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2018-03-12 Signing of the coalition agreement for the 19th electoral term of the Bundestag by Sandro Halank – 001.jpg

On March 14, 2018, six months after the 2017 federal elections and failed coalition negotiations to form a government of the Union, FDP and Greens , Merkel's fourth cabinet will be sworn in as a grand coalition between the Union and the SPD (the signing of the coalition agreement on March 12 , 2018) . March 2018).

Trump and Kim shaking hands in the summit room.jpg

With the summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018 between US President Donald Trump and North Korea's dictator Kim Jong-un , the heads of state of both nuclear powers will meet for the first time .

Scandinavia temperature anomaly 2018.jpg

In Europe, low rainfall and high temperatures lead to a period of drought , which causes numerous forest fires, crop failures and historical low water levels. Scientists cite climate change as the reason for this weather anomaly .

2018 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2771
Armenian calendar 1466-1467
Ethiopian calendar 2010-2011
Badi calendar 174-175
Bengali calendar 1424-1425
Berber calendar 2968
Buddhist calendar 2562
Burmese calendar 1380
Byzantine calendar 7526-7527
Chinese calendar
 - era 4714-4715 or
 - 60 year cycle

Fire Rooster ( 丁酉 , 34) -
Earth Dog ( 戊戌 , 35)

revolutionary calendar
Hebrew calendar 5778-5779
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 2074-2075
 - Shaka Samvat 1940-1941
Iranian calendar 1396-1397
Islamic calendar 1439-1440
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Heisei 30
 - Kōki 2678
Coptic calendar 1734-1735
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4351
 - Juche era 107
Minguo calendar 107
Modern Olympics XXXI
Seleucid calendar 2329-2330
Thai solar calendar 2561

The year 2018 started on a Monday, January 1st and ended again on a Monday, December 31st . In Germany, it was shaped by the delay in the formation of a government after the federal elections last year, as well as the further strengthening of the AfD and the simultaneous high loss of votes of the two people's parties, the Union and SPD, in two state elections. Internationally, an unusually warm summer with a long period of drought, a summit meeting between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un and the protest actions of the yellow vests in France were the main features of 2018.


Politics and world events

Terrorist attacks (selection)

Other stops (selection)

Culture and society



Economy and Infrastructure

science and technology

Astronomy and astrophysics

  • January 31: Total lunar eclipse in Asia, Australia, the Pacific, western North America
  • February 15: Partial solar eclipse ; visible in Antarctica, southern South America
  • July 13: Partial solar eclipse ; visible in South Australia
  • July 27th: Total lunar eclipse in South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia
  • August 11th: Partial solar eclipse ; visible in Northern Europe, Northeast Asia
  • October 19: Asteroid 2018 UA flies past Earth at a short distance.

Climate & Environment

2018 was the fourth warmest year since weather records began; even the warmest in Europe. The carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the earth's atmosphere had reached a new record high of 407.8 parts per million (ppm). Heat records were broken worldwide . In Germany, some values ​​exceed those of the "millennium summer" 2003 : The months from April to July were warmer here than ever since the weather records began and there were more days above 25 degrees than in 2003. In addition, 89 percent of the areas were from Drought affected.


Natural disasters

  • January 18: The hurricane Friederike hits Germany and several Western European countries and claims at least ten lives.
  • April - November: Weather anomalies lead to atypical phenomena in some natural processes , especially in large parts of the northern hemisphere .
  • 0June 3: At least 110 people die and around 300 are injured in an eruption of the Volcán de Fuego in southern Guatemala ; after two weeks the search for 197 people still missing is stopped, bringing the presumed total number of victims of the volcanic eruption to more than 300.
  • 23/24 July: Forest fires in the Greek region of Attica kill 90 people and injure around 200. One person is still missing.
  • 0August 5: More than 480 people die and thousands are injured in an earthquake on the Indonesian island of Lombok . Further earthquakes in Lombok before and after August 5th claim additional victims, so that the total number of those killed in the quakes by the Indonesian government on August 24th is at least 555.
  • from 23 August: Due to a forest fire near Treuenbrietzen in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district , which has covered an area of ​​400 hectares and caused great damage, three villages have to be evacuated temporarily.
  • September 28: More than 2000 people die and hundreds are injured on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi as a result of an earthquake and a tsunami that it triggered . Around 5000 people are still missing eleven days after the tsunami.
  • November 8: Devastating forest fires kill more than 70 people in California ; numerous people are also still missing.
  • December 22nd: A tsunami triggered by the Anak Krakatau eruption kills more than 420 people in Indonesia .

