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The 1980s was the ninth decade of the 20th century and lasted from 1980 to 1989.


US President Ronald Reagan , 1983
Helmut Kohl as Federal Chancellor, 1987
Challenger space shuttle explosion, 1986
Soviet soldiers on their way to the “death zone” in and around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 1986

Cultural history


Home computer from 1983
Compact Disc from 1984
Apple Macintosh from 1984
Walkman from 1979

Media in general

watch TV

The Linde road ran from 8 December 1985 at the First
Teletext symbol

Individual contributions


The De Lorean DMC-12, the movie car from Back to the Future
  • The Holocaust documentary film Shoah shows the events in a particularly haunting form. However, it also polarizes the public, especially in Poland .

Film series

Multi-part productions

Individual contributions

Individual contributions Germany

Oscar Winner (Best Picture)

Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival


Music stars of the 1980s



Public aerobics demonstration
Eric Clapton , 2008
  • In 1982 Eric Clapton released his compilation Timepieces: The Best of Eric Clapton . The album received diamond status in Japan and seven times platinum in the USA, sold more than 13 million copies within a very short period of time and became one of the most successful compilation albums in music history.
  • House music became popular, particularly acid house in the later 1980s . The smiley became the symbol of this movement.
  • In the post-punk and dark wave environment was also the gothic rock and with this the gothic culture as whose followers Goths also in Germany as Goths are called.
  • The Monsters of Rock Festival emerged and became an institution in hard rock and metal.

Individual contributions

Individual contributions Germany

Doctors band logo
Nena , 2008





Complete color palette from a German office accessories catalog from 1984
Katarina Witt in leggings with a bridge under a leotard with batwing sleeves
Mullet hairstyle


Rubik's Cube
  • Role playing games also spread across Europe. Popular in the US since the 1970s, Dungeons & Dragons was published in German translation in 1983. Midgard was founded in Germany in 1981 . In 1984 Das Schwarze Auge came onto the market.
  • BMX bikes were fashionable among young people in the early 1980s and replaced the bonanza bike . Likewise were roller skates popular, especially through the disco culture 1970 since the end of year, which spilled over to Europe.
  • In the early 1980s, spontaneous sayings were often heard and read.
  • In the course of the 1980s, terms like cool and cool emerged in youth language , which were initially frowned upon and only slowly, especially in the course of the 1990s, became socially acceptable. The song Geil by Bruce & Bongo took up this development - it reached number 1 in the German single charts in 1986.
  • At times, there was a hula hoop - Revival .
  • The yo-yo also gained a large following at the beginning of the decade.
  • Fast food restaurants such as McDonald’s and Burger King experienced a rapidly increasing distribution in West Germany.
  • Rubik's Cube, the so-called magic cube , was a popular toy during a fashion wave.
  • Yps was a youth magazine that enjoyed some popularity with its so-called gimmicks since the 1970s, but also in the early 1980s .
  • Type cases found widespread use in many youth and living rooms.
  • Wooden fleas - pendants painted as a figure that look like they consist of one large and one smaller ball.
  • Tricotronics - handy LCD games.

Famous personalities

Web links

Commons : 1980s  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files