Indiana "Indy" Jones (actually Dr. Henry Walton Jones Jr. ) is the fictional main character from the adventure film series of the same name . The first three films were made in the 1980s. In the 1990s, George Lucas produced a canonical television series. A fourth film was not made until 2008. All four films were directed by producer George Lucas and director Steven Spielberg , with Harrison Ford playing the lead role in all of the films . Because of the great success of the films, numerous novels, comics, cell phone and video games deal with the character of Indiana Jones.
So far, four Indiana Jones movies have been made:
- 1981: Raiders of the Lost Ark ( Raiders of the Lost Ark )
- 1984: Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom ( Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom )
- 1989: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ( Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade )
- 2008: Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull ( Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull )
The first three feature films were great hits when they were released and are still considered cult films to this day . The fourth film was made almost 20 years after the third film, as part of a trend in the film industry towards late sequels to earlier successful film cycles.
A further continuation of the Indiana Jones series seemed unlikely for a long time, although rumors like this arose again and again after the fourth film. In 2012, George Lucas retired from the film business and sold his Lucasfilm company to the media company The Walt Disney Company . In March 2016, Disney announced a fifth installment in the series, again starring Harrison Ford in the role of Indiana Jones. The film should hit theaters in July 2019 and be produced with Steven Spielberg as director. David Koepp , who had also worked on the fourth film, was hired as the scriptwriter . Lucas remained involved as executive producer.
After the theatrical release was postponed to July 2020 about a year after the announcement, Spielberg mentioned in March 2018 that filming for the fifth part should start in the UK in April 2019. A little later it became known that Jon Kasdan replaced Koepp as screenwriter and that the late theatrical release could not be kept again, so that the film was postponed to July 2021 shortly afterwards. In May 2019, Dan Fogelman was traded as the new scriptwriter because Kasdan no longer worked on the project. A few months later, Koepp mentioned writing the script again. In February 2020, Ford indicated that filming would begin shortly. Spielberg took over the position of producer to let someone else direct a film in the series for the first time with James Mangold . During the 2020 coronavirus pandemic , Disney postponed the theatrical release again by one year to July 2022. Koepp, who had prepared several script versions for Spielberg, also ended his work to give Mangold the opportunity to contribute his own ideas for the film.
The Indiana Jones character
In the films and other products sold under the Indiana Jones brand , a biography of the fictional character Indiana Jones is told. Accordingly, Indiana Jones, in short Indy or Jones , under the real name Henry Walton Jones, jr. born July 1, 1899 in Princeton , New Jersey . The archaeologist , who received his doctorate from the University of Chicago in June 1922 , not only works as a quiet scientist at a university and as a professor at a college, but also travels the world as an adventurer. He deals with religious and occult phenomena, searches for legendary relics and tries in particular to preserve cultural goods for the general public. In the first film he seeks the ark , in the second adventure he comes into a temple of the goddess Kali and explores the Shankara -stones, in the third part he finds the Holy Grail and the fourth film is about a crystal skull of the Inca . In addition, he experienced many other adventures in his youth, during which he met very well-known people and took part in important events. He was at least 93 years old.
Since the first three cinema adventures are set in the 1930s, the National Socialists , who often orientated themselves on ancient models , appear as opponents in the first and third films. In three cinema films the adventurer is accompanied by a woman, in the "last crusade" his father, Professor Dr. Henry jones sr. by his side. His son Mutt Williams appears for the first time in the fourth cinema adventure, which takes place almost twenty years later. Typical characteristics of the Indiana Jones are the fedora and its whip . Jones has a snake phobia, which in the third movie was explained by the fact that the young Indiana fell into a circus car full of snakes while fleeing from persecutors.
Various possible role models for Indiana Jones have been suggested, including the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham , who uncovered and explored the ruined city of Machu Picchu in 1911 . However, Lucas and Spielberg never named a specific role model. Initially, Indiana Jones should be called "Indiana Smith"; However, Steven Spielberg pushed through a change. George Lucas's dog originally bore the name "Indiana". This fact is alluded to in the third movie when the viewer learns that Indiana Jones named itself after his family's dog. Lucas had worked with Harrison Ford on American Graffiti and Star Wars .
The star of Indiana Jones in the movies is Harrison Ford; only in other age groups is Indiana Jones played by other actors.
- In the third feature film, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade , River Phoenix plays 13 year old Indiana Jones in 1912.
