Austrian Academy of Sciences
|Austrian Academy of Sciences|
|founding||May 14, 1847 as the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna|
The Austrian Academy of Sciences ( ÖAW ) is a learned society and the largest sponsor of non-university basic research in Austria. Based on models such as the Royal Society and the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina, founded in 1847 as the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna, it is today an institution with an annual base budget of around 100 million euros, largely state-funded, with over 770 elected members 1700 employees and 27 research institutions in Vienna , Graz , Linz , Innsbruck and Leoben .
The main task of the Academy is to promote science. In addition to providing scientifically sound social and political advice and basic research, it is also active in promoting excellent young scientists. In the course of international framework programs and collaborations, the ÖAW also maintains a global research network.
Organization and tasks
The Austrian Academy of Sciences is a legal entity under public law with special protection from the federal government with the aim of promoting science in all areas, especially in the area of basic research . The legal basis of the OeAW is the “Federal Law of October 14, 1921, Concerning the Academy of Sciences in Vienna”. The Academy's tasks are described as follows: “Its task is to promote science in every respect; In fulfilling its task, it is entitled to protection and funding by the federal government. "
This task of the Austrian Academy of Sciences is fulfilled in different ways. As a learned society, the members of the academy devote themselves to interdisciplinary discourse and questions about the future, advise politics and society, and inform the public about important scientific findings. In commissions, they address questions of scientific and social relevance. As a research organization, the ÖAW operates 27 research institutes in the field of innovative, open-application basic research in the humanities, cultural, social, natural and technical sciences. The ÖAW maintains and initiates research partnerships and represents the Republic of Austria in international scientific organizations. In this way, it supports the cooperation between scientists and the Austrian participation in international large-scale research projects. The academy also promotes young scientists through grants and prizes.
The publishing company of the Austrian Academy of Sciences has its own publishing company.
The Academy currently has more than 770 scientists from Germany and abroad among its members. This community is made up of real members, honorary members, corresponding members and members of the Junge Akademie. With the exception of the honorary members of the Academy as a whole and the members of the Junge Akademie, each member belongs to either the mathematical-scientific or the philosophical-historical class. There are 90 real members, evenly divided between the two classes. Members who are over 70 years of age are not included in this maximum if their rights are fully respected.
In 2008, measures to rejuvenate the Academy were initiated and a Young Curia was set up with around 70 researchers under the age of 45 (cf. in Germany, for example, the Young Academy and the Young College). In the course of the amendments to the statutes and rules of procedure in 2016, the Junge Kuria was renamed “Junge Akademie”. Members of the Junge Akademie are elected once for a term of eight years and may not have reached the age of 40 at the time of their election.
Of the more than 770 members (including all types of members) of the Academy, 110 are currently women, which corresponds to around 14%. However, the proportion of academic staff is significantly higher, which may also have an impact on the future membership structure of the Academy. There are currently around 1400 employees in the research facilities of the Academy. In 2012, the ÖAW's budget was 97 million euros, a large part of which came from federal funds.
The first efforts to install a facility in Vienna based on the model of the Royal Society in London and the Académie des Sciences in Paris go back to the philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz around 1700. However, it was not until May 30, 1846, with a handwriting from Emperor Ferdinand I , that the academy was founded. In it the emperor declared that he was motivated to "found a scientific association in my capital and residence city Vienna under the name 'kk Academy of Sciences'". His State Chancellor Clemens Fürst Metternich , who had thwarted the establishment of the Academy around ten years earlier, now emphatically supported the efforts in this direction.
On July 2, 1846, the emperor appointed his uncle Archduke Johann as curator, who in the following months worked intensively on drawing up the statutes of the academy. As an essential requirement, he enforced the freedom of discussion in speech and writing for the members of the academy, with which he suspended the strict censorship in the Austria of Vormärz for scientific work. The official approval of the statutes by Emperor Ferdinand I took place on May 14, 1847, which is considered to be the founding day of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna. First 40 members were appointed, who were divided between the two classes, namely the mathematical-scientific class and the historical-philological class. Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall was elected as the first president on June 27, 1847 .
