John McCain

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John McCain (2009)
Signature of John McCain

John Sidney McCain III (* 29. August 1936 at the military base Coco Solo , Panama Canal Zone ; † 25. August 2018 in Cornville , Arizona ) was an American politician of the Republican Party and from 1987 until his death senator for the state of Arizona. He was a Republican candidate for the 2008 presidential election , in which he was defeated by Barack Obama . As early as 2000 , he had applied for the office of US President , was in thePrimary election failed because of George W. Bush . Prior to his political career, McCain was a professional soldier in the United States Navy until 1979 . He took part in the Vietnam War as a fighter-bomber pilot, was shot down in 1967 and was a prisoner of war in North Vietnam for five and a half years .

Family and education

Grandfather and Father McCain on a US Navy ship off Tokyo in September 1945
McCain at the Naval Academy, circa 1954

John McCain's ancestors were Ulster Scots and English; most of them lived in the southern states after they emigrated to North America . His great-great-grandfather William A. McCain owned a plantation with fifty slaves in Mississippi and died in the Civil War in 1863 , in which he fought on the Confederate side . McCain himself saw his roots in the military. Both his father, John Sidney McCain Jr., and his grandfather, John Sidney McCain Sr., were admirals in the US Navy. He was born to John Sidney McCain Jr. (1911–1981) and Roberta Wright McCain (* 1912) on the Coco Solo naval base in the Panama Canal Zone, which was then controlled by the US, and had two siblings, Jean Alexandra ("Sandy") McCain Morgan (1934-2019) and the stage actor Joseph ("Joe") Pinckney McCain II (* 1942). Raised a member of the Episcopal Church , McCain later joined the Baptists .

Until the age of ten he attended various schools at naval bases. After the end of World War II , the family moved to northern Virginia in 1946 . From 1949 the family followed their father again for two years through various naval bases, and John McCain attended a total of about 20 different schools. From 1951 he attended the private "Episcopal High School" in Alexandria (Virginia) , which he graduated in 1954. Like his father and grandfather before, he then entered the US Naval Academy in Annapolis , which he left in 1958 with a bachelor's degree. He was one of the worst graduates in his class, which Sean Wilentz attributes to his lack of attention to discipline and topics that didn't interest him. He then trained as a pilot at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida , earned the reputation of a party-goer and served with the naval aviators . He was considered a daring pilot, crashed his plane into the sea during training and later on a power line in Spain.

From his first marriage to the model Carol Shepp, which lasted from 1965 to 1980, his daughter Sidney McCain (* 1966; music industry) and the two step-sons Doug (* 1959; civil pilot) and Andy McCain (* 1962; Vice President of Hensley & Co. Co.). His second marriage was on May 17, 1980 with Cindy Hensley (* 1954; chairwoman of the board of directors of Hensley & Co.), from which the children Meghan McCain (* 1984; journalist), John Sidney "Jack" McCain IV. (* 1986; Naval Academy ), James “Jimmy” McCain (* 1988; Marine Corps ) and the adopted daughter Bridget McCain (* 1991) from Bangladesh .

Military service and imprisonment in the Vietnam War

McCain (front right) in 1965 with his squadron in front of a T-2 Buckeye training aircraft
McCain is greeted by US President Richard Nixon on May 24, 1973 after his return from captivity

McCain took part in the Vietnam War as a naval aviator in the Navy . On July 29, 1967, he was on the flight deck of the USS Forrestal in the cockpit of an A-4E Skyhawk when the aircraft standing next to him was hit by a misfired Zuni missile . He managed to escape from the burning plane. 90 seconds later there was a chain reaction of exploding ammunition and fuel, in which 134 soldiers were killed (see Forrestal disaster ). From then on he was stationed on the USS Oriskany .

On October 26, 1967, he was shot down during an attack on a hydropower station near Hanoi and was taken prisoner in North Vietnam . He broke both arms and one leg and suffered further injuries when he was thrown from the plane. In North Vietnamese captivity, he received only rudimentary medical care and was held in solitary confinement for two years from March 1968. During his captivity, his father, Admiral John S. McCain, Jr. was Commander-in-Chief of the US Pacific Command from 1968 to 1972 and was responsible for all US forces in the Pacific, including those who fought in Vietnam. In Hoa Lò prison was McCain victims of torture , which caused him permanent physical disabilities. The Vietnamese wanted McCain - as the son of the US Pacific commander - to release early; McCain refused as he saw this as positive publicity for the enemy. The torture then resumed; McCain, who also suffered from dysentery , attempted suicide. On March 14, 1973, after five and a half years of imprisonment, he was released. He wrote about his experience as a prisoner of war in May 1973 for the news magazine US News & World Report . At National War College , he wrote a 44-page report on The Code of Conduct and the Vietnam Prisoners of War in 1974 .

In 1981 he resigned from the Navy with the rank of captain .

