UEFA Champions League
|UEFA Champions League|
(as the European Champion's Cup )
|Teams||32 (group stage)|
FC Bayern Munich
|Record winner||Real Madrid (13 wins)|
|Record player||Iker Casillas (177)|
|Record scorer||Cristiano Ronaldo (130)|
UEFA Super Cup
FIFA Club World Cup
The UEFA Champions League [ UEFA tʃæmpiənz LIG ] (commonly known in Germany also top class called) is a competition for European football - club teams of men. Like the UEFA Europa League , it is held under the umbrella of the European Football Association UEFA . The name has been in effect since the 1992/93 season , from 1955 to 1992 the event was held as the European Champions Cup. Winning the Champions League is one of the most prestigious successes in professional football.
The record winner of this competition is the Spanish representative Real Madrid with 13 titles, whereby the Spanish won the first five times of the competition. From Germany, FC Bayern Munich (six wins), Hamburger SV and Borussia Dortmund (each one) have so far been successful.
European Champions Cup
|season||European Champions Cup|
|1956/57||Real Madrid (2)|
|1957/58||Real Madrid (3)|
|1958/59||Real Madrid (4)|
|1959/60||Real Madrid (5)|
|1961/62||Benfica Lisbon (2)|
|1964/65||Inter Milan (2)|
|1965/66||Real Madrid (6)|
|1968/69||AC Milan (2)|
|1971/72||Ajax Amsterdam (2)|
|1972/73||Ajax Amsterdam (3)|
|1973/74||FC Bayern Munich|
|1974/75||FC Bayern Munich (2)|
|1975/76||FC Bayern Munich (3)|
|1977/78||Liverpool FC (2)|
|1979/80||Nottingham Forest (2)|
|1980/81||Liverpool FC (3)|
|1983/84||Liverpool FC (4)|
|1988/89||AC Milan (3)|
|1989/90||AC Milan (4)|
|1990/91||Red Star Belgrade|
|season||UEFA Champions League|
|1993/94||AC Milan (5)|
|1994/95||Ajax Amsterdam (4)|
|1995/96||Juventus Turin (2)|
|1997/98||Real Madrid (7)|
|1998/99||Manchester United (2)|
|1999/00||Real Madrid (8)|
|2000/01||FC Bayern Munich (4)|
|2001/02||Real Madrid (9)|
|2002/03||AC Milan (6)|
|2003/04||FC Porto (2)|
|2004/05||Liverpool FC (5)|
|2005/06||FC Barcelona (2)|
|2006/07||AC Milan (7)|
|2007/08||Manchester United (3)|
|2008/09||FC Barcelona (3)|
|2009/10||Inter Milan (3)|
|2010/11||FC Barcelona (4)|
|2012/13||FC Bayern Munich (5)|
|2013/14||Real Madrid (10)|
|2014/15||FC Barcelona (5)|
|2015/16||Real Madrid (11)|
|2016/17||Real Madrid (12)|
|2017/18||Real Madrid (13)|
|2018/19||Liverpool FC (6)|
|2019/20||FC Bayern Munich (6)|
The idea of a European club competition or a European "super league" first came up in the early 1950s and was based on the idea of the Mitropa Cup, which was held from 1927 until the outbreak of World War II and a popular competition between Austrian, Hungarian, Yugoslav, Czechoslovak, Italian, Swiss and Romanian club teams. Similar good experiences have been made with the Coupe Latine since the late 1940s , which included an even smaller group of participants (national champions from Italy, France, Spain and Portugal). The new European Cup, so the idea, should include significantly more nations and thus clarify which countries have the strongest club teams. The occasion was not least the British press, which after international successes liked to declare the island's clubs world champions. Whether a selected selection of top European clubs or all European national champions should take part in such a competition was still a matter of dispute at the time.
Gabriel Hanot , former French international and 1954 journalist for the French sports newspaper L'Équipe , took up the question again and developed a draft for a “European Club Championship”. The British tabloid Daily Mail had particularly incurred Hanot's displeasure when, with Wolverhampton Wanderers, the English champions of 1954 were once again declared the world's best club team after victories against Spartak Moscow and Honvéd Budapest . L'Équipe published Hanot's draft on December 16, 1954 and then invited 18 European clubs, which were not all national champions, to Paris . Most of the participants were open to the idea, and UEFA and FIFA also agreed. In the following months, Hanot made suggestions for the rules, including that the winner should ideally be determined in the first and second legs, the pairings drawn and the knockout system implemented until the final .
