A fanzine (English, suitcase word from fan and magazine ) is a magazine that is made by fans for fans. In addition to the printed form, especially with the spread of the Internet , electronic distribution as e-zines has established itself, in which the content is published as HTML or PDF .
The makers of the fanzines initially consisted of committed members of the relevant scene , who wrote and copied the booklets at their own expense in their free time. They are usually only widespread in the respective scene, where they are sent by subscription or distributed personally. Some are also traded in the shops assigned to the respective scene. There are also quite a few free copies of electronic fanzines. Often they do pioneering work for larger magazines, record companies etc., which often only become aware of bands etc. through fanzines. Some commercial magazines for the respective scenes, such as the English Metal Forces or the German Rock Hard , began as fanzines. In the 1990s, publishers such as Dino Entertainment developed fanzines for television series and distributed them commercially.
Non-commercial fanzines are rarely found in normal libraries . The association Archive of Youth Cultures has therefore set itself the goal of collecting and archiving fanzines in order to make them available to a wider audience, scientific research and posterity. In principle, however, they are subject to deposit copies at the German National Library .
There are all sorts of fanzines: for football fans , subcultures , comics , different music directions and scenes, role-playing games , TV series and so on. Fanzines are often written in colloquial language and, depending on the topic, contain, for example, concert reports, football match reports from fans, interviews with the respective stars or bands , background reports and reviews on sound carriers , concerts , board games or other products.
An egozine is a special type of fanzine. An egozine is usually only brought out by one person. The contents of the egozines are mostly concentrated on one topic, which can include everything from collections of reviews to travelogues, and very often only reflect the purely subjective opinion of the author.
- Pagan Kennedy : Zine: How I Spent Six Years of My Life in the Underground and Finally ... Found Myself ... I Think . St. Martin's Press, 1995, ISBN 0-312-13628-5 (Chicago: Santa Fe Writer's Project, 2014).
- Götz Kühnemund : Fanzines - The driving force from the underground . In: Metal Hammer , April 1987, p. 110.
- Tom Küppers: The early makers . Between success and failure . In: Metal Hammer , August 2010, p. 43.
- Sigrun Kaiser: Consistent Marketing - The Guarantee of Success for Fanzines , br-online.de, accessed on April 22, 2017.
- Questions to the German National Library. (No longer available online.) In: Directory of German-speaking fanzines. June 2008, archived from the original on January 10, 2017 ; Retrieved June 29, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.