|German title||Star Trek|
|Original title||Star Trek|
|Country of production||United States|
|Episodes||79 in 3 seasons ( list )|
|genre||Science fiction , film drama , action , anti-war drama , adventure|
|Theme music||Alexander Courage|
George Duning ,
Jerry Fielding ,
Gerald Fried ,
|First broadcast||September 8, 1966 (USA) on NBC|
|May 27, 1972 on ZDF|
Raumschiff Enterprise ( English Star Trek ; later also Star Trek: The Original Series , abbreviation TOS ) is the German title of an American science fiction television series from the 1960s, which was designed by Gene Roddenberry . Under the command of Captain James T. Kirk, the spaceship Enterprise explores unknown areas of the universe. Its international occupation is confronted with unknown phenomena, life forms and enemies.
Due to poor audience ratings, the US television station NBC stopped the series in 1969 after three seasons with a total of 79 episodes. Only in the following years did it develop into a pop culture phenomenon and one of the world's largest media franchises , now also known in the German-speaking area under the English title Star Trek .
The spoken text in the opening credits of the German dubbed version is:
“Space, endless expanses. The year is 2200. These are the adventures of the spaceship Enterprise, which with its 400-man crew will be on the road for 5 years to explore new worlds, new life and new civilizations. Many light years from Earth, the Enterprise penetrates into galaxies that no human has ever seen before. "
The text differs in some points from the text spoken in the English original:
“Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before. "
“Space: the ultimate frontier. These are the journeys of the spaceship Enterprise. His five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to look for new life and new civilizations, to courageously go where no one has been before. "
In the 23rd century, the people of the world overcame social and economic difficulties. Exploration of space has led to alliances with alien life forms . The crew of the starship Enterprise of the Federation of United Planets is dedicated to discovering previously unknown life forms. The confrontations with unexplored phenomena and enemies keep Captain James T. Kirk and his officers facing difficult tasks.
At Captain Kirk's side are Mr. Spock , first officer and science officer, and the ship's doctor, Dr. Leonard McCoy . Mr. Spock, half-Vulcan , is considered exotic on the otherwise human-populated spaceship, not only because of his pointed ears and eyebrows: The essential characteristic of the Vulcan culture is the turning away from emotionality in favor of a strictly logical way of thinking. In contrast, the sometimes grumpy but warm Dr. McCoy a humanistic worldview. Due to the complementary characteristics of these three characters, Kirk, Spock and McCoy established themselves as a triumvirate : The mostly open conflicts between the rational Spock and the impulsive McCoy help Kirk, as the actors, to make his decisions.
The other important crew members reflect the range of different nationalities of the world: The quirky but competent chief engineer Montgomery Scott is Scot, the dynamic Japanese Hikaru Sulu and (from the second season) the young Russian Pavel Chekov are employed at the navigation desk . As communications officer, Lt. Uhura is not only a woman, but also an African in a managerial position, which was considered particularly progressive at the time the series was created.
One of the technical framework conditions is the spaceship's warp drive , which enables interstellar travel to be quasi-superluminal. Smaller shuttles are available to the crew members of the Enterprise, but by beaming , nearby travel destinations, such as a planet or another spaceship, can be reached significantly faster; To do this, living beings and objects are broken down into their molecules and reassembled immediately at their destination. The main reason for the introduction of the bureaucrat was to avoid the laborious turning of spaceship or shuttle landings. Equipment for missions outside the spaceship includes intercoms for communication between crew members, tricorders for data recording, storage and analysis, and phasers as weapons that can be set to kill or stun.