The first competition began in the same year. The English Football League blocked the participation of Chelsea , which is why Gwardia Warsaw moved up. Even then, the first 16 participants included some clubs that are still part of the European elite today. Real Madrid and AC Milan , in whose homeland professional football had long since found its way, were considered clear favorites compared to the semi-professionals of the other nations. Nevertheless, as a participant for Saarland, which was still independent at the time, 1. FC Saarbrücken was able to celebrate a sensational 4: 3 victory in Milan before they were eliminated in the second leg by a 1: 4.
The summit between Milan and Madrid took place in the first semifinals, in which the Spaniards prevailed 4: 2 and 1: 2. Real Madrid finally won the final (4: 3 against Stade Reims ) and thus secured the first European championship on June 13, 1956. By 1960, the "Royal" should dominate the new competition and win it five times in a row, which until today no team has succeeded. Even then, southern European clubs from Italy ( Inter Milan , AC Milan) and Portugal ( Benfica Lisbon ) dominated the European Cup before, after Real Madrid won again (1966) in 1967 and 1968, Celtic Glasgow and Manchester United became the first British representatives.
From the 1970s onwards, there were conspicuous blocks of the year in which representatives of the same country repeatedly won the European Cup. From 1970 to 1973 Dutch teams dominated with Feyenoord Rotterdam (1970) and Ajax Amsterdam (1971-73), from 1974 to 1976 Bayern Munich won three times in a row. In 1974 the final in Brussels had to be repeated for the first time. Penalty shoot-outs were introduced back then, but the rules forbade using this type of decision-making in a final.
Eight years followed, in which the English dominance of Liverpool FC , Nottingham Forest and Aston Villa was only interrupted in 1983 by the victory of Hamburger SV. The success story of English football might have lasted even longer if May 29, 1985 with the Heysel disaster had n't gone down as the blackest day in European football history and English football clubs had been banned for five (Liverpool even for seven) years.
With the end of the winning streak of English teams in the mid-eighties, the time of individual dominant countries came to an end. Apart from AC Milan’s double victory in 1989 and 1990, not only was no club able to defend its title, the winning national associations also took turns. This was in particular a consequence of simplified rules for changing clubs, since professionals from the European Union have been able to work abroad without restrictions since the Bosman ruling in 1995 at the latest , thus “Europeanising” the individual teams. This led to an adjustment of the styles of play in the individual leagues, and successful "football philosophies" quickly became popular outside the country's borders.
UEFA Champions League
On the other hand, the competition was gradually expanded to include teams other than the national champions, so that now the entire European top could take part. As early as the 1991/92 season, an intermediate round with group matches was introduced in the European Cup, and the competition was renamed the “UEFA Champions League” a year later. Initially, only the respective national champions could qualify for the competition; However, due to the group games, the economic risk for the participants was calculable, and elimination without a minimum number of games was unlikely. In order to provide a representative picture of the strongest teams in Europe and to further popularize the competition, from 1997 the Champions League was also held with the runners-up from certain leagues; since the 1999/2000 season, up to four teams from one association can qualify for the competition. Based on the successes of previous years, the football associations are given a certain number of starting places depending on their placement in the UEFA five-year ranking , so that even the champions have to qualify in the weakest leagues.
In terms of sport, the financially strong clubs from Italy, England and Spain have dominated in recent years. With the exception of the 2003/04 season, when FC Porto and AS Monaco faced each other in the final, at least one participant from the three countries has reached the final of the competition since the Champions League was founded in 1992 up to and including 2012. The most successful in these years were FC Barcelona , Real Madrid and AC Milan, each with three titles. This series was only broken again in 2013, when Borussia Dortmund and FC Bayern Munich met for the first time in the final. The first team to win the title without having been champions in their country in the previous season was Manchester United in 1999, who beat Bayern Munich 2-1 in the Barcelona final. Overall, Real Madrid are the most successful team in the Champions League with seven titles.
The participants in the European Champions Cup, the first European Cup competition, were originally the individual European champions and the defending champions. Until 1991, the games were played exclusively in the knockout system , both home and return, with 32 teams competing in the first round since the mid-1960s.
In the nineties, this game mode was fundamentally changed four times: In the seasons 1991/92 (still known as the “European Champions League”) and 1992/93 (for the first time as the “Champions League”) the remaining teams were divided into two groups after the round of 16 divided, whose group winners contested the final. In 1993/94 a semi-final was added, in which the two group winners each had home rights. From 1994 16 teams took part in the final round of the Champions League, which were divided into four groups of four teams each for three seasons and of which the group first and second reached the quarter-finals. After the increase to 24 teams, six groups of four teams each were formed in 1997/98 and 1998/99. The six first in the group and the two best second in the group qualified for the quarter-finals. The mode stipulated that after the end of the group games, the teams would compete in the knockout system in two legs for a place in the next round.