Political career

Member of the House of Representatives

John McCain as a member of the US House of Representatives in 1983

John McCain was from 1977 the Navy Liaison Officer to the United States Senate , which gave him access to politics. His second marriage to Cindy Hensley, who came from an influential and wealthy family in Phoenix, Arizona , opened up opportunities for him to pursue a political career. He moved to Phoenix with his new family in 1980 and ran for the United States House of Representatives in the 1982 election in Arizona's 1st Congressional District . In the Republican primary , McCain was the successor of long-standing Republican MP and parliamentary group leader John Jacob Rhodes , with 32 percent of the vote, and won the main election in November 1982 with 66 percent. McCain took his seat in the 98th Congress on January 3, 1983, and represented parts of Phoenix and eastern suburbs to Queen Creek and Apache Junction . He also won re-election in 1984 , so that he held his seat until the end of the 99th Congress on January 3, 1987. McCain later referred to himself frequently as "the foot soldiers of the Reagan Revolution", since his entry into politics coincided with the presidency of Ronald Reagan , which was a defining factor for the Republican party .


McCain in March 1987 with US President Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy at a meeting with members of the 100th Congress
John McCain speaking in the Senate in July 2017 after his first cancer treatment calling for bipartisan cooperation

In the 1986 election , McCain was elected to the United States Senate for Arizona after winning the unopposed party primary. In the main election for the seat of the conservative Barry Goldwater , who did not run again, McCain defeated the Democrat Richard Kimball with over 60 percent of the vote. McCain was a member of the Senate from January 3, 1987. There he sat on the Armed Forces Committee and on the Trade, Science and Transport Committee .

At the Republican nomination convention for the 1988 presidential election , McCain became known nationwide for a well-received speech. He hit the headlines shortly afterwards as one of five senators who had campaigned politically for Charles H. Keating, an entrepreneur charged with fraud in the savings and loan crisis . The Senators, therefore named Keating Five , were investigated by the Senate Ethics Committee from 1989 onwards on suspicion of corruption. McCain, who was the only one of the five senators who had been personally friends with Keating, who had taken vacation together and had benefited from his donations in several election campaigns, was acquitted of all allegations in 1991, but the committee found him poor judgment. As a result, McCain began campaigning for a reform of campaign finances in the direction of transparency and duty of accountability, which culminated in the McCain Feingold Act in 2002 , which he introduced with the left-wing liberal Senator of Wisconsin's Russ Feingold .

After 2000, as chairman of the trade committee, he worked together with his friend, Democrat Joe Lieberman, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions . In the 2004 presidential election campaign , McCain defended the Democratic candidate and befriended US Senator John Kerry against defamatory attacks from the ranks of the Republicans (and his cellmate in Vietnam, Bud Day ), saying that Kerry had abandoned his troops in the Vietnam War (see Swift Boat Veterans for Truth ). However , McCain turned down Kerry's offer to become his running mate and hold the position of Vice President and Secretary of Defense. As chairman of the Indian Affairs Committee , McCain was responsible for a corruption investigation into Republican lobbyist Jack Abramoff and several of his party's politicians in the mid-2000s .

In the 2010 Senate election , which was marked by the rise of the right-wing tea party movement , McCain had a strong intra-party competitor, former Congressman JD Hayworth , who discussed McCain's poor 2008 presidential election results and his not always party-line voting behavior. With a share of the vote of 56.2 percent, McCain was nominated in his party's primary election. In the actual Senate election in November 2010, he won with 59.3 percent of the vote safely ahead of the Democrats Rodney Glassman (34.6) and David Nolan of the Libertarian Party (4.7). As of January 2015, McCain was Chairman of the Senate Armed Forces Committee after the Republicans' victory in the 2014 election .

In the 2016 Senate election , former Democratic Congresswoman Ann Kirkpatrick ran against McCain. Some polls showed a clear lead for McCain, others about the same values ​​for both candidates, which is why the Arizona Daily Sun described this Senate election campaign as McCain's toughest. After sexist remarks by Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump became public in October 2016 , McCain withdrew his support for the controversial Trump. McCain clearly won the election in November 2016. His last mandate, which lasted until January 3, 2023, ended with his death on August 25, 2018. For the period leading up to a by-election in November 2020, the Governor of Arizona appointed Doug Ducey as interim senator instead of his former Senate colleague Jon Kyl .

2000 presidential candidacy

Signet of the presidential campaign 2000 with the slogan: It's your country. Take it back from the special interests (get your country back from the lobby groups)

McCain ran for the presidency back in 2000. In the primary election within the Republican Party, he was the main opponent of the establishment favorite George W. Bush and announced that he would not mince words ("straight talk") and fundamentally reform the administration. He let journalists travel on his campaign bus, waived personal security and held 114 town hall meetings , up to five in a day. After a much-noticed victory in the New Hampshire primary , McCain was considered the favorite for a short time and was faced with a tough counter-campaign before the vote in South Carolina , in which, in addition to harsh attacks from the Bush campaign, unknown financiers the personal integrity of McCain through false rumors questioned. McCain lost South Carolina, won a total of only seven other states and was ultimately defeated by the eventual winner Bush.