In 1857 the spatial needs of the rapidly growing academy could be satisfied by moving it from the Polytechnic Institute to the old Viennese university building erected under Maria Theresa on Universitätsplatz, today's Dr.-Ignaz-Seipel-Platz , which since 1848 has been known as the "Aulakaserne “Had been used by the military. This palace-like building was built by Jean Nicolas Jadot de Ville-Issey in 1755 and served as the auditorium of the University of Vienna . The ceiling fresco of the famous ballroom by Gregorio Guglielmi was reconstructed by the theater painter Paul Reckendorfer after a fire in 1961 . The theology hall has Maulbertsch frescos.
The scientific achievements of the members were presented in regular publications of the two classes. The memoranda and meeting reports were supplemented from 1851 by the annual almanac , which is to be regarded as the most important source in the history of the academy.
In the years 1879–1914 the academy was gradually expanded into a “universal research facility”. It also intensified international cooperation with other research institutions and academies. On her initiative, the Association of Scientific Corporations (also known as Kartell) was founded in 1893 as the umbrella organization of the German-speaking academies. In 1899 she was one of the first members of the International Association of Academies, the first global academy association.
With the establishment of the phonogram archive (1899), the oldest sound storage archive in the world, the first institute for radium research (1908/10) and the takeover of the biological research institute (1914), the imperial academy of sciences took decisive steps towards a worldwide one on the eve of the First World War leading research institution.
During the First World War, ongoing expeditions had to be canceled. Some of their leaders were interned and others were prevented from returning. At the same time, the war gave the imperial academy the opportunity for new expeditions to the territories of Serbia, Montenegro and Albania occupied by the Austro-Hungarian troops, as well as for anthropological studies on prisoners of war. Both ventures received substantial support from the Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
Between the wars 1918–1938
In the 1st Republic, the Federal Act of October 14, 1921, concerning the Academy of Sciences in Vienna, created a new legal basis, which continues to this day with slight changes in the Federal Act of May 9, 1947 ( Federal Law Gazette No. 115/1947 ) applies. This law also changed the name from the Imperial Academy of Sciences to the Academy of Sciences in Vienna . In addition, a new statute was issued.
In the following years between the wars, the academy increasingly suffered from the generally poor economic situation, which was tried to improve through foundations and donations. The scientific research suffered from inflation and the onset of the economic crisis, but with the support of the members it was mostly possible to make it successful. Among the members of the math and science class, for example, the physicist Erwin Schrödinger received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933 for the further development of quantum mechanics. In order to make the academy and its scientific research work better known to the public, public lectures have also been held since 1934.
time of the nationalsocialism
The “Anschluss” to the German Reich on March 12, 1938 had an inevitable impact on the Academy. The Academy's statutes were replaced by a "provisional statute" in 1938, which led to some changes in the organization. These statutes remained a provisional arrangement until 1945 and were never replaced by a completely new statute. In 1945 they were replaced by the original statutes from 1921.
The implementation of the required reorganizations took a year. The academy became a member of the Reich Association of German Academies and the top positions were redeployed: the historian Heinrich von Srbik was elected as the new president of the academy on April 1, 1938. Srbik was an internationally respected scientist. He was also valued by the National Socialists because of his "all-German view of history". At the Academy's “Annual Ceremonial Sessions” he identified with Hitler's war policy; In 1940 he spoke of the “struggle of the German people to assert themselves”, and in 1943 he repeated his “firm confidence in victory”. He tried to preserve the independence of the Vienna Academy from the Berlin central offices as much as possible. He enjoyed great respect from the academy members, so that in 1941 - after his term of office had ended - he was re-elected President.
