UEFA Intertoto Cup
The UEFA Intertoto Cup (until 1994 Intertoto Cup), from 1995 usually briefly referred to as "UI Cup", was a European football competition for clubs that was held from 1967 onwards. Originally, the competition was introduced in the football free time - to offer Toto betting - before the season in most European leagues. From 1995 onwards, clubs that had just failed to qualify for the UEFA Cup in their national league had the opportunity to qualify for the UEFA Cup via the UI Cup. Because of this last chance, it was colloquially called the “straw cup”, “consolation cup” or “cup of good hope”. The UI Cup was held for the last time in the 2008/09 season.
As of the 2006/07 season, each of the 53 member associations of UEFA received exactly one starting place. Should an association withdraw its representative, the place could be given to another association by UEFA. In the 2007/08 season, Scotland, Norway, Liechtenstein and San Marino did not have any participants. Romania provided two participants, so that there was a field of 50 teams. There were three knockout rounds based on a return leg. In the first round, 27 clubs from the lower half of the UEFA five-year standings and a representative from Romania played. The 14 winners and the representatives of the 14 next higher associations met in the second round. The top 8 associations sent their representatives straight to the third round. From these and the 14 winners of the 2nd round, eleven pairings were drawn. The winning teams of the third round advanced to the second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup . The winner of the cup from 2006 to 2008 was the team that played the most rounds in the subsequent UEFA Cup.
The team that occupied the table position directly behind the place for the direct UEFA Cup qualification was entitled to start in the UI Cup. If the team in question did not register for the competition, the next-placed team moved up. If a club met the sporting requirements for participation in the competition, UEFA reserved the right to carry out a license check and possibly not admit the team. Between 2005 and 2009 there were 28 exclusions from the UEFA Intertoto Cup for licensing reasons.
The Intertoto Cup was launched in 1967, on the one hand, to be able to offer games for the national Toto companies in the summer, and on the other hand to give smaller clubs the opportunity to play international games. The competition was practically the direct successor to the International Football Cup (IFC), which was held for the last time in 1967, and until 1994 consisted of group games in which there were always several winners. In 1995 the Intertoto Cup became the UEFA Intertoto Cup and has been hosted by UEFA since then. In the course of this, the group games were supplemented by final games in which the three winning teams (in 1995 there were only two) could qualify for the first round of the UEFA Cup. The club Girondins Bordeaux , which was added in 1995 through the UI Cup , reached the final of the UEFA Cup.
In 1998 the group stage was finally abolished. Since then, the winners in the cup mode have been determined after five rounds with a return leg. A total of 61 teams from European club football took part each season, the stronger ones were placed directly for the second or third round. After the fifth round, there were three top teams that had qualified for the UEFA Cup.
On November 30, 2007, UEFA decided to abolish the UI Cup after it was held in 2008. To this end, more starting places for weaker countries will be created in the UEFA Cup, which has been renamed the UEFA Europa League , and another qualifying round will be played.
History of German teams in the UI Cup
Up until the 2004/05 season, Germany received two, three or four starting places. The clubs that finished sixth, seventh and eighth (possibly ninth) in the Bundesliga table at the end of the season were qualified for the UI Cup. Due to Germany's high ranking in the UEFA five-year ranking, German teams only entered from the second or third round of the UI Cup competition. As of the 2006/07 season, each association received only one starting place; the winners of the third round continued in the UEFA Cup qualification.
The German participants in recent years:
- In 1995 all four German participants made it to the round of 16. There 1. FC Köln failed to Tirol Innsbruck from Austria with 1: 3 and Eintracht Frankfurt to Girondins Bordeaux, France, with 0: 3. Bayer 04 Leverkusen and Karlsruher SC advanced with wins over Odense BK, Denmark, 5: 2 and FC Aarau, Switzerland, 2: 1 aet. In the quarter-finals, Leverkusen said goodbye 3: 5 to Innsbruck. Thus, with the Karlsruher SC as the last German representative, made the jump to the semi-finals via Bursaspor, Turkey, 6: 5 a.s., where they were eliminated 0: 2 and 2: 2 against Girondins Bordeaux.
- In 1996 only Karlsruher SC survived the group phase first, Werder Bremen , TSV 1860 Munich and VfB Stuttgart failed prematurely. With semi-final and final victories over Belgian teams, the Karlsruhe team made it into the UEFA Cup. Lierse SK was defeated 3: 2 and 2: 0 and Standard Liège was defeated 0: 1 and 3: 1 in the final. In the UEFA Cup, the KSC failed in the round of 16 against Bröndby IF.
- In 1997 four teams started in the UI-Cup, of which only Werder Bremen failed in the group stage last played. Both the Hamburger SV and the 1. FC Köln and MSV Duisburg moved as group winners the semi-finals. There Hamburg failed against SC Bastia from France with 0: 1 and 1: 1 afterwards and Cologne against Montpellier HSC, also France, also just 2: 1 and 0: 1 due to the away goals rule. The Duisburg team were also eliminated against a French team, but only in the final after they survived their semifinals against Dynamo Moscow, Russia, 2-2 and 3-1, to AJ Auxerre 0-0 and 0-2.
