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Landing of the Allies in Normandy (Utah Beach)
On June 6, begins with the landing of the Allies in Normandy , the Operation Overlord .
Destroyed briefing barracks after the attack
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini visit the barrack
. Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg commits an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in the Fuehrer's headquarters in Wolfsschanze .
Erwin von Witzleben before the People's Court
Around 700 people were then arrested and over 100 people executed.
1944 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1392/93 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1936/37 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 100/101 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1348/49 (April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2487/88 (southern Buddhism); 2486/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Wood Monkey甲申 ( since January 25 , before that Water Sheep癸未)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 33
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1306/07 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4277/78 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1322/23 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1363/1364 (December 16-17)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 18;
Koki 2604
Jewish calendar 5704/05 (September 17-18)
Coptic calendar 1660/61 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1119/20
Minguo calendar (China) Year 33 of the Republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2254/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2255/56 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2486/87 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1690
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 2000/01 (April)

The year 1944 was marked by the opening of the “ Second Front ” in Western Europe during World War II against the German Reich and the heavy defeats of the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front . The air war over Europe continues to intensify, with the Allies finally gaining control of the air. In the Pacific War , the Allies are preparing to retake the Philippines and push back the Japanese in the Central Pacific. Among other things, they conquer the Mariana Islands , from where they open a strategic bomber offensive against the main Japanese islands. At allied conferences in London, Bretton Woods, Dumbarton Oaks and Moscow, the post-war order and the division of Germany into zones of occupation are already being negotiated.


Politics and world events

Second World War

Political and diplomatic developments
Döme Sztójay 1944 - official portrait
Appeal to found the “Council for a Democratic Germany”, New Yorker Staatszeitung und Herold , 1944
The situation in the first days of the uprising
Commemorative stamp for the Führer birthday , 1944
German-Soviet War / Balkans
Soviet offensives on the Eastern Front from December 1943 to April 1944
Soviet soldiers fighting for Pushkin , January 1944
Soviet troops advancing in the Karelian forests
Abandoned war material of the German 9th Army near Babrujsk (Belarus) at the end of June 1944
The Red Army entering Bucharest at the end of August 1944
Yugoslav partisans in downtown Belgrade in October 1944
Newspaper clipping with the headline "Beasts raged in East Prussia"
Propaganda headline in the Braunschweiger daily newspaper from October 27, 1944
Italian campaign
Attack on the Garigliano and Rapido on January 17th
The destruction of the monastery on February 15, 1944
Development of the front between June and December 1944
Brazilian soldiers in Monte Castello
The war in the west
Invasion training on the English coast - maneuvers with real ammunition
Into the Jaws of Death : US Army troops land on
Omaha Beach on D-Day
Battle of Caen, July 9th
  • June 6th : The battle for Caen begins. Despite a largely successful landing by the first Allied attack formations, the attempt to capture Caen at the first attempt fails . It will take until July 19 before the entire city is in Allied hands. The fighting continues until August 15th .
Rangers and German prisoners of war on June 8th on the Pointe du Hoc
German prisoners of war under Allied guard in Cherbourg
Dolle-Dinsdag celebration (5th September 1944) at Willebrordusplein, Rotterdam
Submarine warfare in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans
Southeast Asia and Pacific War
Extermination camps / resistance against National Socialism
Polish civilians murdered by SS, Warsaw, August 1944
Removal of the men on November 10th

Other events worldwide

middle East


science and technology

War technology

Structure of the rocket unit 4

Teaching and Research



Visual arts



Music and theater


Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions

Vesuvius during its last eruption in March 1944


Fort Stikine explosion
  • April 14 : The British freighter Fort Stikine , loaded with explosives and ammunition, explodes in the port of Bombay . The consequences are 1,500 dead and missing, 3,000 injured, the destruction of 13 ships and total damage of around 1 billion US dollars.
  • April 20 : A Dutch cargo ship loaded with 120 tons of explosives explodes in the port of Bergen . Parts of the historic city are destroyed in the explosion and 150 people are killed.
  • July 17 : The two transport ships EA Bryan and Quainault Victory 7,606 GRT ( USA ) explode while taking over ammunition in Port Chicago in the north of the Bay of San Francisco ; 320 dead. Then there is a Marine - mutiny .
Mount Hood explosion
  • November 10 : The US Navy's Mount Hood ammunition transporter explodes at the Seeadler Harbor naval base on Manus Island in the Bismarck Archipelago . Only fragments of the ship are found, the largest of which measures 5 by 3 meters and lies at the bottom of the explosion crater. No remains are found of the 350-man crew of Mount Hood and the vehicles lying alongside. Ships within a radius of almost 2,000 meters from Mount Hood are damaged by debris flying around and the pressure wave. 82 crew members die on the repair ship Mindanao and 371 seamen are injured in the entire port area.


  • In the spring of the north Vietnamese province of Tonkin , drought and insect infestation lead to an initial loss of the fifth month of around 10 percent. The harvest of the tenth month is affected by tropical storms. In October a famine begins in Vietnam , which by May 1945 claims around 1.3 million lives.
  • Winter 1944/1945: Hongerwinter in the Netherlands


More disasters

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Nobel Prizes

Otto Hahn



Jimmy Page , 2013
James N. Gray
Angela Davis



Roger Daltrey
Uschi Glas , 2012
Erwin Neher
Diana Ross , 2008


Gerhard Schröder
James Heckman
Thumma Bala


George Lucas 2009
Joe Cocker , 2003


Edgar Froese
Ban Ki-moon


Rick Davies, 2002
Robert Carhart Merton


Rajiv Gandhi , 1989


Claude Nicollier
Jacqueline Bisset
Michael Douglas, 2004


Geyer (left) as coach of Dynamo Dresden in 1989
David Trimble


Rafiq al-Hariri
Klaus Fichtel


Bernard Hill

Exact date of birth unknown


January February

Antanas Smetona
Edvard Munch , 1905/1906

March April

Isolde Kurz

May June

Ethel Smyth
Jozef Beck

July August

Ludwig Beck, 1937
Jakob von Uexküll
Berthold Schenk Count v. Stauffenberg on August 10, 1944 at the trial before the People's Court

September October

Ulrich-Wilhelm Graf von Schwerin von Schwanenfeld
Wendell Willkie
Charles Glover Barkla
Louis Renault, 1907

November December

Walter Cramer
Wassily Kandinsky , around 1913

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1944  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files