National Board of Review

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The National Board of Review ( NBR ) is a New York organization of filmmakers and film scholars that annually awards important film awards.


The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in New York in 1909 in protest against then Mayor George McClennan. A year earlier, the latter had ordered the revocation of the gaming license for cinema films in order to stop the demoralizing effect of the still young medium on the population.

On their constitutionally consisting guaranteed freedom of expression, were opened cinema operator (as Marcus Loew), film distributor ( Pathé and others) and the private Art - College Cooper Union for the New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship together (1912 renamed the National Board of Censorship and 1915 in National Board of Review of Motion Pictures ). They wanted to recognize outstanding films and advocate the new, culturally groundbreaking art form.

To avoid government censoring of films, the National Board of Review became the unofficial reviewer for new releases in 1915. The Passed by the National Board of Review seal of approval appeared in the opening and closing credits of films until the 1950s . The published journals such as the National Board of Review Magazine (1926–1942) or Films in Review (since 1950), in which greats such as Pearl S. Buck , Alfred Hitchcock , Fritz Lang or Tennessee Williams published , also received worldwide attention .

Today the National Board of Review is a not-for-profit organization of filmmakers, as well as teachers , students, and historians in the field of film. The main activity is the offer of seminars and courses as well as the awarding of scholarships .

Awards and categories

Since 1920 the members have been voting on the best films of the year, published until 1928 in lists with 40 titles each in alphabetical order, from 1929 in equally alphabetical lists for the Top 10 Best Films and the Top 5 Best Foreign Films . Since 1932, the best film from these top 10 has also been recognized and since 1934 the best foreign film . Today the organization sees over 300 films annually in the presence of the filmmakers and at the end of each year evaluates the best films in up to 28 different categories. Since there is no connection between the organization and the film industry, and because it is traditionally the first film circle to award its film awards annually (usually in December), the NBR Award enjoys the reputation as an alternative to the Oscars , which are more oriented towards film hits than film art seem to be. Since 2000, the film awards have been presented in a ceremony in January, but the announcement of the winners one month in advance has been retained.

The award categories of 2010 ( awarded since names the film year, not the year of the award ceremony):

category Original name (s) awarded since
Best movie Best film 1932
Best foreign language film Best Foreign Language Film 1934
Best documentary Best Documentary 1940
Best Actor Best Actor 1945
Best main actress Best Actress 1945
Best supporting actor Best Supporting Actor 1954
The best supporting actress Best Supporting Actress 1954
Best acting ensemble Best Acting By An Ensemble 1994
Best young actor Breakthrough Performance - Male 1998
Best Young Actress Breakthrough Performance - Female 1995
Best director Best Director 1945
Best directorial debut Outstanding Directorial Debut 1997
Best adapted script Best Adapted Screenplay 2004
Best original script Best Original Screenplay 2004
Spotlight price Spotlight Award 2008
Best animated film Best animated feature 2000
Special individual service Special Filmmaking Achievement 1994
Best production design Production Design Award 2000
William K. Everson Film History Award William K. Everson Film History Award 1994
Freedom of expression award Freedom of Expression Award 1995
Special recognition for excellence in filmmaking Special Recognition For Excellence In Filmmaking 1996
Top ten films Top ten films 1929

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