain film festival Tegernsee . On October 18, 1992, Geißler sustained serious back injuries when he fell while paragliding near Annweiler ( southern Palatinate ). Geissler owned a vineyard in the southern Palatinate ( Gleisweiler Hölle vineyard ).

Geissler supported the artikeldrei campaign of the Lesbian and Gay Association in Germany to protect gays and lesbians through the Basic Law .

Geißler was a member of the board of trustees of the Wings of Hope Germany Foundation .

In the course of the discovery of US and British data espionage , Geißler spoke out in favor of granting asylum to the whistleblower Edward Snowden : “Snowden has done the western world a great service. Now it's up to us to help him. "

Geissler on the WDR show Maischberger on June 14, 2017

Geissler has experienced a steady surge in popularity among the German public in recent years. Geissler was a popular speaker and guest in discussion programs. In 2005 he moderated a monthly program (Glotz & Geißler) on n-tv together with Peter Glotz . Especially since his arbitration work for Stuttgart 21, he has been increasingly compared in pop culture to " Master Yoda ". He looks astonishingly similar to this figure from the Star Wars universe, and at the same time has an aura of wisdom surrounding him.

In 2013 he was summoned before the Stockach jester's court . This accused him of repeatedly insulting the electorate, destroying his own party and blowing up monuments, especially "old-bag" train stations, and charged the vintner with the delivery of 180 liters of wine.

Geissler was critical of the Catholic Church several times. About his Christian faith , he said: “I am primarily a democrat . I try to be a Christian. ”He explained the importance of his faith for his political work:

“When I say I try to be a Christian, I mean it primarily politically. Regardless of whether God exists, the message of the gospel is so overwhelming that I have tried to orient myself to it in my political life. "


  • The right of conscientious objection according to Article 4, Paragraph III of the Basic Law . Dissertation from the University of Tübingen 1960, online text , (PDF).
  • The new social question. Analyzes and documents (= Herder library. The Yellow Series. Vol. 566). Herder, Freiburg (Breisgau) a. a. 1976, ISBN 3-451-07566-0 .
  • as editor: Farewell to the men's society (= Ullstein book. Ullstein non-fiction book 34350). With the documentary appendix of the "Guiding principles of the CDU for a new partnership between men and women". Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 1986, ISBN 3-548-34350-3 .
  • Drafts. Politics in stormy times. Bertelsmann, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-570-09688-2 .
  • Heiner Geißler in conversation with Gunter Hofmann and Werner A. Perger. Eichborn, Frankfurt am Main 1993, ISBN 3-8218-1163-3 .
  • Dangerous victory. The 1994 Bundestag election and its consequences. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1995, ISBN 3-462-02416-7 .
  • Nationalism's wrong way. Beltz, Athenäum, Weinheim 1995, ISBN 3-89547-712-5 .
  • Does the welfare state still have a future? On May 22, 1996 in the Schlosshotel Kronberg. Discussion with Heiner Geißler and Walter Kannengießer (= Mengler Fireside Chats . Vol. 18, ZDB -ID 2568768-2 ). Mengler, Darmstadt 1996.
  • Mountaineering (= dtv 20039 Small Philosophy of Passions. ). Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-423-20039-1 .
  • The promise not kept. Politics in the name of God. Kiepenheuer and Witsch, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-462-02618-6 .
  • Time to open the visor. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-462-02749-2 .
  • “Where is God?” Conversations with the next generation. Rowohlt Berlin, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-87134-410-9 .
  • What is German? In: Elisabeth Schweeger , Eberhard Witt (Ed.): Oh Germany! Belville, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-933510-67-8 , pp. 11-17.
  • Intolerance. The misfortunes of our time. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2002, ISBN 3-462-03082-5 .
  • What Would Jesus Say Today? The political message of the gospel. Rowohlt Berlin, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-87134-477-X .
  • Faith and justice (= Ignatian impulses. Vol. 4). Echter, Würzburg 2004, ISBN 3-429-02603-2 .
  • Ou topos. Search for the place that should be. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2009, ISBN 978-3-462-03683-1 .
  • Leonardo Boff : Future for Mother Earth. Why we must abdicate as the crowning glory of creation. With a foreword by Heiner Geißler. Claudius, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-532-62427-2 .
  • Sapere aude! Why we need a new explanation. (List Taschenbuch, Ullstein Buchverlage, Berlin; 1st edition August 2013, 2nd edition 2013), ISBN 978-3-548-61168-6 .
  • What would Luther have to say today? Ullstein Verlag, Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-550-08045-6 .
  • Can you still be a Christian if you have to doubt God? : Questions about the Luther year. Ullstein, Berlin (2017), ISBN 978-3-550-05006-0 .