In December 1998, UEFA again decided to reform the regulations far-reaching, which resulted in an enormous increase in the financial budget, but also major scheduling difficulties: from the 1999/2000 season, 32 teams took part in the final round of the Champions League, divided into eight groups four teams each were assigned. The first and second in the group formed four groups of four teams each in an intermediate round. The table first and second in the intermediate round reached the quarter-finals, which, like the semi-finals, were played in home and return matches. For the 32 participating teams, 16 places were assigned to the 32 participating teams according to a special country code, which takes into account the European Cup results of the last five years: Italy, Germany, Spain, France, the Netherlands and England sent the national champions and the runner-up into the race in Portugal , Greece and the Czech Republic only allowed the national championship title to participate in the Champions League. In addition, the defending champion was qualified until 2002/03. The remaining 16 places were determined in three qualifying rounds, with third and fourth table positions of the three most successful nations in European club football being seeded for the third qualifying round (if these teams failed, they would take part in the UEFA Cup as did the eight group stage thirds) . As before, the quarter and semi-finals were played in a knockout system with home and return games, the final in a final at a neutral location. The second group stage was replaced from the 2003/04 season by a round of 16 in the knockout system.
Field of participants
The qualification mode was reformed for the 2018/19 season. The champions of the ten best European leagues (each based on the five-year ranking), the runners-up in the six best leagues and third and fourth in the table in the four best divisions are now firmly qualified. In addition, one seat is reserved for the Champions League title holder and last year's UEFA Europa League winner.
The remaining six starting places will be played among the remaining champions (four places) and among the best teams from the 15 best European leagues (two places) that have not yet qualified.
If the winners of the Champions League or the Europa League are already qualified for participation via their national league placement, the free space will be awarded to the champion of the eleventh best league or the table third in the fifth best division.
The leagues are classified according to the rules of the UEFA five-year rating. A national association receives points for the successes of its club teams in UEFA competitions, i.e. wins, draws and reaching certain game rounds. The counters for all clubs are added up and divided by the number of participating clubs in the regional association. This results in a value per season. The values of the last five seasons are added up (starting not with the one that has just ended, but with the previous season). The sum determines the ranking of the respective league.
Teams not admitted
Even if a club meets the sporting requirements for participation in the competition, UEFA reserves the right to carry out a license check and, if necessary, not admit the team. Since 2004 there have been eight exclusions from the Champions League for licensing reasons.
|2011/12||ACS Poli Timișoara|
|2016/17||KF Skënderbeu Korça , KF Feronikeli|
|2018/19||KF Skënderbeu Korça|
A reformed qualification has been played since the beginning of the 2009/10 season. After UEFA President Michel Platini had already announced when he took office that he would allow more champions from the European leagues to participate in the Champions League in the future, a new mode was decided in November 2007. The number of qualifying rounds has been increased to four and the last qualifying round, which is now also being marketed centrally, has been renamed the “play-off” round , similar to the UEFA Cup, which was redesigned at the same time .
For the group stage draw, UEFA allocates the 32 participating clubs to four pots , graduated according to their UEFA club coefficients . The defending champion is always listed in pot 1 in first place on the seeding list, regardless of its coefficient. From the 2015/16 season , the other places in Pot 1 will also be permanently assigned to the national champions of the seven best-placed associations in the UEFA five-year ranking. The clubs are drawn from the four pots in eight groups of four. Each club receives an opponent from one of the three other pots. Clubs from the same national association cannot be drawn into the same group.
The game is played in eight groups with four teams each in a return match. The first and second of the groups advance to the round of 16, while the third placed qualify for the round of 32 of the UEFA Europa League and the fourth placed are eliminated from the competition.
If two or more teams are tied at the end of all group matches, the direct comparisons between these teams will decide:
- the number of points gained
- the goal difference
- the number of goals
- the number of away goals
If, after applying criteria 1–4 in this order, two or more teams still occupy the same place in the table, criteria 1–4 are reapplied for these teams. If this does not result in a definitive placement, the following criteria will be applied:
- the better goal difference from all games
- the higher number of total goals scored
- the club coefficient
The group games are followed by the final round (in the knockout system) with the eighth, quarter and semi-finals, which determine the winner of a pairing in a first and second leg. The matches are drawn separately for each of the final rounds (including the semi-finals since the 2012/13 season), with the group winners meeting the runners-up in the round of 16 and the latter first enjoying home rights. Teams that have already met in the preliminary round or belong to the same national association cannot meet in the round of 16. As of the quarter-finals, these restrictions no longer apply.
