Academy of Science

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An academy of sciences is a learned society and an institution for the promotion of scientific research . There are also academies of the arts , which are dedicated to promoting artistic studies.


The focus of the academies, which are often steeped in tradition, is the association of high-ranking scholars who meet regularly for scientific exchange. Academies are named after the Platonic Academy in Athens, an academy founded by the philosopher Plato and one of the very first academies. In honor of the Greek hero Akademos , who, according to the legend, was buried in the olive grove acquired by Plato, the philosopher named the place "Academy". The academies of science are either private (so-called "free academies") or institutions run by the state. They differ from universities in that they generally do not offer any academic teaching. An exception is z. B. the Alma mater Europae (European University for Leadership), which started operations as a scientific institution of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2013 in Salzburg.

Science academies in Germany

The National Academy of Sciences has been the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina since 2008 .

Eight larger regional science academies are united in the Union of German Academies of Sciences :

There are also other, independent academies, such as the German Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech) based in Munich, which brings together scientists in the fields of technology and applied sciences.

The Academy of Sciences of the GDR (1946 to 1990/91) was the most important research institution in the German Democratic Republic (GDR).

Science academies around the world

In every country in Europe and in many other countries in the world there is at least one national academy of the sciences or of the sciences and arts. See the list of scientific academies as an example .


In Austria there are B. a national academy of sciences, the Austrian academy of sciences . This goes back to an imperial foundation in 1847 and was retained by the Austrian Republic as a central body for non-university research.


In Turkey, for example, there is the Academy of Sciences of Turkey (TÜBA) and the Science and Technology Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK).

Europe (Austria)

There are also some academies that are internationally oriented, such as For example, the (Austrian) European Academy of Sciences and Arts , as of 2012, has around 1,500 members, including 29 Nobel Prize winners.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Alma Mater Europaea of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
  2. EuroAcad → Organization → Institutes → Alma Mater Europaea.
  3. European Academy of Sciences and Arts ( Memento from October 4, 2013 in the web archive )