Group leader

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The parliamentary group chairman (Germany), club chairman (Austria) or parliamentary group president (Switzerland), colloquially also the parliamentary group leader , is the leader of a parliamentary group in a democratically elected parliament . He is elected by the members of the group at a rate previously agreed in the group's rules of procedure.

Germany

Parliamentary group Chairperson
CDU
CSU
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Ralph Brinkhaus
SPD
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Rolf Mützenich
AfD
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Alice Weidel

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Alexander Gauland

FDP
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Christian Lindner
THE LEFT
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Amira Mohamed Ali

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Dietmar Bartsch

GREEN
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Katrin Göring-Eckardt

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Anton Hofreiter

German Bundestag

According to Section 69 (4) of the Rules of Procedure of the German Bundestag, the parliamentary group chairmen have an advisory vote in all committees, subject to legal restrictions . The parliamentary group chairman announces proposals and assessments of the parliamentary group in the Bundestag . His tasks also include the organization of the parliamentary group's business, the preparation of parliamentary group meetings and the maintenance of communication between the parliamentary group executive committee in the rest of the parliamentary group, in particular about the content and results of parliamentary group meetings. From the point of view of process-oriented political science , the parliamentary group chairman acts as a guarantor of the parliamentary group's discipline in the endeavor to ensure that his party's voting behavior is uniform and reliable. In today's parliamentary practice, parties have assigned several deputies to the parliamentary group chairman who are responsible for specific policy areas and who chair the associated working groups. The parliamentary group chairman and the deputy parliamentary group chairman together with the parliamentary managing director form the executive group committee (GfV).

CDU / CSU parliamentary group

The specialty of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group is that it is formed by two parties. For Bavaria , the CSU , the LISTEN and direct candidates from the CDU candidates for the other states are provided. In the Bundestag, the members of the two parties unite to form a parliamentary group. Your chairmen:

SPD parliamentary group

The SPD parliamentary group has been made up of members of the SPD since the 1st Bundestag .

AfD parliamentary group

FDP parliamentary group

With the exception of the 18th Bundestag (2013-2017), members of the FDP have formed the FDP parliamentary group since 1949 .

Left faction

From 1990 to 1998 the PDS had no party status . Therefore there was only one group speaker during this period. Between 1998 and 2002 the PDS had parliamentary party status for the first time. From 2002 the PDS only had two MPs ( Petra Pau and Gesine Lötzsch ). These belonged to the Bundestag as non-attached members. Members of the WASG and Linkspartei.PDS have been represented as a left-wing parliamentary group in the Bundestag since 2005 . In June 2007 the new party Die Linke followed .

PDS group spokesman
PDS parliamentary group chairman
Leader of the Left Group

Alliance 90 / The Greens parliamentary group

Meeting room of the Green parliamentary group in the Bundestag with the MPs Grietje Bettin and Christian Simmert

When the Greens moved into the Bundestag for the first time in 1983, there were initially three parliamentary group spokesmen with equal rights. In contrast to the other parties, the offices were initially filled annually. Therefore, the respective parliamentary group spokespersons are first named in annual blocks.

After the Greens achieved less than five percent in the 1990 Bundestag election and thus failed the five percent hurdle , but Alliance 90 in the then new federal states achieved six percent and moved into the Bundestag with eight members, these eight members only received that Status of a group. From 1994 onwards, the party, which was now called Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen , was represented again in parliamentary groups. Since then, the two parliamentary group spokesmen have generally been elected for the entire legislative period .

Group spokesman 1983–1990
Group speaker 1990–1994
Group chairman from 1994 until today

Fraction of the Bavarian Party

1951 merged with the parliamentary group of the German Center Party to form the parliamentary group of the Federal Union . The Bavarian Party (BP) has not been represented in the Bundestag since 1953 .

Group of the German Party

The German Party (DP) has not been represented in the Bundestag since 1961 .

Group of the Federal Union

The Federal Union (FU) was an amalgamation of the parliamentary group of the Bavarian Party and the Center Party from 1951 to 1953, with the aim of retaining parliamentary group status. Both parties each provided one of the two group leaders with equal rights.

Fraction of the all-German bloc of expellees and disenfranchised

The GB / BHE group only existed in the second electoral term. There was a temporary BHE / DG group in the first electoral term .

KPD parliamentary group

The KPD faction only existed in the first electoral term.

Fraction of the Economic Development Association

After various party resignations, the WAV faction disbanded on December 6, 1951. The remaining MPs switched to the German party .

Center faction

In order to obtain parliamentary group status, the parliamentary group of the Center Party (Z) merged on December 14, 1951 with the parliamentary group of the Bavarian Party to form the parliamentary group of the Federal Union .

Landtag / district council

The parliamentary group leader in a state parliament or district assembly is elected using the same procedure and basically has the same function as a parliamentary group leader in a parliamentary group. The exact tasks are set out in the respective rules of procedure of the individual regional parliaments or district assemblies.

Austria

See main article: Club (politics)

Switzerland

At the federal level, the parliamentary group presidents preside over the parliamentary groups in the Federal Assembly and are members of the office of the National Council .

The presidents of the past 50th legislative period 2015-2019 were as follows:

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Group chairman  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence