Ang Lee ( Chinese 李安 , Pinyin Lǐ Ān ; born October 23, 1954 in Chaozhou , Pingtung County , Republic of China (Taiwan) ) is a Taiwanese film director , screenwriter and producer. He is known as an award-winning director for films as diverse as Eat Drink Man Woman , the Jane Austen adaptation Sense and Sensuality and the martial arts film Tiger and Dragon . For his films Brokeback Mountain (2005) and Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger (2012), he was each awarded an Oscar in the category Best Director .
Ang Lee was born in Taiwan in 1954 . His parents, emigrants from China , met in Taiwan. Lee is their eldest son. The paternal and maternal grandparents perished in the course of the communist revolution in China. Since his father changed jobs as a teacher, Ang Lee grew up in various cities in Taiwan.
Contrary to his parents' wishes to pursue a classical academic career like his father, Lee became interested in acting and, with their consent, first studied theater and film in Taipei . He then went to the USA in 1978 to study theater studies and directing at the University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign . After obtaining his BA in Illinois, he devoted himself entirely to studying film and theater production at the University of New York , from which he graduated in 1985 with a master's degree. He then decided to stay in the USA with his wife, who was also from Taiwan.
Despite his first experiences with Super 8 films in Taiwan, his interest shifted late to film directing and production - also because Lee did not want to admit his career aspirations to his family and especially his father for a long time. After graduating, he was initially unable to implement his own projects. It wasn't until 1992, when he finished his first feature film, that a continuous career as a director emerged.
His greatest successes to date - both with audiences and critics - are the martial arts drama Tiger and Dragon with a pan-Asian star cast and the post-western romance Brokeback Mountain with Heath Ledger and Jake Gyllenhaal . For the latter, Lee was the first Asian-born and non-white director to receive the Oscar for best director in 2006. In addition, Lee's films have been awarded two Golden Bears at the Berlinale and two Golden Lions at the Venice Film Festival , along with many other awards .
Lee has been married to microbiologist Jane Lin since 1983. They live in White Plains , Westchester County , New York State . The sons Haan (* 1984) and Mason (* 1990) are from the marriage . Ang Lee holds a United States Permanent Resident Card .
After his first film experience in Taiwan, Lee did not take a serious look at filmmaking again until he was studying in the USA. As part of his studies in New York, he made a few short films and, among other things, worked as an assistant director on the final shoot of his fellow student Spike Lee . His own graduation film Fine Line won two prizes at the prestigious film festival at his university in 1985. It was not until 1992 that he succeeded in making the first of a series of three films on the subject of west-east conflicts among Taiwanese families, after winning a lavishly paid screenplay competition in Taiwan.
1992–1994: The “Father Knows Best” trilogy
These first three feature-length films that Lee was able to make are generally referred to as Father Knows Best . This name goes back to the recurring character of the Chinese head of the family, played by the Taiwanese actor Sihung Lung . The three films thematize, as was later often the case with Ang Lee, family problems that arise from the conflict between self-determination and tradition, between inside and outside, between East and West and between generations. The films are all US-Taiwanese co-productions. In contrast to all of the projects that have followed so far, Lee's first films are not adaptations, but rather films based on original scripts he wrote himself.
The first film, Pushing Hands (1992), is about a Chinese father moving in with his adult son and American daughter-in-law in New York and the intercultural problems that arise in the new shared apartment. This was the first collaboration between Lee and screenwriter and producer James Schamus - since then the two have formed a close working partnership on every Lee film. As in the two following films, they wrote the script together. In all of Lee's other films (with the exception of the short film The Hire: Chosen ), Schamus has since played a decisive role.
The regular collaboration with film editor Tim Squyres also began in Lee's first film. Squires has edited every film Ang Lee has made except for the 2005 hit Brokeback Mountain .
After the success of his debut, Lee was next to shoot The Wedding Banquet (1993), a comedy about the fake marriage of a homosexual Taiwanese in exile in the United States. The figure of the strict but wise head of the family reappears here. Had Pushing Hands initially provided mainly in Taiwan for attention (and prices), was the second feature film Lees also Europe's attention to the upcoming director: The film received at the Berlinale in 1993. Golden Bear as Best Foreign Language Film and was also for a Oscar nominated. It is also considered to be one of the most profitable low-budget films of 1993. With a production cost of just one million US dollars, it achieved gross profits of over 23 million US dollars.