Annoyed by his treatment by the party leadership that supported Bush and blamed McCain for the smear campaign against him, in 2001 he considered leaving the Republicans and working as an independent in the Senate. The ultimately unsuccessful negotiations with the then leader of the Democratic Party, Tom Daschle, were, as it became known in 2017, well advanced and would have cost the Republicans their majority in the Senate.

In the 2004 presidential election , after rejecting the Democrat John Kerry's offer to become his running mate, he supported President Bush with many appearances.

2008 presidential candidacy

John McCain during an election campaign in September 2008 with his wife and the Palin couple

In the spring of 2007, John McCain announced in a CBS interview that he was going back to office. Former United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger , Alexander Haig , George P. Shultz and Lawrence Eagleburger supported the candidacy. While John McCain was only fourth in the first vote in Iowa , he won the following primaries in New Hampshire, South Carolina and Florida . According to a poll by the Washington Post on January 14, 2008, McCain was also nationally ahead of former Governors Mike Huckabee and Mitt Romney and well ahead of other candidates such as the libertarian Congressman Ron Paul .

From the Florida area code onwards, only McCain and Romney were considered promising. The severed former mayor of New York , Rudolph Giuliani , withdrew his candidacy on January 30 back and made a recommendation to vote for McCain, as is the governor of California , Arnold Schwarzenegger . After " Super Tuesday " Romney gave up on February 7th, so McCain's primary victory was practically certain.

After the Ohio , Vermont and Texas primary elections on March 4, 2008, McCain exceeded the required number of 1,191 delegates for the nomination as successor to George W. Bush, which took place in early September at the Republican National Convention , his party's nomination convention . As a candidate for the office of vice president and thus as running mate McCain elected - for the first time for the Republicans - a woman, Sarah Palin , governor of the state of Alaska . Political analysts considered the inexperienced Palin nomination to be a serious mistake by McCain, which may have cost him millions of votes. In his memoir, The Restless Wave , McCain also regretted not following his instincts and choosing Joe Lieberman , who was then non-party .

McCain won 173 electoral votes in the November 4, 2008 presidential election, defeating Barack Obama, Democratic candidate for president, who won 365 electorates. McCain received 45.7 percent of the votes cast and Obama 52.9 percent ( popular vote ). Shortly after the first results from the East Coast states were published, McCain admitted his defeat and congratulated Obama over the phone. In a subsequent speech in Arizona, he was conciliatory and called on his supporters to cooperate across parties. He pointed out the historical significance of this choice, especially for African Americans . The Washington Post counted the performance among its most courageous, because he spoke without regard to the views of his supporters gathered before him. The speech was received generally positive, as the best defeat speech ( English concession speech) praised for a long time or at all designated and for their dignity and selflessness.

Even during the election campaign, he had not supported the defamatory, subliminally racist and conspiracy- influenced campaign against Obama from parts of the Republican Party. On October 10, 2008, at an election rally, he replied to an elderly white voter who said she mistrusted Obama because she had read that he was “an Arab”: “No, ma'am, he's a decent family man, a Citizen with whom I just have some differences of opinion on very fundamental issues. He is not an Arab. "

Political positions

Classification in the political spectrum

McCain's voting behavior after years according to two political groups - ACU: American Conservative Union, ADA: Americans for Democratic Action

In his early years in the Senate, i.e. in the second half of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s, John McCain largely corresponded to the mainstream of his party, as evidenced by his voting behavior. Since then, he has deviated from it more frequently and, in particular on domestic political issues, more often took more moderate positions than the party line, for example by advocating social programs. That is why the right wing of the Republicans did not consider him conservative enough since he ran as a presidential candidate in the party primary in 2000. In this primary campaign, he described leading religious conservatives such as Pat Robertson and Jerry Falwell as "agents of intolerance". In 2006 he reconciled with them in view of their influence on the primary election in 2000, but distanced himself in May 2008 from Pastor John Hagee , Hurricane Katrina (as punishment for the gay parade planned in New Orleans ) as well as Hitler's actions (and with it the Holocaust ) as "willed by God," and by Pastor Rod Parsley , who claimed that Muslims were demon-possessed and that it was America's job to destroy this "false religion."

McCain has long advocated a more liberal immigration policy than his party as a whole, for example in a joint bill with the left-liberal Senator Ted Kennedy . However, in the time after his defeat in the 2008 presidential election, he made a clear turn to the right. According to a survey by the political magazine National Journal , McCain had the most conservative voting behavior in the Senate in 2010, along with seven other Republicans. So he also changed his views on immigration. His application for re-election as Senator in 2010, in which he was challenged from the right within the party, was seen as one reason for this.

In the 2011 budget crisis , he referred to members of the right-wing populist Tea Party movement as " hobbits " after they refused to support John Boehner , the Republican majority leader in the House of Representatives . He called their ideas "bizarre and naive".

