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Construction of the Eiffel Tower between 1887 and 1889
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution , the Eiffel Tower will be completed in time for the World's Fair .
Hans Meyer in front of the base camp on Kilimanjaro 1889
Hans Meyer succeeds in the first ascent of Kilimanjaro with Ludwig Purtscheller and Yohani Kinyala Lauwo .
Harrison's official portrait in the White House
Benjamin Harrison
becomes the 23rd President of the United States .
Proclamation of the Constitution, Japanese colored woodcut by Chikanobu, 1889
In the Empire of Japan , the Meiji constitution is proclaimed under Emperor Mutsuhito .
1889 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1337/38 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1881/82 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Baha'i calendar 45/46 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1294/95 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2432/33 (southern Buddhism); 2431/32 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat 戊子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1251/52 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4222/23 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1267/68 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1306/07 (August 27-28)
Japanese calendar Meiji 22 ( 明治 22 年 );

Koki 2549

Jewish calendar 5649/50 (25/26 September)
Coptic calendar 1605/06 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 1064/65
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1304/05 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2199/2200 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2200/01 (New Year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2431/32 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1945/46 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

United States of America

Harrison's inauguration
Oklahoma Land Run (contemporary photography)
  • April 22nd : At the Oklahoma Land Run , thousands of Anglo-American settlers race to get as good a piece of land as possible in the western part of the Indian Territory, later the state of Oklahoma . In the days before, some colonists illegally crossed the border to the Cherokee outlet and secretly staked out parcels of land for themselves. The Oklahoma Land Run is considered to be one of the historic cornerstones that symbolically mark the end of the US pioneering era , which is often referred to as the Wild West in today's popular culture .
  • A few days after the Oklahoma Land Run , a provisional government was installed in what would become the Oklahoma Territory the following year .
  • October 2 : The United States holds the first Pan-American conference to secure its influence in Latin America .
United States 1889



Announcement on the Japanese Constitution signed by the Emperor



The official coat of arms of the Swiss Confederation



The 1889 World's Fair in Paris

Aerial view of the world exhibition

Scandals and crises


Business start-ups

  • Gustav Brachhausen and Paul Riessner found a company for the manufacture of mechanical musical devices in the Saxon town of Eutritzsch under the name Brachhausen & Riesner mechanical music works , from which the Polyphon music works will later develop as well as the automobile manufacturer Dux .



science and technology



The Steamer National before leaving for the plankton expedition on July 14th in Kiel

More natural sciences


Teaching and Research



One of the elevators of the Eiffel Tower (1889)
Georges Seurat : Eiffel Tower, oil on canvas, 1889

Visual arts

The Barkenhoff in Worpswede


Music and theater

Siri from food
Giacomo Puccini
The Washington Post , played by the United States Marine Band
Ludwig Anzengruber


The first example of the electric chair on which William Kemmler died in 1890



Destruction in Johnstown
  • May 31 : The dam of the South Fork Dam near Johnstown in the US state of Pennsylvania after several days of heavy rain triggers a tidal wave that kills 2,209 people.
  • Sommer: In Central Asia, an influenza pandemic that lasted until 1895 began, killing up to a million people.
  • December 31 : After casting off in New York, the passenger steamer Erin of the British National Line disappears without a trace on the North Atlantic with 72 people on board. He will never be seen again.




Paul Hartmann around 1925


Siegfried Kracauer before 1925


Georg Baron Manteuffel-Szoege


Charles Chaplin, 1915
Adolf Hitler, 1937
Ludwig Wittgenstein, 1910


Uchida Hyakken, 1952



Jean Cocteau, 1923
Alder Stanley Gardner, 1966
Ernst Reuter, 1932


Jaroslav Jeremiáš, before 1919


Martin Heidegger, 1960


Carl von Ossietzky, 1915


Jawaharlal Nehru with Mahatma Gandhi, 1929
Edwin Hubble


Adolf Grimme

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second quarter

Eugène Chevreul

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

James Prescott Joule
Jefferson Davis

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1889  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files