Steven Spielberg

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Spielberg at Comic-Con in San Diego in July 2017
Steven Spielberg Signature.svg

Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati , Ohio ) is an American film director , film producer , screenwriter and actor . Measured by the box office income of his films, he is the most successful director to date and the second most successful producer (after Kevin Feige ).

His best-known films, often characterized by dreams, fears and adventures, include Jaws (1975), ET - The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), Jurassic Park (1993), Schindler's List (1993), Saving Private Ryan (1998), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Lincoln (2012), Ready Player One (2018) and the four-part Indiana Jones series (1981-2008).

Spielberg has already been nominated fifteen times for an Oscar (including Raiders of the Lost Treasure , Munich , Lincoln ) and won it three times, twice (film, direction) in 1994 for Schindler's List and in 1999 for his directorial work on Saving Private Ryan . He is a multiple Golden Globe and Emmy Prize winner .

Life

Childhood and directorial debut

Steven Allan Spielberg was born to Jewish parents in Cincinnati , Ohio . His father was the electrical engineer Arnold Spielberg (1917–2020), his mother was Leah Posner (1920–2017), who worked as a concert pianist until they married in 1945. Spielberg's paternal ancestors come from the Ukraine, which was then part of the Russian Empire ; his grandfather Samuel came from Kamyanets-Podilskyj , his mother Rebecca from Sudylkiv . He has three younger sisters: Anne (* 1949), Susan (1953) and Nancy (1956).

He spent his childhood in Haddonfield , New Jersey , then from 1957 in Phoenix , Arizona . Spielberg grew up well looked after, was an average student and socially more of a loner, as he was often bullied in school because of his dyslexia . Due to his talent in photography, however, he achieved a medal of merit with the boy scouts. As a ten-year-old, Spielberg was already filming with an 8mm camera that his father gave him because he had criticized the quality of family films. As a war veteran, his father made it possible for his son to shoot with discarded military aircraft, among other things. Even then he was very interested in World War II, also because his father was an officer and pilot in the United States Air Force .

One of his first recordings is the film about the collision of two trains. At the age of thirteen he won a film competition with the 40-minute war film Escape to Nowhere (1961). His 140-minute science fiction film Firelight followed in 1963 .

He earned the footage for his first production, an 8mm western of four minutes, by liming the citrus plants in the neighborhood. The house in ET says it is a fairly accurate reconstruction of the house he lived in as a child. Likewise, ET was part of his childhood, a dream in his youth, and his imaginary friend on troubled days such as B. the divorce of his parents. As a result, the threat to the family and their values ​​is a constant problem in his films for Spielberg even today. In the same way, horror scenes from Poltergeist are to be understood as autobiographical. Back then, Arizona had mostly clear nights and as a child (and still today) he was enthusiastic about astronomy and UFOs . For Firelight from 1964, his father rented a cinema in Scottsdale . After a production cost of $ 500, it generated $ 600 in revenue. The family then moved to California , where the parents soon divorced.