Unlike many party friends, McCain supported the non-partisan initiative for immigration reform ( Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 ) in 2013 , which was supposed to simplify the naturalization of illegal immigrants. This proposal passed by the Senate failed in the House of Representatives. McCain also lamented the dying of thirst among illegal immigrants in the Arizona desert . Harry Enten from FiveThirtyEight , who evaluated McCain's voting behavior over the years in 2017, described him in his positions as relatively consistent with occasional situational fluctuations. The Republican Party, on the other hand, has drifted further to the right over time, thereby pushing McCain to its moderate edge.

Foreign policy

John McCain broadcasting a speech in Kiev in December 2013 in support of the Euromaidan
John McCain during MSC 2016

McCain was long considered skeptical about foreign missions by the US military until he found a more interventionist line in the 1990s. In the Yugoslav War in particular , McCain played an important role in organizing support for a military operation among the Republicans for the Clinton administration . In 1998 he supported a resolution by the Project for the New American Century that called for regime change in Iraq and the overthrow of dictator Saddam Hussein . Most recently, McCain was seen as a strong advocate of military intervention and a hard line in foreign and security policy. He supported the Iraq war , but criticized President Bush and the Defense Department's strategy of stationing few soldiers in Iraq as an occupation early on . His call for more armed forces to deal with the problems was finally met in 2007.

In October 2005, the US Senate approved McCain's bill banning torture by 90-9 votes , banning "cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment" of prisoners. McCain said that terrorists are fundamentally evil, but that it is not about them, “it is about us. We are in a fight for the values ​​we stand for. ”This includes respect for human rights,“ no matter how terrible our opponents may be ”. The law could not be passed because President George W. Bush vetoed it on the grounds that it gave the CIA too little leeway in interrogating terrorists.

McCain did not rule out military action against Iran as a last resort in early 2006 . During the 2008 presidential election campaign, he changed the chorus of the Beach Boys song Barbara Ann to Bomb Iran (" Bombs Iran") at an event . He repeatedly criticized Barack Obama's foreign policy for being too conciliatory.

McCain was seen as transatlantic and oriented towards multilateral conflict resolution, far more so than the former Republican President George W. Bush. In an essay in Foreign Affairs in 2007, McCain emphasized the community of values ​​and interests between the USA and Europe and emphasized the importance of political coordination with the friendly democracies of the European continent.

McCain has often spoken out against authoritarian leaders. In 2007 he criticized Vladimir Putin's policies and described Russia as " revanchist ". In the course of the Euromaidan protests in Ukraine in 2013 , McCain supported the EU-friendly opposition. At the beginning of 2017, McCain described Putin as a "murderer and a criminal". In 2013, McCain called the Belarusian dictator Aljaksandr Lukashenka “a ruthless, repressive and brutal tyrant on the wrong side of history”. During the protests in Turkey in 2013 , McCain stated: “I love Turkey. ... But I believe that in the eyes of many Turks, Erdoğan behaves more like a dictator than a prime minister ”. McCain called the coup in Egypt in 2013 an unjustified coup and demanded the release of Mohammed Morsi .

During the civil war in Syria in 2012, he called for a security zone in the country, the arming of the Syrian opposition and attacks on aircraft belonging to the Syrian armed forces . After Barack Obama declared that a possible military operation would not aim at regime change, McCain demanded the overthrow of Assad . McCain later supported Obama's plans for intervention.

When it became known during the surveillance and espionage affair in 2013 that the United States had wired Chancellor Angela Merkel's cell phone , McCain demanded an apology from Barack Obama .

Domestic politics

John McCain in a speech in the Senate in 2007 against subsidies ("pork-barrel spending")

McCain, who, unlike most of the other Republican candidates, made hardly any statements about religion or personal piety in the 2008 presidential election campaign, announced at that time that he was turning away from free choice of abortion and from the Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade , which is decisive for the regulation currently valid in the USA . Although he long rejected same-sex marriages , he accepted registered civil partnerships in the individual states. After calling the repeal of the “ Don't ask, don't tell ” directive in 2011 a “sad day”, in 2016 he campaigned against any discrimination against LGBT people in the military.

McCain spoke out against restrictions on the sale, purchase and carrying of firearms in 2008. Nonetheless, he advocated control measures for arms sales and certain restrictions on the political influence of interest groups, which could also affect the arms lobby . For these reasons, members of the National Rifle Association felt a certain distrust of McCain.

McCain advocated the death penalty and extending its use to international drug traffickers, among others, but banning its use to minors. The Supreme Court decision on the Kennedy v. Louisiana , which declared a death sentence unconstitutional for rape of a child, was described as "an assault against law enforcement efforts to punish these horrific perpetrators for committing the most despicable crime."

In June 2008, McCain spoke out in favor of building 45 new nuclear power plants in the United States by 2030 . Since the 1970s, no new nuclear power plants had been approved in the USA because of the unclear disposal. The lifting of the moratorium on oil drilling off the coasts of the USA, which was imposed in 1982 and has been extended annually since then, was also part of his program in the 2008 presidential election campaign, unlike in 2000.

