Moulin Rouge

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Moulin Rouge on Boulevard de Clichy

The Moulin Rouge [ mu.lɛ̃ ʁuʒ ] (German: Rote Mühle ) is a variety show in the Parisian district of Montmartre on Place Blanche (address 82 Boulevard de Clichy ) in the 18th arrondissement , in the Pigalle entertainment district .


The Moulin Rouge in the 1960s
Poster by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Preference share for 500 francs in the SA du Théatre-Concert du Moulin-Rouge dated February 15, 1904
Autochrome photograph from June 24, 1914
Moulin Rouge in August 1929
The Moulin Rouge at night. (2013)
The Moulin Rouge by day. (March 2015)

The Moulin Rouge was founded in 1889 by Joseph Oller , who already owned the L'Olympia variety theater , and Charles Zidler . The house opened on October 6, 1889, the same year as the Eiffel Tower . The name goes back to the famous replica of a red mill on the roof. The Montmartre is the highest point in Paris, which became a lookout point and on which windmills were built. Some of these have been expanded to cafes and event venues, while other institutions have adopted the name Moulin .

Initially, the Moulin Rouge was used for balls in which dancers mainly danced the cancan and chahut . The most famous Parisian stars of the time performed here, including La Goulue , Yvette Guilbert , Jane Avril , Mistinguett and “Le Pétomane” Joseph Pujol . Many of these names became well known, not least because of the advertising posters by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and their numerous reprints.

Later operettas and revues were performed at the Moulin Rouge . It was also sometimes used as a cinema . So-called dinner spectacles have been performed since 1955 . In the early years they also performed famous chanson performers such as Charles Trenet and Charles Aznavour . In 1964, an " aquarium " was installed on the stage as an attraction , in which naked dancers performed or swam. After a financial crisis in the mid-1990s, the house was able to record success again from around the year 2000, to which the well-known movie Moulin Rouge also contributed from 2001 . Tiger pythons and dwarf horses are occasionally used during the individual dance numbers . The house has 850 seats and was visited by around 420,000 guests in 2000.

The Moulin Rouge has a large wine and champagne cellar in the basement. Up to 800 bottles of champagne are emptied on a show evening, around 240,000 bottles per year. Therefore, the establishment is considered to be the largest single purchaser of champagne in the world.

The name and style of the famous Parisian model were copied by numerous other variety theaters and discos around the world.

In 2018, a dark roller coaster called “Eurosat - CanCan Coaster” opened in Europa-Park (Rust, Baden-Württemberg), the entrance and waiting area of ​​which was faithfully reproduced from the Moulin Rouge of the Belle Époque . Original props provided by the Moulin Rouge were also used.

Moulin Rouge in the film

Moulin Rouge in music

The most famous song about the Moulin Rouge is the title Lady Marmalade . Originally it is about a prostitute in New Orleans , but in the version published in 2001 by US singers Pink , Christina Aguilera , Lil 'Kim and Mýa , the setting was moved to Paris.

A selection of other songs :

Moulin Rouge in literature

The biographical novel Moulin Rouge about the life of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec , published in 1950, was Pierre La Mure's first bestseller and was made into a film in 1952.

Web links

Commons : Moulin Rouge  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. On Montmartre . In: Allgemeine Zeitung . Garnish. No. 97 , April 7, 1853, p. 1547 ( online in Google Book Search [accessed February 23, 2016]). “On the eastern tip is the church with the retired telegraph tower, and right around it is the actual village of Montmartre; the western, the higher of the two, bears the windmills from which this part of the hill takes its name. They must be its oldest inhabitants, for they seem to have a right and a duty to serve as godfathers around the world; all the young people borrowed their names from them, such as the Marchands de Bin, the cafés, the Bals Champêtres etc., which are Moulin de Palais, Moulin de la Galotte [correct: Moulin de la Galette, see Bal du moulin de la Galette ] etc. name. Even a maison de sevrage (for weaning babies) does not believe that it can be recommended any better than with the title "moulin des petits enfants". "
  2. The Bonlangists. In:  Neue Freie Presse , December 31, 1889, p. 1 (online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp“Two fundamentally different landmarks rise on Montmartre, the hill in Paris, which pious and revolutionary souls have chosen as a place of grace and which administrative prose simply calls the eighteenth district. On the one hand, the Sacré Coeur Church , which was built after long struggles with the atheist community with a sacrifice of 20 million, which is due to be inaugurated with great ecclesiastical pomp; on the other side an old, weathered, cracked, worm-eaten windmill, the Moulin de la Galotte [Korr: Moulin de la Galette], the wings of which protrude idly into the air - a vantage point for strangers and provincials, until the Eiffel Tower also has the mill brought this little respect. A dance hall is lined up next to the windmill, in which the eternally lively youth of Montmartre can find the opportunity not to let the traditions of the cancan die out completely. "
  3. The world of the Moulin Rouge . Documentary by Vivienne Radermacher, 2013, 45 min., Editor: Anna Sigrist, produced by ARD -Studio Paris and Phoenix .
  4. Eurosat - CanCan Coaster. Europa-Park GmbH & Co Mack KG, September 2018, accessed on February 11, 2020 .

Coordinates: 48 ° 53 ′ 3 "  N , 2 ° 19 ′ 56"  E