Film career

Spielberg twice applied to the University of Southern California to study film, but was rejected both times. Eventually he began studying English literature at California State University, Long Beach . Due to his film career, he was only able to complete his studies in 2002. In 1969 Spielberg's 35mm short Amblin ' became his ticket to Hollywood when it was shown at the Atlanta Film Festival . The only 22-year-old received a seven-year contract in the television division of Universal Pictures , where he mainly directed television films and series for four years. The first thing he did was shoot an episode for Rod Serling's Night Gallery with Joan Crawford . He then staged individual series episodes, for example for Dr. med Marcus Welby or Columbo . He caused a sensation with the television film Duell , which was distributed in theaters in Europe. With his first feature film The Sugarland Express he had a financial failure and his (unsuccessful) cinema debut, but he received very good grades from many critics. At the age of 27, he won over international critics with his first film, who soon described him as a child prodigy. His second film The Jaws was already a great commercial success in 1975 and the most profitable film of all time to date, despite many difficulties such as the weather or problematic film technology. It took a few years for Jaws to be considered the first modern blockbuster in film history. Financially, it wasn't surpassed until two years after the release of Jaws with George Lucas's film Star Wars . Dozens of cinema hits followed, such as the Close Encounters of the Third Kind or the Indiana Jones tetralogy, in which he developed the character Indiana Jones together with George Lucas and the genre of the film was even more animated by their mutual fascination. He broke his own record in 1982 with ET - The Extra-Terrestrial , which achieved even higher box-office earnings and was the top-selling film in cinema history for eleven years. His 1982 film Poltergeist and 1983 television series Twilight Zone added to his existing image as a Disney legacy. The film industry stopped Spielberg after some fatal failures and little success such as B. through 1941 - Where please goes to Hollywood (1979), Always (1989) and Peter Pan's Sequel Hook (1991) for obsolete. In the late 80s Spielberg was mainly active as a producer and at the same time increasingly turned to the production of television programs. Spielberg's most successful year came in 1993, when both the blockbuster and his comeback Jurassic Park and Schindler's List were published. While Jurassic Park broke numerous box-office records again and, with grossing 920 million dollars, was considered the most successful film in the world for over five years, Schindler's list was also a critical hit. In this film, Spielberg openly deals with his Jewish identity and anti-Semitism in Europe for the first time and was able to successfully stage it with simple filming, no crane trips and the use of handheld cameras. His parents, Arnold Spielberg and Leah Posner, are descendants of Jewish refugees who emigrated to America for fear of Russian pogroms . He also processed this story in encrypted form in the cartoon Feivel, the mouse wanderer, which he produced . In early 1994, Schindler's list was awarded seven Oscars , including in the categories of Director and Best Picture, both of which went to Spielberg. His image as a big little boy and fairy tale uncle, which has stuck to him since ET , he could finally shed. Spielberg has spent most of his film career to date with technically gifted and technically brilliant entertainment films.

At the beginning of 2007 Spielberg began his work on The Adventures of Tintin , a 3D adaptation (planned as a trilogy). Spielberg first worked with Peter Jackson . The first part was directed by Spielberg and produced by Jackson, the second part is supposed to be directed by Jackson.

In 2013 he headed the competition jury at the 66th Cannes International Film Festival

Spielberg announced in 2016 that he would film the life of Lynsey Addario with Jennifer Lawrence in the lead role.

Private

Spielberg married actress Amy Irving in 1985 , with whom he has a son. After the divorce, he married actress Kate Capshaw in 1991 , whom he met while filming Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom . The couple have three birth children and two adopted children. Kate Capshaw brought her daughter Jessica Capshaw into the marriage. His godchildren are Drew Barrymore and Gwyneth Paltrow . He lives in Hollywood with Kate Capshaw and their five children.

His professional circle of friends includes directors such as George Lucas , Robert Zemeckis , Barbra Streisand , Richard Attenborough , Chris Columbus , Peter Jackson and Barry Levinson as well as the actors Tom Hanks and Tom Cruise and the composer John Williams .

Spielberg has a net worth of $ 3.4 billion, according to Forbes .

The name Spielberg is related to a castle of the same name in Austria.

Production company

His own film production company Amblin Entertainment , which he named after his short film Amblin , was founded in 1982 on the premises of Universal Studios . In 1994 he founded the independent film studio DreamWorks SKG with his friends Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen , which was sold to Paramount Pictures in 2005 due to financial problems . On December 16, 2015 he founded Amblin Partners together with Jeff Skoll from Participant Media , Anil Ambani from Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group and Darren Throop from Entertainment One .

Cooperation and friendship with John Williams

John Williams

Spielberg has been close friends with the American film music composer John Williams since 1974 . Spielberg repeatedly emphasizes that Williams is the greatest musical storyteller of all. The collaboration between Spielberg and Williams has so far resulted in 26 works, the first of which was the film "Sugarland Express". With the exception of Die Farbe Lila (1985), Williams composed the music for all films directed by Spielberg until 2012. In 2015, Spielberg worked with another composer for the first time due to Williams's health problems: Thomas Newman wrote the music for Bridge of Spies - The Negotiator .

Influences and characteristics

Spielberg's development is primarily influenced by filmmakers like Stanley Kubrick , Walt Disney , Alfred Hitchcock , John Ford , Frank Capra , David Lean , Orson Welles and Akira Kurosawa ; he had personal contact with many of them. But his enthusiasm for cartoons , comics , pictures by Norman Rockwell and especially television have left visible traces in his work. Before each new film shoot, Spielberg says he always watches the films The Seven Samurai , Lawrence of Arabia , Isn't Life Beautiful? and the black hawk on.