Relationship with Donald Trump

In 2015, McCain criticized the candidate Donald Trump in the Republican primary campaign for the 2016 presidential election , who made illegal immigration an election issue: Trump promotes the “crazies” within the party. Trump then massively attacked McCain by denying him his military heroism because he had let himself be captured (see the campaign article ). McCain retaliated in October 2017 with the remark that it was "wrong" that rich Americans had shirked the draft during the Vietnam War: "... the highest income groups found a doctor who attested they had a bone spur " - one Allusion to Trump's medical certificate with which he was released from service in the Vietnam War. After a video surfaced in October 2016 of Trump speaking vulgarly and obscenely about women you could do anything with if you were a star, McCain withdrew his support for Trump. There is no excuse for such inappropriate behavior.

John McCain in his opposition to abolishing Obamacare in July 2017

Even during Donald Trump's presidency from January 2017, McCain was one of his harshest internal party critics. Together with Senator Lindsey Graham, he opposed Trump's entry ban against citizens of several Muslim countries , as it was counterproductive. When the Republicans were pushing to abolish Obamacare's healthcare reform in the summer of 2017 , McCain voted on July 27 - a few days after he became aware of cancer - against the Health Care Freedom Act , which was supposed to abolish Obamacare. McCain justified his co-casting vote by saying that the health system had to be based on a compromise that took into account arguments from various sides, which neither Obamacare nor the counter-proposal would take into account. McCain also let another proposal by two Senate colleagues to severely restrict Obamacare fail in September.

McCain criticized Trump's handling of the media several times . After Trump the " Fake News had -Medien" called "enemy of the American people" ( "enemy of the American People" - "enemy of the people" equivalent in English the German term enemy of the people ), McCain expressed in February 2017: " This is how dictators get started ”(“ That's how dictators get started ”). In October 2017, McCain dealt with the political zeitgeist that reigns in and around the White House , including the identity nativism and isolationist attitude America First , Trump, his speechwriter Stephen Miller and his former chief advisor Stephen Bannon propagated. In May 2018, McCain spoke out against Gina Haspel , who was proposed by Trump as director of the Central Intelligence Agency for condoning torture after the September 11, 2001 attacks . A White House official said that McCain's rejection was irrelevant since he was going to die soon anyway. The sentence caused cross-party outrage, but remained without apology or personal consequences in the White House.

McCain's May 2018 memoir (The Restless Wave) was described as a ruthless reckoning with Donald Trump's presidency . In it, McCain made public that he had passed the 2016 Steele dossier to the FBI , alleging collusive collaboration between Donald Trump's election campaign and Russian agencies that were investigated in the FBI's subsequent investigation . The book is the conclusion to the autobiographical trilogy McCain wrote with longtime co-author Mark Salter . She started with the book Faith of my fathers in 1999 .

After the summit in Helsinki in July 2018 between Trump and Russian President Putin, at which Trump - without expressing criticism of the alleged Russian interference in American election campaigns - seemed to prefer Putin's assurances over the findings of his intelligence services, McCain expressed sharp criticism. He called Trump's behavior "a low point in the history of the American presidency" and "one of the most shameful performances by an American president in living memory".

Illness, death and afterlife

In July 2017, McCain was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor ( glioblastoma ) after surgical removal of a blood clot above his left eye . He underwent chemotherapy and temporarily returned to the Senate. As of December 2017, he was under medical treatment in Arizona, which he discontinued in August 2018. McCain died on August 25, 2018, surrounded by his family, four days before his 82nd birthday.

McCain's body was laid out in the Arizona Capitol and the Rotunda of the Capitol in Washington, DC ; the funeral service took place in Washington National Cathedral with funeral speeches by former Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama . While incumbent Vice President Mike Pence was present, President Donald Trump , who had attacked McCain to the last, was not invited. McCain's 2008 running mate Sarah Palin was also not invited. McCain was buried on September 2 in Annapolis, Maryland in the Naval Academy cemetery next to Admiral Charles R. Larson . McCain named the Russian opposition member Vladimir Kara-Mursa as the pallbearer in addition to friends and politicians from both parties , which was interpreted as a subsequent announcement to Putin and Trump.

Grave of john mccain

McCain posthumously read a goodbye message in which he declared that he had led a happy and fulfilling life. He thanked his family and called on Americans, "325 million opinionated and vocal individuals," never to forget what we had in common. Despite all current problems, one should not despair, but always believe in the great promise and the greatness of America, "a nation founded on ideals and not on blood and soil ". His phrase "we weaken our greatness when we confuse our patriotism with tribal rivalries that have sown resentments ... when we hide behind walls instead of tearing them down" has been understood as a subtle rejection of Trumpism .