- In 1998 Werder Bremen and Hansa Rostock took part in the UI Cup. Bremen defeated FK Inkaras Kaunas from Lithuania 4-1 and 1-0, SK Lommel from Belgium 3-1 and 2-1. In the semifinals, Samsunspor, Turkey finally won 3: 0 twice and also prevailed in the final against Vojvodina Novi Sad from Serbia 1: 0 and 1: 1. Qualification for the UEFA Cup was a success. Rostock, on the other hand, failed in the first game with 1: 1 and 1: 2 to Debreceni VSC from Hungary.
- In 1999 MSV Duisburg and Hamburger SV played in the UI Cup. Duisburg defeated Newry City from Northern Ireland 2-0 and 0-1 in the 2nd round, and Kocaelispor from Turkey 3-0 and 0-0 in the 3rd round. Only in the semi-finals did they fail at HSC Montpellier from France with 1: 1 and 0: 3. The HSV started as a better placed team only in the 3rd round, won thanks to the away goals rule with 0: 1 and 3: 2 against FC Basel from Switzerland and could also in the semifinals against Trabzonspor, Turkey, with 2: 2 and 4 : 1 leave the place victorious. In the final, the Hanseatic League finally failed, as did Duisburg, at Montpellier 1: 1 and 1: 1, ultimately 3: 0 i. E.
- In 2000 VfL Wolfsburg and VfB Stuttgart registered for the UI Cup. The clubs finished seventh and eighth in the league in the 1999/2000 season . VfB Stuttgart won and qualified for the UEFA Cup. VfL Wolfsburg could not prevail.
- In 2001 it was Werder Bremen, VfL Wolfsburg and TSV 1860 Munich . At the end of the season, the clubs only finished seventh, ninth and eleven in the championship, but since 1. FC Kaiserslautern (eighth) and 1. FC Köln (tenth) had not registered for the UI Cup move up the clubs. The clubs up to sixth place started in the Champions League (1-2 place), Champions League qualification (3-4) and the UEFA Cup (5-6).
- In 2002, due to the UEFA five-year ranking , the Bundesliga had one more direct UEFA Cup place and only two clubs (seventh and eighth) were allowed into the UI Cup. It was Stuttgart and Kaiserslautern . VfB won the competition and qualified for the UEFA Cup.
- In 2003 Werder Bremen, FC Schalke 04 and VfL Wolfsburg (sixth to eighth place) entered the third round of the UI Cup competition because Germany had been downgraded in the UEFA ranking the previous year.
- In 2004, Borussia Dortmund (eliminated in the 3rd round), FC Schalke 04 (one of the three winners) and Hamburger SV (eliminated in the semi-finals) (each entry in the third round of the UI Cup) and VfL Wolfsburg (entry in the 2nd round and eliminated immediately against FC Thun ) qualified for the UI Cup from places six to ten in the Bundesliga. Wolfsburg came in tenth in the UI Cup because Hansa Rostock (ninth) did without. The DFL had successfully applied in 2004 to an additionally released by the abandonment of the Italian Football Federation Square and therefore presented four participants.
- In 2005, Borussia Dortmund (entered in the 3rd round and eliminated immediately), Hamburger SV (from the third round) and VfL Wolfsburg (from the second round) took part in the competition. Wolfsburg moved up again as ninth in the table, as the sixth Bayer 04 Leverkusen had already qualified for the UEFA Cup (the cup finalists FC Bayern Munich and FC Schalke 04 qualified for the Champions League ).
- In 2006 Hertha BSC took part (entered the 3rd round and won, so that it reached the second round of the UEFA Cup qualification.)
- In 2007 Hamburger SV qualified (entered and won in the 3rd round, so that they can reach the second round of the UEFA Cup qualification.)
- 2008 VfB Stuttgart moved thanks to 6th place in the Bundesliga directly into the third round of the Intertoto Cup and qualified for an away defeat (0: 1) and a home win (3:. 0 aet) against FC Saturn Ramenskoye for second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup .
In the years 2006 to 2008, the team that made the furthest progress in the subsequent UEFA Cup competition was declared the UI Cup winner. The winners are therefore shown in italics.
Wins by country from 1995
- France (12 wins / 16 qualifications for the UEFA Cup)
- Germany (8/10)
- Spain (5/7)
- England, Italy (each 4/6)
- Denmark (1/3)
- Portugal (1/2)
- Austria (0/3)
- Sweden, Switzerland, Romania (0/2 each)
- Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Turkey, Cyprus (0/1 each)
- UEFA Executive Committee approves changes to UEFA club competitions. (PDF; 590 KB) In: uefa.com. UEFA , November 30, 2007, accessed March 20, 2013 .
- The European Club Football Landscape Report on Club Licensing for the Financial Year 2010. (PDF; 30.3 MB) In: uefa.com. UEFA, p. 30 , accessed December 28, 2013 .