- In the television series The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones , Corey Carrier played Indiana Jones between the ages of eight and eleven, Sean Patrick Flanery between the ages of 16 and 21, and at the beginning and end of each episode (with the exception of two episodes in which Harrison Ford for this part slips back into the role of the now 51-year-old Indy) George Hall between the ages of 93 and 94.
Tom Selleck was originally intended for the role of Indiana Jones in the movies. He completed some test recordings, which are included as bonus material in the DVD collection of the original cinema trilogy. Selleck could not accept the role, however, because he was not available because of the shooting of the series Magnum . But Tom Selleck got his chance anyway: In Magnum episode 159 ( Legend of the lost art , English title: A legend lives ) he follows in the footsteps of the famous archaeologist, whom he was unable to portray in the films, in proper style Whip and slouch hat in search of lost artifacts.
Sean Connery embodies in the third movie, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade , Indiana Jones' father Professor Dr. Henry jones sr. in 1938 (and 1912, even if only seen from behind in the scenes). For the television series produced later in the 1990s, Lloyd Owen slips into the role of Dr. Henry jones sr. in 1909.
The film music was written by the American composer John Williams , who is responsible for every score in the Indiana Jones films. He composed the "Raiders March", which also became popular outside the fan base. Williams composed leitmotifs for each individual part:
Part 1: The well-known title melody appeared on this soundtrack for the first time . A theme for the character Marion and a theme for the Ark of the Covenant were also written. Fight scenes were also given extravagant support. A characteristic feature is the constant involvement of the well-known fanfare.
Part 2: In this part the march was used the most and was quoted over and over again. New topics were written for the boy Short Round and for Indy's new crush. Williams also composed a theme for the kidnapped children.
Part 3: For Part 3 Williams composed a theme for the Grail, for Indiana Jones' father and a march for the Nazis (which in a slightly different form also in the scenes during the conquest of the planet Naboo by the Trade Federation in the film Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace is used). It is noticeable that the “Raiders March” is rarely quoted.
Part 4: Leitmotifs were also written for this part. Williams wrote a theme for Indiana Jones' son, a theme for agent Irina, and a musical theme for the crystal skull. In addition, electronic tones were used for the first time in this soundtrack. These can be heard in the scene near Peru . However, many pieces of music were cited from the other three parts.
In 1992 and 1993 the (originally 44-part and later re-edited to 22 films) television series The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones (original title The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles ) was produced. In this series, Jones encounters real-life characters from history. It shows episodes from different periods of Indiana's life between the ages of 8 to 10, 16 to 20, 51 and 93 years; he is therefore also portrayed by various actors (such as Corey Carrier, Sean Patrick Flanery , Harrison Ford or George Hall).
Since the early 1980s, many Indiana Jones video games have appeared for various game consoles and computer systems. The best-known products are the Adventures by LucasArts , published in 1989 and 1992 . While the story of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is very much based on the film of the same name, Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis is characterized by its own story. Fans of Indiana Jones and point - & - click adventure games are working on an unofficial freeware sequel, Indiana Jones and the Fountain of Youth , which is being developed with the Adventure Game Studio software .
|1982||Raiders of the Lost Ark|
|1984||Indiana Jones in the Lost Kingdom|
|1985||Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom|
|1987||Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients|
|1989||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade : The Graphic Adventure|
|1989||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game|
|1991||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade|
|1992||Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis - Graphic Adventure|
|1992||Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis - Action Game|
|1992||The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles|
|1994||Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones|
|1994||Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures|
|1996||Indiana Jones Desktop Adventures|
|1999||Indiana Jones and the Tower of Babel|
|2003||Indiana Jones and the Legend of the Imperial Crypt|
|2008||Lego Indiana Jones: The Legendary Adventure|
|2009||Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings|
|2009||Lego Indiana Jones 2: The New Adventures|
In August 1993, a pinball machine called Indiana Jones - The Pinball Adventure , developed by the American slot machine manufacturer Williams Electronics Games , appeared . The device was produced in an edition of 12,716 pieces and gained great popularity. Today, well-preserved “Indy pinball machines” are coveted collector's items.
In 2008 the American slot machine manufacturer Stern released a pinball machine called "Indiana Jones". In addition to the previous elements, elements from the fourth film , which appeared in the same year, were also integrated into the game .
In addition to the movies and the television series, there are over 40 novels featuring Indiana Jones' adventures. Some of the English-language books have been translated into German.