President Trump's handling of McCain's death attracted criticism. He initially prevented a statement in honor of McCain prepared by the White House and instead sent a short message on Twitter in which he condoled the family but wrote nothing about McCain himself. The US flag at the White House was hoisted at half mast , but less than 48 hours. After criticism from Republicans and veterans associations, the flag was again raised to half-mast the following day, as is usual in such cases, until the funeral, which Trump stipulated by decree for all public buildings. In this decree, Trump also paid tribute to McCain's service to the United States.

honors and awards

John McCain with his mother, wife and two of his children at the christening of the destroyer
USS John S. McCain in 1992

For his military achievements, McCain received the Distinguished Flying Cross , Silver Star , Bronze Star , Legion of Merit , the Prisoner of War Medal and the Purple Heart (2008).

Abroad, McCain received the highest honor in Latvia in 2005, when he became a Grand Officer of the Three-Star Order , and in 2016 the Ukrainian Order of Freedom . As a long-time participant in the Munich Conference for Security Policy , he was awarded the Peace Badge in 2006 and the Ewald von Kleist Prize in 2018 , which his wife accepted for him.

On July 12, 2018, the destroyer USS John S. McCain , whose name had previously been related to McCain's father and grandfather, was expanded to include that of John McCain. Shortly after McCain's death, Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer suggested that the Russell Senate Office Building be named after McCain.



