Austria 1

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Infobox radio tower icon
Austria 1
Station logo
Radio station ( public law )
reception analog terrestrial , cable , satellite , internet
Reception area AustriaAustria Austria South Tyrol
Broadcaster ORF
Intendant Alexander Wrabetz
Start of transmission October 1, 1967
Range 630,000 listeners (2/2017)
List of radio stations

Austria 1 (Ö1) is a radio program of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF) that can be received in unencrypted form throughout Austria, terrestrially as well as via satellite and shortwave across Europe and via internet stream worldwide . The broadcasts of the Ö1 radio station are among the most renowned in the world. In South Tyrol , Austria 1 is broadcast by the Südtirol broadcaster in the DAB + standard . The program is based on the cultural and educational mandate of the public broadcaster and is free of advertising. Most of the programs are designed in the Funkhaus Wien . Ö1 sends messages in German and English.


Historical logo
Historical logo

The beginnings

Ö1 was founded in 1967 under General Director Gerd Bacher as part of the introduction of the Ö1, Ö2 and Ö3 structural programs . The station should be the new home of the “educated middle class” and “artistic” Austria, as it was called in the founding order. The most important programs of Ö1 in the first few years were the detailed news programs, first the weekly one-hour lunchtime journal , which was, however, switched through on the wider Ö3. In 1968 the morning journal , which was founded to keep up- to- date coverage of the Prague Spring , was added. Since 1924, since RAVAG was founded , these programs have been the first modern, party-independent news programs in Austria. The rest of the program in the first few years consisted mainly of classical music, the maintenance of (classical) literature and radio plays and various programs taken over from the time before the introduction of the structural programs, such as school radio, science programs such as the Salzburg Night Studio , which was founded in the 1950s . It was only in the course of the 1970s that more modern forms, such as the original sound feature, were added to these programs. The first such program was designed in 1972 by Richard Goll and Alfredreiber and entitled Prater. Sociology of a Pleasure broadcast. The feature that reproduced the coarse language of the people in the Vienna Prater without comment was considered by many to be incompatible with the objectives of a “cultural broadcaster”. In 1977 the feature on Ö1 got a fixed slot in the Hörbilder series . From 1975 Dieter Dorner was entrusted with setting up the first consumer editorial team, Help - Das Konsumentenmagazin . In the course of the 1980s, more and more employees switched from Ö3 to Ö1, especially those who were entrusted with the design of the program Die Musicbox .


In 1984, in the anniversary year “Sixty Years of Radio in Austria”, the weekly series Diagonal - Radio for Contemporaries - broadcast on Saturdays, was launched . For outsiders in particular, Diagonal was a signal of departure, pointing in more modern directions from the dusty “ Hofratswidwensender ” Ö1. In the same year, the school radio was replaced by the series Radiokolg . The schema reform, which came into force on November 30, 1987, brought numerous innovations for Ö1, such as the moderated late afternoon, more service messages and new series of broadcasts, such as audio tracks , radio stories , terra incognita , ambience - from the art of traveling , art radio - radio art and moment - life today . In December 1987 Peter Huemer started the series Im Dialogue until 2001 . At the end of the 1980s, Ö1 took on the care and promotion of the younger cabaret scene; through the weekly program Contra - Cabaret and Cabaret and with the start of the live broadcast of cabaret events in the series Kabarett direkt . In the early 1990s, the station was on the verge of a radical redesign. The plans of the ORF general director Gerd Bacher IV envisaged to turn the previous cultural channel into a pure classical channel. However, this reorganization did not materialize and was finally shelved at the end of 1991.

"New" and "old" canons

In 1994 the Tyrolean jazz musician and composer Werner Pirchner composed all of the Ö1 program IDs from scratch. Before that, a good part of the Ö1 identifiers came from Bert Breit , such as the catchy signature for Axel Cortis Der Silencer . Only the pause signal of the station, the distinctive three-tone sequence, which should stand for the three letters of ORF , remained. In the early years this chord was played by a harpsichord , later by a synthesizer and until 2017 by a viola . This acoustic redesign, which was accompanied by an unusual advertising campaign at the time, which included the Ö1 slogan , which is still used today by Wolf Haas , and associated elaborately produced television spots, was part of a slow repositioning of the ORF broadcasting chains before the start of private radio stations in 1998. Classical music, which was previously treated as "elitist", with its apparently strictly delimited, almost genre-like canon, was related to other types of music. Examples of this endeavor are the series pasticcio , Spielraum , Klassik-Treffpunkt or, just recently, Ö1 bis zwei . With the end of the "old Ö3" - embodied by the relocation of the Ö3 studio from the radio house in Argentinierstrasse to Vienna-Heiligenstadt, which used to appear to many as " Dollfuss bunker" in 1996 - editors such as Wolfgang Kos , Wolfgang Schlag and others went out of their way to juxtapose the history of popular music with the “old” canon of classical music with a “new” canon of pop music , ranging from Randy Newman and David Bowie to Björk and Thom Yorke .

For the 50th birthday of the station in 2017, new program identifiers were designed. The jazz musician, composer and conductor Christian Muthspiel was invited to compose around a hundred new key melodies, some of which were recorded by the Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra (RSO) and some by soloists.


Funkhaus on Argentinierstrasse in Vienna. Here the program is produced by Ö1.

The program Ö1 consists of music of all categories, news programs (more detailed journals daily) and word contributions and educational programs (the "Radio Program"), radio plays, cabaret shows, etc. The range of Ö1 is, according to Radio Test daily (2/2017) with 630,000 listeners, or nine percent, its market share at five percent. This unusually large difference results from the fact that many listeners only switch on the news broadcasts from Ö1 - this means that they are recorded as listeners in the range measurement, but the market share of a station is also calculated based on the listening time - and is therefore correspondingly lower for Ö1 .

A modified version of the program is also broadcast on the last remaining frequency of Radio Austria International (ROI), the former international broadcaster of the ORF, via shortwave 6155 kHz daily from 7:00 am to 8:20 am as Radio Ö1 International . In addition, it is transmitted as web radio via streaming as a .wma stream. All programs can be listened to free of charge within one week on the station's homepage. In addition, many programs can be downloaded from the Ö1 homepage for a fee . Since the beginning of April 2007, Ö1 has also offered the option of downloading selected programs as podcasts .

"Ö1-Kulturinsel" at the Donauinselfest 2014

Ö1 runs the RadioKulturhaus in Vienna with a wide variety of cultural events and the KulturCafe (a coffee house there), is represented with its own stage at the Danube Island Festival every year and helps organize the Glatt & Verkehrt Festival . In addition, Ö1 organizes cultural boat trips, the "Ö1 Summer Academy", awards the "Ö1 Wine" and offers "Ö1 graphics".


Active employees (excerpt)

Former employees (excerpt)

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See OTS report from Sep. 28. 2017: “ 50 Years of Ö1” - should be celebrated: with a live program on October 1st from the ORF RadioKulturhaus ”.
  2. [1]
  3. ^ Ö1 highlights ( Memento from April 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  4. Christian Muthspiel's signature relaunch . Article dated September 1, 2017, accessed September 29, 2017.
  5. Making of the new Ö1 signations, composed by Christian Muthspiel. . Broadcast on September 30, 2017, accessed on September 29, 2017.
  6. International ( Memento of December 17, 2008 in the Internet Archive )