Gold Coast (Australia)
Gold Coast is a city on the southeast coast of Queensland in Australia , about 70 km south of Brisbane . Over the course of 50 years, it has developed from a loose collection of smaller towns to the second largest city in Queensland with almost 600,000 inhabitants (as of 2016). It is Australia's sixth largest city and at the same time the country's most attractive region for tourists.
The "South Coast Town Council" renamed itself 1958 in "Gold Coast Town Council" to, and on 16 May 1959 he was officially Queensland to city declared Gold Coast.
The subtropical climate , attractive sandy beaches (57 km) often used by surfers , and marketing have attracted millions of Australian and international tourists and a large industry has sprung up to support it. In some parts - especially around Surfers Paradise - the narrow coastal strip is therefore full of nightclubs, hotels, apartments and tourist shops, which has long given the Gold Coast a cheap image. Like the coast of the US state of Florida, the area attracts many retirees. The image of the city itself is shaped by countless artificial canals and islands.
Thanks to the new connection to the state capital Brisbane via the Pacific Motorway , which was expanded in 2000 after three years of construction with construction costs of almost one billion Australian dollars , the Gold Coast is now served by two larger airports, the approximately 100 km away Brisbane International Airport , and Gold Coast Airport in Coolangatta on the south end. Coolangatta is also the terminus on the Casino-Coolangatta line. In Casino there is a connection to the main Brisbane - Sydney route . A tram line with a length of 13 kilometers was put into operation in June 2014. It connects the coastal areas and city centers in the south of Queensland - Main Beach, Surfers Paradise and Broadbeach. There are a total of 16 stops on the route between Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport and Broadbeach South.
In the district of Surfers Paradise stands the currently tallest skyscraper in the southern hemisphere , the Q1 Tower . In the district of Robina is the campus of Australia's first private university, Bond University , and the campus of Griffith University in Southport .
The Commonwealth Games were held in Gold Coast from April 4 to 15, 2018 .
The Gold Coast region was settled over 23,000 years ago. It was the home of the Yugambeh Aborigines . In 1770, James Cook was the first European to sight the stretch of coast. Settlement of the fertile area began 53 years later. This event is due to the previous explorations and high-level relationships of the Briton John Oxley . Shortly thereafter, lumberjacks, fishermen, ranchers and sugar cane farmers settled in the region. With the founding of Southport in 1875, tourism took off. The Gold Coast experienced a real tourist boom in 1925 after several hotels and a good infrastructure were built. During the Second World War, the Gold Coast was used as a resort for US soldiers stationed here. Construction of the first high-rise buildings began in the 1960s. Another essential step in promoting tourism was the opening of the airport in 1981 in the Coolangatta district . Numerous attractions followed, such as amusement parks, green spaces, shopping malls and night clubs. The beginning of the new millennium was marked by a boom in the real estate sector. This contributed to the fact that more and more skyscrapers were built. In addition to the tourist industry, education, technology, shipping and sport now play a crucial role in the economy of the entire region.
- Bahr's scrub
- Biggera Waters
- Broadbeach Waters
- Burleigh Heads
- Burleigh Waters
- Cedar Creek
- Clear Island Waters
- Currumbin Valley
- Currumbin Waters
- Eden's Landing
- Hope Island
- Jacobs Well
- Lower Beechmont
- Main Beach
- Mermaid Beach
- Mermaid Waters
- Mt Nathan
- Mt Warren Park
- Natural Bridge
- Numinbah Valley
- Palm Beach
- Paradise Point
- Reedy Creek
- Runaway Bay
- South Stradbroke Is
- Surfers Paradise
- Tallebudgera Valley
- Varsity Lakes
- Upper Coomera
- Waterford Holmview
Average Monthly Temperatures and Rainfall for the Gold Coast
Source: Bureau of Meteorology, Australia, data: 1881–2002
Gold Coast has partnerships with the following eight cities:
Further friendly relationships exist with:
sons and daughters of the town
- Rebecca Rigg (* 1967), actress
- Nathan Jones (* 1970), actor, strength athlete and former wrestler
- Emma Frodeno , b. Snowsill (* 1981), former triathlete
- Mathew Belcher (* 1982), sailor
- Luke Mitchell (* 1985), actor and model
- Margot Robbie (born 1990), actress
- Maverick Banes (born 1992), tennis player
- Benjamin Mitchell (* 1992), tennis player
- Jessica Watson (* 1993), sailor
- Mackenzie Arnold (* 1994), national soccer player
- Kwame Yeboah (* 1994), soccer player
- Brittany Broben (* 1995), water diver
- Cody Simpson (* 1997), R&B and pop musician
- Alli Simpson (* 1998), singer, actress, model and radio presenter
- Sara Tomic (* 1998), tennis player
- Bruce Small (1895–1980), businessman and politician; Contractor and Mayor in Gold Coast
- Sir Jack Brabham (1926-2014), racing driver; last lived in the district of Surfers Paradise
- Ron Clarke (1937-2015), athlete and politician; Gold Coast Mayor 2004–2012
- Joe Bugner (born 1950), heavyweight boxer and actor; lives in Gold Coast
- Peter André (* 1973), British singer of Greek Cypriot origin; grew up in the district of Surfers Paradise
- Bernard Tomic (born 1992), tennis player; lives in Gold Coast
- Gold Coast Tourism Office
- Gold Coast City Council website
- Private website: Aerial views of the Gold Coast and Surfers Paradise
- Urs Wählerlin: Whales have to give way to surfers. (Süddeutsche Zeitung, August 28, 2017)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics : Gold Coast ( English ) In: 2016 Census QuickStats . June 27, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
- In-Australien.com: Gold Coast: From Coolangatta to Stradbroke Iceland. Retrieved May 9, 2014 .
- Bureau of Meteorology, Australia: Climate Information Gold Coast. World Meteorological Organization, accessed April 6, 2012 .
- City of Gold Coast: Sister City Programs and International Partnerships