The work in both classes could largely be continued within the previous framework. Despite the state elimination of the name Austria , the Archive for Austrian History and the Fontes rerum Austriacarum continued to exist . In the “provisional statute”, the “Land Austria” was also mentioned several times, although the word Austria was replaced by the term “ Ostmark ” in 1938 . Probably the most important change in the statutes concerned the election or confirmation of the elected members of the academy. Here the autonomy was interfered with: the completed election required confirmation by the Reich Minister for Science, Education and Public Education. This confirmation was also revocable at any time. The botanist Fritz Knoll , then rector of the University of Vienna, was appointed party representative of the NSDAP for the academy. Its task was to take over the interests of the party in the field of the Academy of Sciences until the new statutes of the academy were finally settled. In March 1939, his - already only formal - function came to an end when the Academy President Srbik declared that he would now take over these tasks himself.
While at the Austrian universities the “cleansing” of the teaching staff and the “synchronization” led to significant personnel changes within a few weeks after the connection, this process took place at the academy with a time lag. The Academy always saw itself as a largely autonomous scientific institution. Its members were not civil servants and were therefore not officially subject to the Restoration of the Civil Service Act . Scholars who had to give up their professorship at the university due to this law were still able to attend the meetings of the academy for nine months before they had to vacate their seats there. In any case, the academy did not act on its own initiative in this regard and was not in a hurry to do so later. Several members had to leave the academy. These were partly eliminated by voluntarily "leaving" and partly by being deleted from the member lists. The Nuremberg Race Laws in particular had a major impact on the membership lists. Because according to these laws, “non-Aryans” were stripped of their citizenship; they could therefore no longer be listed as full members in Germany. Some members announced their resignation before the implementation of this law in the academy: Bertold Hatschek (oM Zoologie), Alfred Francis Pribram (kmI history), Ernst Peter Pick (kmI pharmacology), Emil Abel (kmI physical chemistry) and Eduard Norden ( kmA classical philology). The two full members Stefan Meyer (physics) and Hans Horst Meyer (pharmacology) had already resigned from their positions beforehand. Richard Willstätter (kmA Chemie) and Wolfgang Pauli (kmA Physikalische Chemie) were informed by a message that their membership had expired due to the new legal situation. Only in the case of Franz Eduard Suess (oM Geology) did the academy try to prevent his exclusion - ultimately unsuccessful. In the spring of 1939 Ernst Franz Theodor Brücke (kMI Physiology), Josef Weninger (kMI Anthropology) and August Loehr (kMI Numismatics) also left. On October 3, 1940, there was a new high point in the elimination of members. Walther Brecht (oM), Hermann Mark (oM), Karl Bühler (kMI Philosophy and Psychology), Victor F. Hess (kMI Experimental Physics), Erwin Schrödinger (kMI Physics), Franz Boas (kMA Anthropology) and Alfred Hettner (kMA Geography) received the notification from the academy that from now on they will no longer be listed as members.
As far as the Academy's scientific endeavors are concerned, little changed at first in the ongoing projects. Only a few new commissions have been set up or existing commissions have been renamed. From 1942 onwards, a commission was set up to publish a new special series entitled “Investigations into Racial Studies and Human Heredity”.
The financial endowment of the academy initially experienced a considerable increase until the outbreak of war. However, from around 1940 the state contribution continued to decline, and the end of the war brought complete financial collapse. As the war progressed, the work of the two classes was increasingly hampered, on the one hand by administrative and personnel interventions (conscription for military service), and on the other hand by direct effects of the war (bomb damage, relocation of collections).
