Daredevil ( English for daredevil, devil guy ) is a superhero character who appears in the comics of the same name by the American publisher Marvel Comics . The character was created by comic book writer Stan Lee and the cartoonists Bill Everett and Jack Kirby . She had her first appearance in 1964 in Daredevil # 1. In 2003 a feature film with Daredevil as the main character was released, in 2015 a live series .
Character description and development
The young Matt Murdock saves a blind passer-by from a collision with a truck. In the process, he himself is hit and the cargo, a radioactive liquid, is poured over him. Although he loses his eyesight through this accident, his remaining senses are superhumanly sharpened. His single father, the boxer Jack Murdock, supports his son in his law studies because he wants a better life for him. Before Matt even graduates, his father is murdered by criminals after he refuses to purposely lose a boxing match. Matt opens a small law firm with longtime friend Franklin "Foggy" Nelson after his father dies. He makes a costume out of his father's boxer coat, which he wears while looking for his father's murderers. He hunted them down, but decided to continue the hunt for criminals as "Daredevil".
In doing so, he relies on his heightened senses and the skills that were taught to him at a young age by Stick, a ninja master. The name of the alter ego comes from his childhood. Matt, who was learning to be a lawyer, was ironically called "bastard" by the kids in his neighborhood.
The setting is usually Hell's Kitchen in New York City . The best-known opponents include the crime boss Wilson Fisk alias "Kingpin" , the mercenary "Bullseye" and the assassin Elektra , who was trained to be Kunoichi by the Japanese organization "Die Hand" . The latter's real name is Elektra Natchios and is on the one hand a close friend of Matt Murdock from his student days, but on the other hand also a dangerous opponent of Daredevil.
Daredevil was created by Stan Lee and the illustrator Bill Everett . He had his first appearance in the United States in Daredevil No. 1 from 1964. At the beginning of the comic series, Daredevil wore a yellow costume before he got his typical red costume with the double "D" on the chest in issue 7. In the late 1960s, Gene Colan took over as a draftsman.
In 1979 Frank Miller first became a draftsman, and since issue 168 has also been the author of Daredevil . He revised the series and gave it "tough scenarios and an expressive, action-oriented drawing style." Kingpin , who until then was actually an antagonist of Spider-Man , and Bullseye made Miller new main opponents and he introduced a new character with the hit man Elektra .
The series ran until 1998 and reached issue No. 380 and was then restarted with a numbering beginning again from No. 1. In 2001, the author Brian Michael Bendis came to the series and developed the role of the superhero further by exposing Daredevil's secret identity in the press and ultimately ending up in prison. The author Ed Brubaker followed suit . The second series ran to No. 119. On the occasion of the 500th Daredevil issue, the numbering of the first series was continued with No. 500 and ended with issue 512. In 2011, the comic author Mark Waid took over the series and the numbering began again at No. 1. Chris Samnee has been the regular draftsman since issue 12 . The series ended in 2014 with number 36. The fourth Daredevil series was then started with the same creative team and a new issue 1.
In addition to some sub-titles such as Daredevil Annual or Daredevil: Father , Daredevil had guest appearances in various series: In Fantastic Four , Spider-Man , The Avengers , Elektra , What If , Marvel Knights , Defenders or in Marvel Comics Presents .
Publication history in German-speaking countries
In German-speaking countries, the first translated Daredevil story appeared in 1968 in the comic series HIT-Comics No. 34 by BSV Verlag under the title Devil Man , which was a black and white reprint of the US edition of Daredevil No. 31. It was followed by over a dozen other publications in non-chronological order in the Hit Comics series and later in the The Demon series . In 1974, Williams Verlag published Daredevil under the name The Demon as a second series in the magazines of the Fantastischen Vier , starting with No. 1 in each magazine and ending with number 124 in 1978.
After that, Daredevil , as it is now called after the American original, has only appeared in individual editions, short series or individual anthologies by the publishers Condor , Feest Comics , Marvel Germany and Panini Verlag . The series has been published by Panini Verlag since 2000, starting with the first issue of the second US series. After the publisher stopped the series after three attempts after a few issues, the series appeared from 2003 in the anthology series Marvel Exklusiv, until the title hero received his own anthology series in 2008. After the series was restarted in the United States in 2011, Panini started the anthologies with a new number 1 from 2012.
Appearance of the figure in other media
- In 1981 Daredevil made his first brief appearance on television, on an episode of Spider-Man and His Extraordinary Friends
- Daredevil starred alongside the Marvel cartoon character Hulk in The Creepy Hulk in Court from 1989 .
- In the 1990s Daredevil appeared in an episode of The Fantastic Four with new adventures .
- Also in the 1990s, the character appeared in the television series New Spider-Man .
- In 2003 the comic starring Ben Affleck was filmed . Daredevil's enemies in the film are Kingpin and Bullseye. As with the comics, the Daredevil film was followed by an Elektra offshoot , which was released in German-speaking cinemas in 2005 under the title Elektra .
- In Iron Man: Armored Adventures (from 2009) there was an appearance by Daredevil .
- In April 2015, the streaming provider Netflix released a 13-part first season of a real-life series entitled Marvel's Daredevil as part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe . A second season followed in March 2016, and a third season in 2018, both also with 13 episodes. Another Netflix series followed in 2017 with Marvel's The Defenders , in which Daredevil appears alongside Jessica Jones, Iron Fist and Luke Cage.
Reception and effect
In the 1970s, Daredevil was not very successful. In the 1980s, the series became very popular with Frank Miller's new style. This also applied to Miller himself, whose first comic was Daredevil and who was thus able to create his first graphic novel with Ronin in 1983 . He later took up the Elektra he had created in the form of a series of his own. Richard Reynolds calls the 1987 Kirby Award- winning story Daredevil - Born Again one of Miller's “broad parables about the dark side of the American dream” . The draftsman David Mazzucchelli succeeds “excellently in capturing the mood and immersing the scenes from Murdock's private life in an atmosphere of permanent threat.” The action scenes are skillfully and vividly staged with different perspectives.
In 1986 the series had already received the Kirby Award for the story Apocalypse . She also received an Eisner Award in 2003 for author Brian Michael Bendis and illustrator Alex Maleev. Four more Eisner Awards followed in 2012 and 2013. In 2007 author Ed Brubaker received a Harvey Award for his work on Daredevil . Empire magazine named Daredevil 37th of the "50 Best Comic Characters". He is one of the first of the dark, unscrupulous anti-heroes of Marvel and equipped with a charming, contradicting personality.
- Comic Book DB on the comic series (English)
- German publication by Feest Verlag and reference to publications by Panini in the German Comic Guide
- Daredevil in Animation - A Retrospective. Marvel Animation Age, archived from the original on April 7, 2013 ; Retrieved April 22, 2009 .
-  Stefan Schlüter and Gernot Zipperling - The BSV / Williams era, accessed on March 5, 2015
- Andreas C. Knigge: Comics - From mass paper to multimedia adventure . Rowohlt, 1996, p. 155.
- Paul Gravett (eds.) And Andreas C. Knigge (transl.): 1001 comics that you should read before life is over . Zurich 2012, Edition Olms. P. 501.
- Andreas C. Knigge: Comics - From mass paper to multimedia adventure . Rowohlt, 1996. p. 158.
- The 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters. Empire , archived from the original on April 6, 2013 ; Retrieved April 26, 2009 .