Wolfgang Hohlbein wrote eight novels about Indiana Jones:
- Indiana Jones and the Ship of the Gods (1990)
- Indiana Jones and the Feathered Serpent (1990)
- Indiana Jones and the Gold of El Dorado (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the Vanishing People (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the Sword of Genghis Khan (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the Secret of Easter Island (1992)
- Indiana Jones and the Labyrinth of Horus (1993)
- Indiana Jones and the Legacy of Avalon (1993)
By Rob MacGregor previous six novels published:
- Indiana Jones and the Oracle of Delphi ( Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi ) (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants ( Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants ) (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the gentlemen of the dead city ( Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils ) (1991)
- Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Ark ( Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge ) (1992)
- Indiana Jones and the Legacy of the Unicorn ( Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy ) (1992)
- Indiana Jones and the power of the darkness ( Indiana Jones and the Interior World ) (1992)
So far there are two novels by Martin Caidin :
- Indiana Jones and the hyenas of the sky ( Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates ) (1993)
- Indiana Jones and the White Witch ( Indiana Jones and the White Witch ) (1994)
- Indiana Jones and the Sorcerer's Stone ( Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone ) (1995)
- Indiana Jones and the breed of dinosaur ( Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs ) (1996)
- Indiana Jones and the Mystery of Thule ( Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth ) (1997)
- Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx ( Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx ) (1999)
A hitherto untranslated novel was published by Steve Perry :
While the aforementioned novels form independent stories, four novels published in 2008 deal with the content of the films:
- Campbell Black (pseudonym of Campbell Armstrong ): Raiders of the Lost Ark ( Raiders of the Lost Ark )
- James Kahn : Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom ( Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom )
- Rob MacGregor : Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ( Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade )
- James Rollins : Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull ( Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull )
In addition, in 2008 four more novels were published by Panini Verlag on the films, which are called youth novels due to the somewhat simpler spelling:
- Ryder Windham : Raiders of the Lost Ark ( Raiders of the Lost Ark )
- Suzanne Weyn : Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom ( Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom )
- Ryder Windham : Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ( Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade )
- James Luceno : Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull ( Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull )
- James Luceno : Indiana Jones. All films, adventures, locations. coventgarden at Dorling Kindersley , Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-8310-9065-5
- The Indiana Jones Diary from Lucasfilm Ltd. 2008, ISBN 978-3-7891-8423-9
- The Indiana Jones Handbook by Denise Kiernan and Joseph D'Agnese 2008, ISBN 978-1-59474-221-7
- The Science of Indiana Jones by Lois H. Gresh and Robert Weinberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-527-50404-6
In 1981 the American comic book publisher Marvel entered the world of Indiana Jones with an adaptation of Raiders of the Lost Ark . From 1983 to 1986 he published 34 issues in the series The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones . In addition to Indiana Jones, well-known characters such as Marion Ravenwood and Sallah appear in completely new stories. Marvel also released the comic book adaptations of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade . The latter two were published in German by Ehapa and Bastei-Verlag , while Condor Verlag published four paperback books with collected Further comics.
In 1991 the publisher Dark Horse Comics took over the license, and by 1996 he published numerous mini-series, including an adaptation of the popular video game Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis . Four of these series were translated into German and appeared in 2000 and 2001 by mg publishing .
In addition, Dark Horse published twelve booklets based on the television series The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones . The first six issues were translated and published by Bastei-Verlag.
With the start of the new movie, Dark Horse took over the license that had now expired. In addition to a comic adaptation of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull , new miniseries (including "Indiana Jones and the Crypt of the Gods"), Indy comics for children and anthologies of older issues were announced. The film adaptation and the Crypt of the Gods was released in German by Panini Comics .
Significance for current issues
The film character Indiana Jones tries again and again to preserve cultural assets such as historical treasures, relics, documents and sites for the general public and posterity as part of his adventures. He fights against grave robbers and fences. In the “real” world, the United Nations and its partner organizations such as UNESCO and Blue Shield devote themselves intensively to the protection of cultural property around the world. Stealing antiquities, robbery at archaeological sites, looting of cultural sites and the theft of art objects from churches, museums and archives should be prevented, as Indiana Jones tries in the films. From an international perspective, the employees of Blue Shield are often referred to as the new "Indiana Jones" because of their sometimes very dangerous and robust missions to protect cultural assets.
- Official Indiana Jones site (English)
- Indiana Jones in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Indiana Jones on Fernsehserien.de
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- Indiana Jones Condor-Verlag comic book pocket book collector list
- Indiana Jones Panini-Verlag comic collectors list
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