Spielberg 1990

As a fan of the television series Twilight Zone , he produced a feature film for the series. As a self- confessed Trekkie , Spielberg shares the unifying view of the television series Raumschiff Enterprise and alludes to it in his films, most recently with the Vulcan salute between an African American and a Latino in Terminal or by Marty McFly (played by Michael J. Fox ) in Back to Die Future . The typical hallmarks of Spielberg films are mainly the satisfaction of the interests and wishes of the mass audience as well as precise observation of everyday situations, the confrontation of average American types with highly extraordinary events, a childishly naive and seriously humanistic message of reconciliation, impressive light and special effects such as Fireworks that have appeared in films such as Close Encounters of the Third Kind and 1941 Where Are You Going to Hollywood ? Many unfamiliar perspectives, a mostly thoroughly choreographed relationship between camera work and actors as well as a staging that intensely appeals to the emotions of the audience ( suspense , laughter , shuddering , also disgust and crying ) are other specific characteristics of Spielberg. Most of his films are characterized by his technical preference, very good command of the cinematic craft and a lot of movement (stunts). This makes it easy for him to manipulate the audience with his imagination and to draw the audience into the action scenes. The combination of fear and amazement, as in ET through the appearance of the mother ship and in Jurassic Park through the appearance of the dinosaurs, is supposed to keep the viewer in constant tension. At Spielberg, melodramatic effects can be discovered in many films, especially the war films, which often come to the fore through strong backlighting, smoke and night scenes. It is also noticeable that in his films children rarely die and are often at the center of the plot - in genres in which this was previously untypical: war film ( The Empire of the Sun ), science fiction ( ET , Jurassic Park ) and utopia ( AI - Artificial Intelligence ) . Another characteristic of Spielberg is that he does not leave much room for the further development of his film characters and is more interested in technical film and aids. To this day, Spielberg remains true to his principle of alternating between making challenging and mainly entertaining films: In June 2005, the remake of War of the Worlds was released in cinemas; Munich (2005) is a film about the controversial revenge campaign of the Israeli secret service Mossad after the Palestinian attack on the 1972 Summer Olympics , in which eleven Israeli athletes were killed. For many years he has worked with producer Kathleen Kennedy , film composer John Williams and film editor Michael Kahn . Since Schindler's List is Janusz Kamiński be fixed cameraman.

Social Commitment

In 1994 Spielberg initiated the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation - a non-profit organization that archives testimony from survivors of the Shoah for educational purposes. For this he was awarded the Great Order of Merit with Star of the Federal Republic of Germany on September 10, 1998 .

Spielberg promotes the next generation in Hollywood through personal and financial commitment, for example at the universities that rejected him at the time. Another generation change is announced, and so it is among others Spielberg films that are now making young talents of the MTV generation want to become directors.

Another of his many foundation projects is the Starbright Foundation , which helps seriously ill children. Spielberg also asserted his considerable sociopolitical influence in the election campaign for the US presidency - by actively supporting democratic candidates like John Kerry and previously Bill Clinton .

At the request of children, he received the international award of Knight of the Order of Smiles .

In November 2015, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama .

Filmography (selection)

Director

script

production

executive producer

actor

Awards (selection)

