With the Golden Lion ( Italian Leone d'Oro ), the best competition film (feature film) is awarded at the annual Venice Film Festival . This makes it the most important award of the festival, ahead of the Silver Lions (Grand Jury Prize and award for the best director) and the Special Jury Prize. As is the case with the Golden Palm of the Cannes Film Festival or the Golden Bear of the Berlinale in relation to the respective city, the motif was taken from the coat of arms of Venicetaken. The competition jury, which is often composed of international filmmakers, votes on the award of the prize.
Since 1970, another Golden Lion has been awarded as an honorary prize for the life's work of a filmmaker ( Leone d'Oro alla carriera ). In the meantime, the Golden Lion is also awarded in other art branches as part of the Biennale di Venezia .
The name has existed since 1949, first as the "Lion of San Marco" ( Leone di San Marco ), 1950 to 1952 as the "Golden Lion of San Marco" and since then as the "Golden Lion". Previously, the Golden Lion was known as the “Grand International Prize of Venice” ( Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia ) in 1947 and 1948 , while in the early years of the film festival the main prize was the “Mussolini Cup” ( Coppa Mussolini ) . The award, named after the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (1883–1945) for propaganda reasons , honored the best Italian film production and the best foreign feature film from 1934 to 1942. Due to the victory of the German Alexander Kluge ( The artists in the big top: at a loss ) and the burgeoning 1968 movement , no Golden Lion was awarded between 1969 and 1979. The organizers feared the general political climate after the award was given to a representative of the New German Cinema , in which a prize was awarded based on a statute from the fascist era of Italy .
The works of Italian film directors were most frequently awarded the Golden Lion (11 wins), followed by their colleagues from France (10), the USA (5), Taiwan (4), Japan and Germany (3 each), after the fascist one Regime Italian, American, and German productions had dominated the award ceremony. The French André Cayatte (1950 and 1960) and Louis Malle (1980 and 1987), the Chinese Zhang Yimou (1992 and 1999) and the Taiwanese Ang Lee ( 2005 and 2007 ) have triumphed twice since 1949 . In addition, the competition jury has not been able to agree on a winning film several times in the past, most recently in 1994 when the Chinese Tsai Ming-liang ( Vive l'Amour - Long live love ) won the Golden Lion with the Macedonian Milčo Mančevski ( Before the Rain ) shared. According to the current regulations (as of 2017), the jury may only award the Golden Lion to one film production.
As at the Cannes and Berlin film festivals, victories by female filmmakers remained exceptional. After the German Leni Riefenstahl won the Coppa Mussolini with her two-part documentary Olympia in 1938 , her compatriot Margarethe von Trotta ( Die Bleierne Zeit ) followed her in 1981 , the Belgian Agnès Varda ( Vogelfrei ) in 1985 , and in 2001 the Indian Mira Nair ( Monsoon Wedding ), 2010 the US-American Sofia Coppola ( Somewhere ), 2020 Chloé Zhao ( Nomadland ) and 2021 Audrey Diwan ( L'évènement ) . In 2013, another documentary film, Gianfranco Rosi's Das Andere Rom, was able to assert itself .
Golden Lion - Best Film
- 1956 no Golden Lion was awarded after the jury could not decide between the competition entries Friends to the last (original title: ビ ル マ の 竪琴, Biruma no tategoto) by the Japanese Kon Ichikawa and Hauptstraße ( Calle mayor ) by the Spaniard Juan Antonio Bardem .
- Due to the victory of the German Alexander Kluge ( The artists in the big top: at a loss ) and the burgeoning 1968 movement , no more Golden Lion was awarded until 1979. The organizers feared the general political climate after the award was given to a representative of the New German Cinema , in which a prize was awarded based on a statute from the fascist era of Italy.
Coppa Mussolini (1934–1942)
|year||Original title||German title||Director|
|1934||Teresa Confalonieri||not known||Guido Brignone|
|Man of Aran||The men of Aran||Robert J. Flaherty|
|1935||Casta diva||not known||Carmine gallon|
|Anna Karenina||Anna Karenina||Clarence Brown|
|1936||Squadrone bianco||not known||Augusto Genina|
|The Emperor of California||The Emperor of California||Luis Trenker|
|1937||Scipione l'Africano||Carthage's fall||Carmine gallon|
|Un carnet de bal||Game of memory||Julien Duvivier|
|1938||Luciano Serra pilota||Between life and death||Goffredo Alessandrini|
|1939||Abuna Messiah||not known||Goffredo Alessandrini|
|1940||L'assedio dell'Alcazar||Alkazar||Augusto Genina|
|The postmaster||The postmaster||Gustav Ucicky|
|1941||La corona di ferro||not known||Alessandro Blasetti|
|Ohm Kruger||Ohm Kruger||Hans Steinhoff|
|1942||Benghazi||not known||Augusto Genina|
|The great king||The great king||Veit Harlan|
Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (1947–1948)
|year||Original title||German title||Director|
|1947||Siréna||The siren||Karel Steklý|
Golden Lion - Honorary Prize for a Lifetime Achievement
|1970||Orson Welles||Actor, screenwriter, director and film producer||United States|
|1971||Ingmar Bergman||Director and screenwriter||Sweden|
|Marcel Carné||Director and screenwriter||France|
|John Ford||Director, film producer and screenwriter||United States|
|1972||Charles Chaplin||Actor, film director, screenwriter and film producer||Great Britain|
|Anatoly Golovna||camera operator||Soviet Union|
|Billy Wilder||Director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|Prize not awarded|