The winners are determined in the final round by adding up the goals from the first and second leg. If it is then a tie, the team that has scored more away goals in this pairing wins . If there is still a tie, the second leg will be extended by two halves of 15 minutes. The away goals rule also applies to extra time. If no goal is scored in extra time, a penalty shoot-out decides .
The final will take place on a place that UEFA normally fixes more than a year before the start of the competition. Only stadiums that have been classified as Category 4 by UEFA are permitted as the venue . There is no second leg in the final; if necessary, it will be decided by extra time or a penalty shoot-out. Before the introduction of penalty shoot-outs for a final game, there was a replay for the only time in 1974.
The most frequent (seven times) the final has so far taken place in London's Wembley Stadium, most of the final games were held in Italy and Great Britain with eight matches each.
A team was able to play the final twelve times in a stadium in its own country, four of them even in their own stadium. Borussia Dortmund won against Juventus Turin in Munich's Olympic Stadium in 1997 . In 2012, FC Bayern lost to Chelsea in their own stadium. There have been five finals with two teams from the same country so far, including a German duel in 2012/13 with Borussia Dortmund against FC Bayern Munich in London.
From 1956 to 1966, the respective winner was presented with a different trophy than the current one, which looked very much like the cup of the European Football Championship, which was held for the first time four years later as the European Cup of Nations . When Real Madrid triumphed for the sixth time in 1966, the decision was made to hand over the trophy to the Madrilenians permanently and to create a new trophy. A challenge cup designed by the Swiss designer Jürg Stadelmann and produced by the silverware manufacturer Koch & Bergfeld in Bremen has been presented since 1967 . Celtic Glasgow became the first team to win the new cup in 1967. The trophy is 62 cm high. Until 2008, the rule was that the current title holder was awarded the original of the cup for one year. Shortly before the final of the following year, the original was returned to UEFA and replaced by a replica that was ten percent smaller. Since the 1968/69 season, the rule was that if a club had won the competition three times in a row or a total of five times, the winner could keep the original permanently. In the past, Real Madrid (1966 still received the old cup), Ajax Amsterdam (1973), Bayern Munich (1976), AC Milan (1994), FC Liverpool (2005) and most recently in 2015 FC Barcelona Original. The sixth specimen has been handed over since 2006, which differs in shape from the trophy handed over until 2005 in that the handles are now more cranked inwards, which makes the trophy appear a bit slimmer.
For the first time, all title winners are engraved on the new cup. Since 2009, the original trophy, which is used to hand over the trophy, has been in permanent possession of UEFA. Immediately after the final, the winner will receive a full-size replica, the UEFA Champions League trophy. An association that has won the competition three times in a row or a total of five times will in future receive a special token of recognition instead of the original statue. After that, the count will start again from zero for this club.
After three yellow cards a player is automatically blocked for the next game, then after every two more (after the fifth, after the seventh etc.). A sending off will result in a suspension of at least one game, and the UEFA Control and Disciplinary Committee may decide to increase the penalty. These rules apply across all competitions, including when switching from the Champions League to the Europa League.
For the 2016/17 season, the bonuses for the participating clubs are distributed as follows: For the clubs that competed in one of the three qualifying rounds, there were 220,000 euros each for the first, 320,000 euros for the second and 420,000 euros for the third qualifying round, provided they did not qualify for the group stage. Every national champion who does not reach the group stage will receive an additional 260,000 euros in addition to the amounts for the respective qualifying rounds. In the play-off round there are 2,000,000 euros for the winner and 3,000,000 euros for the loser. There are no solidarity payments in the play-offs, as the participating clubs receive the play-off bonuses mentioned above. The clubs eliminated in the play-offs will receive any payments for the first and second qualifying round. Each of the 32 clubs received 12,700,000 euros for reaching the preliminary round. For each of the six group matches, 1,500,000 euros are paid out for a win and 500,000 euros for a draw. Each team will receive an additional 6,000,000 euros each for advancement to the round of 16, the eight quarter-finalists each receive an additional 6,500,000 euros and the four semi-finalists each 7,500,000 euros. The defeated finalist receives 11,000,000 euros, the title winner 15,500,000 euros. At best, a club can book premiums of 57,200,000 euros without taking the play-off bonus into account.
