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Taipei City montage.PNG
Skyline, Jiantan MRT Station, Grand Hotel , Chiang Kai-shek National Memorial Hall for the Lantern Festival, high-rise buildings in Xinyi District , Paifang at the National Palace Museum
coat of arms
State : TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan) Republic of China (Taiwan)
Coordinates : 25 ° 2 ′  N , 121 ° 32 ′  E Coordinates: 25 ° 2 ′ 0 ″  N , 121 ° 32 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 10  m
Area : 271.8  km²
Residents : 2,669,639 (September 2018)
Population density : 9,822 inhabitants per km²
Time zone : UTC + 8 (Chungyuan time)
Telephone code : (+886) (0) 2
Postal code : 100-116
ISO 3166-2 : TW-TPE
Community type : Government immediate city
Structure : 12 districts
Mayor : Ko Wen-je (independent)
Website :
City bird: Dickbeak kitta
City flower: azalea
City tree: Banyan fig
Map of Taiwan, position of Taipei highlighted
Historic Taipei

Taipei ( Chinese  臺北市  /  台北市 , Pinyin Táiběi Shì , W.-G. T'ai-pei shih , Zhuyin ㄊ ㄞ ˊ ㄅ ㄟ ˇ ㄕ ˋ , Pe̍h-ōe-jī Tâi-pak-chhī  - "North Taiwan city ", Often given in the English spelling as Taipei ) is the capital of the Republic of China (Taiwan) . The megacity in the northern part of the island is the fourth largest city in the country and forms the largest metropolitan area with New Taipei . The area of ​​the city is completely enclosed by the city of New Taipei, which emerged from the district of Taipei.

Geography and recreation

Taipei is located in a basin at the confluence of the Danshui, Xindian and Jilong (Keelung) rivers . While the Danshui and Xindian Rivers border the city to the west and south, the Jilong River separates the city center from the northern districts of Zhongshan and Neihu. In the north of the basin rise the mountains of the Yangmingshan National Park with the Qixing Shan as the highest point (1120 m). There you can experience geothermal activities (hot springs, fumaroles ) as well as marvel at the cherry blossom , butterflies and grasslands. In the south, the zoo, the Zhinan Temple and the tea houses of the Maokong Mountains attract visitors. Smaller mountains like the Xiang Shan reach into the city center. The Da'an Park is centrally located.


The area of ​​Taipei originally belonged to the tribal area of Taiwanese indigenous people from the Ketagalan tribe . Between 1626 and 1642, Spain set up isolated bases in northern Taiwan, but was driven out by the Dutch . In 1662 the Dutch were defeated by Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga), whose heirs lost control of Taiwan to the Qing Dynasty at the end of the 17th century . Only then did the colonization of northern Taiwan by Han immigrants begin.

Step by step the Han moved north. The area on the Danshui River became the most important center in northern Taiwan and the Han settlements of Báng-kah ( Taiwanese reading; 艋舺 , měngjiǎ , today Wanhua 萬 華 , Wànhuá ), Dalongdong , Dadaocheng developed into business centers. With their development, these three settlements represented the nucleus for the developing Taipei.

Taipei's development as a city began in 1709 when Chen-Lai-Zhang, an association of immigrants from Quanzhou , Fujian , received government permission to reclaim the area.

The first settlement was a trading village on the east bank of the Danshui with a port called Báng-kah, today Wanhua, where the Longshan Temple (Dragon Mountain Temple , 龍 山寺 , Lóngshān sì ) is also located.

At the beginning of the 1870s, expansion into a major city began. In 1879 the city gates were completed in the four directions. Except for the west gate, all the others are still preserved today. In 1885 the construction of the city walls began. At the same time, the streets were paved with cobblestones and some were already electrically lit. In the same year Taipei was promoted to city by the then provincial governor Liu Mingchuan . After the defeat of the Qing Empire in the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Taiwan became a Japanese colony . The city, pronounced Taihoku in Japanese , was redesigned three times by the Japanese during this time and finally became a major city. The design of the presidential palace is similar to the shape of the characters for Japan. Most of Taipei's road network today was created at that time.

During the Second World War , on May 31, 1945, the city experienced the heaviest of all American bombing raids on targets in Taiwan. The attack destroyed numerous buildings and claimed more than 3,000 lives, more than all other American air strikes on Taiwan during the war combined. During the period of absolute Kuomintang rule (1945 to the end of the 1980s), the event was largely hushed up, as Taiwan was interested in good relations with the USA.

