From 1985 to 1988 she was Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health (from 1986 Youth, Family, Women and Health) and from 1988 to 1998 President of the German Bundestag . At almost ten years her term in office was the third longest in the history of the Bundestag. Only Eugen Gerstenmaier and Norbert Lammert held the office longer.
In addition to her political work, Süssmuth was involved in many civil society projects, for example as President of the European Movement Germany (1994–1998) and a member of the advisory board and board of trustees of the non-profit Bertelsmann Foundation (1997–2007). She has been honored many times for her services.
Life and work
Süssmuth was born the daughter of a teacher. She spent her childhood in Wadersloh . After graduating from high school in 1956 at Emsland-Gymnasium in Rheine , she studied Romance studies and history in Münster , Tübingen and Paris , which she completed on July 20, 1961 with the first state examination for teaching. This was followed by postgraduate studies in educational science , sociology and psychology . In 1964 she received her doctorate as Dr. phil. with the work Studies on the Anthropology of Children in Contemporary French Literature at the University of Münster . From 1963 to 1966 she worked as a research assistant at the universities of Stuttgart (with Robert Spaemann ) and Osnabrück and from 1966 as a lecturer at the University of Education Ruhr. From 1969 to 1982 she had a teaching position at the Ruhr University Bochum for international comparative education.
In 1971 she was appointed full professor for educational science at the Pädagogische Hochschule Ruhr . In 1973 she accepted the position at the University of Dortmund . Since 1971 she has been on the scientific advisory board of the Federal Ministry for Family .
In September 2000 she was appointed by the then Minister of the Interior Otto Schily to chair an independent commission on immigration, which was set up on September 12, 2000 and which had 21 members. Deputy chairman of the commission was Hans-Jochen Vogel . The commission's task was to work out an overall concept for a new law on foreigners. The results of this work were presented in July 2001 in the form of a report entitled Shaping Immigration - Promoting Integration . The published brochure was 323 pages.
On September 6, 2005, Rita Süssmuth was appointed the new president of the state-recognized OTA private university in Berlin , today SRH Hochschule Berlin . In January 2010 she handed over the position to Peter Eichhorn . For her great commitment in the fight against AIDS, Rita Süssmuth received the Reminders Day Award in 2007 .
Rita Süssmuth has been married to the university professor Hans Süssmuth since 1964 and has a daughter.
She has been a member of the CDU since 1981 . In 1983 she became chairwoman of the party's federal committee for family policy. From 1986 to 2001 she was national chairwoman of the Women's Union . From 1987 to 1998 she was a member of the CDU Presidium.
From 1987 to 2002 she was a member of the German Bundestag . In the federal elections in 1987, 1990 and 1994 she won the direct mandate in the constituency of Göttingen and in 1998 she entered parliament via the state list of the CDU Lower Saxony .
On November 25, 1988 she was elected President of the German Bundestag . In September 1989, together with Lothar Späth and Heiner Geissler, she was part of the inner-party group that was considering a candidacy against CDU chairman Helmut Kohl at the CDU party conference in Bremen. In December 1989 Süssmuth advocated a joint declaration by both German states recognizing the Polish western border. In July 1990 she presented a "third way" in the dispute over § 218 ( termination of pregnancy ) between the indication and the deadline solution.
In March 1991 it hit the headlines in connection with the "company car affair". According to the allegation, her husband used the transport service of the German Bundestag . The Bundestag administration established the legality of this process.
In 1992 the CDU parliamentary group and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl criticized their initiative "The final decision must lie with the woman" to reform the abortion law. In September 1992 it failed because of the Union with the plan to change the Bonn MPs to a zero diet round.
In March 1993, all parliamentary groups supported their proposal to reduce the number of around 660 members of the Bundestag to 500. In July 1993 she upset the CDU by demanding that the potash merger agreement be disclosed in connection with the Thuringian potash mine in Bischofferode, which is threatened with closure . In October 1993, Süssmuth accused Steffen Heitmann , the candidate of the CDU for the office of Federal President, of playing down the National Socialist past . However, at a closed meeting of the party executive committee, she voted for Heitmann.
In 1995 Süssmuth was convinced that reconciliation would not be possible without coming to terms with the past of the new federal states. In May 1995 she sharply criticized the worsening of wages in the case of sickness and protection against dismissal planned in the federal government's austerity package, as well as the raising of the retirement age for women to 65 years. In October 1996, in a speech at the federal party congress of the CDU, she advocated the introduction of the women's quota within the CDU. In January 1997, the Bundestag's Council of Elders exonerated Süssmuth from the accusation that from 1993 to 1996 she had used the Federal Ministry of Defense's readiness to fly for private visits to her daughter in Switzerland . In 1998 she got involved in the erection of a Holocaust memorial in Berlin. After the Bundestag election in 1998 , the SPD provided the Bundestag President. She was succeeded in office on October 26, 1998 by Wolfgang Thierse .
