State Parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
|Seat:||Castle in Schwerin|
|Legislative period :||five years|
|First session:||October 26, 1990|
|Current legislative period|
|Last choice:||4th September 2016|
Birgit Hesse (SPD)
Beate Schlupp (CDU)
Mignon Schwenke (DIE LINKE)
|Distribution of seats:||
The Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in accordance with Article 20, paragraph 1, sentence 1 of the Constitution state Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the parliament or the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern . The state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is thus also a constitutional body of the state.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament (1946–1952)
The state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was the state parliament of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Soviet Zone and GDR from 1946 until the suspension of the states in 1952. In January 1947, the state was renamed the state of Mecklenburg. The name of the Landtag was then Landtag Mecklenburg.
State Parliament Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (since 1990)
After the re-establishment of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 1990 as a result of the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, the first state election took place on October 14, 1990. The state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was constituted for the first time on October 26, 1990, twelve days after the first state election and 23 days after the reunification of Germany .
1st electoral term (1990–1994)
|Political party||Share of second votes||Seats (1990)||Seats (1994)|
|LL / PDS||15.67%||12||11|
The first state government was a coalition of CDU and FDP led by Alfred Gomolka , which was initially tolerated as a minority government by a non-attached MP, but was able to rely on its own majority through the transfer of a MP from the SPD parliamentary group. In 1992 there was a rift after Gomolka had fired his Justice Minister Ulrich Born on charges of "disloyalty". The CDU parliamentary group then withdrew their trust. Gomolka resigned on March 15, 1992, also due to the shipyard crisis, when the former shipbuilding combine was to be sold to Bremer Vulkan AG . He was the only one to oppose a sale of the East German shipyards to Western competitors. On March 19, Berndt Page (CDU) succeeded him as Prime Minister. ( Cabinet page I )
2nd electoral term (1994–1998)
The election to the 2nd state parliament took place on October 16, 1994 and brought the following result:
|Political party||Share of second votes||Seats|
3rd legislative term (1998–2002)
The election to the 3rd state parliament on September 27, 1998 resulted in the following:
|Political party||Share of second votes||Seats|
The SPD became the election winner and the strongest force for the first time since 1990. As a result, the former Minister for Economic Affairs and Affairs of the European Union and the incumbent parliamentary group leader of the SPD, Harald Ringstorff , formed the first nationwide SPD-PDS coalition .
4th electoral term (2002-2006)
The election for the 4th state parliament took place on September 22, 2002.
|Political party||Share of second votes||Seats|
In July 2006 the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania decided, among other things, to increase the length of the electoral period from 4 years to 5 years.
5th electoral term (2006-2011)
The election for the 5th state parliament took place on September 17, 2006.
|Valid first votes||816,088 (97.5%)|
|Valid second votes||818,061 (97.7%)|
The 71 seats in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament were distributed as follows after the election on September 17, 2006:
6th electoral term (2011-2016)
The election for the 6th state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania took place on September 4, 2011. On September 18, 2011, a by-election was held in the constituency of Rügen I due to the death of CDU candidate Udo Timm. The 6th state parliament was constituted on October 4, 2011.
The 71 seats in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament were distributed as follows after the election on September 4, 2011:
The SPD and CDU agreed on a continuation of the grand coalition under Prime Minister Erwin Sellering and Deputy Prime Minister Lorenz Caffier.
The council of elders for the 6th electoral term included:
- Sylvia Bretschneider - President of the State Parliament
- Beate Schlupp - 1st Vice President of the State Parliament
- Regine Lück - 2nd Vice President of the State Parliament
- Silke Gajek - 3rd Vice President of the State Parliament
- Heinz Müller - Parliamentary Managing Director of the SPD parliamentary group
- Wolf-Dieter Ringguth - Parliamentary Managing Director of the CDU parliamentary group
- Peter Ritter - Parliamentary Managing Director of the DIE LINKE parliamentary group
- Johann-Georg Jaeger - Parliamentary Managing Director of the Alliance 90 / Greens parliamentary group
- Stefan Köster - Parliamentary Managing Director of the NPD parliamentary group
7th electoral term (since 2016)
After the state elections on September 4, 2016 , the 7th state parliament was constituted on October 4, 2016. Since then it has had 71 members , divided according to the share of votes among the parliamentary groups of the SPD , AfD , CDU and Die Linke .