In addition, each club received a certain share of the television money for each home and away game, which is funded with a total budget of 507,000,000 euros, which is paid by the broadcaster that acquired the television rights in the home club's country. The amount of this television money varies greatly depending on the nationality of the home club.
The marketing of the brand name “UEFA Champions League” and in particular the television and advertising rights is carried out by “TEAM Television Event And Media Marketing AG”, based in Lucerne . The bonuses passed on from the income from marketing are an important source of income for the top football clubs in Europe.
In June 2017, UEFA reassigned the television rights to the competition. Since the 2018/19 season, the Champions League games have been shown exclusively on pay TV . Only a final with German participation should be shown on free TV. Sky Deutschland received the rights and, as a new partner, the streaming provider DAZN . In Switzerland, SRF can continue to broadcast games on free TV: In 2018/19, SRF will show a Wednesday game, Teleclub Zoom will show a Tuesday game from the group stage. The other games are broadcast on Pay TV on Teleclub.
Until the end of the 2017/18 season, the encounters shown on free TV were shown by the public broadcasters ZDF (in Germany), ORF 1 (in Austria) and SRF Zwei (in Switzerland). While ORF and SRF sometimes also showed games on Tuesday, these games were already broadcast exclusively on pay TV , especially in Germany . On Wednesday, however, a live game was shown with German participation; if only one Bundesliga club was represented after the knockout round, broadcasts of Tuesday games were also possible (so-called “follow your team rule”). In total, ZDF showed 13 matches per season.
Before the ZDF broadcast the games, the games were broadcast by various private broadcasters. RTL Television showed the games from 1992 to 1999 , after which the former women's broadcaster tm3 secured the rights for four years for DM 850 million and broadcast the Champions League in the 1999/00 season. However, after just one season, the broadcaster withdrew from the broadcasts, and the rights were for the first time divided between pay TV and free TV. Previously, live broadcasts were shown unencrypted on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, from now on the Tuesday games could only be seen encrypted on the pay TV channel Premiere and only the Wednesday games on free-to-air television. The rights for this went back to RTL, the broadcaster transferred the competition until 2003 for a good 50 million euros per season. From the 2003/04 season, Sat.1 showed the games and paid an estimated 35 million euros per season for them. The broadcaster also negotiated the right to freely decide which game was shown per game day.
In 2005, the pay TV broadcaster Premiere also acquired the rights for the free TV broadcasts, and since that time, with later exceptions, only Wednesday games have been shown for free in the knockout rounds. In order to be able to broadcast these games, Premiere produced the Champions TV format , which was taken over by DSF in the 2006/07 season and by Sat.1 in the two following seasons. Starting with the 2009/10 season, Sat.1 produced the broadcasts under the reactivated ran umbrella brand for three years, before ZDF secured the rights for a good 50 million euros per season in 2012, making the Champions League public for the first time Television changed. The contract, originally concluded until 2015, was extended in 2013 for three more seasons until 2018. After that, ZDF lost the broadcasting rights for free TV and thus no longer showed any games.
The most successful club in the history of the national championship is Real Madrid with thirteen titles. Especially in the early history of European competitions, the “white ballet” around Alfredo Di Stéfano and Ferenc Puskás was considered unbeatable and from 1956 to 1960 won the first five European Cups. After the sixth success in 1966, the club had to wait for the next win for over 30 years until 1998. AC Milan was a little more stable, winning two of its seven titles each in the 1960s, 1990s and 2000s, and once in the 1980s. In addition to Real Madrid, which also holds the record of victories in a row with five wins between 1956 and 1960, Ajax Amsterdam (1971 to 1973) and FC Bayern Munich (1974 to 1976) also successfully defended the title several times. After AC Milan defended their title in 1990, Real Madrid only succeeded 27 years later, and again in 2017, which was also the first title defense in the history of the UEFA Champions League.
Five clubs won the title when they first played: Real Madrid (1955/56 when they first played), Inter Milan (1963/64), Celtic Glasgow (1966/67), Nottingham Forest (1978/79, after the only English championship title ) and Aston Villa (1981/82).