The original title Star Trek (roughly "Train to the Stars") is based on the grueling journeys of the American pioneers who opened up the still unknown continent with their covered wagons (" Siedlertrecks "). Gene Roddenberry started with the conception of the series from a multitude of earth-like planets in the universe, which had yet to be discovered. Most of the planets visited by the Enterprise are similar to Earth, also for reasons of cost. Extraterrestrial peoples are mostly humanoid ; they often differ from humans only through exotic physical details (such as the color of their skin) or are defined by distinctive character traits: Vulcans are logical, Klingons are bellicose. Apart from these simplifications, the rational handling of extraterrestrial life forms and phenomena was a trademark of the series, which wanted to stand out from the classic invasion scenarios of usual science fiction productions and tried to create an atmosphere that was as credible as possible. Gene Roddenberry vigorously denied the view that Starfleet was a military organization, insisting that the missions were to make peace and save lives, even though crew members were wearing uniforms and addressing each other by ranks. Although the peace mission is in the foreground, in the course of the actions of the individual episodes there are also armed conflicts.
The 1964 pilot film The Cage with Jeffrey Hunter in the leading role of Captain Pike was made for the US television station NBC . However, those responsible refused to realize the Star Trek series in this form: The science fiction adventure seemed "too top-heavy" to them. Gene Roddenberry's production team was given a second chance, but had to accept some changes: In addition to a stronger emphasis on action-heavy elements, there should also be no women in leading positions. Although the female first officer (played by Majel Barrett ) who was addressed as "Number One" disappeared , Roddenberry prevailed over the broadcaster on another point: Mr. Spock, whose pointed ears and eyebrows made a satanic impression, stayed despite the Objections of the station responsible part of the revised series.
The second pilot, Where No Man Has Gone Before , filmed in 1965 and in which William Shatner replaces the otherwise engaged Jeffrey Hunter as Captain Kirk, met with approval. After further changes in the production design (especially the costumes) and the characters (particularly noticeable: the access from Ship's Doctor McCoy), the first season of Star Trek went into production, with the average shooting time being six days per episode.
With the episode The Man Trap (German title The last of its kind ) Star Trek started on September 8, 1966 on American television. The story of an extraterrestrial creature that needs salt to survive, appears in the guise of McCoy's childhood sweetheart and finally murdered several crew members in his desperation before it is killed itself, was selected as a pilot episode by NBC. The authors around Gene Roddenberry would have preferred an episode that better represented the desired level of the new series: For example The Naked Time ( implosion in the spiral , broadcast as the fourth episode), in the course of which crew members of the Enterprise are infected with a virus that releases their hidden emotions and ultimately leads to madness and death.
The production not only struggled with a very limited budget, which seemed particularly tight for a science fiction series: the development and realization of the scripts was seriously delayed in the first season. On the one hand, in order not to miss any of the weekly broadcast dates and on the other hand not to waste the expensive pilot film with Jeffrey Hunter, The Cage was incorporated into the current series by means of a framework plot: During a court hearing against Spock, who kidnapped the Enterprise for the now disfigured and paralyzed To bring Captain Pike to the planet Talos IV, the footage from the first pilot appears as a visual logbook recording on the screen. The Menagerie ( Talos IV - Tabu , Part I and Part II) remained the only two-part series in the series and was awarded the International Hugo Award for Best Science Fiction Dramatic Presentation in 1966 .
Other highlights of the 29 episodes of the first season include The Enemy Within (Kirk: 2 =?) , In which Kirk is divided into his good and bad character traits due to a malfunction of the transporter, Space Seed (The Sleeping Tiger) with Ricardo Montalbán that his role as a charismatic opponent Khan in the second movie should resume, and the Devil in the Dark (Horta save their children) , the concept of Star Trek brought to the point by an unknown and dangerous creatures to be one of their Proving a worried, intelligent way of life to children. The radiated as a 28 episode story The City on the Edge of Forever ( the Edge of Forever ) is one of the most celebrated classical Star Trek series : By a time gate follow Kirk and Spock the stricken delusions McCoy into the New York of the 1930s . There Kirk falls in love with the dedicated Edith Keeler ( Joan Collins ). To maintain the timeline , Spock must prevent Kirk and the newly found McCoy from saving Edith's life. The City on the Edge of Forever is based on the script of the renowned science fiction writer Harlan Ellison , which was heavily revised before the shooting: The fact that drug abuse led to the delusions did not fit into the Star Trek concept designed by Roddenberry . Instead, McCoy accidentally overdoses himself while administering a drug. The episode received the Hugo Award for Best Science Fiction Dramatic Presentation in 1967 , and the original screenplay by Ellison was recognized by the Screen Writers Guild .
