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The Silesian Weavers (painting by Carl Wilhelm Huebner, 1846)
The Silesian weaver uprising gained international attention and was artistically processed several times.
Charles Goodyear
Charles Goodyear
is granted a patent on
the vulcanization of rubber.
"Germany.  A winter fairy tale. ”Cover (interim brochure) of the first separate edition in 1844
Heinrich Heine publishes
the satirical verse epic
Germany. A winter fairy tale .
1844 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1292/93 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1836/37 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar The calendar starts on March 21st
Bengali solar calendar 1249/50 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2387/88 (southern Buddhism); 2386/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the wood dragon甲辰 ( at the beginning of the year water rabbit 癸卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1206/07 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4177/78 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1222/23
Islamic calendar 1259/60 (turn of the year 21/22 January)
Jewish calendar 5604/05 (September 13-14)
Coptic calendar 1560/61 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1019/20
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1259/60 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2154/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2155/56 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1900/01 (April)


Politics and world events


Oscar I of Sweden and Norway


  • August 4th : With the bombardment of Tangier by French warships , a Franco-Moroccan war begins, during which the Moroccan army is defeated at Isly on August 14th. Morocco must stop supporting the rebels in French Algeria.


North America

Election poster of the Democrats 1844


Other international events

Historical map of the date line
  • In 1844, the Philippines skipped a full day in history, December 31st . Since they have close trade with Mexico , they have hitherto been based on their date, i.e. they were east of the date line . As trade relations with China increase, the decision is made to align with the Asian neighbors. This skips the date line to the west, which means that the Philippines do not experience a full day. Monday, December 30, 1844, is followed by Wednesday, January 1, 1845 .


science and technology

Opening of the Cologne-Bonn railway line


Visual arts

Rain, Steam and Speed - the train of the "Great Western Railway" by William Turner


Headline of the flying leaves
Headline of the Stuttgart city bell
Germany. A winter fairy tale : First separate edition

Music and theater

The Torn , scene from the 3rd act; Illustrirte Zeitung , Vol. 03 (1844), p. 61.



Christiane Ruthardt in court on December 20th


nature and environment

Giant aalk
  • June 3 : On the Icelandic island of Eldey , the last surviving pair of giant alks is killed by two trophy collectors. The bellows are sold to a Danish collector.



January February

Eduard Strasburger around 1908

March April

May June

July August

Thomas Eakins
Friedrich Miescher

September October

Henry John Heinz
Friedrich Nietzsche, 1882

November December

Carl Benz

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second and third quarters

Joseph Smith, Jr.
Joseph Bonaparte's tomb in the Paris Invalides

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1844  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files