On September 26, 1985, she was the Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health (from 6 June 1986, the Federal Ministry of Youth, Family, Women and Health) in the by Chancellor Helmut Kohl led government appointed. After her election as President of the Bundestag, she left the cabinet on November 25, 1988. She called for the broadest possible definition of health and opposed the lifting of health insurance coverage in the event of abortion .
When confronted with AIDS , she relied in particular on medical education and advice as preventive measures. In addition, against resistance in her party, she propagated the use of condoms for prevention. She was criticized for not recalling unchecked drugs for hemophiliacs . Numerous hemophiliacs in Germany were infected with HIV through untested drugs and died. Exact numbers are not known. Der Spiegel (41/1987) spoke of 1,500 to 2,200 hemophiliacs infected with HIV. As Minister of Health, she initiated the establishment of the National AIDS Foundation in 1987 and supported the later merger with the German AIDS Foundation Positiv Leben in 1996. Initially she was chairwoman of the foundation's board of trustees and is now its honorary chairman .
Rita Süssmuth is a supporter of the German Solidarity Committee for a Free Iran .
- 1979–1991 member of the Central Committee of German Catholics
- 1980–1985 as Vice President of the Family Association of German Catholics (FDK)
- 1982–1985 director of the “Women and Society” institute in Hanover and chair of the “Marriage and Family” commission.
- 1988–2015 honorary president of the German Adult Education Association , since then honorary president
- since 1989 honorary member of the Board of Trustees of the Aspen Institute Berlin
- since 1990 honorary on the Board of Directors of the Institute for East-West-Studies (IEWS)
- Member of the Presidium of the German Society for Foreign Policy (DGAP) since 1991
- since 1991 honorary on the Board of Directors of the International Youth Foundation (IYF)
- 1994–1998 President of the European Movement Germany , Berlin, since then Honorary President
- July 1997 to February 2007: Member of the Advisory Board / Board of Trustees of the Bertelsmann Stiftung , since then a permanent guest of the supervisory and advisory body
- from September 12, 2000 to July 4, 2001 Chairwoman of the Independent Commission "Immigration"
- 2000–2002 Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
- 2000–2002 Chair of the Kosovo Democracy Team of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
- 2002–2004 chairwoman of the Advisory Council on Immigration and Integration.
- In 2003 she was in charge of election observation for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) during the elections to the seventh State Duma in the Russian Federation
- Head of OSCE election observation in the USA; Presidential and parliamentary elections
- since 2004 with the International Organization for Migration
- since 2004 "Ambassador for Literacy" at the Federal Association for Literacy and Basic Education e. V.
- since September 2005 President of the SRH Hochschule Berlin (formerly OTA Hochschule )
- Since January 2006, President of the German Poland Institute e. V., Darmstadt
- since 2009 board member of the Genshagen Foundation
- Migration Policy Institute
- Member of the Presidium of the German Society for the United Nations .
- Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees of the Yehudi Menuhin Foundation Germany
- Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees of the Eberhard Schultz Foundation , the lawyer Hans-Eberhard Schultz and his wife Azize Tank
- Chair of the Advisory Board of the Vereinigung gegen Vergessen - For Democracy
- Board of Trustees “ German Coordination Council of Societies for Christian-Jewish Cooperation (DKR) e. V. "
- German-Polish Society Federal Association e. V., Berlin, as chairwoman of the board of trustees
- Europa-Dialog Bonn e. V., Bonn as honorary chairwoman
- Forum for Germany, Bonn, as an honorary member of the Board of Trustees
- German AIDS Foundation , Bonn, as honorary chairwoman
- German Children and Youth Foundation as honorary chairwoman
- President of Education Y eV - Association for the Acquisition of Social Action Skills for Schoolchildren.
- President of the German Society for Eastern European Studies (DGO)
- President of the German Society against Child Abuse and Neglect (DGgKV) e. V.
- Patron of CARE Germany e. V.
- Member of the advisory board of the Forum for Intercultural Dialogue e. V.
- Patron of the SMMP St. Josef retirement home in Wadersloh
- Member of the honorary council of AMCHA Germany , the central organization for psychosocial help for survivors of the Holocaust and their descendants in Israel .