The largest extra-parliamentary opposition parties after the election are Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen , FDP and NPD . Among the small parties , the Animal Welfare Party (1.2 percent), the Family Party and the anti-wind power alliance Free Horizon received the most votes (0.8 percent each).
The 71 seats in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament are distributed as follows after the election on September 4, 2016 and the changes until October 2019:
On December 8, 2016, the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania elected the former member of the state parliament, Heinz Müller, as the state commissioner for data protection and freedom of information Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania for five years at the suggestion of the SPD state parliamentary group . Müller prevailed against the former data protection officer of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and former member of the state parliament Karsten Neumann ( Die Linke ) proposed by the parliamentary group Die Linke . On July 4, 2017, the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania elected Manuela Schwesig ( SPD ) as the state's Prime Minister. This was the first time that a woman became head of government in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. On August 31, 2017, the MP Holger Arppe resigned from the AfD parliamentary group and has been a non-attached MP since then. On September 25, 2017, the MPs Christel Weißig , Matthias Manthei , Bernhard Wildt and Ralf Borschke left the AfD parliamentary group and founded the “Citizens for Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania” parliamentary group (BMV for short). On November 13, 2018, the BMV parliamentary group renamed itself. The new name is FREIE WÄHLER / Citizen for Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The short form is FREIE WÄHLER / BMV. On May 22, 2019, the state parliament elected Birgit Hesse (SPD) as state parliament president. Her predecessor, Sylvia Bretschneider (SPD), passed away at the end of April 2019. On October 1, 2019, the FREIE VOTER / BMV faction dissolved. The MPs Matthias Manthei and Bernhard Wildt joined the CDU, Ralf Borschke of the AfD and Christel Weißig has been non-attached since then. On October 22, 2019 moved Thomas Würdisch (SPD) for Erwin Selle ring after, who retired from politics.
Duties and rights
Excerpts from the state constitution
As a place of political decision-making, the state parliament, as the central body of the state's legislature, is responsible for the election of the prime minister , the adoption or amendment of state laws and the control of the state government and the state administration. The electoral term has been five years since 2006.
- The Landtag (Article 20)
- The MEPs (Article 22)
- are representatives of the whole people
- not bound by orders and instructions
- subject only to their conscience
- The political groups (Rule 25)
- are associations of at least four members of the state parliament
- independent and independent structures of the state parliament
- The parliamentary opposition (Article 26)
- form the parliamentary groups and members of the state parliament who do not support the government
- has the particular task of developing its own programs and taking initiatives to monitor the state government and administration and to critically evaluate government programs and decisions
- has the right to equal political opportunities in fulfilling its tasks
- The legislature (Article 27)
- The state parliament is elected for five years.
- His electoral period ends with the meeting of a new state parliament.
- At the request of one third, the state parliament can terminate the electoral term prematurely with a majority of two thirds of its members while simultaneously setting a date for new elections.
- Assembly of the Diet (Article 28)
- After each new election, the state parliament meets no later than the thirtieth day after the election.
- It is convened by the president of the old parliament.
