State election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2016

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2011State election 2016regular 2021
Turnout: 61.9%
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Distribution of seats
A total of 71 seats

The election for the 7th state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania took place on September 4, 2016. At the same time, mayoral elections were held in several cities in the state, including the state capital Schwerin . The SPD and CDU signed another coalition agreement and continued the red-black coalition (→ Sellering III cabinet ).

Electoral process

The legal bases for the preparation and implementation of the election to the state parliament in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania are in particular the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the state and municipal electoral law (LKWG) -

The state election is a personalized proportional representation similar to the federal election. The state parliament basically consists of 71 seats, which are distributed to the parties in proportion to the second votes according to the Hare-Niemeyer procedure . 36 mandates go to direct candidates elected with a relative majority of the first votes . The direct mandates - as far as possible - are credited to the parties' right to a seat, further mandates are awarded via closed state lists . If a party wins more mandates in the constituencies than it is entitled to according to the second vote ratio, these remain with the party ( overhang mandates ), the other parties receive compensatory mandates . However, the number of compensation mandates is at most twice the number of overhang mandates. There is a five percent hurdle and there is no basic mandate clause . The term of office is five years.

The right to vote all adult Germans who for at least 37 days their main residence have in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. To be eligible to vote , Germans of legal age must have had their main residence in the country for at least three months.

Starting position

The ruling SPD was again the strongest force in the 2011 state elections with a share of 35.6 percent of the vote. Thanks to strong gains of 5.4 percentage points, it was also able to significantly expand its distance from the CDU . The CDU lost 5.8 percentage points and gained 23.0 percent of the vote. It was the historically worst state election result for the CDU in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The left was able to increase slightly to 18.4 percent. Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen were able to more than double their value in the area code with a vote share of 8.7 percent. It is the best result so far in an eastern German state (excluding Berlin). The NPD came to six percent and, despite slight losses, made it into the state parliament for the second time in a row. The FDP reached 2.8 percent and thus lost more than two thirds of its share of the vote. After an election period in the Schwerin state parliament, the party clearly missed the re-entry.

A grand coalition of the SPD and CDU was formed under Prime Minister Erwin Sellering.

Election results in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania since 2006

The following table shows the results of the last Bundestag, European and Landtag elections in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.




SPD 30.2% 16.7% 16.6% 35.6% 17.8% 21.2%
CDU 28.8% 32.3% 33.1% 23.0% 42.5% 34.6%
The left PDS 16.8%
WASG 0.5%
23.5% 29.0% 18.4% 21.5% 19.6%
FDP 9.6% 7.6% 9.8% 2.8% 2.2% 1.9%
NPD 7.3% - 3.3% 6.0% 2.7% 3.0%
GREEN 3.4% 5.5% 5.5% 8.7% 4.3% 5.1%
Animal welfare party - 1.3% - - - 1.2%
PIRATES - 0.8% 2.3% 1.9% 1.9% 1.2%
FREE VOTERS - - - 1.1% 0.9% 0.7%
FAMILY 1.2% 2.4% - 1.5% - 1.6%
AfD - - - - 5.6% 7.0%
voter turnout 59.1% 46.4% 63.0% 51.5% 65.3% 46.6%


Political parties and - in the constituencies - individual applicants can stand for election. Parties that are not represented in the state parliament or the Bundestag had to report their participation to the state returning officer by May 19, 2016 and to submit the supporting signatures of 100 eligible voters for the state list by June 21, 2016 . State lists were approved by the following parties (sorted in the order on the ballot paper):

Abbreviation Political party Top candidate List
Number of

2011 result (in%)
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany Erwin Sellering 34 36 2767 35.6
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany Lorenz Caffier 47 36 5557 23.0
THE LEFT The left Helmut Holter 29 36 4034 18.4
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens Silke Gajek 25th 36 570 8.7
NPD National Democratic Party of Germany Udo Pastörs 20th 0 340 6.0
FDP Free Democratic Party Cécile Bonnet-Weidhofer 18th 33 730 2.8
PIRATES Pirate Party Germany Dennis Klüver 8th 1 47 1.9
FAMILY Family party of Germany Dirk Martin 8th 0 1.5
FREE VOTERS Free voters Gustav Graf von Westarp 13 14th 1.1
The party Party for labor, rule of law, animal welfare, elite support
and grassroots initiative
Bjorn Wieland 17th 4th 0.2
The mindful Mindful Democrats Thomas Gens 15th 11 -
ALFA Alliance for progress and awakening Falk Schettler 7th 0 -
AfD Alternative for Germany Leif-Erik Holm 26th 36 485 -
Alliance C Alliance C - Christians for Germany - AUF & PBC Christian Hauser 9 2 -
DKP German Communist Party Robert Kuehne 3 0 40 -
Free horizon Norbert Schumacher 19th 11 60 -
Animal welfare party Human Environment Animal Welfare Party Robert Gabel 7th 0 15th -
Individual applicants 7th

