The parliamentary group chairman (Germany), club chairman (Austria) or parliamentary group president (Switzerland), colloquially also parliamentary group chief, is the head of a parliamentary group in a democratically elected parliament . He is elected by the members of the parliamentary group at a rate previously decided in the parliamentary group's rules of procedure.
Amira Mohamed Ali
Pursuant to Section 69 (4) of the Rules of Procedure of the German Bundestag , the chairmen of the parliamentary groups have an advisory vote in all committees , subject to legal restrictions . The parliamentary group leader announces the parliamentary group's proposals and assessments in the Bundestag . His tasks also include the organization of parliamentary group business, the preparation of parliamentary group meetings and the maintenance of communication between the parliamentary group executive committee in the rest of the parliamentary group, in particular about the content and results of parliamentary group meetings. From the point of view of process-oriented political science , the parliamentary group leader acts within his parliamentary group as a guarantor of parliamentary group discipline in the effort to ensure a uniform and reliable voting behavior of his party. In today's parliamentary practice, parties have assigned several deputies to the parliamentary group leader, who are responsible for certain policy areas and chair the associated working groups. The group leader and the deputy group leaders together with the parliamentary manager form the executive group board (GfV).
CDU/CSU parliamentary group
What is special about the CDU/CSU parliamentary group is that it is made up of two parties. For Bavaria , the CSU provides the list and direct candidates , the CDU provides the candidates for the other federal states. In the Bundestag, the deputies of the two parties unite to form a parliamentary group. Your chairpersons:
- 1949: Konrad Adenauer
- 1949-1955: Heinrich von Brentano
- 1955-1961: Heinrich Krone
- 1961-1964: Heinrich von Brentano
- 1964-1973: Rainer Barzel
- 1973-1976: Karl Carstens
- 1976-1982: Helmut Kohl
- 1982-1991: Alfred Dregger
- 1991-2000: Wolfgang Schäuble
- 2000-2002: Friedrich Merz
- 2002-2005: Angela Merkel
- 2005-2018: Volker Kauder
- since 2018: Ralph Brinkhaus
SPD parliamentary group
Since the 1st Bundestag, members of the SPD have made up the SPD parliamentary group .
- 1949-1952: Kurt Schumacher
- 1952-1963: Erich Ollenhauer
- 1964-1967: Fritz Erler
- 1967-1969: Helmut Schmidt
- 1969-1983: Herbert Wehner
- 1983-1991: Hans-Jochen Vogel
- 1991-1994: Hans-Ulrich Klose
- 1994-1998: Rudolf Scharping
- 1998-2002: Peter Struck
- 2002: Ludwig Stiegler
- 2002-2005: Franz Müntefering
- 2005-2009: Peter Struck
- 2009-2013: Frank Walter Steinmeier
- 2013-2017: Thomas Oppermann
- 2017-2019: Andrea Nahles
- since 2019: Rolf Mutzenich
- since 2021:
FDP parliamentary group
With the exception of the 18th Bundestag (2013-2017), members of the FDP have made up the FDP parliamentary group since 1949 .
- 1949: Theodor Heuss
- 1949-1951: Hermann Schaefer
- 1951-1952: August Martin Euler
- 1952-1953: Hermann Schaefer
- 1953-1957: Thomas Dehler
- 1957: Max Becker
- 1957-1963: Erich Mende
- 1963-1968: Knut von Kuehlmann-Stumm
- 1968-1991: Wolfgang Mischnick
- 1991-1998: Hermann Otto Solms
- 1998-2006: Wolfgang Gerhardt
- 2006-2009: Guido Westerwelle
- 2009-2011: Birgit Homburger
- 2011-2013: Rainer Brüderle
- 2017-2021: Christian Lindner
- since 2021: Christian Dürr
From 1990 to 1998 the PDS had no faction status. Therefore, there was only one group spokesman during this period. Between 1998 and 2002 the PDS had parliamentary group status for the first time. As of 2002, the PDS only had two MPs ( Petra Pau and Gesine Lötzsch ). These belonged to the Bundestag as non-attached deputies. Since 2005, MPs from the WASG and Left Party.PDS have been represented in the Bundestag as a left- wing faction . In June 2007, the Left Party was formed .