Due to disappointing ratings, the series soon threatened to be discontinued. Committed science fiction fans and authors protested massively: “The Committee”, consisting of well-known authors such as Robert Bloch , Harlan Ellison, Poul Anderson , Theodore Sturgeon , AE van Vogt and others, called for a large-scale letter campaign. Herbert Solow, who was responsible for the production of the series at the time, assumes that it was not the letter campaign alone that saved the series, but the fact that Star Trek was one of the most popular series that were shot in color. Since NBC had great interest in the spread of color television, they were interested in the sequel despite the low total number of viewers . NBC ultimately approved the production of a second season. The series was given a new slot and in 1967 moved from Thursday to Friday evening, which meant that even worse ratings could be expected.
The most noticeable change within the series was the new arrival of the Russian Pavel Chekov as part of the international crew. The character portrayed by Walter Koenig soon enjoyed great popularity, so that after a test phase it became an integral part of the series. The second season took into account the particular popularity of Mr. Spock with the opening episode: In Amok Time (space fever or Pon Farr) the strictly logical Vulcan suffers from the sudden appearance of his 'rutting season'. Kirk brings the unusually aggressive Spock to his home planet and has to face a ritual duel for life and death with his friend and first officer. The episode not only introduced the well-known Vulkan salute (the fingers of the right hand are spread between the middle and ring fingers), but also laid the foundation for the volcano mysticism, which is an important part of the Star Trek universe. With Journey to Babel (Journey to Babel) Spock was again center stage: The Enterprise carries his father, Sarek, and other delegates to a major conference, the occurrence wants to prevent a spy on board. Other standout episodes of season two (26 episodes) include Mirror, Mirror (A Parallel Universe) , in which a parallel universe reveals a martial instead of a peaceful Enterprise, and The Trouble with Tribbles ( Do you know Tribbles? ) , Which is one of the most popular because the most humorous episodes of the series apply: the ship's crew struggles with the constant increase in small, fur-ball-like animals.
When the ratings did not improve with the second season either, the further production could only be enforced after an organized wave of protests: Around one million protest letters that reached NBC demonstrated the extraordinarily strong bond between the series and its loyal viewers.
The broadcaster approved another season, but gave Star Trek a later broadcast date that was more detrimental to the ratings. Gene Roddenberry retired from the position of producer, which now Fred Freiberger took over. In addition, the budget was reduced, which meant that elaborate locations outside the Enterprise had to be dispensed with as far as possible. Among the possible alternatives NBC chose Spock's Brain ( Spock's Brain ) as the opening of their new season. The story about the theft of Spock's brain is one of the most disappointing of the basically ambitious series for many recipients. As particularly successful, however, is true of For the World is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky ( The lost planet ): An asteroid is on a collision course with an inhabited planet, turns out to be spaceship of a foreign culture, led by an ominous oracle becomes. Was at The World is Hollow ... after a long time McCoy again in the center of the action, falling in love with the high priestess of culture and wanting to stay with her, All Our Yesterdays ( portal into the past ) focuses again on Spock, who in turn in love with a woman who was banished to the ice age of her home planet by a time portal .
Plato's Stepchildren ( Plato's stepchildren ) caused a special stir when Kirk and Uhura are forced to kiss in the course of the plot about a moody ruler with telekinetic abilities. That first kiss between a white man and a black woman on American television was considered a taboo. Various stations in the southern states refused to air the episode. During the filming, the team had to make sure that the lips of the two actors did not actually touch. With Turnabout Intruder (Dangerous Exchange) , NBC finally aired the 79th and final episode of Star Trek on June 3, 1969 .