The first meeting of the academy members present in Vienna took place on May 18, 1945. Former NSDAP members were excluded from participation. In the same year the old statutes of 1921 were put into force again and the annulment of all memberships of the members who resigned under duress after 1938 was declared invalid retrospectively. The first action taken by the Academy after 1945 was the recall of the members who had resigned under duress after 1938. In a new list, all those "who left" after 1938 were again shown as members. Most of the people displaced in 1938 did not return to Austria, however, and were therefore listed abroad as the corresponding members. In return, academy members who were considered to be incriminated NSDAP party members were partially removed from their membership, but were reinstated by 1957 at the latest. Ernst Späth was elected the new president of the academy. After his death in 1946, Späth was replaced by Heinrich von Ficker , who was a former member of the National Socialist Air Corps (NSFK) . In order to emphasize the connection to Austria, the academy was officially renamed the “Austrian Academy of Sciences” in 1947 for its 100th anniversary.
- The majority of the members of the "Austrian Academy of Sciences" [...] are still the old protection children of the fascist era. There's still a Nadler inside, a Knoll , a Christian , a Pernkopf and whatever their names are, who, while their Jewish colleagues were gassed, behaved as fanatical Nazis. The fact that they were not cleaned out in 1945 and thereafter was above all due to the dubious merit of the man we already introduced behind the scenes in the “New Forward” as Austria's black and brown Eminence: Richard Meister, who has been on the for more than twenty years Universities and wherever the opportunity arises, intrigues against everything that smells of democracy and tries to hold onto everything that will keep him in an emergency.
In 1954 the Austrian Academy of Sciences was awarded the Karl Renner Prize of the City of Vienna.
From the 1970s on in particular, the academy was redesigned. It has developed from a " learned society " to a carrier of modern research institutions. It has also had its own publishing house since 1973 in order to offer Austrian science a suitable publication forum at a high quality level.
Otto Hittmair and Herbert Hunger dealt in depth with the history of the Academy since 1945 . Hittmair wrote a profound historical outline of the math and science class; Hunger did the same for the philosophical and historical class.
The auditorium of the Old University of Vienna , the seat of the academy at Dr.-Ignaz-Seipel-Platz 2 since 1857, could be seen on the back of the 100 Schilling banknote from 1985 . The banknote was valid until the introduction of the euro in 2002. The headquarters of the academy will be rebuilt as part of the "Campus Akademie" renovation project for 2020–2022. The administrative units and individual institutes will be temporarily housed in the alternative quarter at Vordere Zollamtsstraße 3 until the work is complete.
Since the 2002 University Act , extensive reform processes have also been initiated at the Academy. A reform sealed in 2007 included, among other things, the creation of the Young Curia consisting of young academics .
In 2011, the first performance agreement between the Academy and the Ministry of Science took place , which aimed, among other things, at an increased focus of the Academy on individual research areas. The planned layoff of 300 employees did not take place after all, instead institutes were merged and individual institutions were transferred to Austrian universities.
In the spring of 2012, as part of the reform efforts, the economist Gunther Tichy and the microbiologist Renée Schroeder announced that they were leaving the academy because of “lack of excellence and too much CV”. At the end of 2012, the complete separation of the learned society and research institution with two heads (President and Research Director) under the common umbrella of the Academy was discussed intensively.
The largest institutes include the Institute for Molecular Biotechnology (IMBA), the Research Center for Molecular Medicine (CEMM) , the Institute for Space Research (IWF) and the Institute for High Energy Physics (HEPHY) . The academy's phonogram archive began early (1899) to document poets' voices using sound recordings . The earliest German-language poets' voices preserved in sound recordings come from this archive. In 1944 a commission for music research was also set up.
The Institute for the Cultural History of Antiquity, which emerged from the Research Center for Archeology, is part of the Academy. The focus of the research is the examination of cultural-historical issues within archeology. In particular, it is about the evaluation and publication of related archaeological findings and excavation results of important archaeological companies at home and abroad. The research on Ephesus and Carnuntum should be mentioned in the first place .
In the course of the restructuring of the Academy in 2012, numerous institutes at universities were spun off or merged, and the centers were dissolved.
At the beginning of 2016, the Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI) was incorporated into the academy.