Candidates from the parties and individual applicants by age group

Party / individual applicant All in all under 30 years 30-40 years 40–50 years 50–60 years over 60 years
SPD 39 5 5 9 16 4th
CDU 47 2 11 9 16 9
THE LEFT 42 4th 8th 6th 14th 10
GREEN 44 8th 10 6th 14th 6th
NPD 20th 1 8th 7th 1 3
FDP 34 5 8th 11 4th 6th
PIRATES 8th - 2 4th 1 1
FAMILY 8th 3 3 - 2 -
Free voters 18th 2 1 3 4th 8th
The party 17th 8th 6th 1 2 -
The MINDFUL 15th - 1 5 6th 3
ALFA 7th - 1 2 1 3
AfD 45 1 5 18th 9 12
Alliance C 9 1 1 - 4th 3
DKP 3 1 1 - - 1
FREE HORIZON 20th - 1 5 10 4th
Animal welfare party 6th 1 3 1 1 -
Individual applicants 7th - - 2 4th 1
All in all 389 42 75 89 109 74

Election programs, top candidates and goals

Parties represented in the state parliament

Prime Minister Erwin Sellering was again chosen as the top candidate of the SPD at the state party conference on April 30, 2016 . He received 87 of 94 valid votes (92.6%). The President of the State Parliament, Sylvia Bretschneider, followed in second place . The campaign slogan was “Together on course”. The SPD demanded, among other things, the full right to vote at 16 and parents to relieve daycare fees. People who earn their money with art and culture should be supported and immigration should be seen as enrichment. The goal of the election was "to become the strongest force and thus also to provide the Prime Minister again".

As in 2011, the CDU's top candidate was the Interior Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lorenz Caffier . The campaign slogan was "Home in focus". Internal security was the main focus of the CDU. Among other things, she called for more police stations, but also in the judiciary and in the protection of the constitution. A State Secretary for so-called “structurally weak regions” should be created in order to strengthen structurally weak regions. In refugee policy, the CDU advocated a hard line and the idea of ​​a “German guiding culture”. The election campaign goal was "to provide the strongest force and the prime minister".

As in 2011, the Left elected former Labor Minister Helmut Holter as the top candidate. The campaign slogan was “For the love of MV”. The left wanted to score with social issues. She called for free daycare places and more staff in the care sector. Disadvantaged regions should be strengthened through a 50 million development program in order to create comparable living conditions in all parts of the country.

The Greens' top candidate was Silke Gajek . The campaign slogan was “For the country and the people”. In their election manifesto, the Greens opposed factory farming and demanded that the municipalities share in the profits in the energy transition. The protection of the constitution should be reformed and better controlled by parliament. Transparency should be improved (e.g. public meetings of the Committee on Budgets). The election goal was "Repeat the 2011 election result with 8.7%".

The NPD had passed a "25-point program". As in the state elections in 2006 and 2011, Udo Pastörs was the top candidate in 2016.

Parties not represented in the Landtag

The top candidate of the FDP was the 33-year-old French born Cécile Bonnet-Weidhofer . The goal of the election was to return to the state parliament with the main topics of education, infrastructure and economy.

The state association of the Human Environment and Animal Protection Party (Tierschutzpartei) was founded in 2014 and ran for the first time in the state election. The guiding principles of the party were consistent nonviolence, comprehensive empathy with the rest of the world and a voice for everyone who had no voice themselves. In particular, she advocated animal rights, animal welfare, environmental protection and human rights. She called for an end to factory farming, the subsidization of conventional agricultural industries and the environmental damage and health risks that would result from conventional animal husbandry and agriculture. She saw the agony of animals in the agricultural industry as systemic and wanted to achieve a change primarily on the political, administrative and legal level, in addition to sensitizing consumers to organic vegan agriculture based on solidarity. The state election program comprised 30 pages, which included all policy areas; The focus was also on social justice and educational policy. The top candidate was Robert Gabel from Greifswald.

The Pirate Party called for more democracy (simplification of referendums) and transparency. Internet should be a basic right for everyone.

The top candidate for the family party was 33-year-old Dirk Martin from Rostock. MEP Arne Gericke ran for fourth place on the list . The family party called for the introduction of a state parental allowance to make living space MV more attractive and to relieve families financially. In addition, family voting rights should be introduced. Obstetrics was an important focus of the party. Maternity wards should be available everywhere and midwives should be supported. Learning materials and school transport should be free of charge. Debt shouldn't be placed on the back of the next generation.

The free voters in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania focused on social issues. Free public transport, the abolition of Hartz IV and the payment of old connection fees were their goals.

