Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati , Ohio ) is an American film director , film producer , screenwriter and actor . Measured by the box office income of his films, he is the most successful director to date and the second most successful producer (after Kevin Feige ).
His best-known films, often characterized by dreams, fears and adventures, include Jaws (1975), ET - The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), Jurassic Park (1993), Schindler's List (1993), Saving Private Ryan (1998), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Lincoln (2012), Ready Player One (2018) and the four-part Indiana Jones series (1981-2008).
Spielberg has already been nominated fifteen times for an Oscar (including Raiders of the Lost Treasure , Munich , Lincoln ) and won it three times, twice (film, direction) in 1994 for Schindler's List and in 1999 for his directorial work on Saving Private Ryan . He is a multiple Golden Globe and Emmy Prize winner .
Childhood and directorial debut
Steven Allan Spielberg was born to Jewish parents in Cincinnati , Ohio . His father was the electrical engineer Arnold Spielberg (1917–2020), his mother was Leah Posner (1920–2017), who worked as a concert pianist until they married in 1945. Spielberg's paternal ancestors come from the Ukraine, which was then part of the Russian Empire ; his grandfather Samuel came from Kamyanets-Podilskyj , his mother Rebecca from Sudylkiv . He has three younger sisters: Anne (* 1949), Susan (1953) and Nancy (1956).
He spent his childhood in Haddonfield , New Jersey , then from 1957 in Phoenix , Arizona . Spielberg grew up well looked after, was an average student and socially more of a loner, as he was often bullied in school because of his dyslexia . Due to his talent in photography, however, he achieved a medal of merit with the boy scouts. As a ten-year-old, Spielberg was already filming with an 8mm camera that his father gave him because he had criticized the quality of family films. As a war veteran, his father made it possible for his son to shoot with discarded military aircraft, among other things. Even then he was very interested in World War II, also because his father was an officer and pilot in the United States Air Force .
One of his first recordings is the film about the collision of two trains. At the age of thirteen he won a film competition with the 40-minute war film Escape to Nowhere (1961). His 140-minute science fiction film Firelight followed in 1963 .
He earned the footage for his first production, an 8mm western of four minutes, by liming the citrus plants in the neighborhood. The house in ET says it is a fairly accurate reconstruction of the house he lived in as a child. Likewise, ET was part of his childhood, a dream in his youth, and his imaginary friend on troubled days such as B. the divorce of his parents. As a result, the threat to the family and their values is a constant problem in his films for Spielberg even today. In the same way, horror scenes from Poltergeist are to be understood as autobiographical. Back then, Arizona had mostly clear nights and as a child (and still today) he was enthusiastic about astronomy and UFOs . For Firelight from 1964, his father rented a cinema in Scottsdale . After a production cost of $ 500, it generated $ 600 in revenue. The family then moved to California , where the parents soon divorced.
Spielberg twice applied to the University of Southern California to study film, but was rejected both times. Eventually he began studying English literature at California State University, Long Beach . Due to his film career, he was only able to complete his studies in 2002. In 1969 Spielberg's 35mm short Amblin ' became his ticket to Hollywood when it was shown at the Atlanta Film Festival . The only 22-year-old received a seven-year contract in the television division of Universal Pictures , where he mainly directed television films and series for four years. The first thing he did was shoot an episode for Rod Serling's Night Gallery with Joan Crawford . He then staged individual series episodes, for example for Dr. med Marcus Welby or Columbo . He caused a sensation with the television film Duell , which was distributed in theaters in Europe. With his first feature film The Sugarland Express he had a financial failure and his (unsuccessful) cinema debut, but he received very good grades from many critics. At the age of 27, he won over international critics with his first film, who soon described him as a child prodigy. His second film The Jaws was already a great commercial success in 1975 and the most profitable film of all time to date, despite many difficulties such as the weather or problematic film technology. It took a few years for Jaws to be considered the first modern blockbuster in film history. Financially, it wasn't surpassed until two years after the release of Jaws with George Lucas's film Star Wars . Dozens of cinema hits followed, such as the Close Encounters of the Third Kind or the Indiana Jones