Manuela Schwesig

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Manuela Schwesig (2017)

Manuela Schwesig (née Frenzel ; born May 23, 1974 in Frankfurt (Oder) ) is a German politician ( SPD ). She has been Prime Minister of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania since July 4, 2017 (see Schwesig cabinet ) and chairwoman of the SPD Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . She is Erwin Sellering's successor in both offices .

From December 17, 2013 to June 2, 2017, she was a member of Merkel's third cabinet as Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth . Since January 30, 2019 she has been chairman of the mediation committee of the Bundestag and Bundesrat together with Hermann Gröhe ( CDU ) .

In addition, she was one of the provisional SPD federal chairmen from June to September 2019 .

Origin, studies, professional activity and private matters

Manuela Schwesig grew up with her parents and brother in Seelow in what is now the Brandenburg district of Märkisch-Oderland in the GDR . The father was a locksmith , the mother an administrative clerk . After graduating from high school in 1992 at the Seelower Heights, she entered the senior service in the tax administration of the State of Brandenburg. In 1995 she completed her career examination with a degree in finance at the Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences in Königs Wusterhausen . In 2000 she switched to the tax office in Schwerin , where she worked as a tax investigator . From 2002 she worked in the Ministry of Finance of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , where she was most recently responsible for public relations and organization as a tax advisor for the tax administration. Since October 1st, 2008, Schwesig has been on leave as a tax officer for the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Schwesig lives with her husband Stefan Schwesig in Schwerin, together they have a son (* 2007) and a daughter (* 2016). On 31 July 2010, previously was non-denominational Schwesig with her husband and her son baptized and entered the with her family Evangelical Lutheran Church of Mecklenburg one.

Her decision to send her son to a private school met with some criticism. The school fee is 200 euros per month. She justified the choice with the short distance to school .

In September 2019 it was announced that Schwesig had been diagnosed with breast cancer . In connection with this, she resigned from all federal offices on September 10, 2019, but retained the offices of Prime Minister and party leader of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. On May 12, 2020, she announced that she had survived cancer therapy well and had recovered.

SPD politician since 2003

Party offices

Schwesig at an SPD election campaign event for the state elections in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2016 in Rostock

As a 29-year-old tax officer, Schwesig joined the SPD in 2003. She has been a member of the board of the SPD district association Schwerin since 2003 and of the board of the SPD Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania since 2005 . From 2013 she was deputy state chairman and on July 2, 2017, she took over the state chairmanship from Erwin Sellering, which he had resigned due to illness.

Since November 13, 2009 she was one of the deputy federal chairmen of the SPD . In addition, on June 3, 2019, following the resignation of Andrea Nahles , together with Malu Dreyer and Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel , she took over the role of acting SPD chairwoman, which she resigned on September 10, 2019 due to her cancer.

Public Offices (since 2004)

City representative in Schwerin (2004–2008)

From 2004 to 2008 Schwesig was a member of the SPD parliamentary group in the Schwerin city ​​council , in which she was parliamentary group leader from October 2007 to October 2008.

State Minister in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (2008-2013)

Schwesig at a session of the state parliament (2013)

On October 6, 2008, Schwesig was appointed Minister for Social Affairs and Health in the Sellering I cabinet as successor to Erwin Sellering . From July 30, 2009 she was a member of the competence team of the SPD chancellor candidate Frank-Walter Steinmeier for the 2009 federal election . Here she was responsible for the family and social issues. In the state elections in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 2011 , she won a direct mandate in the Schwerin I constituency . On October 25, 2011, she was appointed Minister for Labor, Equality and Social Affairs in the Sellering II cabinet.

Federal Minister for Family Affairs (2013-2017)

On May 27, 2013 Schwesig was appointed to the competence team of the SPD chancellor candidate Peer Steinbrück for the 2013 federal election campaign . There she was responsible for the topics women, family, rebuilding the East, demography and inclusion. From December 17, 2013 to June 2, 2017 she was Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth. During her term of office, the resolution of the Entgelttransparenzgesetz in 2017, for which Schwesig publicly advocated , falls .

Prime Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (since 2017)

On July 4, 2017, Schwesig was elected Prime Minister in the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with a majority of the red-black coalition . She is the fifth head of government since 1990 and the first woman in this office. She succeeded Erwin Sellering, who had resigned for health reasons.

