The settlement geography , and settlement geography , is a sub-discipline of geography . Your object of experience is the part of the earth's surface inhabited by humans, the ecumenism and sub-ecumenism .
According to its object of knowledge , the settlement geography records, describes and explains the human settlements according to their location, material and shape as well as the functions that lead to them. Above all, their internal functioning as well as the interactions between settlements and the surrounding geofactors are examined . As applied settlement geography, it contributes to the planning and development of urban and rural cultural landscapes.
Like geography in general, settlement geography is also at the interface between various disciplines - such as sociology , architecture , history and urban planning . It is characterized by a holistic - spatial science interest.
- the settlement geography of urban spaces ( urban geography );
- the settlement geography of rural areas (geography of rural settlements).
However, the classic division of the discipline into the above two sub-areas is increasingly disappearing, since the urban-rural contrast also merges into a continuum or a network.