Marvel Comics

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Marvel Entertainment, LLC

legal form Part of Marvel Entertainment
founding 1939 (as Timely Comics)
Seat 417 5th Avenue, New York, USA
management CB Cebulski (Editor-in-Chief)

Joe Quesada (CEO)
Dan Buckley (President)
Alan Fine (Executive Producer)

sales US $ 125.7 million (2007)
Branch Publishing

Marvel Comics (actually Marvel Entertainment, LLC ) is an American comic book publisher based in New York City . Along with DC Comics, it is one of the world's largest publishers in this genre.

Well-known titles include Spider-Man , Die Fantastischen Vier (The Fantastic Four), The Avengers (The Avengers), Hulk , Daredevil , Captain America , Iron Man , Thor , Punisher , Blade , Ghost Rider as well as the most successful American comic - 1990s series: The X-Men . Many comics were made into films .

Following an announcement on August 31, 2009, Disney acquired Marvel Entertainment for $ 4 billion.


Marvel emerged from Timely Publications (later renamed Timely Comics ), founded by Martin Goodman in 1939 , which published the adventures of superheroes such as Captain America , Human Torch, Namor the Sub-Mariner and Patsy Walker in series at the time of the Second World War . During the Second World War there were a total of 160 different superhero titles from more than two dozen publishers with a total circulation of 300 million issues and an annual turnover of 30 million dollars.

After the high that comics had seen in the US in the 1930s and 1940s, things got worse for Timely in the 1950s too. McCarthyism, and especially Fredric Wertham's book " Seduction of the Innocent ", accused comics of having a harmful influence on children. The Comic Code Authority (CCA), which was the censorship authority for comics, was also founded at that time . As Atlas and Timely / Atlas, the publisher, like many of the times, mainly released monster, science fiction and romantic comics.

In the early 1960s, the publisher, inspired by DC Comics' boom through the revival of superheroes like the Flash , also relied on a superhero renaissance and was spot on. The Fantastic Four of Stan Lee and Jack Kirby was a great success and was soon accompanied by a flood of superhero titles. Some of the monster comics were also quickly converted into superhero titles, namely the Tales of Suspense (with the adventures of Iron Man and later Captain America ) and Tales to Astonish (which first had Giant-Man and the Wasp as the main characters, but later the Hulk and the Sub-Mariner was replaced). Other titles from the early days of Marvel were The Amazing Spider-Man, The Avengers, The Hulk, Daredevil, Journey Into Mystery (Thor), Strange Tales (initially Human Torch, later Dr. Strange and Nick Fury: Agent of SHIELD), The X -Men and some others. In addition to Lee, who wrote most of these titles himself, and Kirby, Steve Ditko , Werner Roth , Bill Everett , John Romita Sr. and Don Heck were the early creative contributors to the young Marvel Comics publisher. The first author next to Lee was to be Roy Thomas , who came up with the 1971 Kree Skrull War in the Avengers series , which is still referred to in Marvel Comics to this day.

In the 1970s, the public's interest in superheroes subsided and Marvel countered with an increased publication of horror comics such as Tomb of Dracula , Man-Thing or Werewolf by Night . In addition, Stan Lee reduced his workload and gave most of the series he wrote to other authors. During this decade, some masters of the comic art trade earned their first spurs at Marvel, Jim Starlin and Steve Gerber are examples. In the mid-1970s, Chris Claremont also stepped on the scene and took over the ailing X-Men series, which he breathed new life into. By the end of the decade, he and John Byrne had made the series, which was about to be discontinued, the flagship Marvel title, which it is to this day.

In 1978, the young Jim Shooter became editor in chief at Marvel and thoroughly reformed the company's established structures. Although not always loved by the workforce, Shooter managed to increase the quality of the series produced by the publisher to a level never reached. He also introduced annual crossover events where stories run across many series, encouraging readers to buy additional titles. This practice was only abandoned a few years ago.

After Frank Miller took on a darker, adult tone with the series Daredevil in 1981 , there was a real rush for grim vigilante superheroes from the late 1980s. The most important representative of this direction, known as "grim and gritty", was the Punisher at Marvel , which got its first miniseries in 1985.