- The Committee on Petitions (Article 35)
- handles suggestions, requests and complaints from citizens
- The Ombudsman (Article 36)
- is elected by the state parliament
- has the task of protecting the rights of citizens vis-à-vis the state government and the public administration in the state
- The data protection officer (Article 37)
- is elected by the state parliament to safeguard the citizens' right to the protection of their personal data
Areas of law
The legislative competence of the state parliament essentially lies in the following areas:
- Adoption of the (state) budget law (Art. 61ff. Constitutional law ), so-called budget law
- Local law
- Cultural law, including school, radio, monument protection and state church law
- State organization law, including electoral law, parliamentary law, constitutional jurisdiction, court of audit
- Police and regulatory law, including rescue services
- Road and right of way
The federalism reform shifted further legislative competences to the federal states. Which includes:
- Penal system
- Right of assembly
- University law with the exception of university admission and university degrees
- Closing time
- Salary, pension and career rights of state officials and judges
- Nature conservation and landscape management
According to Article 55, Paragraph 1 of the Constitutional Ordinance, bills can be introduced into the Landtag in three different ways:
- by the state government
- from the middle of the state parliament - by the parliamentary groups or by a number of members that is at least the size of a parliamentary group
- directly from the people ( popular initiative , referendum , referendum ) - with the exception of budget laws, tax laws and salary laws (cf. Art. 60 Paragraph 2 Clause 1 Verf.MV).
Legislative initiatives from the people must be supported by at least 15,000 (popular initiative) or 120,000 eligible voters (popular initiative). A bill is adopted by referendum if the majority of those who vote, but at least a third of those entitled to vote , has approved it.
Bills are discussed at least twice in the state parliament (first and second reading). In the first reading (policy advice) the general principles of the submission are discussed. At the end of the first reading, the plenary usually transfers the draft law to the competent specialist committees of the state parliament, with one committee being designated as the so-called lead committee. Experts are often invited and heard in the lead committee for the deliberations of the committees (public hearing). As a result of the committee deliberations, the lead committee gives the state parliament a recommendation for a resolution. In the second reading of the draft law (individual consultation), the provisions of the draft are discussed and agreed individually. In the end, the whole of the bill is voted on (final vote). The president of the state parliament then forwards the resolutions to the state government . The Minister-President draws up the constitutionally passed laws with the signing of the ministers involved and arranges for them to be promulgated in the Law and Ordinance Gazette of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Electoral term||Number of
printed matter created
|1st electoral term||109||1209||195||4837|
|2nd electoral term||92||973||95||4078|
|3rd electoral term||85||1029||91||3153|
|4th legislative term||82||1014||115||2422|
|5th electoral term||127||1068||134||4545|
|6th legislative term||126||1052||125||5942|
Election of the Prime Minister
The Prime Minister and the Ministers take the following oath before the Landtag when they take office: "I swear that I will devote my energies to the people and the country, to uphold and defend the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany and the constitution of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania as well as the laws, I will fulfill my duties conscientiously and exercise justice towards everyone. ”The oath can be concluded with the religious affirmation“ So help me God ”.
Control of the state government
The state parliament has a far-reaching right to ask questions and provide information to the state government . At the same time, the state government has a comprehensive obligation to provide information to the state parliament (Articles 40 and 39 of the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania).
In addition, the state parliament can set up committees of inquiry with extensive rights to investigate facts in the public interest . To clarify facts in the public interest, the state parliament has the right, and at the request of a quarter of its members, the duty to set up a parliamentary committee of inquiry (Article 34 of the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). The parliamentary groups are represented by at least one member each in the committee of inquiry. In addition, the seats are distributed according to the strength of the parliamentary groups in order to ensure that the majority in the committee of inquiry corresponds to that in the state parliament.
Citizens can turn to the state parliament or its petitions committee at any time with suggestions, requests and complaints (Art. 35 of the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). In addition, the state parliament elects an ombudsman for six years. This supports the citizens in safeguarding their rights vis-à-vis the state government and the public administration bodies. He also advises and supports in social matters. The Ombudsman is independent in the exercise of his office and only obliged to comply with the law.
Minimum number of MPs
Article 20, paragraph 2, sentence 2 of the constitution stipulates a minimum number of 71 members in the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The minimum number of MPs prescribed by the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania can also be exceeded. This is basically done through so-called overhang and compensation mandates .