  • Reimar Oltmanns : The intriguer. Or the lust for power of the Christian rulers. From the Bonn Operetta Republic. Eichborn, Frankfurt am Main 1985, ISBN 3-8218-1121-8 .

Films (selection)

  • Heiner Geissler - one of them. Documentary, Germany, 2017, 44:02 min., Script and direction: Ulrike Bremer and Ulrike Gehring, production: screen art productions, SWR , first broadcast: May 11, 2017 on SWR TV , synopsis by ARD , online video available until 11 May 2018.
  • The chancellor and the rebel. Kohl, Geissler and the struggle for power. Documentary, Germany, 2015, 44:01 min., Script and direction: Ina-Gabriele Barich and Thomas Schneider, production: SWR , first broadcast: March 30, 2015 on Das Erste , table of contents by SWR, online video available up to 12. September 2018.
  • Heiner Geißler, former Federal Minister D., former Secretary General CDU. Talk, Germany, 2010, 43:32 min., Moderation: Isabella Schmid, production: Bayerischer Rundfunk , series: alpha-Forum , first broadcast: March 3, 2010 on BR-alpha , summary ( memento from September 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) from BR , online video , conversation text (PDF) .
  • Heiner Geißler on morality. Interview, Germany, 2014, 28:26 min., Interview: Stephan Lamby , Production: dbate, online video