|1982||Alessandro Blasetti||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|Luis Buñuel||Director and screenwriter||Spain|
|Frank Capra||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|George Cukor||Director||United States|
|Jean-Luc Godard||Director and screenwriter||France|
|Sergei Yutkevich||Director and screenwriter||Soviet Union|
|Alexander Kluge||Director and screenwriter||FRG|
|Akira Kurosawa||Director and screenwriter||Japan|
|Michael Powell||Director, screenwriter and film producer||Great Britain|
|Satyajit Ray||Director and screenwriter||India|
|King Vidor||Director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|1983||Michelangelo Antonioni||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|1984||Prize not awarded|
|1985||Manoel de Oliveira||Director and screenwriter||Portugal|
|Federico Fellini||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|John Huston||Director, screenwriter, actor and film producer||United States|
|1986||Paolo Taviani||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|Vittorio Taviani||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|1987||Luigi Comencini||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|Joseph L. Mankiewicz||Director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|1988||Joris Ivens||Documentary filmmaker||Netherlands|
|1989||Robert Bresson||Director and screenwriter||France|
|1990||Miklós Jancsó||Director and screenwriter||Hungary|
|1991||Mario Monicelli||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|Gian Maria Volonté||actor||Italy|
|1992||Francis Ford Coppola||Director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|Paolo Villaggio||Actor and screenwriter||Italy|
|Robert De Niro||actor||United States|
|Roman Polanski||Director and screenwriter||Poland / France|
|Steven Spielberg||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|1994||Suso Cecchi D'Amico||scriptwriter||Italy|
|Ken Loach||Director and screenwriter||Great Britain|
|Al Pacino||actor||United States|
|1995||Woody Allen||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|Giuseppe De Santis||Screenwriter||Italy|
|Goffredo Lombardo||film producer||Italy|
|Ennio Morricone||Film composer||Italy|
|Alain Resnais||Director and screenwriter||France|
|Martin Scorsese||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|1996||Robert Altman||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|Dustin Hoffman||actor||United States|
|Stanley Kubrick||Director and screenwriter||United States|
|1998||Warren Beatty||Actor, director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|Andrzej Wajda||Director and screenwriter||Poland|
|1999||Jerry Lewis||Actor and comedian||United States|
|2000||Clint Eastwood||Actor, director and film producer||United States|
|2001||Eric Rohmer||Director and screenwriter||France|
|2002||Dino Risi||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|2003||Dino De Laurentiis||film producer||Italy|
|2004||Manoel de Oliveira||Director and screenwriter||Portugal|
|Stanley Donen||Director and film producer||United States|
|2005||Hayao Miyazaki||Animation filmmaker||Japan|
|2006||David Lynch||Director, screenwriter and film producer||United States|
|2007||Bernardo Bertolucci||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|Tim Burton||Director, screenwriter, film producer and animation filmmaker||United States|
|2008||Ermanno Olmi||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|2009||Brad Bird||Animated film directors and producers at Pixar Animation Studios||United States|
|2010||John Woo||Director and screenwriter||PR China / USA|
|2011||Marco Bellocchio||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|2012||Francesco Rosi||Director and screenwriter||Italy|
|2013||William Friedkin||Director, screenwriter and producer||United States|
|2014||Thelma Schoonmaker||Film editor||United States|
|Frederick Wiseman||Director||United States|
|2015||Bertrand Tavernier||Director and screenwriter||France|
|Jerzy Skolimowski||Screenwriter and director||Poland|
|2017||Jane Fonda||actress||United States|
|Robert Redford||Actor, director, producer and founder of the Sundance Film Festival||United States|
|Vanessa Redgrave||actress||Great Britain|
|2020||Tilda Swinton||actress||Great Britain|
|2021||Roberto Benigni||Actor, director||Italy|
|Jamie Lee Curtis||actress||United States|
- Official website of the Venice Film Festival (English / Italian)
- Venice Film Festival in the Internet Movie Database
- Reglement 2017. labiennale.org (English) accessed on October 4, 2017.
- History of the Venice Film Festival - The Sixties and Seventies . labiennale.org (English).
- Leone d'Oro a “Sacro Gra” di Rosi: Cotta scelta come miglior attrice . lastampa.it, September 7, 2013; Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- Roos, Fred: Venice Film Festival, 1956 . In: The Quarterly of Film Radio and Television , 11, No. 3 (Spring, 1957), p. 249.
- Award ceremony (live stream) via labiennale.org; accessed on September 12, 2020.
- Official awards of the 78th Venice Film Festival. In: labiennale.org. September 11, 2021, accessed September 11, 2021 .
- Julie Andrews receives honorary lions in Venice . orf.at, March 8, 2019; accessed on March 8, 2019.
- Pedro Almodóvar Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement . labiennale.org, June 14, 2019; accessed on June 14, 2019.
- Venice awards the Golden Lions to Swinton and Hui. In: ORF.at . July 20, 2020, accessed July 20, 2020 .
- Venice Film Festival: Benigni receives Golden Lion for life's work. In: Kurier.at . April 15, 2021, accessed April 17, 2021 .
- Jamie Lee Curtis Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement. In: labiennale.org. June 30, 2021, accessed June 30, 2021 .