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania's MPs are not bound by orders or instructions in accordance with Article 22, Paragraph 1 of the constitution. one also speaks of the so-called free mandate .
The official name addition for the members of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament is MdL . More details on the rights of the (parliamentary) mandate are regulated in particular by Article 22 of the constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania of May 23, 1993 (short: author MV) and the law on the legal relationships of the members of the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania - law on representatives - in the version of the notice of February 1, 2007.
Compensation for MPs
From January 2016 (GVOBl. MV 2015, p. 627), the members of the parliament will receive a taxable basic allowance in accordance with Section 6 (1) of the Members' Act in the amount of 5,749.22 euros. Pursuant to Section 9 (1) of the Law on Representatives, each Member receives a flat-rate monthly fee of 1,339.43 euros for looking after the constituency , office costs, furniture, postage, telephone and other expenses.
The President of the State Parliament, the Vice-Presidents, the parliamentary group chairmen and the parliamentary managing directors of the parliamentary groups receive additional compensation in accordance with Section 6 (2) of the Members' Act due to their special parliamentary functions. The amount of the additional compensation amounts to 100% of the basic compensation for the president and the parliamentary group chairperson, 75% for the parliamentary directors and 50% of the base compensation for the vice-presidents.
The members of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament also act on the international stage. They work closely with other countries in the Baltic Sea region in the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference . Special partnerships exist with the parliaments of the West Pomeranian, Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeships in Poland. The state parliament is also active in the Southern Baltic Parliament Forum . In addition, the parliament has formed a German-Israeli parliamentary group and works as a cooperative member in the German-American association of state parliamentarians.
Membership lists of the MPs
The plenum, i.e. the full assembly of all members of parliament, is the highest decision-making body in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament.
The Landtag President is elected by the Landtag together with the Presidium in the constituent session after the election. The President conducts the business of the Landtag and represents the Land in all legal transactions and legal disputes of the Landtag. He safeguards the dignity and rights of the Landtag, promotes its work and conducts the negotiations fairly and impartially. The president exercises the house rules and the regulatory authority in the state parliament.
The president of the state parliament is the former minister Birgit Hesse (SPD). Their deputies are the vice-presidents.
|president||Political party||Term of office|
|Rainer Prachtl||CDU||October 26, 1990–26. October 1998|
|Hinrich Kuessner||SPD||October 26, 1998-22. October 2002|
|Sylvia Bretschneider||SPD||October 22, 2002–28. April 2019|
|Birgit Hesse||SPD||since May 22, 2019|
According to the state parliament's rules of procedure, the oldest member of the state parliament present opens the first session of the newly elected state parliament. The so-called senior president chairs the meeting until the newly elected president or one of his deputies takes over the office. The senior president appoints two members of the state parliament as provisional secretaries and forms a provisional presidium with them.
