Academy of Science
The focus of the academies, which are often steeped in tradition, is the association of high-ranking scholars who meet regularly for scientific exchange. Academies are named after the Platonic Academy in Athens, an academy founded by the philosopher Plato and one of the very first academies. In honor of the Greek hero Akademos , who, according to the legend, was buried in the olive grove acquired by Plato, the philosopher named the place "Academy". The academies of science are either private (so-called "free academies") or institutions run by the state. They differ from universities in that they generally do not offer any academic teaching. An exception is z. B. the Alma mater Europae (European University for Leadership), which started operations as a scientific institution of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2013 in Salzburg.
Science academies in Germany
Eight larger regional science academies are united in the Union of German Academies of Sciences :
- Academy of Sciences in Hamburg in Hamburg
- Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in Göttingen
- Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz
- Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich
- Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences in Berlin
- Heidelberg Academy of Sciences in Heidelberg
- North Rhine-Westphalian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Düsseldorf
- Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig
There are also other, independent academies, such as the German Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech) based in Munich, which brings together scientists in the fields of technology and applied sciences.
Science academies around the world
In every country in Europe and in many other countries in the world there is at least one national academy of the sciences or of the sciences and arts. See the list of scientific academies as an example .
In Austria there are B. a national academy of sciences, the Austrian academy of sciences . This goes back to an imperial foundation in 1847 and was retained by the Austrian Republic as a central body for non-university research.
There are also some academies that are internationally oriented, such as For example, the (Austrian) European Academy of Sciences and Arts , as of 2012, has around 1,500 members, including 29 Nobel Prize winners.
- Union of the German Academies of Sciences
- scholarly-societies (English, with evidence of digitized academy publications)
- Does Germany need a National Academy of Sciences? (heise.de article from July 22, 2004)
- Statement on the German Academy of Sciences (PDF, 63 kB)
- Germany finally needs an academy of sciences (article by microbiologist Alexander Kekulé in the Berliner Tagesspiegel, October 12, 2005)
- A National Academy of Sciences? (Scientific Services of the German Bundestag, Department WD8, 25. No. 36/06 (August 25, 2006). PDF, 16 kB)