tetralogy, in which he developed the character Indiana Jones together with George Lucas and the genre of the film was even more animated by their mutual fascination. He broke his own record in 1982 with ET - The Extra-Terrestrial , which achieved even higher box-office earnings and was the top-selling film in cinema history for eleven years. His 1982 film Poltergeist and 1983 television series Twilight Zone added to his existing image as a Disney legacy. The film industry stopped Spielberg after some fatal failures and little success such as B. through 1941 - Where please goes to Hollywood (1979), Always (1989) and Peter Pan's Sequel Hook (1991) for obsolete. In the late 80s Spielberg was mainly active as a producer and at the same time increasingly turned to the production of television programs. Spielberg's most successful year came in 1993, when both the blockbuster and his comeback Jurassic Park and Schindler's List were published. While Jurassic Park broke numerous box-office records again and, with grossing 920 million dollars, was considered the most successful film in the world for over five years, Schindler's list was also a critical hit. In this film, Spielberg openly deals with his Jewish identity and anti-Semitism in Europe for the first time and was able to successfully stage it with simple filming, no crane trips and the use of handheld cameras. His parents, Arnold Spielberg and Leah Posner, are descendants of Jewish refugees who emigrated to America for fear of Russian pogroms . He also processed this story in encrypted form in the cartoon Feivel, the mouse wanderer, which he produced . In early 1994, Schindler's list was awarded seven Oscars , including in the categories of Director and Best Picture, both of which went to Spielberg. His image as a big little boy and fairy tale uncle, which has stuck to him since ET , he could finally shed. Spielberg has spent most of his film career to date with technically gifted and technically brilliant entertainment films.
At the beginning of 2007 Spielberg began his work on The Adventures of Tintin , a 3D adaptation (planned as a trilogy). Spielberg first worked with Peter Jackson . The first part was directed by Spielberg and produced by Jackson, the second part is supposed to be directed by Jackson.
In 2013 he headed the competition jury at the 66th Cannes International Film Festival
Spielberg married actress Amy Irving in 1985 , with whom he has a son. After the divorce, he married actress Kate Capshaw in 1991 , whom he met while filming Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom . The couple have three birth children and two adopted children. Kate Capshaw brought her daughter Jessica Capshaw into the marriage. His godchildren are Drew Barrymore and Gwyneth Paltrow . He lives in Hollywood with Kate Capshaw and their five children.
His professional circle of friends includes directors such as George Lucas , Robert Zemeckis , Barbra Streisand , Richard Attenborough , Chris Columbus , Peter Jackson and Barry Levinson as well as the actors Tom Hanks and Tom Cruise and the composer John Williams .
Spielberg has a net worth of $ 3.4 billion, according to Forbes .
The name Spielberg is related to a castle of the same name in Austria.
His own film production company Amblin Entertainment , which he named after his short film Amblin , was founded in 1982 on the premises of Universal Studios . In 1994 he founded the independent film studio DreamWorks SKG with his friends Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen , which was sold to Paramount Pictures in 2005 due to financial problems . On December 16, 2015 he founded Amblin Partners together with Jeff Skoll from Participant Media , Anil Ambani from Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group and Darren Throop from Entertainment One .
Cooperation and friendship with John Williams
Spielberg has been close friends with the American film music composer John Williams since 1974 . Spielberg repeatedly emphasizes that Williams is the greatest musical storyteller of all. The collaboration between Spielberg and Williams has so far resulted in 26 works, the first of which was the film "Sugarland Express". With the exception of Die Farbe Lila (1985), Williams composed the music for all films directed by Spielberg until 2012. In 2015, Spielberg worked with another composer for the first time due to Williams's health problems: Thomas Newman wrote the music for Bridge of Spies - The Negotiator .
Influences and characteristics
Spielberg's development is primarily influenced by filmmakers like Stanley Kubrick , Walt Disney , Alfred Hitchcock , John Ford , Frank Capra , David Lean , Orson Welles and Akira Kurosawa ; he had personal contact with many of them. But his enthusiasm for cartoons , comics , pictures by Norman Rockwell and especially television have left visible traces in his work. Before each new film shoot, Spielberg says he always watches the films The Seven Samurai , Lawrence of Arabia , Isn't Life Beautiful? and the black hawk on.