Main and supporting actors
The table lists the actors, their role names, their affiliation with the main cast (●) or the supporting actors (•) per season and the number of episodes with performances. The German voice actors of the series and the subsequent films are also given.
|Role name||actor||1||2||3||Episodes||Voice actor (series)||Voice actor (films)|
|Capt. James T. Kirk||William Shatner||●||●||●||79||
Gert Günther Hoffmann
Thomas Danneberg (dubbing VHS, 2 episodes)
Andreas Neumann (dubbing DVD, 48 episodes)
Gert Günther Hoffmann (films 1, 4–7)
Klaus Sonnenschein (films 2–3, dubbing film 1)
|Cmdr. Spock||Leonard Nimoy||●||●||●||80||
Herbert Weicker (and dubbing VHS, 4 episodes)
Norbert Gescher (dubbing DVD, 34 episodes)
|Herbert Weicker (films 1–6)
Norbert Gescher (pilot film, film 11, dubbing films 1, 2, 6)
Fred Maire (film 12)
|Dr. Leonard McCoy||DeForest Kelley||•||●||●||76||
Manfred Schott (39 episodes, ZDF)
Randolf Kronberg (36 episodes, Sat.1, dubbing DVD)
Joachim Pukaß (dubbing ZDF episodes VHS and DVD, 24 episodes)
Manfred Schott (film 1)
Christian Rode (film 2–3)
Randolf Kronberg (film 4–6)
Bodo Wolf (dubbing film 1)
|Lt. Cmdr. Montgomery "Scotty" Scott||James Doohan||•||•||•||66||
Manfred Petersen (VHS and dubbing DVD, 17 episodes)
Kaspar Eichel (dubbing films 1, 2 and 6)
|Lt. Hikaru Sulu||George Takei||•||•||•||52||
Bernhard Völger (dubbing DVD, 1 episode)
Dirk Müller (dubbing DVD, 4 episodes)
Helmut Gauß (film 1–3, dubbing film 1)
Tommi Piper (film 4–5)
Fred Klaus (film 6)
|Lt. Uhura||Nichelle Nichols||•||•||•||70||
Rose-Marie Kirstein (37 episodes, ZDF)
Ilona Grandke (34 episodes, Sat.1, post-synchro VHS, 1 episode)
Sabine Arnhold (post-synchro DVD, 8 episodes)
Rose-Marie Kirstein (film 1)
Joseline Gassen (films 2–3)
Ilona Grandke (films 4–6)
Regine Albrecht (dubbing film 1)
|Ensign Pavel Chekov||Walter Koenig||•||•||36||
Elmar Wepper (25 episodes, ZDF, dubbing DVD, 4 episodes)
Martin Umbach (13 episodes, Sat.1, dubbing DVD, 4 episodes)
|Elmar Wepper ( Films 1–2, 4–6)
Frank Glaubrecht (Films 3 & 7)
|Christine Chapel||Majel Barrett||•||•||•||26th||
Liane Hielscher (12 episodes)
Ruth Pistor (2 episodes)
Sigrid Pawlas (3 episodes)
Kathrin Ackermann (5 episodes)
|Doris Gallart (film 1)|
|Janice Rand||Grace Lee Whitney||•||8th||
Ingrid Capelle (episode 1, 4, 8)
Ilse Pagé (episode 2)
Marianne Hoffmann (episode 10)
Alexandra Ludwig (episode 14)
|Barbara Adolph (film 1)|
|Lt. Kyle||John Winston||•||•||•||11||Jürgen Rehmann (episode 28 & 43)
Hannes Gromball (seasons 2–3)
Claus Ringer (33)
|Heinz Fabian (film 2)|
An overview of the voice actors can be found in the article German Synchronization by Star Trek .