Research institutions in the humanities, social and cultural sciences
- Austrian Center for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH)
- Vienna Institute of Demography (formerly: Institute for Demography)
- Institute for European Tort Law (ESR)
- Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (IGF)
- Institute for Iranian Studies
- Institute for the cultural and intellectual history of Asia
- Institute for the Cultural History of Antiquity
- Institute for Cultural Studies and Theater History
- Institute for Medieval Research
- Institute for Habsburg and Balkan Studies
- Institute for Oriental and European Archeology
- Institute for Social Anthropology
- Institute for Urban and Regional Research
- Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Research
- Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI)
Research institutions for mathematics, natural and technical sciences
- Research Center for Molecular Medicine (CEMM)
- Erich Schmid Institute for Materials Science (ESI)
- Gregor Mendel Institute for Molecular Plant Biology (GMI)
- Institute for Molecular Biotechnology (IMBA)
- Institute for High Energy Physics (HEPHY)
- Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - IQOQI Innsbruck
- Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - IQOQI Vienna
- Institute for Sound Research (ARI)
- Space Research Institute (IMF)
- Johann Radon Institute for Computational and Applied Mathematics (RICAM)
- Stefan Meyer Institute for Subatomic Physics (SMI)
Further research facilities of the academy
The learned society performs specific tasks in the form of a commission. The following commissions currently exist:
- International economic and financial policy
- Astronomy Commission
- Commission for Geographic Information Science
- Geosciences Commission
- Commission for Interdisciplinary Ecological Studies
- Climate and Air Quality Commission
- Vanishing Languages and Cultural Heritage Commission (VLACH)
- Commission for Migration and Integration Research
- Commission for the Legal History of Austria
- Sustainable Mobility Commission
- Southeast Europe-Turkey-Black Sea Region Commission (2011-2014)
- Commission for scientific cooperation with departments of the Federal Ministry for National Defense and Sport
- Scientific Ethics Committee
- Austrian IIASA commission at the OeAW
- The North Atlantic Triangle: Social and Cultural Exchange between Europe, the USA and Canada
Scholarships and Awards
The academy awards grants such as DOC and DOC-team to outstanding young scientists.
- DOC [PhD program of the Austrian Academy of Sciences]
- DOC-team [PhD student groups for interdisciplinary work in the humanities, social and cultural sciences]
- Grant of the monthly magazine for chemistry
Pre- and Post-doc
- L'ORÉAL Austria [Scholarships for young basic researchers in Austria]
- ROM [Scholarships at the Historical Institute at the Austrian Cultural Forum in Rome]
- ATHENS [Scholarships at the Austrian Archaeological Institute in Athens]
- MAX KADE [USA Grants from the Max Kade Foundation]
- Post-DocTrack pilot program
- JESH [Joint Excellence in Science & Humanities]
The Academy also awards prizes in various research disciplines to scientists for their outstanding performance.
Awards in the math and science class
- Ignaz L. Lieben Prize
- Prize for Paleobiology (formerly Othenio Abel Prize)
- Edmund and Rosa Hlawka Prize for Mathematics
- Walther E. Petrascheck Prize
- Karl Schlögl Prize
- Erich Thenius scholarship
- Erwin Schrödinger Prize
- Best Paper Award (anniversary fund of the City of Vienna for the OeAW)
- Elisabeth Lutz Prize
- Otto Vogl Prize
- Hans and Walter Thirring Prize
Awards in the philosophical-historical class
- Bader Prize for Art History
- Dissertation award for migration research
- Anniversary award from Böhlau Verlag Vienna
- Moritz Csáky scholarship
- Richard G. Plaschka Prize
- Wilhelm Hartel Prize
- Award for the best publication (anniversary fund of the City of Vienna for the Austrian Academy of Sciences)
- Roland Atefie Prize
Prices for the entire academy
- Bader Prize for the History of Natural Sciences
- Medal "Bene Merito"
Androsch Foundation and Prize
In 2004 the Hannes Androsch Foundation, named after Hannes Androsch , was established at the Austrian Academy of Sciences . The purpose of the foundation, in cooperation with the Austrian Academy of Sciences, is to promote scientific work on the topics of work and consolidation of social equilibrium and peace. In addition, the foundation has been awarding the Hannes Androsch Prize since 2007 . On October 20, 2008, Hannes Androsch received the newly created ring of honor in recognition of his services to the academy.