Films in the top 250 of the IMDb
space Movie
006th Schindlers List
027 The soldier James Ryan
056 Hunter of the lost treasure
119 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
166 Jurassic Park
197 Catch Me If You Can
year price category Movie Result
1971 Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival Grand Prize duel Won
1974 Cannes Film Festival Best script Sugarland Express Won
1978 Saturn Awards Best script Close encounter of the third kind Won
1978 Saturn Awards Best director Close encounter of the third kind Won
1978 Oscar Best director Close encounter of the third kind Nominated
1979 British Fantasy Award Best movie Close encounter of the third kind Won
1982 Oscar Best director Hunter of the lost treasure Nominated
1982 Saturn Awards Best director Hunter of the lost treasure Won
1982 Boston Society of Film Critics Award Best director Hunter of the lost treasure Won
1982 American Movie Awards Best director Hunter of the lost treasure Won
1982 Kinema Junpo Awards Best foreign language film Hunter of the lost treasure Won
1982 British Fantasy Award Best movie Hunter of the lost treasure Won
1982 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award Best movie ET - The Alien Won
1982 ShoWest Convention Director of the year Unit price Won
1983 Jupiter Best movie ET - The Alien Won
1983 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award Best director ET - The Alien Won
1983 David di Donatello Best Director - Foreign Film ET - The Alien Won
1983 Boston Society of Film Critics Award Best director ET - The Alien Won
1983 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director ET - The Alien Won
1983 Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best director ET - The Alien Won
1983 National Society of Film Critics Awards Best director ET - The Alien Won
1983 Jupiter Best movie ET - The Alien Won
1983 Fotogramas de Plata Best foreign language film ET - The Alien Won
1983 Blue Ribbon Awards Best foreign language film ET - The Alien Won
1983 Kinemy Junpo Awards Best foreign language film ET - The Alien Won
1983 Sant Jordi Award Best children's film ET - The Alien Won
1983 Oscar Best director ET - The Alien Nominated
1983 Oscar Best movie ET - The Alien Nominated
1983 Hasty Pudding Theatricals Man of the year Unit price Won
1984 Giffoni Film Festival Nocciola d'Oro Unit price Won
1986 David di Donatello Best producer - foreign film Back to the Future Won
1986 Directors Guild of America Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film The colour purple Won
1986 Blue Ribbon Awards Best foreign language film The colour purple Won
1986 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director The colour purple Won
1986 Oscar Best movie The colour purple Nominated
1987 Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award artistic achievement Won
1987 Christopher Awards Best movie The realm of the sun Won
1987 National Board of Review Best movie The realm of the sun Won
1987 National Board of Review Best director The realm of the sun Won
1987 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director The realm of the sun Won
1987 Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best director The realm of the sun Won
1990 British Fantasy Award Best movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Won
1993 Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 People's Choice Awards Best movie Jurassic Park Won
1994 Český lev Best foreign language film Jurassic Park Won
1994 Blue Ribbon Awards Best foreign language film Jurassic Park Won
1994 Saturn Awards Best science fiction film Jurassic Park Won
1994 Saturn Awards Best director Jurassic Park Won
1994 People's Choice Awards People's Choice Awards Honoree Unit price Won
1994 Young Artist Awards Jackie Coogan Award Unit price Won
1994 ShoWest Convention Director of the year Unit price Won
1994 Chicago Film Critics Association Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Golden Globe Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Golden Globe Best film - drama Schindlers List Won
1994 National Society of Film Critics Awards Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Dallas Fort Worth Film Critics Association Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Oscar Best director Schindlers List Won
1994 Oscar Best movie Schindlers List Won
1994 BAFTA Awards Best movie Schindlers List Won
1994 Directors Guild of America Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film Schindlers List Won
1994 Amanda Best foreign language film Schindlers List Won
1994 Hochi Film Awards Best foreign language film Schindlers List Won
1995 Kinema Junpo Awards Best foreign language film Schindlers List Won
1995 Mainichini Film Concours Best foreign language film Schindlers List Won
1995 PGA Golden Laurel Awards Best producer Schindlers List Won
1995 London Critics' Circle Film Awards Best director Schindlers List Won
1995 César Honorary award Unit price Won
1995 American Film Institute Life's work Unit price Won
1998 Federal Cross of Merit (for dealing with the Holocaust) - Schindlers List Won
1998 PGA Golden Laurel Awards Theatrical Motion Pictures Amistad Won
1998 Rembrandt Awards Best director Forgotten World: Jurassic Park Won
1998 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1998 Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1998 Toronto Film Critics Association Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1998 Russian Guild of Film Critics Best foreign language film The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1998 European Film Awards Screen International Award The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Chicago Film Critics Association Best director The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Oscar Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Oscar Best movie The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Golden Globe Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Golden Globe Best film - drama The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Empire Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Online Film Critics Society Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Directors Guild of America Awards Best film director The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 PGA Golden Laurel Awards Best producer The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best foreign language film The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Český lev Best foreign language film The soldier James Ryan Won