Sihung Lung is also in the last part of the trilogy, Eat Drink Man Woman (1994), the “congenial embodiment of the Chinese head of the family”, the “center of these masquerades, in which the aim is to save an old face and then learn to do it to lose in order to gain a new one that is more fit for life. ”This time he is the widowed father of three daughters who approach their lives and loved ones in different ways and also have to resolve internal family conflicts. Unlike its predecessors, Eat Drink Man Woman was shot in Taipei . The focus of the film (the title suggests) is love and food. Ang Lee, privately a passionate cook, placed particular emphasis on the culinary component as a stylistic device and designed the main character of the elderly widower as a famous chef.
1995–1999: Anglo-American history three times
With the offer of producer Lindsay Doran to film the adaptation of the novel Mind and Feel by Jane Austen , written by British actress Emma Thompson , in Great Britain, Lee opened up a long-awaited new perspective beyond Asian-influenced material.
In a new trilogy he deals with different cultures:
- Sense and Sensuality is the film adaptation of the novel by the English writer Jane Austen;
- The ice storm takes place in the USA in the 1970s;
- Ride with the Devil is set in the American Civil War .
2000 – today: commuting between west and east
Tiger and Dragon and Hulk are very different action films. Lee won two Golden Globes with Tiger and Dragon . The work also won four Academy Awards (Oscars), including the trophy for best foreign language film. For this film he received a Chlotrudis Award in 2001, and he received his second Chlotrudis in 2006 for Brokeback Mountain .
For Brokeback Mountain , Lee has received a variety of film awards, including the Oscar for Best Director, the Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival, and the Hollywood Foreign Press Association's award for Best Director of the Year. In 2007 he filmed a short story by Eileen Chang with Danger and Desire . The thriller is set in Shanghai at the time of World War II and is about a young Chinese agent (played by Tang Wei ) who is hired to liquidate a high-ranking traitor ( Tony Leung Chiu Wai ). Lee's first Chinese-language feature film production since Tiger and Dragon was represented in the official competition of the 64th Venice Film Festival in 2007 and again won him the Golden Lion. In the same year, Danger and Desire was chosen as the official Taiwanese entry for the nomination for the best foreign language film at the 2008 Academy Awards, but was later withdrawn on the recommendation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and replaced by Chen Huai-Ens Lian xi qu replaced.
In late February 2009 it was announced that Lee would head the jury for the 66th Venice Film Festival . Two months later he received an invitation to compete at the 62nd Cannes International Film Festival for his comedy Taking Woodstock .
In 2013 he was appointed to the competition jury of the 66th Cannes Film Festival .
Ang Lee is an internationally recognized and successful director and is considered to be one of the most versatile filmmakers in recent years. Often in his films Lee deals with the family in a way that bears the autobiographical traits of his own life. He deliberately lets his surroundings have an impact on him and incorporates it into his films.
“My best ideas always come out of nowhere. And sometimes I have to go nowhere for them to come to me. It's not that I close my eyes and see pictures. The pictures find me. "
Most of his films are characterized by a narrative structure that is not straightforward and presents the characters and the story from different angles. He combines the conflicts of human life with traditional and innovative style elements.
For Ang Lee, the classically solid narrative structures are too boring, so he combines different genres and eras. He himself once said: "I hope I'll be 300 years old and I can try out all the film genres, mix and twist them and learn everything about them." ( Ang Lee :)
- 1982: Shades of the Lake (short film)
- 1984: Fine Line (short film)
- 1992: Pushing Hands (Pushing Hands , Tui shou)
- 1993: The Wedding Banquet (The Wedding Banquet , Xi yan)
- 1994: Eat Drink Man Woman (Yin shi nan nu)
- 1995: Sense and Sensibility (Sense and Sensibility)
- 1997: The Ice Storm (The Icestorm)
- 1999: Ride with the Devil
- 2000: Tiger and Dragon (also: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon , Wo hu cang long)
- 2001: The Hire: Chosen (short commercial for a car brand)
- 2003: Hulk
- 2005: Brokeback Mountain
- 2007: Danger and Desire (Sè, jiè)
- 2009: Taking Woodstock
- 2012: Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger
- 2016: Billy Lynn's Crazy Heroes Tour (Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk)
- 2019: Gemini Man
- 2001 : Award in the category of best foreign language film for Tiger and Dragon
- 2001 : Nomination for Best Director for Tiger and Dragon
- 2001 : Nomination for Best Picture for Tiger and Dragon
- 2006 : Award in the category Best Director for Brokeback Mountain
- 2013 : Award in the category Best Director for Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger
- 2013 : Nomination in the category Best Film for Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger
- 1996 : Nomination in the category Best Director for Sense and Sensuality
- 2001 : Award for Best Director for Tiger and Dragon
- 2006 : Award in the category Best Director for Brokeback Mountain
- 2013 : Nomination in the category Best Director for Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger
- 1996: Nomination in the category Best Feature Film Director for Sense and Sensuality
- 2001: Award for Best Feature Film Director for Tiger and Dragon
- 2006: Award in the category Best Motion Picture Director for Brokeback Mountain
- 2013: Nomination in the category Best Feature Film Director for Life of Pi: Shipwreck with Tiger
- 1993: Golden Bear of the Berlin Film Festival for The Wedding Banquet
- 1993: Golden Horse Best Director for The Wedding Banquet
- 1996: Golden Bear of the Berlin Film Festival for Sense and Sensuality
- 1997: Federal Film Prize for the best foreign film with sense and sensuality
- 2000: Golden Horse, Best Picture for Tiger and Dragon
- 2001: Hong Kong Film Award for Tiger and Dragon
- 2002: Admission to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2005: Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival for Brokeback Mountain
- 2007: Golden Horse Best Director for Danger and Desire
- 2007: Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival for Danger and Desire
- Tanja Hanhart (editor): Ang Lee and his cinema. Poetry in large format. In: du 796 (Feb. 2006), ISBN 978-3-03717-021-2 .