Your cabinet consists of five SPD ministers and three CDU ministers; she has taken over all ministers of the Sellering III cabinet .

Political positions

Schwesig in conversation with the SPD family politician Kerstin Griese (2009)

Fight against child pornography

In 2009, Schwesig supported the initiative of Federal Family Minister Ursula von der Leyen to block websites with child pornography in the fight against child pornography (cf. law to make access to child pornography more difficult in communication networks ). In August 2009 Schwesig summarized her position in an interview with the Passauer Neue Presse ; In it she said, among other things: “Two ministries led by the Union are responsible for the back and forth. I don't have the slightest understanding for this hanging game. That stops better child protection! ”At the same time, she also represented the principle called for by the SPD“ delete before blocking ”. Critics later accused her of campaigning - under the pretext of child protection - for even stricter censorship of the Internet than her competitor Ursula von der Leyen.

Constitutional loyalty of day-care center employees

For the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Schwesig issued a decree that the constitutional loyalty of the employees of day care centers was checked and must be guaranteed.

Schwesig at the SPD federal party conference 2013 in Leipzig

Right of return in full-time and family working hours

At the beginning of January 2014 Schwesig spoke in an interview with Bild-Zeitung u. a. through reduced working hours for parents and a right to return to a full-time job. She suggested that both parents reduce their working hours by around 20 percent and receive a partial wage adjustment and partnership bonus financed from tax revenues . The federal government will "first introduce the Elterngeld Plus , with which parents who work part-time receive an allowance for their salaries". She explained: "The economy has to become more flexible and parents who reduce their working hours for the family must also offer good career opportunities." Her proposal was discussed in the media as a 32-hour week for parents and in connection with the DIW - Model calculation for a family working hours wage replacement benefit. Regarding Schwesig's initiative, government spokesman Steffen Seibert said it was a “personal contribution to the debate” and said that the black-red government would concentrate on implementing the Elterngeld Plus provided for in the coalition agreement and promoting the expansion of childcare places; no additional tax money will be used to make working hours more flexible.

Assumption of costs for artificial insemination

Schwesig no longer wants the insurers to cover the costs of artificial insemination only for married couples. She "is planning to extend financial support for fertility treatments to unmarried couples who have been living together for a long time," Schwesig told Bild am Sonntag . She could "not understand why we make it so difficult for couples who want nothing more than a child". Paying only married couples for the treatment “totally ignores the reality of life”, because couples without a marriage license also want children. More than six million people in Germany are involuntarily childless.

Protection of refugee children

According to Schwesig, refugee children must be better protected against violence, and for this purpose a certificate of good conduct should be requested from refugee helpers. She spoke out against restrictions on family reunification , as children made integration easier.

Criticism of the AfD's family image

Schwesig is regarded as a critic of the Alternative for Germany (AfD) and particularly denounces their backward family image .

Projects against extremism

On July 1, 2014 Schwesig presented the program “ Live Democracy! Active against right-wing extremism, violence and misanthropy ”. The program of her predecessor Kristina Schröder against left-wing extremism was canceled without replacement. According to Schwesig, the problem of left-wing extremism was "exaggerated" without an effective political solution being offered. In addition, the program “deepened the trenches” and hindered work on site.

Use for homeopathy

In 2019, Schwesig took over the patronage of the German Medical Congress for Homeopathy . For this she received criticism from the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Medical Association.



Schwesig is a member of the Child Protection Association and the board of trustees of the children's aid organization Plan International Germany .

