Film awards are mostly given either at film festivals or by the film industry . Usually, it is used to award film artistic achievements . As the first award for a film was 1920 US -American Photoplay Award awarded.
But there are also film prizes for commercial success, such as the golden screen in Germany (for at least three million visitors to a film). In addition to films, awards are sometimes also given for the professional achievements that have contributed, e.g. B. supporting and leading actors , direction and camera work , scripts or the music of a film.
Film Industry Awards
By far the most famous film award of all is the American Academy Award , better known as the Oscar , which is awarded annually in numerous categories as part of a glamorous show event in Los Angeles . A few weeks earlier, Hollywood's foreign press presented the Golden Globe Awards , which usually point to the expected Oscar awards. In contrast, the Golden Raspberry awards the worst cinematic achievements of a year.
The European film award has been the European equivalent of the Oscars since 1988 , but its media charisma and level of awareness among the broader cinema audience are still below the US model for the time being.
The German Film Prize , well endowed by the German federal government , has seen a change in image and has been awarding a statuette named Lola since 1999 . The German Film Prize has been awarded by the members of the German Film Academy since 2005. There has been resistance to this allegedly commercially dominated approach to film art, which is expressed, among other things, in the Festival of German Film , which opposes the German Film Prize with the film art prize, which is to be awarded by a jury based on demanding artistic criteria.
National film awards
|country||movie Award||awarded since||comment|
|Belgium||Prix Magritte||2011||Original name: "Les Magritte du cinéma"; from 1985 to 2007 the "Joseph Plateau-filmprijzen" / "Prix Joseph Plateau" was awarded|
|Germany||German film award||1951||also known as "Lola" since 1999; in the GDR, the National Feature Film Festival was held from 1980 to 1990 in parallel|
|France||César||1976||from 1955 to 1975 the Étoile de Cristal was awarded|
|Great Britain||British Academy Film Award||1948||Abbreviated BAFTA Award, formerly also known as "Stella"|
|Ireland||Irish Film and Television Award||1999||also known as the "IFTA Award"|
|Italy||David di Donatello||1956||also known as "David"|
|Netherlands||Golden calf||1981||Original name: "Gouden Kalf"|
|Nordic countries||Nordic Council Film Award||2002||also known as the "Nordic Film Award"; for Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish feature films|
|Austria||Austrian film award||2011|
|Poland||Polish film award||1999||Original name: "Orzeł"|
|Russia||Nika||1987||Original name: "Ника"|
|Switzerland||Swiss film award||1998|
|Czech Republic||Bohemian lion||1993||Original name: "Česky lev"|
|country||movie Award||awarded since||comment|
|Argentina||Silver Condor||1943||Original name: "Premios Cóndor de Plata"|
|Australia||AACTA Awards||1963||known as the Australian Film Institute Award ("AFI Award") until 2012 (not to be confused with the American Film Institute award of the same name )|
|Brazil||Grande Prêmio Brasileiro de Cinema||2000|
|China||Golden rooster||1981||Original name: 金雞 獎 / 金鸡 奖 , Jīnjījiăng|
|Hong Kong||Hong Kong Film Award||1982||Original designation: 香港 電影 金像獎 / 香港 电影 金像奖 , Xiānggǎng Diànyǐng Jīnxiàngjiǎng , short: 香港 金像獎 / 香港 金像奖 , Xiānggǎng Jīnxiàngjiǎng - "HKFA"|
|India||National Film Award||1954||also known as the "National Awards"|
|Israel||Ophir Award||1982||formerly known as the "Prize of the Israeli Film Academy" (original name: "Tekes Halukat Prasei Ha'Akademia Ha'Israelit Le'Kolnoah")|
|Japan||Kinema Jumpō Prize||1925||Original designation: キ ネ マ 旬報 ベ ス ト ・ テ ン ("Kinema jumpō besuto ten")|
|Japan||Japanese Academy Award||1978||Original name: 日本 ア カ デ ミ ー 賞 ("Nippon Academii Shō")|
|Canada||Genius award||1980||For the French-speaking province of Québec, the Prix Jutra (English: "Jutra Award") has been awarded separately since 1999|
|Namibia||Namibian Theater and Film Awards|
|New Zealand||New Zealand Screen Award||2001||known as the New Zealand Film and TV Awards prior to 2005; Awarded in 2007 as the "Air New Zealand Screen Awards"|
|Philippines||Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences Award||1952||also known as the "FAMAS Awards"|
|South Korea||Grand Bell Award||1962||Original name: 대종상 영화제 ("Daejongsang Yeonghwajae")|
|South Korea||Blue Dragon Award||1963||Original name: 청룡 영화상|
|Taiwan||Golden Horse Award||1962||Original designation: 臺北 金馬 影展 獎 / 台北 金马 影展 奖 , Táiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngzhǎnjiǎng , short: 金馬獎 / 金马奖 , Jīnmǎjiǎng|
In the USA in particular, the prizes that are awarded annually by the so-called Guilds are also very popular, especially since those honored here are very often the later Oscar winners. In the respective guilds, only those people who are or were also active in the respective area give their votes. Many of the people who have been honored so often see this as a particularly great honor.
Some of the existing Guild Awards :
- Guild of Producers: Producers Guild of America (PGA)
- Guild of directors: Directors Guild of America (DGA)
- Actors Guild : Screen Actors Guild (SAG)
- Scriptwriters' Guild : Writers Guild of America (WGA)
- Film Editors Guild: American Cinema Editors (ACE)
- Cinematographers' Guild: American Society of Cinematographers (ASC)
- Sound Editors Guild: Motion Picture Sound Editors (MPSE)
- Sound Engineers Guild: Cinema Audio Society (CAS)
- Property Makers Guild: Art Directors Guild (ADG)
- Guild Costume: Costume Designers Guild (CDG)
- Animators' Guild: Visual Effects Society (VES)
- Makeup Artists Guild : Hollywood Makeup and Hair Stylist Guild
While film industry awards usually rate all films in a year, film festivals only award their awards to the current films they have selected, most of which have not yet been evaluated in the cinema. While the Oscars are awarded by members of a film academy, festival prizes are awarded by international, often prominent juries. The international association of film critics ( Fédération Internationale de la Presse Cinématographique ) also awards the FIPRESCI Prize at the most important festivals .
The prices of the most important film festivals (" A-Festivals ") have a golden shimmer:
Film Review Awards
Critics 'awards, ie film awards that are awarded annually by critics' associations, differ from industry awards (ideally) in that they prioritize the artistic quality of a film over its commercial potential. Here are some examples:
- Broadcast Film Critics Association
- New York Film Critics Circle
- London Critics Circle Film Awards
- Los Angeles Film Critics Association
- National Society of Film Critics
- National Board of Review (the oldest institution that awards film awards)
- Chicago Film Critics Association
- Online Film Critics Society
Special film awards
Every year the music broadcaster MTV bestows one of the most modern film prizes there is to be awarded : the MTV Movie Awards . Categories such as "Best Film Kiss" or "Best Film Villain" are also honored here.
The Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films has presented the Saturn Award in the USA every year since 1972 .
The Imagen Foundation has been presenting the Imagen Award in the USA every year since 1985 in a similar range of categories as the Oscar for the best actors, productions, films with Latino backgrounds.
The International Literary Film Prize has been awarded at the Frankfurt Book Fair since 2004.
The editing prize has been awarded annually since 1999 for the best editing performance in the categories of feature film, documentary film and the promotion of Film +, Cologne's forum for film editing and montage art.
The German Short Film Award has been awarded by the Federal Government since 1956. In 2002, the regulations for the German Short Film Award were completely redesigned.