Oswald Redlich

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Oswald Redlich around 1918

Oswald Redlich (born September 17, 1858 in Innsbruck , † January 20, 1944 in Vienna ) was an Austrian historian and archivist .


Oswald Redlich was born the son of a painter who immigrated from Franconia , his mother was a Tyrolean farmer's daughter. He studied history and geography in Innsbruck and at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research in Vienna . There he passed the final examination in 1881 and was then awarded a doctorate at the University of Innsbruck . Julius Ficker and Theodor von Sickel were among his university lecturers . From 1881 to 1892 Redlich worked as an archivist in Innsbruck, where he completed his habilitation in 1887 .

In 1893 he returned to the Institute for Austrian Historical Research in Vienna, where he initially worked as an associate professor and from 1897 as a full professor until his retirement in 1934. In 1911/12 Redlich was rector of the University of Vienna. In 1899 he became a corresponding, in 1900 a full member, of the Austrian Academy of Sciences , which he headed from 1915 as Vice President and from 1919 to 1938 as President. The Bavarian Academy of Sciences appointed him a corresponding member in 1909. In 1920 he was elected a foreign member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . Since 1927 he was also a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . From 1926 to 1929 he was also head of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research and from 1918 to 1942 chairman of the historical commission. Redlich was a member of the State Council during the Austro-Fascist era . From 1903 to 1904 he was chairman of the Association of Historians .


Faculty of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research 1892: from left: Engelbert Mühlbacher , Heinrich von Zeißberg , Franz Wickhoff , Oswald Redlich

At first, Redlich made a name for himself primarily as a document researcher and editor, among other things he edited the traditional book of the Episcopal Church in Brixen and Rudolf von Habsburg's documents for the Monumenta Germaniae Historica . He also wrote a two-volume doctrine of documents . Together with Emil von Ottenthal , he published around 8,000 documents in the four-volume archive reports from Tyrol between 1888 and 1912 , which are considered pioneering work in regional history. On the basis of his monograph on Rudolf von Habsburg, first published in 1903 ( R. v. H. The German Empire after the fall of the old Empire ), Redlich was regarded as the leading Austrian historian of his time. Here he combined questions of so-called “classical” political history with those of constitutional , legal and cultural history . Later he was particularly concerned with the connection of historical, geographical and cartographic methods and approaches. Closely connected with Redlich is the orientation of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research towards historical regional studies as a new discipline. This should combine regional and local history with settlement studies .


As a committee member of the Association for Regional Studies (since 1895), Redlich was one of the co-founders of the Lower Austrian Regional Museum, which was founded in 1902 and opened in 1911 . From 1902 he was a member of the commission for the publication of a historical atlas of the Austrian Alpine countries. From 1904 he was also a member of the Central Commission of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica . After the First World War , until the end of 1924, he led Austria's negotiations with the successor states of the monarchy for the purpose of retrieving archive material. Redlich was instrumental in developing and expanding the training of historians and archivists in Austria.

The later famous writer Heimito von Doderer (1896–1966) was one of Redlich's pupils .


Works (selection)

  • On the history of the bishops of Bressanone from the 10th to the 12th century (907–1125). In: Journal of the Ferdinandeum for Tyrol and Vorarlberg III / 28 (1884), pp. 1–52. Tyrolean State Museum Ferdinandeum , Innsbruck pdf , pdf .
  • as editor: The traditional books of the Brixen monastery (= Acta Tirolensia , vol. 1). Innsbruck 1886. Digitized .
  • Rudolf of Habsburg. The German Empire after the fall of the old Empire . Wagnerische Universitäts-Druckerei, Innsbruck 1903. Digitized in the Internet Archive .
  • The private documents of the Middle Ages. Oldenbourg, Munich 1911.
  • Collected writings , Zurich, Leipzig, Vienna 1928.


Lexicon entries

Web links

Commons : Oswald Redlich  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


Literature by and about Oswald Redlich


  1. Prof. Dr. Oswald Redlich , member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .
  2. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 197.
  3. ^ Members of the previous academies. Oswald Redlich. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences , accessed on May 31, 2015 .
  4. ^ Hannes Obermair: Nation-Building facendo edizioni? Il "Tiroler Urkundenbuch", Richard Heuberger, Franz Huter e Otto Stolz . In: Giuseppe Albertoni et al. (Ed.): La storia va alla guerra. Storici dell'area trentino-tirolese tra polemiche nazionali e primo conflitto mondiale (=  Studi e Ricerche 18 ). Università degli Studi di Trento, Trento 2018, ISBN 978-88-8443-825-6 , p. 285-300, here p. 290 (Italian).
  5. ^ Hannes Obermair: Ottenthal-Redlich's "Archive Reports from Tyrol" - an unfinished project? . In: Landesdenkmalamt Bozen (Ed.): Preservation of monuments in South Tyrol / Tutela dei beni culturali in Alto Adige 1989/90. Bozen 1995, pp. 333-359.
  6. ^ Thomas Just: Oswald Redlich as archivist of the Republic of (German) Austria . In: Mitteilungen des Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung 117 (2009), pp. 418–425.
  7. Official part. In:  Wiener Zeitung , September 25, 1929, p. 1 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz
  8. 100th birthday of Professor Dr. Oswald Redlich .