|Electoral term||president||Political party|
|1st electoral term||Friedrich Taubrich||CDU|
|2nd electoral term||Gerhard Poppei||PDS|
|3rd electoral term||Herbert Helmrich||CDU|
|4th legislative term||Henning von Storch||CDU|
|5th electoral term||Henning von Storch||CDU|
|6th legislative term||Fritz Tack||THE LEFT|
|7th legislative term||Christel Weißig||BMV|
Council of Elders
The Council of Elders:
- supports the President of the State Parliament in performing her duties
- discusses the draft agenda for the Landtag sessions
- discusses all fundamental decisions relating to the MPs as well as the work and administrative processes in parliament
The council of elders of the state parliament consists of the state parliament president, the two vice-presidents and one representative each from the parliamentary groups. Usually it is the parliamentary manager. "A government representative should be called in to the meetings of the council of elders that prepare plenary sessions" (Section 5 (2) of the rules of procedure of the 7th Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament). "
The composition of the Council of Elders for the 7th electoral term:
- Birgit Hesse - President of the State Parliament
- Beate Schlupp - 1st Vice President of the State Parliament
- Mignon Schwenke - 2nd Vice President of the State Parliament
- Jochen Schulte - Parliamentary Managing Director of the SPD parliamentary group
- Torsten Renz - Parliamentary Managing Director of the CDU parliamentary group
- Ralph Weber - Parliamentary Managing Director of the AfD parliamentary group (since 9/2017)
- Peter Ritter - Parliamentary Managing Director of the DIE LINKE parliamentary group
- Matthias Manthei - Parliamentary Managing Director of the FREE VOTERS / BMV parliamentary group (since 9/2017, previously as managing director of the AfD parliamentary group)
According to Article 25, Paragraph 2 of the constitution, parliamentary groups in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament are independent and independent divisions of the state parliament. You have your own rights and duties to help shape parliamentary will. Further details are regulated in the rules of procedure of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament for the 7th electoral period in sections 37 ff. Further regulations on the legal status of the parliamentary groups are set out in the law on the legal relationships of the members of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament - law on representatives - in the version published on February 1, 2007 in sections 50 - 57.
In the (current) 7th electoral period, there were initially 4 parliamentary groups, as of September 25, 2017, five, as the AfD had split.
The Landtag of the 7th electoral term has the following (standing) specialist committees in accordance with Art. 33 Paragraph 1 Constitutional Ordinance in conjunction with Art. V. m. Section 9, Paragraph 1, Clause 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the State Parliament for the 7th electoral term:
- Petitions Committee
- Committee on Internal Affairs and European Union Affairs (Home Affairs and Europe Committee)
- Committee on Justice, Constitution, Rules of Procedure, Election Review, Immunity Matters, Federal Matters and International Matters (Legal Committee)
- Finance committee
- Economic, Labor and Health Committee (Economic Committee)
- Agriculture and Environment Committee (Agriculture Committee)
- Education, Science and Culture Committee (Education Committee)
- Committee on Energy, Infrastructure and Digitization (Energy Committee)
- Committee on Social Affairs, Integration and Equality (Social Committee)
The state constitution stipulates that committee meetings are generally not open to the public, unless the committee specifies otherwise for individual meetings or items to be discussed. The main content of the discussion is only documented in the state parliament printed matter with the reports to the plenum. This is to ensure that the MPs can initially conduct their political discussions independently of the public impact and develop solutions together. Making the public for committee meetings could lead to the dispute between members of parliament instead taking place outside of parliament. However, all plenary sessions of Parliament are public, they can be attended by groups of visitors and individuals, or viewed live on the Internet.
The Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament can set up further committees for individual matters in accordance with Section 9 (3) GO of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament (7th electoral period). One also speaks of so-called temporary committees. This includes special committees and committees of inquiry.
According to Section 25 (1) of the rules of procedure of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania regional parliament for the seventh electoral term, a committee can set up sub-committees to deal with urgent, unavoidable and unavoidable tasks.
On March 8, 2017, the state parliament of Mecklenburg- West Pomerania decided to investigate NSU activities in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania. The Home Affairs and Europe Committee was commissioned and asked to set up a subcommittee to complete the task. This should report to the Interior Committee by the summer break of 2019.
In the 4th electoral term (2002–2006), the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament set up a special committee on “Administrative Modernization and Functional Reform” chaired by MP Heinz Müller (SPD).
Committees of inquiry
The possibility of setting up investigative committees is anchored separately in the state constitution of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The state legislature has the right and the duty to demand of one fifth of its members under Article 34, paragraph 1, sentence 1 Ed. MV use by resolution a committee.
In the 7th electoral period, in the 7th plenary session on January 26, 2017, with the acceptance of the amended proposal by the AfD parliamentary group, a committee of inquiry was set up, "which determines the funding structure, the funding procedure and the granting practice for grants from state funds and the use of these state funds by the in the association, LIGA of the central associations of the independent welfare in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern eV´, united central associations in the period from 2010 to 2016 should clarify ".