The ZDF began on 27 May 1972, the broadcast of the series under the German title Star Trek . First, 26 of the 79 episodes available were selected and synchronized . When the German audience asked for a sequel, it was decided to purchase 13 more episodes. 40 episodes (including The City on the Edge of Forever, The Menagerie, The Devil in the Dark ) were excluded; some of these episodes were rejected by the editors as too distasteful and violent. The complete broadcast of series by public service broadcasting was still unusual at the time.
33 of the 39 episodes selected by ZDF were cut for German broadcast. While the episode Metamorphosis was shortened by around 13 minutes, only short sequences were missing from other episodes. In later repetitions, the ZDF shortened these episodes again. The synchronization loosened up the mostly serious dialogues of the original with flippant remarks, which is particularly noticeable through the repeated designation of Spock as "pointed ear". In addition, the warp drive was referred to as the Sol drive in the ZDF editing and Chekov was addressed as Pane instead of his first name Pavel. The distortion of the plot of Amok Time caused particular criticism from the fans : In the German version, space fever, Spock does not suffer from his sudden sexual impulses, but from a special illness, whereby a large part of the plot reveals itself as Spock's fever dream. Only in the context of the much later video exploitation was the episode published in a (partial re) synchronization under the title Pon Farr , which was much closer to the original and in which the original speakers Herbert Weicker (Spock) and Elmar Wepper (Chekov) participated. In the course of this, the shortened episode Metamorphosis with Weicker was also completed.
The Austrian radio broadcast the series for the first time on September 4, 1973.
From January 7, 1985, the German private broadcaster Sat.1 broadcast the missing episodes for the first time, which had been re-dubbed and which, with four exceptions ( war of the computer , handle in history , master of slaves , the year of the red bird ) were essentially unabridged. In addition, the episodes edited by ZDF were repeated; the subsequent cuts by the ZDF were reversed. In 1993, of a feature as part Star Trek - From one century to the next for the first time a dubbed version of the first pilot episode The Cage ( Cage ) broadcast. Patterns of Force ( Patterns of Force ) was thus the only episode that was not handled by ZDF still Sat.1. This episode describes a fascist regime that is based on the German Nazi dictatorship . Patterns of Force wasn't translated into German for video release until 1995. The original version with German subtitles was broadcast for the first time in the German-speaking area on November 19, 1996 as part of the late-evening series kunst-pieces on ORF . On German pay-TV and on ZDFneo it ran several times in the German dubbed version, the first broadcast took place on July 25, 1999 on DF1 . This episode received FSK-16 approval on both VHS and DVD; in the DVD releases, the entire second season was set to FSK-16 because of this episode.
Until 2011, only the ZDF opening credits were used on German television. For the VHS and DVD releases, the Starship Enterprise intro was replaced by the original Star Trek opening credits. This also happened on television ( ZDFneo , SyFy ), since now only the original masters are used there.
The names Star Trek: Spaceship Enterprise or the abbreviation TOS (The Original Series) were not used until later with the advent of the Star Trek offshoots Spaceship Enterprise: The Next Century and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine for the original series To distinguish between spin-offs . Although the original series was known to fans under the original title Star Trek, it was only known as Raumschiff Enterprise in Germany until then .
Almost 40 years after the German first broadcast on ZDF, ZDFneo has shown all episodes of the science fiction series for the first time in the completely digitally remastered version (Star Trek Remastered) since February 18, 2011 , which has never been shown on free German television . In all episodes, most of the original effects shots were replaced by CGI-generated film sequences. As part of a science fiction focus on November 4, 2011, the German free TV premiere of the controversial episode Stencils of Violence took place . At the beginning of the episode, reference was made to the FSK approval from 16 years of age.