The top candidate of the AfD was the 46-year-old former radio presenter Leif-Erik Holm . The campaign slogan was “For our country and our children”. The AfD wanted women to have more children again (e.g. through family loans) and advocated school uniforms. She rejected immigration and security guards were supposed to ensure more order.

The Mindful Democrats consisted mainly of previously independent local politicians and former CDU members and had a few mayors in their ranks. They were running for the first time in a state election and wanted to strengthen the municipalities in particular and save money on administration and politics.

The top candidate of the DKP was 29-year-old Robert Kühne from Schwerin. The main focus of the DKP was the fight against social cuts. This should be prevented, among other things, through higher wages and free passenger transport. Right-wing agitation should be fought and the protection of the constitution should be dissolved.

The top candidate for Alliance C - Christians for Germany was Christian Hauser from Boizenburg. The party, which was formed in 2015 through the merger of AUF and PBC , was against abortion and wanted to support families with a parenting salary. Christian values ​​are the foundation for the liberal and ethical constitutional state and should therefore be strengthened.

The Free Horizon party was only founded in 2016 and was therefore running for the first time. She particularly campaigned against the further expansion of wind power in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and for more direct democracy .


For the Sunday question, opinion polls have given the following values ​​since the state elections in 2011; Election results for comparison.

Institute date SPD CDU left Green NPD FDP Pirates AfD Otherwise.
State election 2016 09/04/2016 30.6% 19.0% 13.2% 4.8% 3.0% 3.0% 0.5% 20.8% 5.1%
Research group elections 09/01/2016 28% 22% 13% 6% - 3% - 22% 6%
INSA 08/31/2016 28% 20% 15% 6% 2% 2% - 23% 4%
Research group elections 08/26/2016 28% 22% 13% 6% 3% - - 21% 7%
Infratest dimap 08/25/2016 27% 22% 14% 5% 3% 3% - 21% 5%
Infratest dimap 08/18/2016 26% 23% 16% 6% 3% 3% - 19% 4%
INSA 08/12/2016 24% 23% 19% 6% 3% 3% - 19% 3%
Infratest dimap 06/30/2016 22% 25% 17% 7% 4% 3% - 19% 3%
Infratest dimap 04/28/2016 22% 24% 16% 8th % 4% 4% - 18% 4%
INSA 02/16/2016 22% 29% 19% 5% 4% 4% - 16% 1 %
Market research service Dukath 01/21/2016 28.4% 27.2% 20.1% 9.5% 1.3% 8.0% - 5.5% 0.2%
Market research service Dukath 15/01/2015 34.3% 30.6% 17.4% 9.7% 1.4% 1.6% 0.5% 4.1% 0.4%
Infratest dimap 07/05/2014 29% 34% 20% 5% 3% 2% - 4% 3%
Market research service Dukath 03/08/2014 32.7% 31.8% 19.4% 6.2% 1.1% 1.7% 2.0% 2.3% 2.9%
Emnid 09/14/2013 31% 28% 19% 8th % 5% 2% - - 7%
Emnid 08/17/2013 32% 28% 20% 8th % 5% 2% - - 5%
State election 2011 04.09.2011 35.6% 23.0% 18.4% 8.7% 6.0% 2.8% 1.9% - 3.7%

When asked who the citizens would directly elect to be prime minister, the polling institutes gave the following values:

Institute date Erwin Sellering (SPD) Lorenz Caffier (CDU)
Infratest dimap 06/30/2016 57% 19%
Infratest dimap 04/28/2016 57% 24%


Direct mandates won according to parties in the constituencies. The SPD won 26 constituencies, the CDU 7 and the AfD 3.
Erwin Sellering on the evening of the state elections at the election party of the SPD Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in Schwerin

The AfD achieved almost 21 percent of the second votes and moved into the ninth state parliament in Germany; it was just as successful as in the state elections in Saxony-Anhalt in March 2016 . All parties represented in parliament to date have suffered significant losses. The SPD remained the strongest force with around 30 percent, but lost five percentage points. The CDU sank from 23 to 19, Die Linke from 18.4 to 13 percent and the Greens slipped from 8.7 percent of the vote below the five percent hurdle to 4.8 percent. For the first time since 2011, the Greens are no longer represented in all state parliaments. The NPD also failed to re-enter the state parliament, which means that it is no longer represented in any German parliament. The FDP increased slightly compared to the last state election, but again failed to make it into the state parliament.

Of the small parties, only the Animal Welfare Party succeeded in overcoming the 1% hurdle, which is relevant for party funding , with 1.2% . Unlike in 2011, pirates, family parties and free voters no longer achieved this proportion.

Of the 36 constituencies, the SPD won 26, two more than in 2011, the CDU only seven compared to twelve and the AfD was able to prevail in three constituencies.