As a fan of the television series Twilight Zone , he produced a feature film for the series. As a self- confessed Trekkie , Spielberg shares the unifying view of the television series Raumschiff Enterprise and alludes to it in his films, most recently with the Vulcan salute between an African American and a Latino in Terminal or by Marty McFly (played by Michael J. Fox ) in Back to Die Future . The typical hallmarks of Spielberg films are mainly the satisfaction of the interests and wishes of the mass audience as well as precise observation of everyday situations, the confrontation of average American types with highly extraordinary events, a childishly naive and seriously humanistic message of reconciliation, impressive light and special effects such as Fireworks that have appeared in films such as Close Encounters of the Third Kind and 1941 Where Are You Going to Hollywood ? Many unfamiliar perspectives, a mostly thoroughly choreographed relationship between camera work and actors as well as a staging that intensely appeals to the emotions of the audience ( suspense , laughter , shuddering , also disgust and crying ) are other specific characteristics of Spielberg. Most of his films are characterized by his technical preference, very good command of the cinematic craft and a lot of movement (stunts). This makes it easy for him to manipulate the audience with his imagination and to draw the audience into the action scenes. The combination of fear and amazement, as in ET through the appearance of the mother ship and in Jurassic Park through the appearance of the dinosaurs, is supposed to keep the viewer in constant tension. At Spielberg, melodramatic effects can be discovered in many films, especially the war films, which often come to the fore through strong backlighting, smoke and night scenes. It is also noticeable that in his films children rarely die and are often at the center of the plot - in genres in which this was previously untypical: war film ( The Empire of the Sun ), science fiction ( ET , Jurassic Park ) and utopia ( AI - Artificial Intelligence ) . Another characteristic of Spielberg is that he does not leave much room for the further development of his film characters and is more interested in technical film and aids. To this day, Spielberg remains true to his principle of alternating between making challenging and mainly entertaining films: In June 2005, the remake of War of the Worlds was released in cinemas; Munich (2005) is a film about the controversial revenge campaign of the Israeli secret service Mossad after the Palestinian attack on the 1972 Summer Olympics , in which eleven Israeli athletes were killed. For many years he has worked with producer Kathleen Kennedy , film composer John Williams and film editor Michael Kahn . Since Schindler's List is Janusz Kamiński be fixed cameraman.
In 1994 Spielberg initiated the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation - a non-profit organization that archives testimony from survivors of the Shoah for educational purposes. For this he was awarded the Great Order of Merit with Star of the Federal Republic of Germany on September 10, 1998 .
Spielberg promotes the next generation in Hollywood through personal and financial commitment, for example at the universities that rejected him at the time. Another generation change is announced, and so it is among others Spielberg films that are now making young talents of the MTV generation want to become directors.
Another of his many foundation projects is the Starbright Foundation , which helps seriously ill children. Spielberg also asserted his considerable sociopolitical influence in the election campaign for the US presidency - by actively supporting democratic candidates like John Kerry and previously Bill Clinton .
At the request of children, he received the international award of Knight of the Order of Smiles .
|27||The soldier James Ryan|
|56||Hunter of the lost treasure|
|119||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade|
|197||Catch Me If You Can|
Spielberg's hand and footprints in front of Grauman's Chinese Theater
Star for Spielberg on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
|1971||Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival||Grand Prize||duel||Won|
|1974||Cannes Film Festival||Best script||Sugarland Express||Won|
|1978||Saturn Awards||Best script||Close encounter of the third kind||Won|
|1978||Saturn Awards||Best director||Close encounter of the third kind||Won|
|1978||Oscar||Best director||Close encounter of the third kind||Nominated|
|1979||British Fantasy Award||Best movie||Close encounter of the third kind||Won|
|1982||Oscar||Best director||Hunter of the lost treasure||Nominated|
|1982||Saturn Awards||Best director||Hunter of the lost treasure||Won|
|1982||Boston Society of Film Critics Award||Best director||Hunter of the lost treasure||Won|
|1982||American Movie Awards||Best director||Hunter of the lost treasure||Won|
|1982||Kinema Junpo Awards||Best foreign language film||Hunter of the lost treasure||Won|
|1982||British Fantasy Award||Best movie||Hunter of the lost treasure||Won|
|1982||Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award||Best movie||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1982||ShoWest Convention||Director of the year||Unit price||Won|
|1983||Jupiter||Best movie||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award||Best director||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||David di Donatello||Best Director - Foreign Film||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Boston Society of Film Critics Award||Best director||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Boston Society of Film Critics Awards||Best director||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best director||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Jupiter||Best movie||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Fotogramas de Plata||Best foreign language film||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Blue Ribbon Awards||Best foreign language film||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Kinemy Junpo Awards||Best foreign language film||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Sant Jordi Award||Best children's film||ET - The Alien||Won|