CBS re-released the entire series on DVD in 2009; but now only in the new, digitally restored version. On the other hand, on the Blu-Ray released at the same time, both the original effects and the new, computer-generated CGI version can be seen. In addition, new bonus material about the making of the series and some interviews with the main actors were produced. The first pilot episode Der Käfig, which is rarely broadcast in German-speaking countries, is also included on the Blu-rays in three different versions. An alternative version of the second pilot film is also available (but only in the original English language). The German synchronization is identical to the first DVD edition from 2004. At that time, the scenes that were shortened in the ZDF and Sat.1 versions were re-dubbed and some translation errors that distorted the meaning were corrected. As far as possible, the original voice actors were used. However, since most of them had already died or sounded much too old, substitute speakers who sounded as similar as possible were engaged. This version can also be heard on television since 2011. In addition, a complete box (both on DVD and Blu-Ray) with the same equipment was released. The German voices sound too low on the Blu-ray because the playback speed differs from the TV broadcasts .
Criticism and Interpretations
The series is known for painting a liberal - humanistic future that stands in stark contrast to the America of the time it was made. According to many critics, this enabled the scriptwriters to comment on topics such as civil rights , racism , sexism , the Cold War and American imperialism in the episodes . Nevertheless, said the film scholar Peter Wright (2009), Spaceship Enterprise is a paradoxical text : Although often critical of American foreign and domestic policy, the series has also confirmed American values or adopted a liberal stance that overlooks the resistance and conflicts, which are necessary to build a real egalitarian utopia .
The opinion of some scholars that the spaceship Enterprise is a metaphor for the Cold War and the Federation is a kind of pro-American, political visualization, criticized the US political scientist George A. Gonzalez (2015) as "outrageous" and as "misplaced assumptions" would have contributed to the devaluation of Star Trek as pro-American propaganda for the Cold War. Rather, Star Trek criticizes the Cold War and US foreign policy - at least in relation to Spaceship Enterprise . The distance to the Cold War is particularly evident in the fact that Star Trek denies the validity of the anti-communist attitude of the United States regarding the Cold War, as shown by the statements of Kirk and the Klingons in the episode Battle for Organia (Season 1) . The critical distance allows the series - quoting Jacques Rancière - to be viewed as “a work of 'political art'”. Incidentally, according to Gonzalez, Spaceship Enterprise "smells like a Kennedyian liberal internationalism ."
The series was nominated 14 times for a Primetime Emmy Award without winning one. There were also eight nominations for the prestigious science fiction prize Hugo Award , two of which were successful.
Evolution of the phenomenon
During its first broadcast, the series' success was limited to a relatively small group of viewers mostly interested in science fiction. After Star Trek was canceled due to poor audience ratings, the sale of the broadcasting rights to local and private television stations in the United States began. There, better airtime of the series brought a far larger audience than before, which was very interested in the space adventures of the Enterprise , not least because of the first moon landing in 1969. The initially unsuccessful series also developed into an undoubted popular success internationally. In Great Britain, Star Trek first aired outside of the United States in 1970. In 1972, 170 broadcasters around the world had the series in their programs, including ZDF in Germany.
In 1972 the first Star Trek Convention took place in the USA with around 3,000 visitors. Two years later, the number of visitors to these annual fan meetings was already over 15,000, which ultimately made it necessary to organize several local conventions. In addition, so-called fanzines are very popular among the growing fan base: In such magazines, fans take up motifs from the series in stories and poems they have written themselves . As a result of the business idea of merchandising , which was widespread in the USA as early as the 1960s, professional retailers also benefited from the increasing popularity of Star Trek: If the short stories written by James Blish and based on the scripts were popular with fans during the first broadcast , the offer became popular Gradually expanded to include every conceivable product: T-shirts, buttons, key and chain pendants, toys of all kinds, plates, clocks, model kits and much more.
Quotes from the series found their way into everyday culture, such as the Vulkan greeting, the phrase "Beam me up, Scotty" (which, however, was never heard in this form in the series) and the expression " Redshirt ". The naming of NASA's first space shuttle (only used for test and exercise purposes) in 1977, elaborately staged in the media, was named " Enterprise " and was also due to the extraordinary national popularity of Star Trek .
In 1973 the first follow-up series came on American television. The sparingly animated cartoon series for children (German title Die Enterprise ) was able to win an Emmy Award , but was discontinued after 22 episodes due to a lack of public interest.