Taking into account the inter-party rejections, only the continuation of the incumbent red-black coalition and a red-red coalition were mathematically possible.

The official final result:

Eligible voters 1,328,320
Voters 821,581
voter turnout 61.9%
Valid first votes 803,148 (97.8%)
Valid second votes 806,419 (98.2%)

Total seats
Gains /
SPD 236.319 29.4 246,395 30.6 26th 26th −1
AfD 175,850 21.9 167.852 20.8 3 15th 18th +18
CDU 175.057 21.8 153.115 19.0 7th 9 16 −2
LEFT 119.374 14.9 106.256 13.2 11 11 −3
GREEN 38,613 4.8 38,836 4.8 −7
FDP 26,910 3.4 24,521 3.0
NPD 24,322 3.0 −5
Animal welfare party 9,674 1.2
family 6,799 0.8
Free horizon 5,793 0.7 6,603 0.8
The party 2,456 0.3 5,051 0.6
Free voters 8,515 1.1 4,740 0.6
Pirates 369 0.0 3,935 0.5
The mindful 7,890 1.0 3,753 0.5
ALFA 2,423 0.3
DKP 1,315 0.2
Alliance C 354 0.0 829 0.1
Individual applicants 5,648 0.7

For the elected MPs, see the list of members of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament (7th electoral term) .

Government formation

After brief exploratory talks with the CDU and the left, the SPD decided on September 16 to begin coalition negotiations with the CDU. On October 12th Erwin Sellering and Lorenz Caffier announced the conclusion of the coalition negotiations. It was already leaked relatively early that Birgit Hesse would switch from the Ministry of Social Affairs to the Ministry of Education. There were also shifts in competencies. The Ministry of Social Affairs had to hand over the areas of work and health to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, which in turn handed over the construction area to the Ministry of Infrastructure. At the urging of the CDU, the post of Parliamentary State Secretary for Western Pomerania was created, but this went to Patrick Dahlemann from the SPD. The nomination of the Stralsund public prosecutor Sascha Ott as minister of justice met with criticism, since the new cabinet should only include two women. On October 22nd, the CDU withdrew Otts' nomination because he “ liked ” the Facebook page of the AfD district association of Northwest Mecklenburg and comments critical of Islam . Katy Hoffmeister, Head of Personnel at Rostock University Hospital, became the new Minister of Justice . On the same day, both parties agreed to the coalition agreement at their party congresses in Stralsund (SPD) and Wittenburg (CDU). On November 1, Erwin Sellering was re-elected Prime Minister with 41 out of 71 votes and the cabinet was sworn in.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Election to the state parliament in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2016. Statistical Office MV: The state returning officer, September 4, 2016, accessed on September 14, 2016 .
  2. ^ Election to the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania on September 4th, 2011. Statistical office MV without JavaScript compulsion. Retrieved September 6, 2016 .
  3. Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior and Sport of November 10, 2015, Official Gazette for Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2015, p. 786.
  4. ^ Law on elections in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. (PDF) In: Law and Ordinance Gazette for Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2010. December 29, 2010, accessed on July 9, 2014 .
  5. Call for nominations
  6. Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Wahlheft 1/2016 ( Memento of the original from August 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. ↑ Number of members of the SPD MV
  8. ↑ Number of members of the CDU MV party
  9. ↑ Number of members of the party Die Linke MV
  10. ↑ Number of members of the party Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen MV
  11. a b Ministry of the Interior and Sport Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Verfassungsschutz Report 2014. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on May 18, 2016 ; accessed on August 2, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  12. Oskar Niedermayer: Party members in Germany: Version 2016-NEW ( Memento of the original from May 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  13. ^ Members. In: Wiki of the Pirate Party Germany. July 22, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016 .
  14. Christoph Asche: "Excluded from the system": The number of AfD members is growing rapidly. In: The Huffington Post. July 1, 2016, accessed August 2, 2016 .
  15. Manfred Götzke: Party declares war on wind turbines. Deutschlandfunk, accessed on August 17, 2016.
  16. Statistical Hefts Elections 2016 ( Memento of the original from August 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  21. The hope of the northeast FDP
  22. ^ Election page of the animal protection party Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
  23. ↑ The election manifesto of the Pirate Party
  24. Election program of the family party ( memento of the original from July 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  25.,afd300.html ( Memento from September 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  26. NDR: Mindful Democrats: “Strengthening Local Work” , accessed on August 22, 2016.
  27. ^ Election program of the Mindful Democrats
  28. ^ Election program of the DKP
  29. ^ Election program of Alliance C
  30. ^ Election program of the Free Horizon party
  31. Failure of democracy in "Meck-Pomm" , tachles , September 5, 2016.