|Development phase:||Mid 1980s|
|Place of origin:||United States|
|No Means No , Hüsker Dü , Butthole Surfers , Wipers , Embrace , Rites of Spring , Fugazi , Black Flag|
|Instruments typical of the genre|
|Electric guitar , electric bass , drums|
|Trancecore , Emocore , Screamo , Post-Metal , Mathcore|
Post-hardcore or postcore describes a development from the American hardcore punk scene, which continues to represent the values of hardcore, but has developed in other musical directions. The term is related to that of post-punk , with so-called post-rock and metalcore, there is some overlap.
From the mid-1980s, the “classic” hardcore scene was in decline. While many of the founders of US hardcore disbanded and many newer bands opened up to influences from the metal sector, other protagonists of the original hardcore scene shifted their interest to the field of experimental music. Building on simple hardcore punk structures and the DIY ethos of movement, some bands incorporated elements from art rock , psychedelic rock , funk or jazz and later also from noise rock into their music. This created a new, "cerebral" style of music that combined the hardness of the hardcore with unusual song structures.
Groups like No Means No or bands like Hüsker Dü , Butthole Surfers ; Naked Raygun or Wipers are called, who combined hardcore, post-punk and psychedelic in their music. However, bands from Washington DC such as Embrace , Rites of Spring or later Fugazi and the Dischord Records label are considered the actual founders . Also the Rollins Band , as a project of the Black Flag singer Henry Rollins , dealt with the mixing of hardcore with jazz and funk influences from the mid-1980s; just like the former Black Flag label SST Records supported early postcore projects.
Characteristic for many postcore groups are improvisational components and dynamic contrasts borrowed from noise (for example through the alternation of melodic and screaming vocals or of gentle, bridge-like passages and explosive, surprising, chaotic sound structures).
Most post-hardcore bands use guttural singing mostly in the form of screaming and shouting , which alternates with normal singing. Usually the change between the two types of singing takes place between the individual stanzas and the refrains or bridges. However, there are also a few groups that sometimes completely dispense with guttural singing, such as Emarosa , Hands Like Houses or Slaves .
A musically precise classification of many bands, which one could assign to the musical style based on the song structures, is difficult, since many groups can also be described as Metalcore bands . Bands like Memphis May Fire , Blessthefall and Of Mice & Men can be named as examples, and they have now enjoyed major commercial successes on an international level. But also groups like The Amity Affliction or Being as an Ocean , which make their sound very melodic and can therefore also be called melodic hardcore bands, have received a lot of attention in recent years. The last two albums by The Amity Affliction each reached number 1 in the charts in their home country and were each awarded the gold record .
Emocore , Screamo , Post-Metal , Sludge , Jazzcore as well as Mathcore and Math-Rock represent direct developments from the postcore environment . The latest development took place in the 2000s. Many bands mix today's typical post-hardcore sound with influences from electronic music , such as trance , euro dance or dubstep , which gave rise to the so-called trancecore . The British group Enter Shikari can be described as a pioneering band , although many media consider the US band I See Stars to be the pioneer of the genre. Many bands known today such as Asking Alexandria , We Came as Romans , Annisokay or Capture the Crown mix or mix these two styles of music with one another.
- Martin Büsser: If the kids are united. From punk to hardcore and back. (5th, revised and expanded edition), 1995, ISBN 3-930559-19-6
- Mark Anderson, Mark Jenkins: Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital . 2003, ISBN 1-888451-44-0
- Chart tracking (The Amity Affliction): AU