Web links

Commons : John McCain  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files
Wikisource: John McCain  - Sources and full texts (English)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gary Boyd Roberts: On the Ancestry, Royal Descent, and English and American Notable Kin of Senator John Sidney McCain IV ( September 15, 2008 memento in the Internet Archive ). In:
  2. a b c d e f Sean Wilentz: John McCain. In: Encyclopædia Britannica , February 15, 2018 (English).
  3. McCain's WMD is a mouth that won't quit. In: USA Today , November 2007.
  4. ^ Obituary: John McCain. In: , August 26, 2018.
  5. Amanda Macias: John McCain describes what it was like to be a war prisoner in Vietnam. In: Business Insider , July 20, 2015.
  6. ^ POW Commander Among 108 Freed. In: The New York Times , March 15, 1973 (PDF).
  7. ^ John McCain, How the POW's Fought Back. In: US News & World Report , May 14, 1973.
  8. ^ Digitized at the Homeland Security Digital Library ; Obituary: John McCain. In: BBC News , August 26, 2018.
  9. McCain, John. In: Our Campaigns .
  10. See the map at Our Campaigns for the borders of the 1st congressional electoral district at that time .
  11. ^ In Upset, NY Consumer Lawyer to Face D'Amato. In: The Washington Post , September 10, 1986 (English); McCain, John. In: Our Campaigns .
  12. ^ Z. Byron Wolf: John McCain at the 1988 Republican National Convention. In: C-Span , uploaded on April 19, 2016 (video, English).
  13. Elizabeth Purdy: Keating Five. In: Lawrence M. Salinger (Ed.): Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime. Volume 1. Sage, Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi 2005, pp. 476-478, here pp. 477 f.
  14. ^ A b c Connie Bruck: McCain's Party. In: The New Yorker , May 30, 2005.
  15. ^ Mark Guarino: John McCain to face formidable foe in Arizona GOP primary. In: Christian Science Monitor , February 15, 2010 (English).
  16. ^ Joe Ferguson: Kirkpatrick, Trump giving McCain his toughest race. In: Arizona Daily Sun , Oct. 2, 2016.
  17. Alan Rappeport: John McCain withdraws Support for Donald Trump after Disclosure of Recording. In: The New York Times , October 8, 2016.
  18. ^ Another six years: John McCain wins Senate race over Ann Kirkpatrick. In: , November 8, 2016.
  19. Bridget Bowman: Appointed Replacement for John McCain Would Serve Until 2020. In: Roll Call , August 25, 2018.
  20. ^ Richard Gooding: The Trashing of John McCain. In: Vanity Fair , September 24, 2004 (English).
  21. Philip Shenon: McCain Once Almost Left the GOP. What About Now? In: Politico , July 30, 2017 (English).
  22. ^ Adam Nagourney: McCain Looks Confident; Democratic Race Tightens. In: The New York Times , February 4, 2008.
  23. ^ Philip Bump: Sarah Palin 'cost John McCain two million votes in the 2008 US election'. In: The Independent , January 20, 2016; Veronica Stracqualursi: Sarah Palin: It hurt 'a bit' that McCain regrets running mate decision. In: CNN , May 11, 2018.
  24. ^ Result of the US election in 2008 according to the number of electors, the votes and the percentage of votes. In: , November 4, 2008.
  25. McCain admits his defeat. In: Spiegel Online , November 5, 2008.
  26. John McCain Concession Speech. In: C-Span , November 4, 2008 (English); McCain's speech in full: "Americans never give up". In: Spiegel Online , November 5, 2008. Assessments by Kayla Epstein: Five of John McCain's most courageous political moments. In: The Washington Post , July 20, 2017; Beth A. Messner: A rhetorical critique of John McCain's 2008 presidential concession address. Ball State University , Department of Communication Studies, MA Thesis, July 24, 2010, pp. 23–26.
  27. Jonathan Martin, Amie Parnes: McCain: Obama not an Arab, crowd boos. In: Politico , October 10, 2008.
  28. a b Harry Ducks: Is John McCain A Maverick? In: FiveThirtyEight , February 27, 2017.
  29. ↑ Searching for candidates in the USA. In: , March 6, 2007.
  30. Tobias Betz: McCain and his conservative enemies. In: , February 12, 2008.
  31. Bush mobilizes conservatives in the US election campaign ( Memento from February 10, 2008 in the Internet Archive ). In: Financial Times Deutschland , February 8, 2008.
  32. ^ Minister: Split with McCain 'best for both of us'. In: CNN , May 22, 2008 (English).
  33. ^ Uri Friedman: McCain the 'Maverick' Is Now Most Conservative Senator. In: The Atlantic , February 24, 2011 (English).
  34. McCain is annoyed with the "tea party hobbits". In: Basler Zeitung , July 28, 2011.
  35. ^ Sebastian Fischer: Republicans are threatened with fratricidal struggle over immigration reform. In: Spiegel Online , June 28, 2013.
  36. Sebastian Graefe: Perspectives of American Foreign Policy after Bush Jr. In: Heinrich Böll Foundation , July 17, 2008.
  37. McCain criticizes Pentagon on Iraq. In: CNN , December 5, 2004 (English).
  38. US Mideast Commander: Violence in Iraq Down Dramatically, but Gains Not Irreversible. In: Fox News , March 4, 2008.
  39. See overall Bill Schneider: The persistence of John McCain. In: , December 10, 2005; Marc Santora: McCain's Stance on Torture Becomes Riveting Issue in Campaign. In: The New York Times , November 16, 2007; Adrienne Woltersdorf: Bush wants to continue to be tortured. In: Die Tageszeitung , March 9, 2008.
  40. ^ McCain on Iran: Military Option Is 'Last Option'. In: National Public Radio , January 23, 2006.
  41. ^ McCain Jokes About Bombing Iran. In: The Washington Post , April 19, 2007.
  42. Republicans accuse Obama of surrendering. In: Spiegel Online , May 24, 2013.
  43. ^ John McCain: The Political Positions. In: n-tv , August 22, 2008.
  44. ^ A b John McCain: An Enduring Peace Built on Freedom. In: Foreign Affairs , November / December 2007 (English).
  45. US Senator McCain promotes Europe. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , December 15, 2013.
  46. "Putin is a murderer and a criminal". In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , January 12, 2017.
  47. McCain Blasts Lukashenko As 'Brutal Tyrant'. In: CBS News , February 4, 2011.
  48. US Senator McCain rushes forward: "Erdoğan behaves like a dictator". In: German-Turkish News , June 7, 2013.
  49. US Republicans show solidarity with the Muslim Brotherhood. In: Spiegel Online , August 6, 2013.
  50. US senators want to deliver weapons to Syrian rebels. In: Zeit Online , September 8, 2012.
  51. McCain urges Obama to attack Syria. In: Zeit Online , 23 August 2013.