Serious accidents

Nobel Prizes

The announcement of the Nobel Prize winners for 2018 took place from October 1st to 8th. The awards took place on December 10th, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death , in Stockholm and Oslo (only Nobel Peace Prize ).

Memorial days

Annual dedications

Species protection

Cultural references



For the detailed list of the deceased see Nekrolog 2018 .













Gallery of the deceased

Web links

Commons : 2018  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Turkey: Offensive against Kurds in Syria , deutschlandfunk.de, January 20, 2018, accessed on January 21, 2018
  2. France introduces mobile phone ban in schools , deutschlandfunkkultur.de, published and accessed on July 31, 2018
  3. ↑ Mobile phone ban in French schools , deutschlandfunkkultur.de, published and accessed on September 3, 2018
  4. ^ Benjamin Haas: North and South Korea make historic joint bid to recognize traditional wrestling. Two nations combine forces to list ssireum, a type of traditional wrestling, with the UN for the first time, in further sign of rapprochement. In: The Guardian . November 26, 2018, accessed November 26, 2018 .
  5. Yoon Min-sik: Ssireum becomes Koreas' 1st jointly inscribed UNESCO world heritage item. In: The Korea Herald . November 26, 2018, accessed November 26, 2018 .
  6. Traditional Korean wrestling listed as Intangible Cultural Heritage following unprecedented merged application from both Koreas. “A highly symbolic step towards inter-Korean reconciliation, that reminds us of the peace-building power of cultural heritage”. In: UNESCO . November 26, 2018, accessed November 26, 2018 .
  7. Darts WM 2019 - accessed on May 26, 2019
  8. Homepage - accessed on May 26, 2019
  9. Pope keeps silent on abuse claim letter at end of Irish visit , bbc.co.uk, published and accessed on August 27, 2018
  10. ^ Abuse scandal in Pennsylvania: "Decades of cover-up" - all the way to the Vatican , tagesspiegel.de, published and accessed on August 15, 2018
  11. Dax history | Course history | Closing prices. Retrieved December 28, 2018 .
  12. Nadja Podbregar: 2018 was the warmest year for Europe. Global temperatures are four years in a row one degree above pre-industrial values. In: scinexx.de. February 7, 2019, accessed November 26, 2019 .
  13. World Meteorological Organization : Greenhouse gas concentrations in atmosphere reach yet another high. November 25, 2019, accessed November 26, 2019 .
  14. All the heat records broken this summer on one map. Retrieved September 2, 2018 .
  15. Harald Frater: scinexx | The hot summer of 2018 broke records: four months were warmer than ever and drought hit 90 percent of the country. Retrieved September 2, 2018 .
  16. At least 555 earthquake deaths , deutschlandfunk.de, published and accessed on August 24, 2018
  17. Forest fire at Treuenbrietzen strongly pushed back , rbb24.de, published and accessed on August 24, 2018
  18. Nic White: Tunisia boat wreck becomes year's worst migrant disaster after more than 100 died . Mail Online, June 5, 2018, accessed November 1, 2018.
  19. The French writer Maryse Condé , however, was awarded a one-time "alternative Nobel Prize in Literature" ("New Academy Prize in Literature"); see Alternative Nobel Prize for Literature: Honor for a "magical narrator". tagesschau.de , October 12, 2018, accessed on October 12, 2018 .