In 1988, Marvel was bought by Ron Perelman , who floated the company and multiplied its title output during the comic book bubble of the early 1990s. The exodus of some of Marvel's star cartoonists ( Todd McFarlane , Erik Larsen , Jim Valentino and Marc Silvestri ), who founded the Image Comics publishing house , also took place at that time. In 1994 Marvel bought Malibu Comics , primarily to take advantage of the publisher's innovative computer coloring technology. The speculative bubble eventually burst, and Marvel was facing bankruptcy in the mid-1990s . Also during the 1990s, Marvel brought out the comic series for the MTV comic characters Beavis and Butthead , which was published in Germany by Dino Verlag .

Ultimately, the fortunes of the company ended up in the hands of Isaac Perlmutter, who headed the company together with Avi Arad , Bill Jemas and Joe Quesada . At the beginning of the new millennium, Marvel began to try new concepts under high pressure to succeed and landed one or the other success, which finally stabilized the sales figures, which had been falling since the mid-1990s. In particular, the Ultimate Comics , which provided modern reinterpretations of classic Marvel heroes, and the Marvel Knights label , which put Marvel's “street-level” heroes in the spotlight, were great successes. The Comics Code was abandoned by Marvel in 2001 in favor of its own rating system.

A period of big events followed. This began with the "Civil War" in 2005, which greatly changed the status quo of the Marvel universe. The sales generated by this story were the best since the 1990s and have significantly increased interest in comics among the US public. This was followed by the crossovers "World War Hulk" (2007), Secret Invasion (2008), "Siege" (2009-2010), Chaos War (2010-2011), Fear Itself (2011), Avengers vs. X-Men (2012), Age of Ultron (2013), Infinity (2013), Original Sin (2014), AXIS (2014), Secret Wars (2015-2016), Civil War II (2016), Inhumans vs. X-Men (2016-2017) and Secret Empire (2017).

In 2009, Marvel was bought by Disney . In 2012, a major transformation of the company began. Among other things, digital versions of the comics and an augmented reality app were developed as a supplement for smartphone and tablet users. In addition, with Marvel NOW! launched a great restart of the universe. Further reboots followed: "All-New, All-Different" (2015), NOW! 2.0 (2016), Legacy (2017) and Fresh Start (2018). These reboots went hand in hand with the aforementioned crossover events and the renumbering of the rows.

Satirical self-expression

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the publisher appeared intermittently in its own comics (specifically in the comics about the Marvel superheroes). In these self-portrayals, the publisher shows itself to be a kind of newspaper publisher that markets the adventures of most superheroes in comic form. A few times, however, the publisher also has to suffer from encounters with various superheroes or villains who devastate the offices because they did not find their presentation particularly tasteful. However, this car caricature was not the rule and gradually disappeared from practice.

In particular, the following comic titles should be named in this context:

  • Fantastic Four # 176 (1976)
  • Uncanny X-Men Annual (1st series) # 7 (1983)
  • The Thing # 7 (1984)
  • Sensational She-Hulk # 51 (1993)

Marvel Comics in Germany

In German-speaking countries, Marvel Comics were published by the following publishers:

Films and TV series (selection)

Over time, some superheroes and other comic books have been filmed or televised by Marvel and their imprints :