  52. McCain wants to accelerate Assad's fall. In: Zeit Online , August 28, 2013.
  53. Ansgar Graw: Influential Republicans want to attack Assad. In: Die Welt , September 3, 2013.
  54. Republican John McCain asks Obama to apologize. In: Spiegel Online , November 10, 2013.
  55. Corwin Smidt, Kevin den Dulk, Bryan Froehle, James Penning, Stephen Monsma, Douglas Koopman: The Disappearing God Gap? Religion in the 2008 Presidential Election. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010, p. 113 .
  56. Brooks Jackson: McCain's Position on Abortion. In: , September 8, 2008 (English).
  57. Tanene Allison: McCain On Gay Rights: No Marriage, No Adoption, No HIV / AIDS Prevention Plan. In: The Huffington Post , October 30, 2008.
  58. ^ McCain OK with gays' legal accords; marriage is another thing. ( Memento from December 4, 2015 in the web archive ) In: Arizona Daily Star , November 25, 2006 (English).
  59. Halimah Abdullah: From LGBT opponent to Advocate: McCain Stands Firm on Defense Bill. In: NBC News , June 15, 2016.
  60. ^ Gregor Peter Schmitz: US gun lobby mobilizes against Obama. In: Spiegel Online , May 19, 2008.
  61. ^ John McCain on Crime. In:
  62. John McCain on Drugs. In:
  63. ^ Religion and Politics '08: John McCain. In: Pew Research Center , November 4, 2008.
  64. In the original: "an assault on law enforcement's efforts to punish these heinous felons for the most despicable crime". Sara Kugler: Obama disagrees with high court on child rape case. In: , June 25, 2008.
  65. ^ Elisabeth Bumiller: McCain Sets Goal of 45 New Nuclear Reactors by 2030. In: The New York Times , June 19, 2008 (English).
  66. Sheryl Gay Stolberg: Bush Will Seek to End Offshore Oil Drilling Ban. In: The New York Times , June 18, 2008.
  67. Donald Trump is bullying against fellow party member McCain. In: Spiegel Online , July 19, 2017.
  68. ^ McCain in coded attack on Trump Vietnam draft deferment. In: BBC News , October 23, 2017.
  69. ^ John McCain: Five times he clashed with Trump. In: BBC News , August 26, 2018.
  70. Heike Buchter: Trump's best enemy. In: Zeit Online , February 2, 2017; Peter Winkler: A thorn in Trump's page. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , February 24, 2017.
  71. McCain takes Trump hard. In: , January 29, 2017.
  72. Ezra Klein: The GOP's massive health care failures, explained. In: , July 28, 2017.
  73. US Senator John McCain prevents the abolition of "Obamacare". In: Deutsche Welle , September 23, 2017.
  74. Veronika Bondarenko: Trump keeps saying 'enemy of the people' - but the phrase has a very ugly history. In: Business Insider , February 27, 2017 (English); William P. Davis: 'Enemy of the People': Trump Breaks Out This Phrase During Moments of Peak Criticism. In: The New York Times , July 19, 2018 (English); Oliver Georgi: The language of an authoritarian ruler. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , February 21, 2017; Trump's favorite enemies. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , July 30, 2018.
  75. Amy B. Wang: 'That's how dictators get started': McCain criticizes Trump for calling media 'the enemy'. In: The Washington Post , February 18, 2017.
  76. Remarks At The 2017 Liberty Medal Ceremony. In:
  77. McCain: USA not a nation of "blood and soil". In: Süddeutsche Online , October 17, 2017.
  78. Mockery of the sick McCain causes bewilderment. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 12, 2018.
  79. McCain to release 'no-holds-barred' verdict on Trump. In: , March 27, 2018.
  80. Gideon Resnick: McCain Confirms He Gave Trump Dossier to Comey: 'Duty Demanded I Do' It. In: The Daily Beast , May 9, 2018.
  81. ^ Dan Nowicki: 5 takeaways from Sen. John McCain's new memoir, 'The Restless Wave'. In: , May 22, 2018.
  82. Strong criticism of Trump's cuddle course with Putin. In: Deutsche Welle , July 17, 2018.
  83. ^ Elliot Hannon: Sen. John McCain Diagnosed With Aggressive Form of Brain Tumor. In: Slate , July 19, 2017 (English).
  84. ^ Dan Nowicki: John McCain to continue radiation treatments while working in the Senate. In: , September 12, 2017.
  85. Michael Bowman: McCain's Absence Weighs on US Senate Colleagues. In: Voice of America , March 23, 2018 (English); Jonathan Martin: At His Ranch, John McCain Shares Memories and Regrets With Friends. In: The New York Times , May 5, 2018 (English); Nicholas Fandos, Jonathan Martin: John McCain Will No Longer Be Treated for Brain Cancer, Family Says. In: The New York Times , August 24, 2018.
  86. John McCain dead at 81. In: CBC News , Video on YouTube , August 26, 2018.
  87. Amber Phillips: Trump can't stop dissing John McCain. In: The Washington Post , August 14, 2018 (English); Julie Hirschfeld Davis: As a Nation Mourns McCain, Trump Is Conspicuously Absent. In: The New York Times , August 26, 2018.
  88. Amber Phillips: By not inviting Sarah Palin to his memorial, was McCain signaling he played a role in the rise of Trump? In: The Washington Post , August 31, 2018.
  89. ^ Emily Cochrane: John McCain to Lie in State at Capitols in Washington and Arizona. In: The New York Times , August 25, 2018 (English); Emily Birnbaum: McCain to be buried at US Naval Academy on Sept. 2. In: The Hill , August 26, 2018 (English).
  90. Josh Meyer: McCain's choice of Russian dissident as pallbearer is final dig at Putin, Trump. In: Politico , August 28, 2018 (English).
  91. ^ Full text: John McCain's farewell statement. In: Politico , August 27, 2018 (English); Avi Selk, Felicia Sonmez, Anne Gearan: John McCain issues subtle rebuke of Trump in farewell letter before his death. In: The Washington Post , August 27, 2018.
  92. Katie Rogers, Nicholas Fandos, Maggie Haberman: Trump Relents Under Pressure, Offering 'Respect' to McCain. In: The New York Times , August 27, 2018 (English); Presidential Proclamation on the Death of Senator John Sidney McCain III. In: , August 27, 2018 (English).
  93. Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 340/2016 of August 22, 2016 ; accessed on October 20, 2016 (Ukrainian)
  94. Christian Krügel: Tears on the gala dinner. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , February 18, 2018.
  95. Senator McCain Joins USS John S. McCain Namesake. In: , July 12, 2018 (English).
  96. Lauren Fox: Schumer wants Senate building named for McCain. In: CNN , August 26, 2018 (English).
  97. Review by Frauke Steffens: John McCain: Hymne auf Amerika. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 21, 2018.