If you look at a country ranking, clubs from ten countries have won the competition so far. The clubs from Spain lead this ranking with 18 successes, followed by the English clubs with 13 titles and the Italian clubs with 12 titles. With five teams, England is also the country with the most diverse winning teams. Germany is in fourth place with eight titles and three teams. This is followed by the Netherlands and Portugal with six and four wins respectively.
|qualification||2011/12||HJK Helsinki||10-0||Bangor City|
|Preliminary round||1956/57||Manchester United||10-0||RSC Anderlecht|
|1962/63||Ipswich Town||10-0||FC Floriana|
|1965/66||Benfica Lisbon||10-0||Stade Dudelange|
|1st round 1||1973/74||Dinamo Bucharest||11: 0||Crusaders FC|
|2nd round 1||1979/80||Ajax Amsterdam||10-0||Omonia Nicosia|
|1st group stage 2||2007/08||Liverpool FC||8-0||Beşiktaş Istanbul|
|2015/16||real Madrid||8-0||Malmö FF|
|2nd group stage 3||1999/00||FC Barcelona||5-0||Sparta Prague|
|2000/01||Valencia CF||5-0||SK Sturm Graz|
|Round of 16 4||2011/12||FC Bayern Munich||7-0||FC Basel|
|2014/15||FC Bayern Munich||7-0||Shakhtar Donetsk|
|2018/19||Manchester City||7-0||FC Schalke 04|
|Quarter finals||1957/58||real Madrid||8-0||Sevilla FC|
|Semifinals||1963/64||real Madrid||6-0||FC Zurich|
|final||1959/60||real Madrid||7: 3||Eintracht Frankfurt|
|1973/74||FC Bayern Munich||54: 0||Atlético Madrid|
|1988/89||AC Milan||4-0||Steaua Bucharest|
|1993/94||AC Milan||4-0||FC Barcelona|
The fastest goal in the Champions League was scored by Dutchman Roy Makaay on March 7, 2007 in Bayern Munich's round of 16 against Real Madrid. Only 10.03 s passed after the whistle. Paolo Maldini scored the fastest goal in the final on May 25, 2005 for AC Milan against Liverpool FC after just 50 seconds. On June 1, 2019, Mohamed Salah again scored the second fastest final goal for Liverpool FC in the game against Tottenham Hotspur with a penalty after 108 s, with the handball responsible for it being whistled after 23 s.
|1||FC Bayern Munich||Roy Makaay||10.03||FC Bayern Munich - Real Madrid||March 7, 2007||Round of 16|
|2||Valencia CF||Jonas||10.96||Valencia FC - Bayer 04 Leverkusen||November 1, 2011||Preliminary round|
|3||Arsenal FC||Gilberto Silva||20.07||PSV Eindhoven - Arsenal FC||September 25, 2002||Preliminary round|
|4th||Juventus Turin||Alessandro del Piero||20.12||Manchester United - Juventus||October 1, 1997||Preliminary round|
|5||AC Milan||Clarence Seedorf||21.06||FC Schalke 04 - AC Milan||September 28, 2005||Preliminary round|
|6th||AC Milan||Alexandre Pato||24.00||FC Barcelona - AC Milan||September 13, 2011||Preliminary round|
|7th||FC Bayern Munich||David Alaba||25.02||FC Bayern Munich - Juventus Turin||2nd April 2013||Quarter finals|
|8th||SK Rapid Vienna||Marek Kincl||25.20||Club Brugge - SK Rapid Vienna||November 2, 2005||Preliminary round|
|9||Inter Milan||Dejan Stankovic||25.54||Inter Milan - FC Schalke 04||April 5, 2011||Quarter finals|
|10||Willem II Tilburg||Mariano Bombarda||28.21||Willem II Tilburg - Sparta Praha||October 20, 1999||Preliminary round|
So far, there has been a city derby eight times in the Champions League and the European Cup of national champions : five times for the Madrid derby (Derbi madrileño) and twice for the Milan derby (Derby della Madonnina) as well as one meeting between the London clubs Arsenal and Chelsea.
A city derby was almost impossible in the European Champion's Cup, which was held until 1991/92, because only the respective champion from one country was eligible to participate. The constellation that two teams started from the same country only occurred if the defending champion did not become a national champion in the preseason, so that the champion of that country was represented in the competition alongside the defending champion.
Because Real Madrid won the tournament permanently for the first five years, there was already an intra-Spanish duel between Real Madrid and Sevilla FC in the quarter-finals of the 1957/58 season , which the "Royal" with an overall result of 10-2 in their favor decided.