After the defeat of the Japanese in 1945, Taiwan became a province of the Republic of China. Important political offices were held by mainland Chinese ( Waishengren ). Tension arose between them and the Taiwanese, who had just been Japanese citizens. These erupted in 1947 in the incident of February 28th , which started in Taipei, from there spread to the whole country and lasted until May. In 1949, the bourgeois government of China (formed by the Kuomintang ) withdrew to Taiwan to fight the Chinese communists during the final stages of the Chinese Civil War . This created an influx of capital (gold and currency reserves), art treasures and well-educated mainland Chinese, who belonged to the elite of the Republic of China, many of whom now settled in Taipei and the surrounding area. The city gradually became the political, economic and cultural center of Taiwan and is now one of the most important cities in Asia.

Presidential palace


The Taipei City Council (台北市 議會) was established in 1946. Since 1976 it has been a city authority under the direct supervision of the government. The first meeting took place on December 25, 1969.

The members of the council are elected by direct vote. On December 25, 1998, 52 aldermen took over their offices for the Ninth Council. There are six electoral districts and one indigenous district. The Speaker and Vice-Speaker of the Council are elected by separate elections by the Assembly. Both must each receive more than 50% of the vote.

The council has the following areas of responsibility: civil and financial administration, reconstruction, education, transport, police, health care, public relations, laws and regulations as well as budgeting.

Street and place names are, in addition to the Han characters , marked with Hanyu Pinyin in Latin letters, and not with the formerly common Wade-Giles or Tongyong Pinyin . This also extends to the MRI. However, common different names such as Taipei are still in use.


Districts of Taipei

On March 12, 1990, the number of city districts was reduced from 16 to 12.

12 districts ( , ) of Taipei
Hanyu Pinyin Han script Taiwanese (POJ) Residents Area in km²
Beitou 北投 Pak-tâu 255.281 56.8216
Da'an 大安 Tāi-an 313.310 11.3614
Datong 大同 Tāi-tông 129,709 05.6815
Nangang 南港 Lâm-káng 119,665 21.8424
Neihu 內 湖 Lāi-ô͘ 282,594 31.5787
Songshan 松山 Siông-san 210.148 09.2878
Shilin 士林 Su-lîm 289,528 62.3682
Wanhua 萬 華 Bang-kah 193.246 08.8522
Wenshan 文山 Bûn-san 271.136 31.5090
Xinyi 信義 Sìn-gī 228.355 11.2077
Zhongshan 中山 Tiong-san 228,543 13.6821
Zhongzheng 中正 Tiong-chèng 163.052 07.6071

Status: November 2013

Research institutes, colleges and universities

Academia Sinica.

Taipei is a center of research and educational institutions. These include universities, colleges and Academia Sinica , the national academy of science of Taiwan.

Important state and private universities, as of 2004
Name (German / English) Han script
Year of foundation
National University National Chengchi University
國立 政治 大學 1954 759 14,800
National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University
國立 臺灣 大學 1928 2,107 29,830
Taiwan State Pedagogical University
National Taiwan Normal University
國立 臺灣 師範大學 1946 858 13,432
Yang Ming University
National Yang Ming University
國立 陽明 大學 1975 358 3,563
Taiwan National
University of Science and Technology National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
國立 臺灣 科技 大學 1974 330 8,366
Taipei Technology University
National Taipei University of Technology
國立 臺北 科技 大學 1994 458 8,242
National University of the Arts Taipei
Taipei National University of the Arts
國立 臺北 藝術 大學 1982 175 1,732
Soochow University
Soochow University
東吳 大學 1954 562 15,629
Chinese Culture University
Chinese Culture University
中國 文化 大學 1963 744 27,615
Shih Hsin University
Shih Hsin University
世 新 大學 1960 279 10,917
Ming Chuan University
Ming Chuan University
銘傳 大學 1960 572 17,521
Shih Chien University
Shih Chien University
實踐 大學 1958 280 14,657
Tatung University
Tatung University
大同 大學 1963 207 3,874
Medical University Taipei
Taipei Medical University
臺北 醫學 大學 1960 365 5,674
Important universities of applied sciences Status: 2004
Surname Han script
Year of foundation
College of Nursing Taipei
Taipei College of Nursing
台北 護理 學院 1994 154 2,905
Educational college Taipei
Taipei Teachers College
台北 師範 學院 1961 226 4,692
Taipei College of Commerce
Taipei College of Business
台北 商業 技術 學院 1968 223 922
Taipei City Teacher Training College
Taipei Municipal Teachers College
台北市 立 師範 學院 1964 226 3,591
Taipei Sports College
Taipei Physical Education College
台北 體育 學院 1968 124 1,753
China Institute of Technology
China Institute of Technology
中華 技術 學院 1968 264 4,745
Takming University of Applied Sciences
Takming College
德明 技術 學院 1965 228 2,245


Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
The Grand Hotel Taipei
Lin An Tai House
  • Taipei 101
    The world's tallest skyscraper until July 2007 is Taipei's landmark. It houses a shopping center, offices and a visitor platform that can be reached by express elevators.
  • Chiang Kai-shek National Memorial Hall
    This is where the long-time President of the Republic of China is remembered. No other place in Taipei symbolizes the national sensitivities and the search for identity so strongly. In addition, the entire complex with gardens, ponds, the National Concert Hall and National Theater Hall is a place of relaxation.
  • National Palace Museum
    Here you can find treasures from the Forbidden City from over three thousand years of Chinese cultural history.
  • Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
    The monument to the first President of the Republic of China, who is alsoveneratedin the People's Republic of China .
  • Grand Hotel A
    five-star hotel designed in the traditional Chinese palace style, completed in 1973.
  • Mengjia Longshan Temple
    The most famous temple in the city.
  • Shilin night market
    This is where food is sold and also prepared for consumption. In addition, a lot of entertainment. Big rush.
  • Shida Night Market
    Longquan Street is home to Shida Night Market, which is not only a popular meeting place for local students because of its proximity to the main campus of the National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Shin Kong Life Tower
    Was the tallest building in Taiwan until 1997 and is the headquarters of the Shin Kong Life Insurance Company . The Shin Kong Mitsukoshi department store is located on the lower floors.
  • The Taipei Museum of Contemporary Art has rotating exhibitions.
  • The Taipei City Art Museum mainly shows works by Taiwanese artists from the more recent times.
  • Bao An Temple
    The most important Daoist temple in Taipei. Built in 1760.
  • Confucius Temple
    Confucius' teachings still play a central role in Taiwanese society today. In the immediate vicinity of the Bao An Temple.
  • Lin An Tai House
    The oldest existing residential building in Taipei. The courtyard of a wealthy merchant family was built in the Fujian style from 1783 to 1823 , but dismantled in 1978 due to the expansion of Dunhua Street and completely rebuilt from the original parts in 1986 on Binjiang Street.
  • Zhinan Temple
    Daoist temple in the Maokong Mountains, in southern Taipei. Built in 1890. Dedicated to the immortal Lü Dongbin . Couples in love avoid visiting the temple together because they fear its jealousy. According to legend, his love for He Xiangu was not returned.


Central Station

In addition to a bus system, Taipei's public transport system includes the Taipei Metro , often called MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) for short, which also connects the various districts of New Taipei City . In the late 1980s, the main train station in the city center was completely relocated underground. The high-speed connection Taiwan High Speed ​​Rail (HSR) to Zuoying / Kaohsiung , which went into operation at the end of 2006, has left-hand traffic.

Taipei Songshan Domestic Airport is in the city itself ; Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport , previously Taipei-Chiang Kai-shek Airport, is about an hour's drive southwest of Taipei near Taoyuan .

There is an extensive and very dense bus system through the city, especially in areas that are not served by the Taipei Metro.

Efforts have increased in recent years to expand the infrastructure for cyclists.


According to a study from 2014, Greater Taipei has a gross domestic product of 327 billion US dollars (KKB). In the ranking of the economically strongest metropolitan regions worldwide, he finished 29th. Taipei is the headquarters of most of the large Taiwanese companies and generates a third of the republic's economic output. The city's economy is dominated by trade, finance, industry, and information and communication technology. Taipei is a research and development center.

Many well-known companies in the field of electrical engineering and especially computer technology have their headquarters in Taipei and support the local economy and the economy of the entire country. Examples include Foxconn , Acer , Asus , BenQ , Gigabyte Technology , Biostar , AOC International , Aaeon , Delta Electronics and Wistron . With the Formosa Plastics Group and the Fair Friend Group , large companies in the chemical and mechanical engineering sectors are also represented.


Tourism plays an important role in Taipei's economy. With 7.4 million foreign visitors, Taipei was the 15th most visited city in the world in 2016. Tourists brought in $ 9.6 billion in revenue that same year. Most of the foreign visitors came from the People's Republic of China.

Taipei skyline with Taipei 101 .

Twin cities

Taipei has partnerships with the following cities. The year of establishment in brackets.