Anton Zeilinger is President of the Academy for the term of office from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2022 .
The Steering Committee of the Academy consists of:
- Anton Zeilinger - President
- Michael Alram - Vice President
- Oliver Jens Schmitt - President of the philosophical-historical class
- Georg Brasseur - President of the math and science class
President since the Academy was founded
- mn. Kl .: math and science class
- ph. Kl .: philosophical-historical class
- 1847–1849 Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (ph. Kl.)
- 1849-1851 vacant
- 1851–1865 Andreas von Baumgartner (male cl.)
- 1866–1869 Theodor von Karajan (ph. Kl.)
- 1869–1878 Carl von Rokitansky (male cl.)
- 1879–1897 Alfred von Arneth (ph. Kl.)
- 1898–1911 Eduard Suess (male cl.)
- 1911–1914 Eugen Böhm von Bawerk (ph. Kl.)
- 1915–1919 Viktor von Lang (male cl.)
- 1919–1938 Oswald Redlich (ph. Kl.)
- 1938–1945 Heinrich von Srbik (ph. Kl.)
- 1945–1946 Ernst Späth (male cl.)
- 1946–1951 Heinrich von Ficker (male)
- 1951–1963 Richard Meister (ph. Kl.)
- 1963–1969 Erich Schmid (male)
- 1969–1970 Albin Lesky (Ph. Kl.)
- 1970–1973 Erich Schmid (male)
- 1973–1982 Herbert Hunger (Ph. Kl.)
- 1982–1985 Erwin Plöckinger (male class)
- 1985–1987 Hans Tuppy (male cl.)
- 1987–1991 Otto Hittmair (male cl.)
- 1991–2003 Werner Welzig (ph. Class)
- 2003–2006 Herbert Mang (male cl.)
- 2006–2009 Peter Schuster (male cl.)
- 2009–2013 Helmut Denk (male cl.)
- since 2013 Anton Zeilinger (male)
The institutes, commissions and members of the Academy organize scientific events such as international conferences as well as lectures and panel discussions for a broad public. In addition to individual events, the Academy also organizes series of lectures in the natural sciences and the humanities, social and cultural sciences, such as the Ernst Mach Forum. Several series of lectures run in cooperation, such as B. the Hans-Tuppy -Lectures together with the University of Vienna or the ÖAW- IST Austria Lectures.
Publications of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
Information on research results and statements are published on the websites of the institutes and commissions of the Academy . The publication series “Research and Society” and “Academy in Dialogue” set up by the Presidium of the Academy offer members and external speakers the opportunity to make their presentations at the Academy accessible to a wider public. Since 2006, the academy has also been operating a publication server (through its publisher), on which many of the academy's and its institutions' publications can be accessed online and to a large extent open access .
The OeAW offers intellectual capital statements and annual reports as well as access to research options at BAS: IS (library, archive and collections of the OeAW) online.
- Johannes Feichtinger , Herbert Matis, Stefan Sienell, Heidemarie Uhl (eds.): The Academy of Sciences in Vienna 1938 to 1945. Catalog for the exhibition . Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 2013, ISBN 978-3-7001-7367-0 .
- Herbert Karner, Artur Rosenauer , Werner Telesko : The Austrian Academy of Sciences. The house and its history . Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-7001-3875-4 .
- Hedwig Kopetz: The Austrian Academy of Sciences. Tasks, legal status, organization . Böhlau, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-205-77534-1 .