PDS group spokesman
- 1990-1998: Gregory Gysi
PDS faction leader
- 1998-2000: Gregory Gysi
- 2000-2002: Roland Claus
Group leader of the Left Group
- Gregor Gysi (Die Linke, until June 2007 Left Party.PDS)
- Oskar Lafontaine (Die Linke, until June 2007 WASG)
- since 2019:
Alliance 90/The Greens faction
After entering the Bundestag for the first time in 1983, the Greens initially had three equal group spokespersons . In contrast to the other parties, the offices were initially filled annually. For this reason, the respective parliamentary group spokespersons are first named in annual blocks.
After the Greens achieved less than five percent in the 1990 Bundestag elections and thus failed at the five percent hurdle , the Alliance 90 in the then new federal states, however, achieved six percent and entered the Bundestag with eight MPs, these eight MPs only received the status of a group. From 1994 the party, which was now called Bündnis 90/Die Grünen , was once again represented as a faction. Since then, the two parliamentary group spokespersons have usually been elected for the entire legislative period .
Group spokesman 1983–1990
- Annemarie Borgmann
- Hannegret Hönes
- Ludger Volmer (until September 6, 1986)
- Willi Hoss (from September 6, 1986)
- Willie Hoss
- Antje Vollmer
- Waltraud Schoppe (until June 1990)
- Marianne Birthler (from October 3, 1990)
Group spokesman 1990–1994
- 1990-1994: Werner Schulz
Chairman of the parliamentary group from 1994 to the present
- since 2021
faction of the Bavarian party
Merged with the German Center Party faction to form the Federal Union faction in 1951 . The Bavarian Party (BP) has not been represented in the Bundestag since 1953 .
- 1949-1951: Gebhard Seelos
- 1951: Hugo Decker
faction of the German party
The German Party (DP) has not been represented in the Bundestag since 1961 .
- 1949: Heinrich Hellwege
- 1949: Friedrich Klinge
- 1950-1953: Hans Mühlenfeld
- 1953-1955: Hans Joachim von Merkatz
- 1955-1957: Ernst-Christoph Brühler (after the merger with the FVP together with Ludwig Schneider until the end of the election period)
- 1957-1961: Herbert Schneider
Group of the Federalist Union
The Federal Union (FU) was a merger of the parliamentary group of the Bavarian Party and the Center Party from 1951 to 1953 with the aim of obtaining parliamentary group status. Both parties each provided one of the two equal group chairmen.
- 1951–1953: Hugo Decker , from the Bayern Party
- 1951–1952: Helene Wessel , from center
- 1952–1953: Otto Pannenbecker , from center
Faction of the all-German bloc of expellees and disenfranchised
The GB/BHE group only existed in the second parliamentary term. A BHE/ DG group existed temporarily during the first electoral term.
- 1953-1955: Horst Haasler
- 1955-1956: Karl Mocker
- 1956-1957: Erwin Feller
The KPD parliamentary group only existed in the first electoral term.
- 1949-1953: Max Reimann
Group of the Economic Development Association
After various party exits, the WAV parliamentary group dissolved on December 6, 1951. The remaining deputies switched to the German Party .
- 1949-1951: Alfred Loritz
In order to obtain faction status, the Center Party (Z) faction merged with the Bavarian Party faction on 14 December 1951 to form the Federalist Union faction .
- 1949-1951: Helene Wessel
state parliament/district assembly
The parliamentary group leader in a state or district assembly is elected using the same procedure and basically has the same function as a parliamentary group leader in a parliamentary group. The exact tasks are defined in the respective rules of procedure of the individual state parliaments or district councils.
See main article: Club (politics)
At federal level, the parliamentary group presidents preside over the parliamentary groups in the Federal Assembly and are members of the Bureau of the National Council .
The Presidents of the outgoing 50th legislature 2015–2019 were as follows:
- Group of the Swiss People's Party : Thomas Aeschi
- Socialist Group : Roger Nordmann
- FDP Liberal faction : Beat Walti
- CVP Group : Filippo Lombardi
- Green faction : Balthasar Glättli
- BDP faction : Rosmarie Quadranti
- Green Liberal faction : Tiana Angelina Moser
- ↑ Reinhard Bingener: This is how the new FDP parliamentary group leader ticks. In: FAZ. 7 December 2021, retrieved 7 December 2021 .