Web links

Commons : Manuela Schwesig  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Doris Steinkraus: "Seelowerin in the Cabinet" MOZ from December 16, 2013
  2. ^ After Sellering's resignation: SPD goes into the election campaign with Heil . In: , May 30, 2017, accessed on May 30, 2017.
  3. Mediation Committee - Chairperson of the Mediation Committee. Retrieved February 2, 2019 .
  4. ^ After Nahles' withdrawal, the SPD leadership trio will not run for chairmanship. June 3, 2019, accessed June 3, 2019 .
  5. a b c Manuela Schwesig resigns from the SPD chairmanship. At: , September 10, 2019, accessed on September 10, 2019
  6. Veit Medick , Anna Reimann: "For me it was totally surreal". In: Spiegel Online , November 6, 2014.
  7. a b c The whiz kid. Manuela Schwesig becomes Minister of Social Affairs. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , October 2, 2008, p. 5.
  8. a b The battle for the town house begins. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , April 29, 2008, p. 15.
  9. cf. the organizational plan of the Ministry of Finance ( Memento of May 2, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
  10. Sabine Menkens: “Pregnancy is not a disease” . In: Welt Online , September 8, 2015, accessed July 4, 2017.
  11. Manuela and Stefan Schwesig about equal private and professional realization (interview with Bild am Sonntag). In: BMFSFJ. November 3, 2015, accessed June 6, 2016 .
  12. Manuela Schwesig gives birth to daughter Julia. In: The world . March 8, 2016, accessed March 13, 2016 .
  13. SPD party vice-president Manuela Schwesig is baptized. In: Hamburger Abendblatt . August 25, 2010, accessed February 21, 2011 .
  14. ^ Son at private school: Teachers' association shoots against Schwesig. At: , September 10, 2019
  15. Prime Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Manuela Schwesig suffers from breast cancer - SPD politician resigns from SPD chairmanship . Article from September 10, 2019 on
  16. Manuela Schwesig: "I'm healthy again" , article from May 12, 2020 on
  17. ^ After Nahles' withdrawal, the SPD leadership trio will not run for chairmanship. June 3, 2019, accessed June 3, 2019 .
  18. ^ Daniel Meslien new head of the SPD parliamentary group. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , October 8, 2008.
  19. Greens distance themselves from the SPD. In: Spiegel Online , July 31, 2009.
  20. Competence team ( memento from June 19, 2013 in the web archive ) In: , May 27, 2013.
  21. Sabine Menkens: Manuela Schwesig's sentimental farewell . In: Welt Online , June 2, 2017, accessed June 2, 2017.
  22. Large companies have to disclose wages. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on January 25, 2018 ; accessed on January 25, 2018 .
  23. ^ After Sellering's resignation: SPD goes into the election campaign with Heil . In: , May 30, 2017, accessed on May 30, 2017.
  24. Constanze von Bullion: Schwesig's farewell - tears don't lie . In: , June 1, 2017, accessed on June 6, 2017.
  25. State SPD says goodbye to Sellering . In: , July 2, 2017, accessed on July 3, 2017.
  26. Manuela Schwesig elected Prime Minister . In: Zeit Online , July 4, 2017.
  27. Martin Machowecz: Manu for everyone . In: Zeit Online , July 6, 2017.
  28. Manuela Schwesig: Take care of the children who are there. In: Passauer Neue Presse , August 8, 2009.
  29. ^ Richard Meusers: Parties vie with Internet scolding. In: Spiegel Online , August 10, 2009.
  30. Florian Gathmann, Dominik Peters, Philipp Wittrock: Bastion against brown brood. In: Spiegel Online , July 29, 2010.
  31. Minister, who pays for the 32-hour week? In: image . January 9, 2014, accessed January 11, 2014 .
  32. Manuela Schwesig wants 32-hour week for parents. In: image. January 10, 2014, accessed January 11, 2014 .
  33. Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich: Better compatibility of family and work through a new wage replacement benefit for family working hours . (PDF) In: DIW weekly report No. 46, 2013, accessed on May 4, 2014 . Quoted by: Government: Schwesig's parents plan is only a vision. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 ; Retrieved May 4, 2014 .
  34. Schwesig flashes family work hours at Merkel. In: Reuters . January 10, 2014, accessed January 11, 2014 .
  35. Schwesig also wants to pay for artificial insemination to unmarried people. In: Die Zeit , June 21, 2015.
  36. Refugees: Schwesig calls for better protection for refugee children. In: time online. December 5, 2015, accessed January 17, 2016 .
  37. Refugees: Schwesig against restrictions on family reunification. In: time online. January 17, 2016, accessed January 17, 2016 .
  38. Sabine Menkens: State election: Manuela Schwesig relies on women in the anti-AfD fight. In: August 30, 2016, accessed September 5, 2016 .
  39. Markus Wehner: Only one percent against left-wing extremism. In: July 13, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2017 .
  40. Miriam Hollstein: Manuela Schwesig: "Left-wing extremism is an exaggerated problem". In: June 30, 2014, accessed September 5, 2016 .
  41. ^ Criticism of Prime Minister Schwesig for patronage. Retrieved December 14, 2019 .