- Patron of the Berlin Alliance against Depression
- Anniversary ambassador of the Von Bodelschwingh Foundation Bethel
- 1988 - Elected Woman of the Year 1987 by the German Association of Citizens
- 1988 - Bambi
- 1989 - Leibniz Medal of the Academy of Sciences and Literature Mainz
- 1990 - Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1997 - Avicenna Gold Medal from UNESCO
- 1997 - Frankfurt Walter Dirks Prize
- 2004 - Compass needle of the NRW gay network (for their commitment to AIDS prevention, especially in the gay sector)
- 2006 - Magnus Hirschfeld Medal for Sexual Reform
- 2007 - Theodor Heuss Prize (together with Mustafa Cerić )
- 2007 - Lower Saxony State Medal
- 2007 - Golden Lot , honoring the Association of German Surveying Engineers
- 2008 - Viadrina Prize of the European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
- 2010 - Seal of honor of the municipality of Wadersloh
- 2011 - Order of Merit of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia
- 2012 - Adam Mickiewicz Prize for services to German-French-Polish cooperation ( Weimar Triangle )
- 2013 - Edith Stein Prize
- 2014 - Leibniz-Ring-Hannover
- 2015 - Reinhard Mohn Prize
- 2015 - Winfried Prize
- 2016 - Honorary membership of the German AIDS Aid
- 2016 - Order of Merit of the State of Brandenburg
- 2016 - Dorothea Schlözer Medal from the University of Göttingen
- 2018 - Humanism Prize
- 2019 - Honorary Senator of the Technical University of Berlin
- 2019 - Honorary membership of the LSU
- 2019 - Ring of Honor of the Rhineland
- 1988 - Hildesheim University of Applied Sciences
- 1990 - Ruhr University Bochum
- 1994 - University of Veliko Tarnovo , Bulgaria
- 1995 - University of Temesvar , Romania
- 1996 - Sorbonne Nouvelle-Paris III University , France
- 1998 - Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore , United States
- 1998 - Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba , Israel
- 2002 - University of Augsburg
- 2018 - University of Rzeszów , Poland
- 1964 Studies on the anthropology of the child in contemporary French literature with special emphasis on François Mauriacs ( dissertation , Münster)
- 1968 On the anthropology of the child. Investigations and Interpretations . Kösel Verlag Munich
- 1985 Women - no chance for resignation. Collection of scientific and political texts 1980–1985. Düsseldorf, Schwann publishing house, ISBN 978-3-590-18052-9
- 1987 AIDS: ways out of fear
- 1987 Women's Lexicon: Traditions, Facts, Perspectives . Edited by Anneliese Lissner, Rita Süssmuth, Karin Walter. 2nd edition 1989, Freiburg, Herder Verlag, ISBN 978-3-451-20977-2
- 1989 Emma co-author
- 1992 The haphazard elites . Together with Peter Glotz (SPD) and Konrad Seitz (ambassador). Munich, Edition Ferenczy at Bruckmann, ISBN 978-3-7654-2701-5
- 1997 A German interim balance sheet: Viewpoints on dealing with our past . Collection of articles, edited by Rita Süssmuth and Bernward Baule. With a foreword by Roman Herzog. Munich / Landsberg am Lech, Olzog Verlag, ISBN 978-3-7892-9325-2
- 2000 Who does not fight has already lost. My experiences in politics. Munich, Econ Verlag, ISBN 978-3-430-18905-7
- 2007 Nevertheless: People come first. For a change in politics and society . Gütersloh, Gütersloher Verlagshaus, ISBN 978-3-579-06451-2
- 2007 Education as a global challenge. Two statements - a conversation with Hermann Glaser , in: Robertson-von Trotha, Caroline Y. (Ed.): Kultur und Gerechtigkeit (= interdisciplinary cultural studies / Interdisciplinary Studies on Culture and Society, Vol. 2), Baden-Baden 2007
- 2008 Migration and integration: test case for our society . Munich, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, ISBN 978-3-423-24583-8
- 2015 The poison of the political. Thoughts and memories. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich ISBN 978-3-423-28043-3 ( Review in the Annotated Bibliography of Political Science )
- Reimar Oltmanns : Women in power - Marie Schlei - Renate Schmidt - Irmgard Adam-Schwaetzer - Rita Süssmuth - Antje Vollmer. Protocols of an era of new beginnings. athenaums program by anton hain, Frankfurt a / M, 1990, ISBN 3-445-08551-X .
- Ilse Lenz : The New Women's Movement in Germany. Farewell to the small difference . VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-531-14729-1 .
- Jürgen Mittag : From a group of dignitaries to a European network: Six decades of the European movement in Germany. In: 60 Years of the European Movement Germany . Berlin 2009, page: 12–28. Online ( Memento from January 18, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Johanna Klatt: Rita Süssmuth. Political career of a side entrant in the Kohl era. Ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8382-0150-4 .