In the following season 1958/59 it came in the semifinals with the Derbi madrileño for the first time in the history of the European Cup to a city derby. Real Madrid won the home game 2-1 and then lost to Atlético 0-1. Because the away goals rule did not apply at that time , an additional game at the Estadio La Romareda in Saragossa was necessary, which Real Madrid won again 2-1. 55 years later there was the Derbi madrileño four years in a row. In the final of the 2014 UEFA Champions League , Real Madrid prevailed 4-1 on a n. It was also the first time in the history of the European Football Cup that two teams from the same city faced each other in a final. The two teams met again in the following season, this time in the quarter-finals. Real also won this duel after a 0-0 first leg with a late 1-0 win at the Bernabéu . In 2016 both teams faced each other in the final in Milan . Real Madrid were able to prevail this time as well, but needed the penalty shoot-out. In 2017, both clubs from Madrid met in the semi-finals, which Real Madrid won. Los Blancos won 4-2 on a return leg and were even able to crown themselves as defending champions.
There was also a city derby in each of the three consecutive seasons between 2002/03 and 2004/05. Both in the semifinals of the Champions League 2002/03 , which AC Milan won and won the sixth European Cup title in the club's history in the subsequent domestic Italian final against Juventus Turin, as well as in the quarterfinals of the Champions League 2004/05 Milan prevail against their city rivals Inter Milan. In the last of the four encounters, when the score was 1-0 for Milan , the game was abandoned after Milan's goalkeeper Dida had been hit in the shoulder by a firework and could no longer play. The game was then rated 3-0 for Milan by UEFA . In the quarter-finals of the 2003/04 UEFA Champions League , Chelsea FC beat Arsenal FC .
Individual player records
Title as a player
The record winner of the national championship cup or the Champions League is Francisco Gento , whose six titles won with Real Madrid are unmatched to this day.
|1||Francisco Gento||6th||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960 , 1966|
|2||Juan Alonso||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|Alfredo Di Stéfano||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|Rafael Lesmes||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|Marquitos||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|Héctor Rial||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|José María Zárraga||5||real Madrid||1956 , 1957 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960|
|Alessandro Costacurta||5||AC Milan||1989 , 1990 , 1994 , 2003 , 2007|
|Paolo Maldini||5||AC Milan||1989 , 1990 , 1994 , 2003 , 2007|
Manchester United (1)
Real Madrid (4)
|2008 , 2014 , 2016 , 2017 , 2018|
Players in bold are currently playing for a European club.
The statistics of most appearances in the Champions League are led by players who were or are active after 1992, as the changed mode of play leads to significantly more games per season than before in the knockout system. Iker Casillas is the leader in these statistics . Paolo Maldini continues to hold the most competitive record in a season at 19 games when he played in every AC Milan game from qualifying to the final in 2002/03 . Iker Casillas and Ryan Giggs hold the record for most participations with 20 season participations.
|Status: end of season 2019/20|
Players in bold are currently playing for a European club.
The top scorer is Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo ahead of Argentine Lionel Messi and Spaniard Raúl . From the time of the European Champions Cup, Di Stéfano, Eusébio , Puskás, Gerd Müller and Gento are five of the most prominent footballers in Europe, with Müller having the top score of the most successful goalscorers with a rate of 0.97 goals per game. 6 of the 20 most successful goal scorers wore or are wearing the shirt of Real Madrid (Cristiano Ronaldo, Raúl, Benzema , van Nistelrooy , Di Stéfano and Puskás). (Status: end of season 2019/20).
|6th||Ruud van Nistelrooy||56||73||0.77||1998||2009|
|8th||Alfredo Di Stéfano||49||58||0.84||1955||1964|
|Alessandro Del Piero||42||89||0.47||1993||2009|
|Status: end of season 2019/20|
Players in bold are currently playing for a European club.
The youngest player to appear in the Champions League is Celestine Babayaro . He came on November 13, 1994 at the game of his club RSC Anderlecht at Steaua Bucharest (result 1: 1) for use and was sent off in the 37th minute. At the game he was 16 years, 2 months and 26 days old.
The youngest player to score in the Champions League is Ansu Fati from FC Barcelona . He scored the winning goal in the 87th minute on December 10, 2019 in a 2-1 win against Inter Milan at the age of 17 years and 40 days, surpassing the previous record set by Peter Ofori-Quaye on October 1 1997 at 17 years and 195 days for Olympiacos against Rosenborg Trondheim was successful.
The oldest player so far to have played in the Champions League is Marco Ballotta from Lazio , who played in the group match against Real Madrid on December 11, 2007 and was 43 years and 253 days old at the time. The oldest player in a Champions League final is Edwin van der Sar from Manchester United . He played the final on May 28, 2011 for the full duration. It was his last game as a professional footballer. In the game against FC Barcelona (result 1: 3) he was 40 years and 211 days old.
When Oleksandr Schowkowskyj were between his first CL game on 14 September 1994 and his last on September 13, 2016 for 22 years.