- Johannes Feichtinger, Heidemarie Uhl: The Austrian Academy of Sciences after 1945. A learned society in the field of tension between science, politics and society . In: Margarete Grandner, Gernot Heiss, Oliver Rathkolb (eds.): Future with contaminated sites. The University of Vienna 1945 to 1955 (= cross sections . Volume 19 ). Studienverlag , Innsbruck a. a. 2005, ISBN 3-7065-4236-6 , pp. 313-337 .
- Otto Hittmair, Herbert Hunger (Ed.): Academy of Sciences. Development of an Austrian research institution . Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-7001-2637-9 .
- Herbert Matis : Between Adaptation and Resistance: the Academy of Sciences in the years 1938–1945 . Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-7001-2648-4 ( some corrections to it ).
- Franz Graf-Stuhlhofer : The Academy of Sciences in Vienna in the Third Reich . In: Christoph J. Scriba (ed.): The elite of the nation in the Third Reich. The relationship of academies and their scientific environment to National Socialism (= Acta historica Leopoldina . Volume 22 ). Barth , Leipzig 1995, ISBN 3-335-00409-4 , pp. 133–159 (Leopoldina Symposium from June 9 to 11, 1994 in Schweinfurt).
- Richard Meister : History of the Academy of Sciences in Vienna 1847–1947 (= memoranda of the entire academy . Volume 1 ). Adolf Holzhausen successor, Vienna 1947.
- Homepage of the OeAW - Austrian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved August 12, 2020 .
- Research at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved August 12, 2020 .
- Austrian Academy of Sciences: Statute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. (PDF) 2016, accessed on August 12, 2020 (PDF file; 142 kB).
- Austrian Academy of Sciences - Annual Report 2019 Accessed August 12, 2020, (PDF file; 7.5 MB, 122 pages)
- Literature by and about the Austrian Academy of Sciences in the catalog of the German National Library
- Emperor Ferdinand's decree establishing the academy dates back to May 30, 1846.
- Susanne Pernicka, Anja Lasofsky-Blahut, Manfred Kofranek, Astrid Reichel: organize knowledge workers. Berlin 2010, p. 123.
- https://www.oeaw.ac.at/fileadmin/NEWS/2017/PDF/oeaw_jahresbericht_2016.pdf annual report 2016, p. 143.
- The OeAW introduces itself. Retrieved August 1, 2019 .
- Lit. Statutes of the OeAW
- The Young Curia (JK) Junge-kurie.oeaw.ac.at
- "Young Curia" is constituted in the Academy. orf.at, accessed on May 11, 2012.
- OeAW annual report 2012.
- See Lore Sexl: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and the planned Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna. In: Theoria cum praxi. From the world of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. (= Publications of the Commission for the History of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Medicine. 63). Vienna 2012, pp. 69–239.
- Cabinet from Emperor Ferdinand to Prince Metternich, Vienna, May 30, 1846. In: Richard Meister: History of the Academy of Sciences in Vienna 1847–1947. (= Memoranda of the entire academy. 1). Vienna 1947, p. 215.
- Hans Magenschab: Archduke Johann. 3. Edition. Styria, Graz 1982, p. 350.
- Reckendorfer had previously reconstructed the destroyed frescoes in the eastern part of the Great Gallery in Schönbrunn Palace . See the building of the old university. ( Memento from May 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- See Wolfgang L. Reiter: Aufbruch und Destruction. On the history of the natural sciences in Austria from 1850 to 1950 (= emigration - exile - continuity. Writings on contemporary cultural and scientific research. 15). Vienna / Berlin 2017, pp. 167–171; Johannes Feichtinger: The Biological Research Institute in Historical Context. In: Gerd B. Müller (Ed.): Vivarium. Experimental, Quantitative, and Theoretical Biology at Vienna's Biologische Versuchsanstalt. (= MIT Press Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology ). Cambridge, MA 2017, pp. 53-73; Klaus Taschwer, Johannes Feichtinger, Stefan Sienell, Heidemarie Uhl (Eds.): Experimental Biology in the Vienna Prater. On the History of the Institute for Experimental Biology 1902 to 1945 . Vienna 2016.
