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Infobox radio tower icon
Station logo
TV station ( public service )
Program type Full program
reception Cable , satellite , DVB-T , IPTV
Start of transmission August 1, 1955
Seat Vienna , Austria
Broadcaster ORF
Intendant Alexander Wrabetz
Market share 12% (January 2020) (08.)
List of TV channels

ORF 1 (formerly FS1, then from 1992 to 2011 and again since 2019 ORF 1 , from 2011 to 2019 ORF one ) is the first television program of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF).


Austrian television was only mentioned in 1961 to distinguish it from the newly started second program FS1 . In 1991 the station was renamed ORF 1 . Between 1992 and January 8, 2011 the program was called ORF 1, since then ORF one has been advertised in the name.

In 2018 it became known that the editorial offices of ORF one and ORF 2 will be separated. As a result, Wolfgang Geier was appointed editor-in-chief of ORF Eins, Lisa Totzauer became channel manager.

In April 2019 the station was renamed again to ORF 1 .


The station shows a full 24-hour program, but in contrast to ORF 2, it focuses on feature films and series. ORF 1 has a significantly younger target audience than ORF 2, so ORF's children's program, okidoki , is broadcast on ORF 1. Furthermore, ORF sports broadcasts for a broad audience (mostly skiing, Formula 1, football, Olympics) are usually broadcast on ORF 1. The ORF owns the exclusive broadcasting rights for Austria for many sports, for example in April 2011 the contract for Formula 1 was extended to at least 2014. Most sports broadcasts are annotated in two channels for the visually impaired .

The news format Zeit im Bild was shown in parallel on ORF 1 and ORF 2 until April 9, 2007, but from April 10 it was replaced by daily soaps on ORF 1 . As a substitute for the time in the picture , a news magazine called ZIB 20 will be broadcast from 8:00 p.m. Since January 11, 2010, a society format (“Backstage”, “Chili”) with Dominic Heinzl has been shown on the former slot of Zeit im Bild . In the meantime, series such as The Big Bang Theory are broadcast on this slot from Monday to Friday . Since July 2018, a summary of the Austrian Bundesliga matches played on that day has been shown on Saturday and Sunday since July 2018 . As a result, the sports magazine Sport am Sonntag is usually broadcast from 6 p.m. on Sunday . If the program is not broadcast, as in July and the beginning of August, or starts later because there are no Bundesliga games on that day, several episodes of the well-known Austrian series MA 2412 are shown . In addition, message blocks are sent several times a day under the heading ZIB Flash .

The so-called ORF 1 Prime Time ( feature films ) is often programmed parallel to broadcasts on German private and public broadcasters. While the interruption of program sections with advertising on German private television is common, the ORF - apart from program sponsoring - limits advertising breaks to major sporting events, and very seldom adverts for telephone raffles are displayed without interruption in feature films . ORF 1 is particularly popular with those viewers from Germany who can receive ORF programs.

ORF 1 is difficult to compare with the German television station Das Erste , since on the one hand the second public television channel ORF 2, unlike the situation in Germany, is played by the same television station and there is no third regional channel. On the other hand, due to the prevalence in cable TV and free-to-air satellite TV , the large German private broadcasters in particular emerge as competitors in Austria. Conversely, the ORF is missing from the rest of the German-speaking market (since 1998) due to the encryption of its programs via satellite. ORF 1 is therefore positioning itself as an Austrian mainstream medium and rarely dares to experiment.

Screen design

As part of the redesign in 2000, ORF Eins was given a new identity, which was essentially shaped by a movable, gelatinous green square with the number 1, also called "Jelli". A burn to avoid the logo in plasma screens, the sender ID was - right in the picture above - from 2005 no longer stained green, but a uniform gray. In addition, the so-called “brick”, the current ORF logo designed by Neville Brody at the beginning of the nineties , should take center stage as an umbrella brand.

The musical design (sound identity) of ORF 1 was created in 2000 by the composer Hannes Bertolini and retained except for minimal changes.

On January 8, 2011, ORF 1 was renamed ORF one , the number “1” was replaced by the word “one”. The basic color of the new corporate design was "petrol", a shade of cyan , and the font used was Gotham . The corner logo changed from top right to top left. Acoustically, the central motif was a “triad” followed by the spoken number “one”. A similar change called "refreshment" took place on January 9, 2012 for ORF 2 . On April 26, 2019, ORF Eins was renamed ORF 1 again. The audio design for this was composed by the Tyrolean composer Christoph Stock. The new logo consists of the words "ORF" followed by a large black "1".