In the 35th plenary session on April 26, 2018, a committee of inquiry was set up to clarify NSU activities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with the acceptance of the motion of the parliamentary groups of the SPD, CDU, DIE LINKE and BMV.
On the basis of the Enquete Commission Act of July 9, 2002, the Landtag can set up inquiry commissions . These commissions are composed of experts and members of parliament, whereby the members of parliament have to provide a majority (Section 2 (2) sentence 2 EKG MV). Meetings of the study commission are usually open to the public (Section 6 (2) sentence 1 EKG MV). So far, no study commission has been set up in the 7th electoral term.
The administration of the state parliament is a supreme state authority. It reports to the President of the Landtag and is headed by the Director at the Landtag as the permanent representative of the President in administrative matters.
The administration staff prepare the sessions of the state parliament and its committees and support the president in her administrative tasks. In addition, the administration is available to all MPs in the performance of their duties.
The Ombudsman of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the State Commissioner for Data Protection are under the authority of the President.
The administration of the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania trains apprentices from various professional groups and is also a place of work for graduates of the voluntary social year in democracy and in the preservation of monuments.
Directory of directors at the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament
Visit to a plenary debate
Attending a plenary debate is possible for individual visitors and registered groups. Above all, the aim is to give a direct impression of the atmosphere in the state parliament debates. Upon request, the visitor service can arrange a meeting with members of parliament. As there is limited space in the stands, it is recommended that you register with the visitor service in good time.
Information events about the tasks and working methods of the state parliament are offered on working days on which no state parliament sessions take place. They serve to provide detailed information about the activities of the state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. On request, the State Parliament's visitor service can arrange a meeting with members of the parliament.
Student project parliament
This offer is aimed specifically at school classes from the 9th grade. In the three-hour simulation game, the young people can run through parliamentary procedures - such as making a recommendation for a resolution, finding opinions in committees, debating in plenary and voting. The project topic can be chosen from a range of offers from the visitor service or individually agreed. This game takes place in the conference rooms and in the plenary hall.
Youth in the state parliament
“Youth in the Landtag” is a cooperation project between the Landtag and the State Youth Association of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and takes place every one and a half years. With this project, the state parliament and the state youth council endeavor to create closeness between politics and young people, want to promote political education and bring the workforce closer to the state parliament members. In workshops and exchange rounds, the young people develop their own content on topics such as leisure, the environment, education or youth association work. Approx. 100 young people between the ages of 15 and 25 from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania can regularly take part in the project. In the autumn of 2011, after the elections for the 6th state parliament, the follow-up project, “Jugend hakt nach” (Youth hooks up), took place as an opportunity for young people to dialogue with the members of the new legislative period.
Live broadcast of the plenary session
The plenary sessions are broadcast on the Internet via a webcam. Interested parties can follow the sessions of the parliament on the website of the state parliament. The recordings will then be published on the YouTube video platform .
Another possibility to find out about the current debates and events in the Landtag is the LandtagNachrichten. The 24-page magazine appears nine times a year and can be subscribed to free of charge on request from the publisher. An archive of the issues that have already been published can be found in the media library on the website. to disposal.
From the grand ducal palace to the seat of parliament
The castle island has been the country's center of political power for around 1000 years. The Slavic Prince Niklot already had his main castle here. A monumental equestrian statue above the main portal commemorates the progenitor of the Mecklenburg dukes and grand dukes. After the revolution of 1918 the castle became state property. The castle experienced the most formative construction phase in the course of the historicist renovation and new construction from 1843 to 1857. As part of the "Schwerin Residence Ensemble - Cultural Landscape of Romantic Historicism" , the almost intact Schwerin Castle is a German candidate for UNESCO World Heritage .
