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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The Americans take Lord Cornwallis and his army prisoner in Yorktown
In the American War of Independence , French-American troops defeat the British forces under Lord Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown .
Anton Raaf as Idomeneo at the world premiere
Mozart's opera Idomeneo
is premiered.
William Herschel
William Herschel discovers
the planet Uranus .
1781 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1229/30 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1773/74 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1186/87 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2324/25 (southern Buddhism); 2323/24 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Ox辛丑 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Rat庚子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1143/44 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4114/15 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1159/60 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1195/96 (December 16-17)
Jewish calendar 5541/42 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1497/98 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 956/957
Seleucid era Babylon: 2091/92 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2092/93 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1837/38 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Battle of the Dogger Bank

American War of Independence

American west


South America

science and technology



Uranus with clouds, rings and moons in the near infrared , picture from the Hubble Space Telescope in 1998 in false color representation


Title page of the first print



January to April

Achim von Arnim
Karl Friedrich Schinkel 1826, painting by Carl Begas

May to August

George Stephenson
Siméon Denis Poisson

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1781  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files