- Thomas Koebner : [Article] Ang Lee. In the S. (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, descriptions of works, filmographies. With 109 illustrations. 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008 [1. Ed. 1999], ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 429-433.
- Qin Hu: Ang Lee's Cinema - From Chinese Philosophy, Art and Culture to Aspects of Film Aesthetics. Gardez! Publisher, 2008.
- Michael Pekler, Andreas Ungerböck: Ang Lee and his films. Schüren, Marburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-89472-665-2 .
- Isabell Gössele: The cinema of Ang Lee - In the breath of the hidden dragon. Tectum, Marburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8288-2046-3 .
- Ang Lee in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Ang Lee in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ang Lee in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- Ang Lee biography at WHO'S WHO
- “If you are successful, abuse it!” In: Spiegel Online , October 17, 2007, interview
- The subtext of the Western , interview on critic.de
- Ralph Geisenhanslüke: Director Ang Lee: "I always wanted to make my father proud" In: Zeit , January 1, 2013, interview
- Andreas Kilb: Ang Lee for his sixtieth. The fragility of the world. In: FAZ , October 23, 2014
- Family and friends praise Ang Lee's quiet dedication - Taipei Times. Retrieved September 17, 2018 .
- 2016.11.12 中天 的 夢想 驛站 完整 版 戰爭 人性 與 電影 科技 李安 ： 視覺 對 我 是 信仰. In: Chung T'ien Television. November 12, 2016, Retrieved December 2, 2019 (Chinese).
- Michael Pekler, Andreas Ungerböck: Ang Lee and his films . Schüren, Marburg 2009.
- Christoph Schneider: Chronicle of life and work . In: Ang Lee and his cinema. Poetry in large format . In: du 796 (Feb. 2006), pp. 64–70.
- Michael Pekler and Andreas Ungerböck ironically note that the trilogy could better be titled “Father Thinks He Knows Best”, since the patriarchs by no means have a solution for everything, cf. Michael Pekler, Andreas Ungerböck: Ang Lee and his films . Schüren, Marburg 2009, p. 17.
- For The Wedding Banquet additionally recorded Neil Peng, for Eat Drink Man Woman responsible Hui-Ling Wang.
- Isabell Gössele: The cinema of Ang Lee - In the breath of the hidden dragon . Tectum, Marburg, 2009, p. 72.
- Pekler, Ungerböck 2009, p. 19.
- Christoph Schneider: Chronicle of life and work . In: Ang Lee and his cinema. Poetry in large format . In: du 796 (Feb. 2006), p. 65.
- Pekler, Ungerböck 2009, p. 135 f.
- Douglas Tseng: Shorter version of Lust to be shown here . In: The Straits Times (Singapore), September 26, 2007, LIFE! - LIFE BUZZ
- Lian xi qu. Internet Movie Database , accessed June 8, 2015 .
- Venice: Ang Lee becomes jury president In: fr-online , February 28, 2009, accessed on June 12, 2019
- Shipwreck with audience in FAZ , December 24, 2012, p. 25.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||李安 (Chinese); Lǐ Ān (Chinese)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Taiwanese director and screenwriter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 23, 1954|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Chaozhou , Pingtung County , Taiwan|