1999 Amanda Best foreign language film The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 London Film Critics' Circle Director of the year The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Satellite Awards Best director The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Satellite Awards Best film - drama The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 BAFTA Awards David Lean Award for Directing The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 BAFTA Awards Best movie The soldier James Ryan Nominated
1999 Directors Guild of America Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film The soldier James Ryan Won
2000 Directors Guild of America Lifetime Achievement Award Unit price Won
2000 NAACP Image Award Vanguard Award Unit price Won
2000 PGA Golden Laurel Awards PGA Hall of Fame - Motion Picture ET - The Alien Won
2001 Venice International Film Festival Future Film Festival Digital Award AI - Artificial Intelligence Won
2002 Emmy Best Mini-Series or TV Movie Band of Brothers - We were like brothers Won
2002 Golden Globe Best Mini-Series or TV Movie Band of Brothers - We were like brothers Won
2002 PGA Golden Laurel Awards Best producer of the year Band of Brothers - We were like brothers Won
2002 Christopher Awards Television and Cable Band of Brothers - We were like brothers Won
2002 AFI Awards TV movie or mini-series of the year Band of Brothers - We were like brothers Won
2002 Saturn Awards Best director AI - Artificial Intelligence Nominated
2002 Empire Awards Best director AI - Artificial Intelligence Nominated
2002 Golden Globe Best director AI - Artificial Intelligence Nominated
2002 Online Film Critics Society Awards Best adapted script AI - Artificial Intelligence Nominated
2002 Saturn Awards Best script AI - Artificial Intelligence Won
2002 Mainichini Film Concours Best foreign language film AI - Artificial Intelligence Won
2002 Hollywood Film Festival Hollywood movie of the year Minority Report Won
2002 European Film Awards Screen International Award Minority Report Nominated
2003 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best foreign language director Minority Report Nominated
2003 Cinema Writers Circle Awards Best foreign language film Minority Report Nominated
2003 César Best foreign language film Minority Report Nominated
2003 Online Film Critics Society Awards Best director Minority Report Nominated
2003 Saturn Awards Best science fiction film Minority Report Won
2003 Saturn Awards Best director Minority Report Won
2003 Empire Awards Best director Minority Report Won
2003 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director Minority Report Won
2004 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director Catch Me If You Can Won
2004 Akira Kurosawa Award Tokyo International Film Festival Unit price Won
2005 Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Awards Best director Munich Won
2005 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best director Munich Won
2006 Golden Eagle Awards Best foreign language film Munich Nominated
2006 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director Munich Nominated
2006 Online Film Society Awards Best director Munich Nominated
2006 Directors Guild of America Best director Munich Nominated
2006 Oscar Best director Munich Nominated
2006 Oscar Best movie Munich Nominated
2006 Golden Globe Best Director - Drama Munich Nominated
2006 Saturn Awards Best director war of the Worlds Nominated
2006 Empire Awards Best director war of the Worlds Nominated
2006 International Emmy Award Founders Award Unit price Won
2007 Oscar Best movie Letters from Iwo Jima Nominated
2009 Saturn Awards Best director Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Nominated
2009 Golden Globe Life's work (presented by Martin Scorsese ) Unit price Won
2010 Motion Picture Sound Editors Filmmaker's Award Unit price Won
2010 Emmy Best mini series The Pacific Won
2011 PGA Golden Laurel Awards Best producer of the year The Pacific Won
2011 AFI Awards TV program of the year The Pacific Won
2011 Satellite Awards Best director Companions (War Horse) Nominated
2011 Southeastern Film Critics Association Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2011 Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2011 Toronto Film Critics Association Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Won
2011 Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Won
2012 Robert Festival Best American Film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Saturn Awards Best director The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Saturn Awards Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 BAFTA Awards Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Online Film Critics Society Awards Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Central Ohio Film Critics Association Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Chicago Film Critics Association Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Nominated
2012 Golden Globe Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Won
2012 PGA Awards Best animated film The adventures of Tim and Struppi Won
2012 Christopher Awards Feature films Companions Won
2012 Oscar Best movie Companions Nominated
2012 Empire Awards Best director Companions Nominated
2012 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director Companions Nominated
2012 AFI Awards Film of the year Companions Won
2012 AFI Awards Film of the year Lincoln Won
2012 Satellite Awards Best director Lincoln Nominated
2012 Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Best director Lincoln Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best director Lincoln Nominated
2013 Golden Globe Best director Lincoln Nominated
2013 Oscar Best director Lincoln Nominated
2013 Oscar Best movie Lincoln Nominated
2013 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize Special Achievement Award Lincoln Won
2016 Oscar Best movie Bridge of Spies - The Negotiator Nominated
2018 Oscar Best movie The publisher Nominated