In November 1977, Paramount Pictures stopped the new edition of Star Trek as a television series (working title Star Trek II ) nine days before the planned start of shooting, only to announce the return of the Enterprise on the big screen months later. Star Trek: The film premiered in 1979. The long-awaited production turned out to be a huge commercial success, as expected, but disappointed fans and critics. For the following film, a reorientation of the series was made under producer Harve Bennett and director Nicholas Meyer . Gene Roddenberry lost its influence and was very dissatisfied with the increased emphasis on military elements. Regardless of this, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan was well received by audiences and critics and had a lasting impact on Star Trek's style . Even Leonard Nimoy , who has suffered from the strong identification with his role as Spock since the success of the series, decided to stay on Star Trek despite other plans and also took a seat in the director's chair for the two subsequent film productions. In particular, the worldwide success of Star Trek IV: Back to the Present drove the plans to establish a Star Trek television series with a new crew: Star Trek: The Next Generation ( Spaceship Enterprise: The Next Century ) was first launched in October 1987 aired and developed into one of the most successful science fiction series of its time in seven seasons. The next movie from the classic cast, Star Trek V: On the Edge of the Universe , however, fell short of expectations. Finally, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the series with Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Land, the last film with the original cast of the Star Trek series was produced in 1991 . The four following Star Trek films continued the television series The Next Generation , which was discontinued in 1994 . For the eleventh and twelfth theatrical films, the Paramount production company returned to the original series: JJ Abrams re-cast the well-known characters with young actors for his films Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and particularly shed light on Kirk and Spock's history in an alternate timeline.
In terms of content, three other television series more or less followed the concept designed by Roddenberry. While Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and the later series Star Trek: Spaceship Voyager and The Next Generation are set about a century after Kirk's mission, the series Star Trek: Enterprise played about a century before that. In 2017, the latest follow-up series Star Trek: Discovery was released.
In 2007, the cult series was digitally revised ( Star Trek Remastered ) on behalf of the broadcaster CBS . The team, with the participation of Star Trek experts Denise and Michael Okuda and Gene Roddenberry's son Eugene, modernized the special effects. In some episodes, CGI- generated film sequences were also added. In addition, the theme song was re-recorded and the entire series was transferred in HD format.
A parody of the series was Pigs in Space within the puppet comedy series The Muppet Show . Raumschiff Enterprise was the template for Robert Ampers slapstick film series Raumschiff Highlander and Klaus Knoesel's Star Mac from 1990, in which u. a. Barbara Feltus had a role and the German dubbing voices were used. Furthermore, the series was often parodied in the American comedy series Saturday Night Live - the role of Captain Kirk was played there by John Belushi and Jim Carrey , among others . The Star Wreck film series, which was made between 1992 and 2005, comes from Finland .
Also for the feature film Galaxy Quest with Tim Allen and Michael "Bully" Herbig's Persiflage (T) Raumschiff Surprise - Period 1 (in addition to the Star Wars films by George Lucas ) the classic series was the main motif, as well as in Herbig's TV series Bullyparade .
In the film Bill & Ted's crazy journey into the future there is a longer film quote from the episode Entirely New Dimensions . The main actors in the work then repeated the scene in a similar way at the original location. Another film in which some elements of Star Trek were used, the sci-fi spoof Spaceballs by Mel Brooks .
In 2017, 20th Century Fox produced the first season of the satirical series The Orville , which is heavily based on Star Trek - The Next Generation . The series has been running in Germany on ProSieben since February 2018 .
Novels and short stories
The series has so far been adapted for at least 180 novels (as of May 22, 2015). Novels based on the other Star Trek television series and crossover novels with these series are not included.
The classic television series, the classic cinema films and the reboot films were adapted for several hundred comics in total.
