United States Naval Academy
|United States Naval Academy|
|motto||Ex Scientia Tridens|
|Sponsorship||state - United States Navy|
|place||Annapolis , Maryland , USA|
|Superintendent||Walter E. Carter, Vice Admiral|
American Football: American Athletic Conference
When the founders of the United States Naval Academy were looking for a suitable location, it was reported that then Secretary of the Navy , George Bancroft , decided to build the Naval School "in the sane and secluded" location of Annapolis , Maryland to teach cadets " from the temptations and distractions necessarily associated with a large and populous city ”. Annapolis is 33 miles east of Washington, DC and 30 miles southeast of Baltimore. The academy began as a naval school on 10 acres of old Fort Severn in Annapolis. The Philadelphia Naval Asylum School was its predecessor. The curriculum included math and navigation, target practice, chemistry, English, natural philosophy, and French for the 50 cadets. Four of the original seven faculty members were from Philadelphia, three of whom were civilians and four were officers. The facility was inaugurated by Bancroft on October 10, 1845. The US Congress had provided no funding.
In 1850 the academy was placed under the supervision of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography and renamed the United States Naval Academy (USNA). A continuous 4-year course was set up, during which the students spent the summer months training at sea. In 1892 lecturer appointments were placed under the control of Congress.
Towards the end of the 19th century, those responsible found the facilities unsuitable and recommended a comprehensive plan for a new building. Modern granite buildings replaced the old wooden structures of Fort Severn, which was demolished in 1909. Construction of the “New Naval Academy” began in 1899. The rebuilt and enlarged campus reflected the importance of the US Navy in the international politics of Theodore Roosevelt , who was US President from September 1901 to 1909 and Deputy Secretary of the Navy from 1897 to 1898. With the Roosevelt Corollary , his addition to the Monroe Doctrine , on December 6, 1904, Roosevelt laid the foundations for a more expansionist foreign policy within the Western Hemisphere, where he believed the United States should act as a police force (see also United States Foreign Policy # History ).
The school trains the officer candidates , offers teaching and research on a scientific basis and is one of the most renowned universities in the country. The institute, which is funded by the US Department of Defense , is located on the north side of the city of Annapolis where the Severn River flows into Chesapeake Bay .
After four years of training, recruits must serve five years in the US Navy or the US Marine Corps . The academy's mascot is Bill the Goat . The motto is ex scientia tridens ( Latin for “From science to sea power”). In 1976 women were also admitted to training.
The US Naval Academy is the counterpart to the United States Military Academy of the US Army , the United States Air Force Academy of the US Air Forces and the United States Coast Guard Academy of the US Coast Guard .
Since the establishment of the USNA, several factors have significantly changed the possibilities and limits of the Navy and, as a result, the training of cadets. A few examples are the spread of the explosive shell , the invention of the airplane and the development of military aircraft , the dreadnought (a new superior type of ship from 1906; the USA stacked one each in 1906 and 1907, and continuously two dreadnoughts from 1908 onwards), the development of the U -Boat and torpedo technology, the development of radar, the development of encryption machines (e.g. the Enigma ), precision-guided ammunition , rockets, the atomic bomb, large-scale satellite observation and the use of nuclear reactors to drive ships and submarines, the their reach increased enormously. The two world wars brought numerous new insights into the conduct of naval battles, wars and blockades.
The Naval Academy is home to the final resting place of her naval hero John Paul Jones ; his words "I haven't started fighting yet" have inspired generations of naval officers. In 1906 President Roosevelt discovered the remains of Jones in Paris and took the opportunity to draw the attention of the US Congress to his plans for the establishment of a large Navy by having Jones transported to Annapolis at great expense. Napoleon's grave in the Invalides in Paris served as a model . The crypt is located below the academy chapel. A National Historic Site, the Naval Academy attracts more than one million tourists each year.
President is the Superintendent (of the United States Naval Academy) , Vice Admiral Jeffrey Fowler since June 8, 2007 (USNA graduate year 1974; 60th incumbent).
- Mervyn Sharp Bennion (1887–1941) - captain of several warships and holder of the Medal of Honor
- Jimmy Carter (* 1924) - 39th President of the USA
- Charles Duke (* 1935) - astronaut, 10th person on the moon with Apollo 16
- Robert A. Heinlein (1907–1988) - science fiction writer
- Robert Hoernschemeyer (1925-1980) - American football player
- James Irwin (1930–1991) - astronaut, 8th person on the moon with Apollo 15
- William Lederer (1912–2009) - writer
- James Arthur Lovell (born 1928) - astronaut, commanding officer of Apollo 13
- Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840–1914) - naval writer and strategist
- John McCain (1936–2018) - US Senator and Republican candidate for the 2008 US presidency
- Albert A. Michelson (1852–1931) - Nobel Prize in Physics 1907
- Oliver North (* 1943) - key figure in the Iran-Contra affair
- Ross Perot (1930–2019) - entrepreneur and politician
- David Robinson (born 1965) - NBA player, member of the 50 best NBA players of all time, Olympic champion in 1992 and 1996
- Alan Shepard (1923–1998) - astronaut, first American in space , 5th man on the moon with Apollo 14
- Roger Staubach (born 1942) - American football player
- Franklin Van Valkenburgh (1888–1941) - captain of several warships and holder of the Medal of Honor
- Cassin Young (1894–1942) - captain of several warships and holder of the Medal of Honor
- Official website
- US Naval Academy Photos - Explore the Campus 1-20
- United States Naval Academy, Annapolis
- Source: American Memory at the Library of the American Congress as of October 10th. Date of discovery: May 29, 2007.
- cf. also OSCAR 44