Learned society

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A learned society is an association of academically educated persons to promote several academic disciplines or several classes of academic disciplines.


Membership can either be acquired by anyone, require certain qualifications, or - as is the case with some of the oldest learned societies - be awarded as an award. The latter is supported, for example, by the Italian Accademia dei Lincei (founded 1603), the German Leopoldina (founded 1652), the London-based Royal Society (founded 1660) and the French academies, which are united under the umbrella organization Institut de France , such as the Académie française (founded 1634) and the Académie des sciences (founded 1666).

tasks and activities

The tasks of the companies range from narrowly defined areas of focus, e.g. B. certain people, languages, cities, up to the promotion of science as a whole. Scholarly societies exist regionally, nationally and internationally. The research results are published and in some cases lectures, exhibitions and conferences take place. The majority of the societies maintain their own research facilities and libraries, give grants and awards.


Following the example of the Accademia della Crusca , founded in Italy in 1583 , academies and special societies such as historical associations, geographical and ethnographic societies, antiquity associations, natural research associations, etc.

Russian Empire

In 1864 there were 28 learned societies under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Enlightenment, including

See also


Individual evidence

  1. Contributions to the History and Statistics of the Scholars and Schools of the Imperial Russian Ministry of Public Enlightenment; P. 59 ff, [1]