- Allan Asherman: The Star Trek Compendium . Pocket Books 1986, ISBN 0-671-79612-7
- Karin Blair: Meaning in Star Trek . Anima Books, Chambersburg 1977, ISBN 0-89012-010-2
- JM Dillard: Star Trek: Where Nobody Has Been Before - A Chronicle in Pictures . Heyne 1995, ISBN 3-453-09071-3
- Edward Gross, Mark A. Altman: Captain's Log . Heel Verlag, Königswinter 1994, ISBN 3-89365-376-7
- Nicole Kubitza: Pretty in Space: The representation of women in Star Trek and other American drama series of the 1960s , V&R unipress, Göttingen 2016, ISBN 978-3-8471-0518-3
- Dave Marinaccio: Everything I really need in life I learned from Star Trek . Heyne 1995, ISBN 3-453-08898-0
- Denise and Michael Okuda : The Official Star Trek Chronology . Heel Verlag, Königswinter 1999, ISBN 3-89365-443-7
- Denise and Michael Okuda: The Star Trek Encyclopedia, Revised and Expanded Edition: A Reference Guide to the Future . Harper 2016, ISBN 978-0-06-237132-4
- Phil Pharrand: Cap'n Beckmesser's Guide to Star Trek - The Classic Series . Heyne 1996, ISBN 3-453-09475-1
- Ralph Sander : Das Star Trek Universum , Heyne Verlag (1990: ISBN 3-453-05553-5 ; 2 volumes 1994: ISBN 978-3-453-07759-1 ; Volume 3 1995: ISBN 978-3-453-07760- 7 ; Volume 4 1996: ISBN 3-453-13370-6 )
- Jan Schliecker: Roddenberry's idea: The Star Trek original series through the ages . Schüren, Marburg 2014. ISBN 978-3-89472-768-0
- William Shatner, Chris Kreski: Star Trek Memories . Heyne 1994, ISBN 3-453-09474-3
- Sebastian Stoppe: On the way to new worlds. Star Trek as a political utopia. Büchner-Verlag, Darmstadt 2014, ISBN 978-3-941310-40-7
- Star Trek in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Spaceship Enterprise at Fernsehserien.de
- Star Trek: The Original Series in the Star Trek Wiki Memory Alpha
- German StarTrek Index - detailed episode guide
- Background information on German synchronization
- Treknews.de - extensive information portal on the Star Trek series and films
- 51 minutes due to the PAL acceleration on Blu-Ray
- beaming on www.star-voyager.de
- "Too cerebral," Allan Asherman: The Star Trek Interview Book , p. 154.
- Allan Asherman: The Star Trek Interview Book , p. 164.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 63.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 92.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 95.
- Herbert Solow, Robert Justman: STAR TREK - Die Wahre Geschichte , 1996, p. 327 ff.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 150.
- Fred Freiberger on IMDb.com
- Allan Asherman: The Star Trek Interview Book , p. 163.
- Broadcast data on fernsehserie.de
- German title: Griff in die Geschichte ; Talos-IV tabu, parts 1 and 2 ; Horta saves her children
- Ralph Sander: The Star Trek Universe , Volume 2, 1994, p. 426.
- STAR TREK Index - synchronization of the original series
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- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 102f and Volume 2, p. 427.
- Space. synchronkartei.de, accessed on November 2, 2011 .
- Universe open. A pop culture cosmos. In: oe1.orf.at. August 10, 2007, accessed September 7, 2016 .
- Synchronization - The cage
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- Free TV premiere of the Star Trek Nazi episode. TV Today, November 4, 2011, accessed November 25, 2015 .
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- Original quotations by GA Gonzalez, p. 15: “egregious” and “misplaced assumptions”
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- George A. Gonzalez: The Politics of Star Trek: Justice, War, and the Future , Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2015, ISBN 978-1-137-54940-2 , pp. 15-30
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- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 2, 1994, p. 421ff.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, pp. 202f.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 2, 1994, pp. 193-204.
- Ralph Sander: Das Star Trek Universum , Volume 1, 1994, p. 204.
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- Startrek.com: TOS remastered.