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Sea Battle at Cape St. Vincent, by Francis Holman
A British fleet under Admiral George Rodney destroys a Spanish squadron in the naval battle of Cape St. Vincent .
Front page of the first edition of the Neue Zürcher Zeitung
The Zürcher Zeitung
appears for the first time.
Sketch of the Waxhaw Massacre
In the Waxhaw massacre , the British defeat a unit of the Virginia's Continental Army under the command of Banastre Tarleton .
1780 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1228/29 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1772/73 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1185/86 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2323/24 (southern Buddhism); 2322/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Rat庚子 ( at the beginning of the Earth Pig year 己亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1142/43 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4113/14 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1158/59 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1193/1194/95 (January 7/8 // December 27/28)
Jewish calendar 5540/41 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1496/97 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 955/956
Seleucid era Babylon: 2090/91 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2091/92 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1836/37 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


North America

Ferguson's death in the Battle of Kings Mountain

Latin America


science and technology



The Goethe house on the Kickelhahn

Music and theater

Grand Théâtre
in Bordeaux by night





nature and environment


Historical maps and views

Vienna 1780
The Principality of Basel until 1780


First quarter

The singer Giovanni Battista Velluti

Second quarter

The singer Angelica Catalani

Third quarter

Carl von Clausewitz
Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent

Fourth Quarter

Ernst Anschütz

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Double sarcophagus of Maria Theresa and Franz Stephan in the Capuchin Crypt

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1780  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files