year Original title German title
1944 Captain America not published in Germany
1978 The Incredible Hulk The incredible Hulk
1979 Captain America Captain America
1986 Howard the Duck Howard - an animal hero
1989 The Punisher The Punisher
1990 Captain America Captain America
1994 Fantastic Four Fantastic Four
1998 Blade Blade
1998 Nick Fury: Agent of SHIELD Agent Nick Fury - assignment in Berlin
2000 X-Men X-Men
2002 Blade II Blade II
2002 Spider-Man Spider-Man
2003 Daredevil Daredevil
2003 X2 X-Men 2
2003 Hulk Hulk
2004 The Punisher The Punisher
2004 Spider-Man 2 Spider-Man 2
2004 Blade: Trinity Blade: Trinity
2005 Elektra Elektra
2005 Fantastic Four Fantastic Four
2005 Marvel's Man-Thing Marvel's Man-Thing
2006 X-Men: The Last Stand X-Men: The Last Stand
2006 Blade: The Series Blade - The hunt continues
2007 Ghost rider Ghost rider
2007 Spider-Man 3 Spider-Man 3
2007 Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer
2008 Iron man Iron man
2008 The Incredible Hulk The incredible Hulk
2008 Punisher: War Zone Punisher: War Zone
2009 X-Men Origins: Wolverine X-Men Origins: Wolverine
2010 Iron man 2 Iron man 2
2010 Kick-ass Kick-ass
2011 Thor Thor
2011 X-Men: First Class X-Men: First decision
2011 Captain America: The First Avenger Captain America - The First Avenger
2012 Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance
2012 The avengers Marvel's The Avengers
2012 The Amazing Spider-Man The Amazing Spider-Man
2013 Iron man 3 Iron man 3
2013 Thor: The Dark World Thor - The Dark Kingdom
2013 The Wolverine Wolverine: The way of the warrior
2013 Marvel's Agents of SHIELD Marvel's Agents of SHIELD
2013 Kick-Ass 2 Kick-Ass 2
2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier The Return of the First Avenger
2014 The Amazing Spider-Man 2 The Amazing Spider-Man 2: Rise of Electro
2014 Marvel One-Shot: All Hail the King not published in Germany
2014 X-Men: Days of Future Past X-Men: future is past
2014 Guardians of the Galaxy Guardians of the Galaxy
2015 Big Hero 6 Baymax - Huge Robowabohu
2015 Marvel's Agent Carter Marvel's Agent Carter
2015 Marvel's Daredevil Marvel's Daredevil
2015 Avengers: Age of Ultron Avengers: Age of Ultron
2015 Ant-Man Ant-Man
2015 Fantastic Four Fantastic Four
2015 Marvel's Jessica Jones Marvel's Jessica Jones
2016 Deadpool Deadpool
2016 Captain America: Civil War The First Avenger: Civil War
2016 X-Men: Apocalypse X-Men: Apocalypse
2016 Doctor Strange Doctor Strange
2016 Marvel's Luke Cage Marvel's Luke Cage
2017 legion legion
2017 Logan Logan - The Wolverine
2017 Marvel's Iron Fist Marvel's Iron Fist
2017 Marvel's Inhumans Marvel's Inhumans
2017 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2
2017 Spider-Man: Homecoming Spider-Man: Homecoming
2017 THOR: Ragnarok Thor: Decision day
2017 Marvel's The Defenders Marvel's The Defenders
2017 Marvel's The Punisher Marvel's The Punisher
2017 Marvel's Runaways Marvel's Runaways
2017 The Gifted The Gifted
2018 Black panther Black Panther (film)
2018 Avengers: Inifinity War Avengers: Infinity War
2018 Deadpool 2 Deadpool 2
2018 Ant-Man and the Wasp Ant-Man and the Wasp
2018 Venom Venom
2018 Marvel's Cloak & Dagger Marvel's Cloak & Dagger
2019 Captain Marvel Captain Marvel
2019 Avengers: Endgame Avengers: Endgame
2019 X-Men: Dark Phoenix X-Men: Dark Phoenix
2019 Spider-Man: Far From Home Spider-Man: Far From Home
2020 New Mutants New Mutants

Video games (selection)

A wide variety of Marvel characters also appear in video games of various publishers and genres.