- Rita Süssmuth, Renate Schmidt , Maria Jepsen , Miguel-Pascal Schaar (eds.): What remains? Four years of church Aids work in Hamburg. Swarm of Men 1995, ISBN 3-928983-28-8 .
- Anneliese Lissner , Rita Süssmuth, Karin Walter (eds.): Women's lexicon. Traditions, facts, perspectives. , Herder publishing house, Freiburg im Breisgau; Basel; Vienna 1988, ISBN 3-451-20977-2 .
- Why do you first bless us in the coffin? In: Die Zeit , edition 32/1992.
- Literature by and about Rita Süssmuth in the catalog of the German National Library
- Website by Rita Süssmuth
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- Rita Süssmuth b. 1937. House of History, accessed March 9, 2018 .
- Rita Süssmuth (née Kickuth). Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, accessed on March 9, 2018 .
- Thorsten Gödecker: Mohn Prize for Rita Süssmuth . Also a friendship service. In: New Westphalian . January 21, 2015, p. 3 (comment).
- immigration - promoting integration. (PDF; 3.2 MB) Federal Ministry of the Interior, July 4, 2001, accessed on October 6, 2018 .
- Rita Süssmuth as President of the Bundestag: More Minutes than Politics Die Zeit 48/1988 of November 25, 1988
- CDU: Blamierte Frondeure , Der Spiegel 36/1989 of September 4, 1989
- Abortion: Third Way , Der Spiegel 31/1990 of July 30, 1990
- car: You have to go through there . In: Der Spiegel . tape March 12 , 18, 1991 ( spiegel.de [accessed December 10, 2018]).
- rejected freeze , Der Spiegel 40/1992 of 28 September 1992
- Matthias Thüsing: The tragedy of Bischofferode (13): Rita Süssmuth - "Everything was decided before the hunger strike" , Thüringer Allgemeine , July 11, 2014,
- Bundestag President Rita Süssmuth defends the right to criticize Steffen Heitmann: "I say what must be said" , Die Zeit 44/1993 of October 29, 1993
- date: October 21, 2006 - ten years ago: CDU resolves a quorum for women , wdr.de , October 21, 2006
- Mark Gellert: Rita Süssmuth's preference for flights to Switzerland , welt.de , December 27, 2000
- Bettina Gaus and Jan Feddersen : Did Rita Süssmuth privately use the Air Force's readiness to fly? The allegations are getting more and more bizarre. Spicy: So far, almost only opposition politicians have wanted to make declarations of honor for them. There are increasing signs of a targeted campaign by party friends , the daily newspaper , December 20, 1996, p. 3
- trips: Klose relieves Süssmuth , spiegel.de, January 13, 1997
- Always quickly to Zurich: President of the Bundestag Rita Süssmuth and the readiness to fly , Die Zeit 1/1997 of December 26, 1996
- Culture: "Hängepartie" , tagesspiegel.de, May 15, 1998
- . . . Thierse is President of the Bundestag , Rhein-Zeitung , October 26, 1998
- trace in office . In: Der Spiegel . No. 41 , 1987, pp. 85-91 ( Online - Oct. 5, 1987 ).
- Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is the new President of the Adult Education Center. German Adult Education Association , June 23, 2015, accessed on January 30, 2020.
- Adult Education say goodbye to Rita Süssmuth from the presidency - Symposium on Educational Integration , November 19, 2015
- Noon 2009: 29
- Transatlantic Council on Migration Members. Migration Policy Institute, accessed March 9, 2018 .
- DGVN Presidium
- The motivation for establishing the foundation for social human rights and participation. Eberhard Schultz Foundation, accessed on March 9, 2018 .
- FID BERLIN e. V.
- Homepage of the St. Josef retirement home in Wadersloh with Süssmuth as patron ( Memento from July 15, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Berlin Alliance Against Depression: Start. Retrieved April 1, 2015 .
- Prof. Dr. Rita Süssmuth | Bodelschwingh Foundation Bethel. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 26, 2017 ; Retrieved May 3, 2017 .
- A very moving evening: Congratulations to # RitaSüssmuth on being awarded our honorary membership! Twitter, April 7, 2016, accessed March 9, 2018 .
- "Pioneer of German-Polish Reconciliation" - Order of Merit of the country for Prof. Rita Süssmuth. In: www.stk.brandenburg.de. Retrieved November 30, 2016 .
- Dorothea Schlözer Medal
- Rita Süssmuth receives Humanism Prize »kathnews. Accessed March 8, 2018 (German).
- Tireless commitment on all levels. Landschaftsverband Rheinland, October 30, 2019, accessed on October 30, 2019 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kickuth, Rita (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 17, 1937|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wuppertal|