Web links

Commons : Heiner Geißler  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heinrichjosef Heiner Geissler . In: Der Spiegel . No. 50 , 1987, pp. 250 ( online ).
  2. Heiner Geißler in an interview. In: domradio.de , April 2017.
  3. According to his own statement, he owed a lot to his upbringing with the Jesuits: “It was a very formative time for me. I have learned a healthy level of self-confidence, and have been brought up to be moral and open-minded. You had to deal with the thinking of other people, philosophies and religions. That helped me a lot in my job and in politics. Besides the love of God, social responsibility was a very important goal of the training. I think back to my teachers and my time with the Jesuits with great gratitude and respect. … I'm glad I was in St. Blasien. ”See interview with Heiner Geißler. In: Catholic News Agency (KNA) , February 9, 2010.
  4. Katharina Sperber: Heiner Geißler: "I give myself support" ( Memento from January 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ). In: Frankfurter Rundschau , March 3, 2010, interview.
  5. ^ Former CDU general secretary Heiner Geißler died derstandard.at, September 12, 2017, accessed on February 3, 2018.
  6. Robert Vogl, local mayor: Gleisweiler mourns Dr. Heiner Geissler. In: gleisweiler.de , October 4, 2017, accessed on February 3, 2018. - "died on September 11 , 2017".
  7. Farewell to Heiner Geißler - "He's already missing". In: SWR.de . September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017 .
  8. knerger.de: The grave of Heiner Geißler
  9. Peter Reinhardt: From the great sharpener to the binding arbitrator. ( Memento from September 14, 2017 in the web archive archive.today ). In: Mannheimer Morgen , September 13, 2017.
  10. Bertolt Brecht: Life of Galilei, image 9.
  11. Bayerischer Rundfunk: Dr. Heiner Geißler Federal Minister ret. D. in conversation with Werner Reuss. (PDF; 72 kB); Broadcast α-Forum on January 25, 2000.
  12. We are a beautiful weed garden . In: Der Spiegel . No. 24 , 1983, pp. 23-27 ( online ).
  13. printed u. a. in Ralf Floehr: Order is half the story: Word battles from the German Bundestag. Krefeld 1985, p. 167.
  14. a b June 15, 2008 - 25 years ago: Heiner Geißler gives a “scandalous speech” in the Bundestag: “Pacifism made Auschwitz possible”. In: WDR , June 15, 2008.
  15. Interview with Geissler, Die Woche , October 13, 1995, evidence .
  16. 'The term was wrong, the concern remains' / Heiner Geißler apologizes at the CDU party congress. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , October 19, 1995.
  17. Innovators, lateral thinkers and mediators. Ex-Health Minister Heiner Geißler has died . In: CAREkonkret , issue 38, September 22, 2017, p. 11.
  18. ^ Stephan-Andreas Casdorff: Heiner Geissler - athlete of the spirit. In: Tagesspiegel , March 3, 2010.
  19. Lars-Broder Keil: An epidemic is becoming commonplace . In: THE WORLD . November 30, 2006 ( welt.de [accessed September 20, 2018]).
  20. Sandra Fluhrer: “Alter Wilder” meets “King Kurt” - Kurt Biedenkopf and Heiner Geißler mediate for the railway. ( Memento from August 3, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ). In: Europolitan , August 9, 2007.
  21. Björn Hengst: Attac new member Heiner Geißler: "Globalization is getting out of hand". In: Spiegel Online , May 16, 2007, interview.
  22. ^ Christian Bangel: Attac. "Capitalism is wrong". In: Zeit-Zünder , 2007, No. 21, interview.
  23. Phoenix - In dialogue : Geissler does not want to participate in G8 demonstrations out of self-protection. “If someone touches me, then I'll strike back - and if it's a police officer.” In: Presseportal.de , June 1, 2007.
  24. ^ Police union for the exclusion of Geißler from the party. In: Focus , June 4, 2007.
  25. ^ Stefan Mappus : Government declaration on Stuttgart 21. In: Landtag Baden-Württemberg / DB Project Stuttgart – Ulm , October 6, 2010, (PDF).
  26. Mappus appoints Geissler as arbitrator. In: Die Zeit , October 6, 2010.
  27. ^ Gabriele Renz: Arbitration at Stuttgart 21 begins. Fact check in the town hall. In: Frankfurter Rundschau , October 22, 2010.
  28. kgp / cib / dpa / dapd : Geissler's arbitration: the seven-point plan is to save Stuttgart 21. In: SpOn , November 30, 2010.
  29. Press release: netzwerk recherche awards “Lighthouse for Special Journalistic Achievements” to Heiner Geißler, Andreas Zielcke and Arno Luik for their explanatory analyzes of “Stuttgart 21”. ( Memento from August 22, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: Netzwerk Recherche , November 19, 2010.
  30. Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart Germany: Debate in Stuttgart City Hall: City supports study on supplementary station. Retrieved August 4, 2020 .
  31. Rüdiger Soldt: Geißler questions "Stuttgart 21". In: faz.net , December 13, 2012.
  32. krk: Stuttgart 21 will be at least 1.1 billion euros more expensive. In: Manager Magazin , December 12, 2012.
  33. Gabi Wuttke: Geissler: If the construction of Stuttgart 21 is demolished there is a risk of billions being lost. In: Deutschlandfunk Kultur , February 18, 2013, interview.
  34. Jürgen Lessat: Everything as usual. In: Context: weekly newspaper . January 20, 2016, accessed February 7, 2016.
  35. Video: 5 Years Later - The Arbitration for S21. Corresponding passage from 1h, 08:24 min.
  36. ^ Ole Reissmann: Asylum for Snowden: "Welcome Edward!" In: Spiegel Online , November 4, 2013, accessed on November 7, 2013.
  37. Florian Gathmann: Everyone is hoping for the wisdom of Yoda Geißler. In: SpOn , November 26, 2010.
  38. Holger Gayer: Commentary on Heiner Geißler: "Master Yoda returns." In: Stuttgarter Zeitung , July 28, 2011.
  39. ^ Adrian Pickshaus: How Yoda Geissler reinvents democracy. In: Die Welt , December 2, 2010.
  40. No arbitration in Stockach - Heiner Geißler is sentenced to 3 buckets of wine. Guilty in two out of three counts - Geissler accepts the grossly favorable judgment. ( Memento from April 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ). In: Stockacher Narrengericht , 2013.
  41. We and yours. Heiner Geißler and Aydan Özdaglar in the chrismon meeting 03/2015. In: chrismon , March 2015.
  42. a b c Information from the Federal President's Office
  43. Press release (La): Heiner Geißler receives the Oswald von Nell Breuning Prize of the City of Trier 2015. In: City of Trier , November 20, 2014, accessed on September 15, 2017.