Between 1948 and 1952, the then state parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania met here .
After the state structures in the area of the GDR were dissolved, Schwerin Castle became the seat of the district assembly of the Schwerin district .
After the constituent session on October 26, 1990, Parliament decided in favor of Schwerin Castle as the seat of the state parliament.
Parliament seat from 1990
Restoration of the castle and use of the interior
Since 1990 the restoration measures begun in the 1970s, in particular the redesign of the facades, have been intensified.
The state parliament has special requirements for the historic building. The rooms must be usable for Parliament without damaging the monument. Fittings and changes are usually made in the form language of today, so that future generations can also read changes in use. An example of this is the room of the council of elders. With the restoration of the column capitals, the stucco work on the ceiling and the restoration of the valuable inlaid floor, this room was extensively restored.
In addition to the parliamentary group and consultation rooms, there is an office for all members of parliament. Most parliamentarians share an office with a colleague.
In addition to Schwerin Castle, the state parliament uses three other buildings in Schloßstraße and Ritterstraße as offices for the state parliament administration and for the state ombudsman. The State Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information has his office at Johannes-Stelling-Straße No. 21.
New plenary hall
In the area of the former 283 m² Golden Hall in the palace garden wing, which burned down in 1913 and later used as a ballroom in the GDR, the new plenary hall of the state parliament has been under construction since 2012.
A total of 26 million euros is estimated to be invested in the palace garden wing, of which seven million will go to the plenary hall itself. A total of ten million euros are earmarked for the elimination of the long-term consequences of the castle fire of 1913 and the renovation of the castle garden wing. For further conversion work, such as the current plenary hall into conference rooms, four million euros are planned, with a further 4.3 million euros serving as a buffer for incalculable costs.
The renovation according to the plans of the architectural office Dannheimer & Joos was finally completed in September 2017 after the new election of the state parliament in autumn 2016 .
Time and cost increases
On June 30, 2016 it was announced that the planned completion was delayed by five months. The cause of the delay in construction is the insolvency of a planning company involved in the construction.
On December 14, 2016 it was announced that the construction costs for the renovation will increase from (now) 27 million euros to an expected 30 million euros.
The main reason for the increase in costs is the bankruptcy of a construction company involved in the renovation; The (current) construction boom and the associated rising prices as well as the old building fabric are also responsible for the increase in costs. Due to the increase in costs, the old plenary hall will not be converted into a modern congress center.
Inauguration of the new plenary hall
On September 26, 2017, the new plenary hall of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament was inaugurated with a festive event after a five-year construction period. In addition to the members of the state parliament of the current electoral period, former members of parliament and state ministers also took part. The speeches were given by the President of the German Bundestag, Prof. Dr. Norbert Lammert , the President of the State Parliament Sylvia Bretschneider , the former President of the State Parliament Rainer Prachtl and the architect Tilman Joos. On September 27, 2017, the first state parliament session took place in the new plenary hall.
- Consultative Assembly (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- List of the study commissions of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament
- List of investigative committees of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state parliament
- The parliament mirror is a joint project of all state parliaments and integrates the data from the parliamentary documentation
- Claus Dieter Classen, Rainer Litten, Maximilian Wallerath: Constitution of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. 2nd edition 2015, ISBN 978-3-8487-0561-0
- Stefan Ewert, Detlef Jahn, Hubertus Buchstein: State parliamentarism in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. In: Siegfried Mielke ; Werner Reutter (ed.): State parliamentarism: history, structure, functions. 2., through and updated edition. VS Verlag für Sozialwiss., Wiesbaden 2012, ISBN 978-3-531-18361-9 .
- State Parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Parliamentary Services (Ed.): 20 years of the State Parliament of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Documentation of the ceremony on October 26, 2010. Schwerin 2011.
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania State Parliament; Public relations department (Ed.): State Parliament Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Information for children and young people. Schwerin 2009.
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