|1983||Oscar||Best director||ET - The Alien||Nominated|
|1983||Oscar||Best movie||ET - The Alien||Nominated|
|1983||Hasty Pudding Theatricals||Man of the year||Unit price||Won|
|1984||Giffoni Film Festival||Nocciola d'Oro||Unit price||Won|
|1986||David di Donatello||Best producer - foreign film||Back to the Future||Won|
|1986||Directors Guild of America||Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film||The colour purple||Won|
|1986||Blue Ribbon Awards||Best foreign language film||The colour purple||Won|
|1986||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||The colour purple||Won|
|1986||Oscar||Best movie||The colour purple||Nominated|
|1987||Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award||artistic achievement||Won|
|1987||Christopher Awards||Best movie||The realm of the sun||Won|
|1987||National Board of Review||Best movie||The realm of the sun||Won|
|1987||National Board of Review||Best director||The realm of the sun||Won|
|1987||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||The realm of the sun||Won|
|1987||Boston Society of Film Critics Awards||Best director||The realm of the sun||Won|
|1990||British Fantasy Award||Best movie||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade||Won|
|1993||Boston Society of Film Critics Awards||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||People's Choice Awards||Best movie||Jurassic Park||Won|
|1994||Český lev||Best foreign language film||Jurassic Park||Won|
|1994||Blue Ribbon Awards||Best foreign language film||Jurassic Park||Won|
|1994||Saturn Awards||Best science fiction film||Jurassic Park||Won|
|1994||Saturn Awards||Best director||Jurassic Park||Won|
|1994||People's Choice Awards||People's Choice Awards Honoree||Unit price||Won|
|1994||Young Artist Awards||Jackie Coogan Award||Unit price||Won|
|1994||ShoWest Convention||Director of the year||Unit price||Won|
|1994||Chicago Film Critics Association||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Golden Globe||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Golden Globe||Best film - drama||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Dallas Fort Worth Film Critics Association||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Oscar||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Oscar||Best movie||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||BAFTA Awards||Best movie||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Directors Guild of America||Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Amanda||Best foreign language film||Schindlers List||Won|
|1994||Hochi Film Awards||Best foreign language film||Schindlers List||Won|
|1995||Kinema Junpo Awards||Best foreign language film||Schindlers List||Won|
|1995||Mainichini Film Concours||Best foreign language film||Schindlers List||Won|
|1995||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Best producer||Schindlers List||Won|
|1995||London Critics' Circle Film Awards||Best director||Schindlers List||Won|
|1995||César||Honorary award||Unit price||Won|
|1995||American Film Institute||Life's work||Unit price||Won|
|1998||Federal Cross of Merit (for dealing with the Holocaust)||-||Schindlers List||Won|
|1998||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Theatrical Motion Pictures||Amistad||Won|
|1998||Rembrandt Awards||Best director||Forgotten World: Jurassic Park||Won|
|1998||Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1998||Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1998||Toronto Film Critics Association||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1998||Russian Guild of Film Critics||Best foreign language film||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1998||European Film Awards||Screen International Award||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Chicago Film Critics Association||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Oscar||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Oscar||Best movie||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Golden Globe||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Golden Globe||Best film - drama||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Empire Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Online Film Critics Society Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Directors Guild of America Awards||Best film director||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Best producer||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists||Best foreign language film||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Český lev||Best foreign language film||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|1999||Amanda||Best foreign language film||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||London Film Critics' Circle||Director of the year||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Satellite Awards||Best director||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Satellite Awards||Best film - drama||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||BAFTA Awards||David Lean Award for Directing||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||BAFTA Awards||Best movie||The soldier James Ryan||Nominated|
|1999||Directors Guild of America||Outstanding directorial performance in a feature film||The soldier James Ryan||Won|
|2000||Directors Guild of America||Lifetime Achievement Award||Unit price||Won|
|2000||NAACP Image Award||Vanguard Award||Unit price||Won|