  1. United StatesUnited States Houston , USA (1961)
  2. TogoTogo Lomé , Togo (1966)
  3. PhilippinesPhilippines Manila , Philippines (1966)
  4. BeninBenin Cotonou , Benin (1967)
  5. Korea SouthSouth Korea Seoul , South Korea (1968)
  6. PhilippinesPhilippines Quezon City , Philippines (1968)
  7. United StatesUnited States San Francisco , USA (1970)
  8. Dominican RepublicDominican Republic Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic (1970)
  9. GuamGuam Guam , USA (1973)
  10. HondurasHonduras Tegucigalpa , Honduras (1974)
  11. United StatesUnited States Cleveland , USA (1975)
  12. Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia Jeddah , Saudi Arabia (1978)
  13. United StatesUnited States Indianapolis , USA (1978)
  14. United StatesUnited States Marshall (Texas) , USA (1978)
  15. United StatesUnited States Phoenix , USA (1979)
  16. United StatesUnited States Los Angeles , USA (1979)
  17. United StatesUnited States Atlanta , USA (1979)
  18. United StatesUnited States Oklahoma City , USA (1981)
  19. South AfricaSouth Africa Johannesburg , South Africa (1982)
  20. AustraliaAustralia Gold Coast , Australia (1982)
  21. South AfricaSouth Africa Pretoria , South Africa (1983)
  22. Costa RicaCosta Rica San José , Costa Rica (1984)
  23. MalawiMalawi Lilongwe , Malawi (1984)
  24. FranceFrance Versailles , France (1986)
  25. ParaguayParaguay Asunción , Paraguay (1987)
  26. PanamaPanama Panama City , Panama (1989)
  27. NicaraguaNicaragua Managua , Nicaragua (1992)
  28. El SalvadorEl Salvador San Salvador , El Salvador (1993)
  29. PolandPoland Warsaw , Poland (1995)
  30. RussiaRussia Ulan-Ude , Russia (1996)
  31. United StatesUnited States Boston , USA (1996)
  32. United StatesUnited States Dallas , USA (1996)
  33. SenegalSenegal Dakar , Senegal (1997)
  34. GambiaGambia Banjul , Gambia (1997)
  35. Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau Bissau , Guinea-Bissau (1997)
  36. SwazilandSwaziland Mbabane , Swaziland (1997)
  37. MongoliaMongolia Ulaanbaatar , Mongolia (1997)
  38. MexicoMexico San Nicolas , Mexico (1997)
  39. BoliviaBolivia La Paz , Bolivia (1997)
  40. GuatemalaGuatemala Guatemala City , Guatemala (1998)
  41. LiberiaLiberia Monrovia , Liberia (1998)
  42. LithuaniaLithuania Vilnius , Lithuania (1998)
  43. Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands Majuro , Marshall Islands (1998)
  44. LatviaLatvia Riga , Latvia (2001)
  45. Burkina FasoBurkina Faso Ouagadougou , Burkina Faso (2008)
  46. Korea SouthSouth Korea Daegu , South Korea (2010)
  47. EcuadorEcuador Quito , Ecuador (2016)
  48. Saint LuciaSt. Lucia Castries , St. Lucia (2018)
  49. BelizeBelize Belmopan , Belize (2019)
  50. Czech RepublicCzech Republic Prague , Czech Republic (2020)

sons and daughters of the town

Climate table

Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Taipei
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 19.0 19.3 21.6 25.8 28.6 31.6 34.0 33.4 31.4 27.9 23.7 20.6 O 26.4
Min. Temperature (° C) 13.1 13.4 15.0 18.5 21.8 24.2 25.7 25.6 24.2 21.8 18.4 14.8 O 19.7
Precipitation ( mm ) 91 139 174 164 224 298 242 281 255 119 73 74 Σ 2.134
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 2.8 2.5 2.9 3.4 3.2 4.4 6.2 6.3 5.5 4.4 3.0 3.1 O 4th
Rainy days ( d ) 10 12 13 11 12 13 11 11 10 9 9 10 Σ 131
Water temperature (° C) 19th 19th 20th 23 25th 27 28 28 27 25th 22nd 21st O 23.7
Humidity ( % ) 80 82 81 79 81 80 75 76 77 77 77 77 O 78.5
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



Taipei panorama in the morning
Taipei panorama at night
Taipei city center by day

Web links

Commons : Taipei  album with pictures
Wiktionary: Taipei  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  2. Han Cheung: Taipei Air Raid: a forgotten tragedy. Taipei Times, June 7, 2015, accessed April 21, 2018 .
  3. ^ About Xinyi District Office, Taipei City. Xinyi District website, June 4, 2016, accessed December 28, 2018 .
  4. ^ Alan Berube, Jesus Leal Trujillo, Tao Ran, and Joseph Parilla: Global Metro Monitor . In: Brookings . January 22, 2015 ( [accessed July 19, 2018]).
  5. Global Destination Cities Report 2016. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Mastercard, archived from the original on September 24, 2016 ; accessed on July 11, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. ^ Taipei Sister Cities. Taipei City Council website, accessed December 31, 2019 .
  7. ^ Keoni Everington: Taipei-Prague sister city agreement to be signed in January. Taiwan News, December 3, 2019, accessed December 31, 2019 .