- Richard Meister: History of the Academy of Sciences in Vienna 1847-1947. (= Memoranda of the entire academy. 1). Adolf Holzhausen successor, Vienna 1947, pp. 153–155.
- Franz Graf-Stuhlhofer : opportunists, sympathizers and officials. Support of the Nazi system in the Vienna Academy of Sciences, represented by the work of Nadler, Srbik and Master. In: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. (= Special issue “On the 60th anniversary of the expulsion of Jewish colleagues from the Vienna medical faculty” ). 110, No. 4-5, 1998, pp. 152-157. There Srbik is described as an example of a sympathizer.
- Archives of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, minutes of the overall meeting on July 4, 1941 (A964).
- Archives of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, minutes of the overall meeting on March 25, 1938 (A 933).
- For an explanation of the abbreviations, see the list of commissions of the Austrian Academy of Sciences .
- Graf-Stuhlhofer: The Academy of Sciences in Vienna 1995, pp. 136-138: "Exclusion of members".
- Displaced Scientists. Press release ÖAW March 12, 2008 ( online ( memento from January 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive )); The Nazi history of the Academy of Sciences. Profile February 9, 2013.
- Roman Pfefferle, Hans Pfefferle: Glowly denazified. The professorships at the University of Vienna from 1944 in the post-war years. V&R unipress, Vienna 2014, p. 93, p. 288.
- Fritz Herrmann: What will Hurdes do? In: Der neue Vorwärts , July 15, 1951; Klaus Taschwer: stronghold of anti-Semitism. The decline of the University of Vienna in the 20th century . Vienna: Czernin Verlag, 2015; Pp. 260-261.
- Wiener Rathauskorrespondenz , December 13, 1954, sheet 2165; Vienna City Hall correspondence, January 15, 1955, sheet 56
- Otto Hittmair: Development of the mathematical and natural science class from 1947 to 1997. In: Otto Hittmair, Herbert Hunger: Academy of Sciences. Vienna 1997, pp. 35-62.
- Herbert Hunger: Development of the philosophical-historical class from 1947 to 1997. In: Otto Hittmair, Herbert Hunger: Academy of Sciences. Vienna 1997, pp. 63-83.
- Performance Agreement 2012–2014 ( Memento of October 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Academy of Sciences: Reduction and concentration derstandard.at, accessed on February 27, 2014.
- Minister Töchterle and OeAW President Denk: An important goal achieved in the implementation of the OeAW performance agreement
- Another member resigned ; Microbiologist Renée Schroeder resigns OeAW membership derstandard.at, accessed on May 11, 2012.
- President Fischer: reprimand for the Academy of Sciences diepresse.com, accessed on May 11, 2012.
- Austrian Archaeological Institute now part of the academy. on: derstandard.at , November 3, 2015, accessed on November 3, 2015.
- Vanishing Languages and Cultural Heritage Commission
- In 2012 it became known that the namesake of the Othenio Abel Prize was a declared National Socialist and a party member. Since the scientific achievements of Othenio Abel and his merits as the founder of paleobiology remain undisputed, the Academy, in consultation with Erich Thenius, the award's founder, decided to rename the “Othenio Abel Prize” from 2012 to the “Prize for Paleobiology”.
- Hannes Androsch Foundation at the OeAW. ( Memento from December 4, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- New Presidium , Austrian Academy of Sciences, April 10, 2017.
- https://www.oeaw.ac.at/die-oeaw/ueber-uns/praesidium-der-oeaw/ Presidium ÖAW, accessed on July 4, 2017.
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