|2000||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||PGA Hall of Fame - Motion Picture||ET - The Alien||Won|
|2001||Venice International Film Festival||Future Film Festival Digital Award||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Won|
|2002||Emmy||Best Mini-Series or TV Movie||Band of Brothers - We were like brothers||Won|
|2002||Golden Globe||Best Mini-Series or TV Movie||Band of Brothers - We were like brothers||Won|
|2002||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Best producer of the year||Band of Brothers - We were like brothers||Won|
|2002||Christopher Awards||Television and Cable||Band of Brothers - We were like brothers||Won|
|2002||AFI Awards||TV movie or mini-series of the year||Band of Brothers - We were like brothers||Won|
|2002||Saturn Awards||Best director||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Nominated|
|2002||Empire Awards||Best director||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Nominated|
|2002||Golden Globe||Best director||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Nominated|
|2002||Online Film Critics Society Awards||Best adapted script||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Nominated|
|2002||Saturn Awards||Best script||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Won|
|2002||Mainichini Film Concours||Best foreign language film||AI - Artificial Intelligence||Won|
|2002||Hollywood Film Festival||Hollywood movie of the year||Minority Report||Won|
|2002||European Film Awards||Screen International Award||Minority Report||Nominated|
|2003||Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists||Best foreign language director||Minority Report||Nominated|
|2003||Cinema Writers Circle Awards||Best foreign language film||Minority Report||Nominated|
|2003||César||Best foreign language film||Minority Report||Nominated|
|2003||Online Film Critics Society Awards||Best director||Minority Report||Nominated|
|2003||Saturn Awards||Best science fiction film||Minority Report||Won|
|2003||Saturn Awards||Best director||Minority Report||Won|
|2003||Empire Awards||Best director||Minority Report||Won|
|2003||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||Minority Report||Won|
|2004||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||Catch Me If You Can||Won|
|2004||Akira Kurosawa Award||Tokyo International Film Festival||Unit price||Won|
|2005||Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Awards||Best director||Munich||Won|
|2005||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards||Best director||Munich||Won|
|2006||Golden Eagle Awards||Best foreign language film||Munich||Nominated|
|2006||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||Munich||Nominated|
|2006||Online Film Society Awards||Best director||Munich||Nominated|
|2006||Directors Guild of America||Best director||Munich||Nominated|
|2006||Golden Globe||Best Director - Drama||Munich||Nominated|
|2006||Saturn Awards||Best director||war of the Worlds||Nominated|
|2006||Empire Awards||Best director||war of the Worlds||Nominated|
|2006||International Emmy Award||Founders Award||Unit price||Won|
|2007||Oscar||Best movie||Letters from Iwo Jima||Nominated|
|2009||Saturn Awards||Best director||Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull||Nominated|
|2009||Golden Globe||Life's work (presented by Martin Scorsese )||Unit price||Won|
|2010||Motion Picture Sound Editors||Filmmaker's Award||Unit price||Won|
|2010||Emmy||Best mini series||The Pacific||Won|
|2011||PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Best producer of the year||The Pacific||Won|
|2011||AFI Awards||TV program of the year||The Pacific||Won|
|2011||Satellite Awards||Best director||Companions (War Horse)||Nominated|
|2011||Southeastern Film Critics Association||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2011||Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2011||Toronto Film Critics Association||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Won|
|2011||Washington DC Area Film Critics Association||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Won|
|2012||Robert Festival||Best American Film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Saturn Awards||Best director||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Saturn Awards||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||BAFTA Awards||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Online Film Critics Society Awards||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Central Ohio Film Critics Association||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Chicago Film Critics Association||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Nominated|
|2012||Golden Globe||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Won|
|2012||PGA Awards||Best animated film||The adventures of Tim and Struppi||Won|
|2012||Christopher Awards||Feature films||Companions||Won|
|2012||Empire Awards||Best director||Companions||Nominated|
|2012||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||Companions||Nominated|
|2012||AFI Awards||Film of the year||Companions||Won|
|2012||AFI Awards||Film of the year||Lincoln||Won|
|2012||Satellite Awards||Best director||Lincoln||Nominated|
|2012||Washington DC Area Film Critics Association||Best director||Lincoln||Nominated|
|2013||Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best director||Lincoln||Nominated|
|2013||Golden Globe||Best director||Lincoln||Nominated|
|2013||Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize||Special Achievement Award||Lincoln||Won|
|2016||Oscar||Best movie||Bridge of Spies - The Negotiator||Nominated|
|2018||Oscar||Best movie||The publisher||Nominated|
Order of the British Empire
Since he is not a subject of the British Queen, he was not knighted and may not prefix his name with a Sir (but add the abbreviation KBE after his name).