Protection of minors

The ORF identifies its program by adding an abbreviation to the permanently displayed station name: Not for children ( X ), only for adults ( O ) or without identification. The marking Recommended for children ( K + ) is only given in the teletext (no display of the abbreviation).

There are slight cuts in feature films due to youth protection guidelines, but they tend to be less frequent than in Germany, for example.


Infobox radio tower icon
TV station ( public law

Austrian Radio
1136 Vienna
Würzburggasse 30)

reception Satellite , cable , DVB-T2
Start of transmission June 2, 2008
Broadcaster ORF
Intendant Alexander Wrabetz
List of TV channels

Since January 23, 2008, ORF 1 has broadcast HD material for the first time. Until January 8, 2011, the station was called ORF 1 HD ; As part of a so-called refreshment, it was converted to ORF eins HD . Since April 26, 2019, the station has been called ORF 1 HD again .


The Schladming ski race The Nightrace on January 23, 2008 was the first live broadcast on ORF HDTV. With the technology partner Telekom Austria , the HDTV reception was presented to the public in the form of an event in the ORF regional studios. With a trailer showing excerpts from the fields of sports, film and documentation, an open HD test operation began for the first time on May 10, 2008 for households with an activated ORF card.

Just in time for the start of the European Football Championship in Austria on June 7, 2008, ORF switched on the high-resolution version ORF 1 HD on June 2, so that series, films and sporting events can be shown in high definition. The program itself does not differ from the SD variant. ORF 1 HD is transmitted in full-screen format 720p50, which has advantages over the field format 1080i50 in terms of encoding by the transmitter and image processing in standard flat-screen TVs.

ORF HD has been available on Swisscom TV in Switzerland since August 7, 2011 and can be received in encrypted form via satellite.

HD program

In the beginning, upscaled material was broadcast almost exclusively. In real HD, major sporting events, selected in-house productions (Dancing Stars, Die Lottosieger, Schnell ascertained, SOKO etc.), American series and feature film premieres were broadcast. In the meantime, a large part of the program has been converted to HD production and many older broadcast copies of series and films have been replaced by new HD scans.


Since July 1, 2009, the station can be received digitally and encrypted via Astra.

  • Satellite: Astra 19.2 ° East
  • Downlink frequency: 11.302 GHz
  • Symbol rate (MS / s): 22000
  • Error protection (FEC): 2/3
  • Polarization: Horizontal
  • Modulation: 8PSK

Previously, the transmitter could be received under a different transponder (frequency: 10.832 GHz, error protection (FEC): 5/6). To make the change easier, the previous transponder remained in operation at the end of September 2009. In South Tyrol, Italy, the HD version of the station has been available since mid-2010 almost exclusively on channel 59 in a single- frequency network at a bit rate of around 10 Mbit / s from the Südtirol Broadcasting Corporation (RAS) unencrypted via DVB-T. In order to be able to receive the station there, an MPEG-4 capable receiver is sufficient.

In Austria, ORF 1 can be received terrestrially via SimpliTV as one of three free HD programs. According to the platform operator, the technical range should be 90 percent.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. orf.at: ORF: Channel managers and editors-in-chief appointed . Article dated May 25, 2018, accessed May 25, 2018.
  2. orf.at: ORF general director appoints channel managers and editors-in-chief . Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  3. ^ "Refreshment" for "ORF eins". In: derStandard.at , December 13, 2010, accessed on December 19, 2010
  4. Norbert Philipp: "ORF eins": A station like a lounge chair. In: Die Presse , print edition December 19, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2010.
  5. “ORF 1” becomes “ORF eins” - “Refreshment” from January 8th. ( Memento of December 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) "ORF Art Director Hajek promises a 'strong turnaround', ORF 2 may follow in 2012." In: TT.com / APA , December 14, 2010 (accessed on December 19, 2010 )
  6. der.orf.at: ORF 1 - real. mine.
  7. "Telekom Austria and ORF implemented technical network configuration for HDTV" , Pressetext.at of January 23, 2008, accessed on November 5, 2014
  8. Receive data on satindex.de