The asteroid (25930) Spielberg was named after him. In 2005 he was inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame.

Order of the British Empire

In 2001, Spielberg was made Knight Commander (honorary) of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth .

Since he is not a subject of the British Queen, he was not knighted and may not prefix his name with a Sir (but add the abbreviation KBE after his name).

literature

  • Antje Goldau, Hans Helmut Prinzler : Spielberg. Films as toys. Series: Edition Films, 3. With contribution from Fritz Göttler. Filmland, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-88690-062-2 . (With bibliography).
  • Tony Crawley: Steven Spielberg. The success story. (OT: The Steven Spielberg Story. ) Heyne, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-453-03409-0 .
  • Frank Schnelle: The Spielberg Factory. Childhood dreams in the cinema. Heyne, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-453-06548-4 .
  • Andrew Yule: Steven Spielberg. The conquest of Hollywood. (OT: Steven Spielberg. Father of the Man. His Incredible Life, Tumultuous Times and Record-Breaking Movies. ) Lichtenberg, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-7852-8400-4 .
  • Georg Seeßlen : Steven Spielberg and his films. Schüren, Marburg 2001, ISBN 3-89472-335-1 .
  • Susan Goldman Rubin: "Steven Spielberg - crazy for movies", Harry N. Abrams Verlag, New York 2002, ISBN 978-0-8109-4492-3 , illustrated book in English
  • Roberto Daniel: Remembrance and Redemption: Religious Traces in the Work of Steven Spielberg. In: Thomas Bohrmann, Werner Veith, Stephan Zöller (Eds.): Handbuch Theologie und Popular Film. Volume 1. Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 2007, ISBN 978-3-506-72963-7 , pp. 189-200.
  • Drew Bassett, Marcus Stiglegger: [Article] Steven Spielberg . In: Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, descriptions of works, filmographies. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008 [3rd, updated and expanded edition; 1st edition 1999], ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 703-708 [with references].
  • Joseph McBride: Steven Spielberg: a biography , Univ. Press of Mississippi, Jackson, Miss. 2010, ISBN 978-1-60473-836-0 .
  • Richard Schickel : Steven Spielberg. His films, his life. Knesebeck, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-86873-421-8 . (Retrospective of his work as a director for 28 films from Duel to Lincoln with over 400 photos).
  • Molly Haskell: Steven Spielberg: a life in films , New Haven: Yale University Press, [2017], ISBN 978-0-300-18693-2
  • Jörg Breitenfeld, Jörg Liemann: Steven Spielberg - Tiefenscharfe Analyzes , epubli, June 2018, ISBN 978-3-7467-3215-2

Web links

Commons : Steven Spielberg  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Box Office Mojo - People Index (director). Retrieved March 30, 2018 .
  2. ^ Box Office Mojo - People Index (Producer). Retrieved March 30, 2018 .
  3. Zeitlexikon, Volume 14, Page 15, ISBN 3-411-17574-5
  4. Interview with Arnold Spielberg. Retrieved August 27, 2020 .
  5. ^ Gary Ross - Munzinger Biographie. In: munzinger.de. Retrieved November 29, 2015 .
  6. limited preview in the Google book search
  7. Short article on Spielberg's dyslexia
  8. Tony Crawley: Steven Spielberg - A Success Story . Heyne, Munich 1989, German first edition, ISBN 3-453-03409-0 , p. 17, p. 19, p. 20, p. 24, p. 18, p. 18 f., P. 11 f., P. 27 f.
  9. ^ War reporter Lynsey Addario: The last mission - Sunday - World - Tagesspiegel. In: tagesspiegel.de . March 14, 2016, accessed April 4, 2016 .
  10. ^ Steven Spielberg at forbes.com, accessed September 8, 2014
  11. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/17/business/media/steven-spielberg-and-dreamworks-studios-in-deal-to-form-new-company.html?_r=0
  12. Brent Lang: Spielberg-Hanks Cold War Film Titled 'Bridge of Spies,' John Williams Won't Compose Score. Variety , March 18, 2015, accessed September 15, 2015 .
  13. Steven Spielberg at Kino.de
  14. The Top 250 of the IMDb (as of April 25, 2020)
  15. Steven Spielberg. In: Science Fiction Awards Database. Retrieved November 22, 2017 .
  16. not listed in DNB under Spielberg