1891

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1891
Kilimanjaro, Kibo and Mawensi as seen from New Moshi
German East Africa becomes a German colony .
Charles Terront
The French Charles Terront wins the first Paris – Brest – Paris cycle race .
Cover sheet of the Erfurt program
The Social Democratic Party of Germany decides on the Erfurt program .
Route of the Trans-Siberian Railway
Construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway begins in Vladivostok .
1891 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1339/40 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1883/84 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Baha'i calendar 47/48 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1296/97 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2434/35 (southern Buddhism); 2433/34 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the metal rabbit辛卯 ( at the beginning of the year metal tiger 庚寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1253/54 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4224/25 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1269/70 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1308/09 (August 6/7)
Japanese calendar Meiji 24 ( 明治 24 年);
Koki 2551
Jewish calendar 5651/52 (October 2-3)
Coptic calendar 1607/08 (September 11th / 12th)
Malayalam calendar 1066/67
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1306/07 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2201/02 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2202/03 (New Year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2433/34 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1947/48 (turn of the year April)

Events

Politics and world events

German Empire

Wilhelm II of Württemberg

Switzerland

Other events in Europe

Africa

Asia

  • May 11 : Tsarevich Nikolaus is assassinated while visiting Japan during the Ōtsu incident . A police officer from his Japanese escort injured the victim with a saber in the face and failed with a second blow.

America

Battle of Concón

Pacific Ocean

economy

Trade fairs and exhibitions

Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák: Photo of the large gate of the anniversary exhibition

Patents and trademarks

Postal service

travel and traffic

The Augusta Victoria 1891,
drawing by CW Allers
The arrival of the first train in Zermatt

Business start-ups

care

science and technology

Lilienthal with the Derwitz apparatus in the spring of 1891

Culture

architecture

Herz-Jesu-Kirche Graz

Visual arts

Paul Gauguin: Women on the Beach (1891)

literature

Music and theater

miscellaneous

religion

Disasters

  • March 17 : In the port of Gibraltar, the British passenger ship Utopia collides with a battle cruiser and sinks within five minutes. 535 passengers and crew members die.
  • June 14 : In the biggest railway disaster in Switzerland to date, the railway accident in Münchenstein , the railway bridge over the Birs , designed by Gustave Eiffel , collapses under a train coming from Basel . Three cars and both locomotives crash into the flooding river. 78 people are killed and 131 injured.
Railway accident on the Bostian Bridge

Sports

Image of the first basketball court from 1891

Born

January

Zora Neale Hurston
Walther Bothe, 1954

February

March

April

Max Ernst, 1909
Sergei Prokofiev, 1918

May

June

July

August

September

Hans Albers (right), 1946

October

November

Frederick Banting
Julius Raab, 1961

December

Otto Dix

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January February

Nicolaus August Otto

March April

Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke

May June

John Macdonald, 1868
Wilhelm Eduard Weber, 1856

July August

September October

Herman Melville

November December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1891  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files