title year Character (s) platform Publisher
Spider-Man 1982 Spider-Man Atari 2600 Parker Brothers
Howard the Duck 1986 Howard the Duck Commodore 64, MSX, CPC, ZX Spectrum Activision
The Amazing Spider-Man and Captain America in Dr. Doom's Revenge! 1989 Various Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, DOS, ZX Spectrum Empire Software and Medalist International (UK), Paragon Software Corporation (USA)
Silver surfer 1990 Silver surfer NES Arcadia Systems
The Punisher: Ultimate Payback 1991 The Punisher Game Boy LJN
Wolverine 1991 Wolverine NES LJN
Spider-Man: The Video Game 1991 Spider-Man Arcade Sega
X-Men 1992 X-Men Arcade, PlayStation Network, Xbox Live Arcade, iOS, Android Konami
Wolverine: Adamantium Rage 1994 Wolverine Sega Mega Drive / Genesis, SNES Acclaim Entertainment
X-Men: Children of the Atom 1994 X-Men Arcade, Sega Saturn, PC, PlayStation Capcom
Marvel Super Heroes 1995 Various Arcade, Sega Saturn, PlayStation Capcom
Marvel vs. Capcom: Clash of Super Heroes 1999 Various Arcade, PlayStation, Dreamcast Capcom
Blade 2000 Blade Game Boy Color, PlayStation Activision
Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes 2000 Various Arcade, Dreamcast, PlayStation 2, Xbox Capcom
Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro 2001 Spider-Man PlayStation Activision
X-Men: Next Dimension 2002 X-Men PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube Activision
Spider-Man 2 2004 Spider-Man Nintendo GameCube, Xbox, PC, Mac OS X, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, N-Gage Activision, MacPlay, Taito
X-Men Legends 2004 X-Men PlayStation 2, GameCube, Xbox, N-Gage Activision
Fantastic Four 2005 Fantastic Four PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube, Microsoft Windows, Game Boy Advance Activision
The Incredible Hulk: Ultimate Destruction 2005 Hulk PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube Sierra Entertainment
Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2006 Various PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, Game Boy Advance, PSP, PC, Xbox Activision
Iron man 2008 Iron man PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Wii, Nintendo DS, Xbox 360, Mobile, PC Sega
Marvel Super Hero Squad 2009 Various Nintendo DS, Wii, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable THQ
Marvel pinball 2010 Various Nintendo 3DS, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Xbox 360 Zen Studios
Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds 2011 Various PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Capcom
Thor: God of Thunder 2011 Thor PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Nintendo DS, Wii, Nintendo 3DS Sega
The Amazing Spider Man 2013 Spider-Man Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii, Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo DS, Windows Activision Blizzard Germany
Marvel Heroes 2013 Various Windows, OS X Gazillion Entertainment
Deadpool 2013 Deadpool PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Windows High Moon Studios (Activision)
Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2013 Various Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Wii U, Nintendo DS, Nintendo 3DS, PlayStation Vita, Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment
The Amazing Spider Man 2 2014 Spider-Man Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Wii U, Nintendo 3DS, Windows, PlayStation 4 Activision Blizzard Germany
Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy The Telltale Series 2017 Guardians of the Galaxy Xbox One, Playstation 4, Windows, Nintendo Switch Telltale Games
Spider Man 2018 Spider-Man Playstation 4 Sony Interactive Entertainment
Marvel Strike Force 2018 Various Android & iOS FoxNext

In January 2014, some license agreements between Marvel and various publishers, including Activision and Capcom , expired. As a result, all titles from these publishers with a reference to Marvel are no longer available as download versions in all online markets. The retail versions are not affected.

Naming of flies

In July 2020 it was published that Australian scientists named five species of flies after Marvel heroes and villains. Including Thor, Loki and Deadpool.

See also

Web links

Commons : Marvel Comics  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Marvel Entertainment Appoints CB Cebulski as New Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief , November 17, 2017.
  2. ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007. (PDF; 904 kB) Marvel Entertainment, Inc., March 24, 2008, p. 27 , archived from the original on March 26, 2009 ; accessed on February 25, 2014 .
  3. Augmented Reality: App brings Marvel Comics to life , Netzwelt, March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  4. Marvel Wants You To Join The ReEvolution , March 3, 2012. Accessed September 15, 2018
  5. Marvels Many Reboots May 9, 2018, accessed September 15, 2018.
  6. activision: deadpool-und-other-marvel-titles-online-no-longer-available. (No longer available online.) In: . January 6, 2014, archived from the original on February 24, 2014 ; Retrieved February 19, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Researchers name flies after Marvel characters. Kronenzeitung, print, July 30, 2020, p. 12.