- Antje Goldau, Hans Helmut Prinzler : Spielberg. Films as toys. Series: Edition Films, 3. With contribution from Fritz Göttler. Filmland, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-88690-062-2 . (With bibliography).
- Tony Crawley: Steven Spielberg. The success story. (OT: The Steven Spielberg Story. ) Heyne, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-453-03409-0 .
- Frank Schnelle: The Spielberg Factory. Childhood dreams in the cinema. Heyne, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-453-06548-4 .
- Andrew Yule: Steven Spielberg. The conquest of Hollywood. (OT: Steven Spielberg. Father of the Man. His Incredible Life, Tumultuous Times and Record-Breaking Movies. ) Lichtenberg, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-7852-8400-4 .
- Georg Seeßlen : Steven Spielberg and his films. Schüren, Marburg 2001, ISBN 3-89472-335-1 .
- Susan Goldman Rubin: "Steven Spielberg - crazy for movies", Harry N. Abrams Verlag, New York 2002, ISBN 978-0-8109-4492-3 , illustrated book in English
- Roberto Daniel: Remembrance and Redemption: Religious Traces in the Work of Steven Spielberg. In: Thomas Bohrmann, Werner Veith, Stephan Zöller (Eds.): Handbuch Theologie und Popular Film. Volume 1. Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 2007, ISBN 978-3-506-72963-7 , pp. 189-200.
- Drew Bassett, Marcus Stiglegger: [Article] Steven Spielberg . In: Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, descriptions of works, filmographies. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008 [3rd, updated and expanded edition; 1st edition 1999], ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 703-708 [with references].
- Joseph McBride: Steven Spielberg: a biography , Univ. Press of Mississippi, Jackson, Miss. 2010, ISBN 978-1-60473-836-0 .
- Richard Schickel : Steven Spielberg. His films, his life. Knesebeck, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-86873-421-8 . (Retrospective of his work as a director for 28 films from Duel to Lincoln with over 400 photos).
- Molly Haskell: Steven Spielberg: a life in films , New Haven: Yale University Press, , ISBN 978-0-300-18693-2
- Jörg Breitenfeld, Jörg Liemann: Steven Spielberg - Tiefenscharfe Analyzes , epubli, June 2018, ISBN 978-3-7467-3215-2
- Literature by and about Steven Spielberg in the catalog of the German National Library
- Steven Spielberg in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Works by and about Steven Spielberg at Open Library
- Steven Spielberg in the Science Fiction Awards + Database (English)
- Steven Spielberg and the Women - FAZ -Article about the roles of women in Spielberg's films
- A Ascension - Time article from 1990 about Spielberg's work to date.
- "Cinema is my exorcism" - time interview with Spielberg (2004)
- Portrait on film-zeit.de
- Steven Spielberg Chronicles Chronological presentation of his filmmaking and his biography in a cultural context
- Scientific literature (Open Access) on Steven Spielberg on mediarep.org
- Box Office Mojo - People Index (director). Retrieved March 30, 2018 .
- Box Office Mojo - People Index (Producer). Retrieved March 30, 2018 .
- Zeitlexikon, Volume 14, Page 15, ISBN 3-411-17574-5
- Interview with Arnold Spielberg. Retrieved August 27, 2020 .
- Gary Ross - Munzinger Biographie. In: munzinger.de. Retrieved November 29, 2015 .
- limited preview in the Google book search
- Short article on Spielberg's dyslexia
- Tony Crawley: Steven Spielberg - A Success Story . Heyne, Munich 1989, German first edition, ISBN 3-453-03409-0 , p. 17, p. 19, p. 20, p. 24, p. 18, p. 18 f., P. 11 f., P. 27 f.
- War reporter Lynsey Addario: The last mission - Sunday - World - Tagesspiegel. In: tagesspiegel.de . March 14, 2016, accessed April 4, 2016 .
- Steven Spielberg at forbes.com, accessed September 8, 2014
- Brent Lang: Spielberg-Hanks Cold War Film Titled 'Bridge of Spies,' John Williams Won't Compose Score. Variety , March 18, 2015, accessed September 15, 2015 .
- Steven Spielberg at Kino.de
- The Top 250 of the IMDb (as of April 25, 2020)
- Steven Spielberg. In: Science Fiction Awards Database. Retrieved November 22, 2017 .
- not listed in DNB under Spielberg
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Spielberg, Steven Allan (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American director, film producer and screenwriter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 18, 1946|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cincinnati , Ohio , United States|