The oldest player to score in the Champions League is Francesco Totti from AS Roma . He scored the 1-0 lead on November 25, 2014 in a 1-1 game at CSKA Moscow at the age of 38 years and 59 days, surpassing the previous record of Ryan Giggs , who was 37 in September 2011 and 290 days for Manchester United against Benfica Lisbon was successful.
- Most frequent top scorer : Cristiano Ronaldo - 7th
- Most goals in one season: Cristiano Ronaldo - 17 ( 2013/14 )
- Most goals in group stage: Lionel Messi - 68
- Most goals in the group stage of a season: Cristiano Ronaldo - 11 ( 2015/16 )
- At least one goal in every group game of a season: Cristiano Ronaldo ( 2017/18 )
- Most knockout goals: Cristiano Ronaldo - 67th
- Most knockout goals of a season: Cristiano Ronaldo - 10 ( 2016/17 )
- Most goals in one game: Lionel Messi , Luiz Adriano - 5th
- Most three-packs: Lionel Messi , Cristiano Ronaldo - 8
- Most Free Kick Goals: Cristiano Ronaldo - 12
- Fastest goal: Roy Makaay - 10.12 seconds
- Youngest player with 50 wins: Thomas Müller
- Youngest player with 30 appearances: Cesc Fàbregas (20 years, 207 days)
The most successful trainers
Only Bob Paisley , Carlo Ancelotti and Zinédine Zidane won the competition three times as coaches; 17 other coaches won the title twice. Miguel Muñoz , Giovanni Trapattoni , Johan Cruyff , Carlo Ancelotti, Frank Rijkaard , Pep Guardiola and Zinédine Zidane won the title both as a player and as a coach .
Five coaches won the UEFA Champions League or its predecessor competition with two different clubs: Ernst Happel with Feyenoord Rotterdam and Hamburger SV (1970 and 1983), Ottmar Hitzfeld with Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich (1997 and 2001), José Mourinho with FC Porto and Inter Milan (2004 and 2010), Jupp Heynckes with Real Madrid and Bayern Munich (1998 and 2013) and Carlo Ancelotti with AC Milan and Real Madrid (2003, 2007 and 2014).
Since the 2000/01 season, adidas balls with the name Adidas Finale have been used as match balls . Since the 2001/02 season, these have had a design specially adapted for the Champions League, so the stars of the Champions League logo adorn the ball with seasonally changing colors. Since the final in 2008 , the ball of the final has also been deposited with a different colored background, which was silver in 2008 and gold in 2009.
Clubs that did not win the competition as champions
- 1956/57 : Real Madrid - third in the Primera División 1955/56 , participation as defending champion
- 1959/60 : Real Madrid - second in the Primera División 1958/59 , participation as defending champion
- 1964/65 : Inter Milan - second in Serie A 1963/64 , participation as defending champion
- 1971/72 : Ajax Amsterdam - second in the Eredivisie 1970/71 , participation as defending champion
- 1975/76 : FC Bayern Munich - tenth in the Bundesliga 1974/75 , participation as defending champion
- 1979/80 : Nottingham Forest - second in First Division 1978/79 , participation as defending champion
- 1989/90 : AC Milan - third in Serie A 1988/89 , participation as defending champion
- 1998/99 : Manchester United - Second in the Premier League 1997/98 , entry into the 2nd qualifying round
- 1999/00 : Real Madrid - Second in the Primera División 1998/99
- 2002/03 : AC Milan - fourth in Serie A 2001/02 , entry into third qualifying round
- 2004/05 : Liverpool FC - fourth in the 2003/04 Premier League , entry into the third qualifying round
- 2006/07 : AC Milan - originally runner-up in Serie A 2005/06 , downgraded to 3rd place due to the manipulation scandal, entry into the 3rd qualifying round
- 2008/09 : FC Barcelona - third in the 2007/08 Primera División , entry into the 3rd qualifying round
- 2011/12 : Chelsea FC - Second in the 2010/11 Premier League
- 2012/13 : FC Bayern Munich - second in the Bundesliga 2011/12
- 2013/14 : Real Madrid - second in the Primera División 2012/13
- 2014/15 : FC Barcelona - second in the Primera División 2013/14
- 2015/16 : Real Madrid - second in the Primera División 2014/15
- 2016/17 : Real Madrid - second in the Primera División 2015/16
- 2018/19 : Liverpool FC - fourth in the 2017/18 Premier League
- UEFA Europa League
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
- List of European Cup winners
- List of participants in the UEFA Champions League
- Eternal table of the UEFA Champions League and the European Cup
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