Franz Anton von Neveu

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Franz Anton von Neveu (born April 3, 1781 in Offenburg ; † February 20, 1837 there ) was a German chief forest master and landowner .


The ancestors of Baron Franz Anton von Neveu came from France and had been in southern Germany for several centuries. Until the dissolution of the German Empire, they belonged to the immediate free imperial knighthood of the local bailiwick of Ortenau in front of Austria .

Franz Anton von Neveu was the eldest son of Baron Franz Konrad von Neveu (born January 10, 1752 at Birseck Castle ; † October 23, 1798 in Munich ), chamberlain and owner, although the youngest of four brothers, of the estates both in Breisgau and in the Ortenau, and his wife Maria Elisabeth Augusta (born August 2, 1760 in Mannheim ; † September 29, 1836 in Offenburg), daughter of the Electoral Palatinate Privy Council, Baron Karl Christian von Eberstein (1724–1795).

His siblings were:

  • Joseph Wilhelm von Neveu (born June 21, 1782; † February 26, 1819 in Rio de Janeiro ), Austrian envoy to Brazil ;
  • Marie Luise Sophie von Neveu (born March 14, 1786 in Bruchsal ; † October 9, 1850 in Hecklingen ), married to court judge Count Peter Goëricus von Hennin (born February 20, 1775 in Hecklingen; † March 3, 1852 ibid).

Franz Anton von Neveu received his first lessons from private tutors at home. In 1792 he was accepted as a noble boy of the Elector of Mainz Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal and received both his education and his scientific education there; as a noble boy he attended the coronation of the last German emperor Franz II .

Due to the French Revolution , he returned to his parents' house and traveled with his family to Mannheim, Konstanz and Munich. During this time, too, he and his brother received private lessons from private tutors.

In 1798 he attended the Lyzeum in Munich and the newly founded forest school. Due to the death of his father, his mother moved to Heidelberg to live with her brother in the summer of 1799 . There he devoted himself to studying forest science . In 1800 he received his theoretical and practical training in the forestry institute of Oberforstmeister Freiherr Friedrich Heinrich Drais von Sauerbronn, in Pforzheim .

In 1802, Franz Anton von Neveu was temporarily entrusted with the Offenburg Forestry Office . In 1807 he received the forestry office in Waldkirch provisionally from the grand ducal government of Baden , but at the end of the year he was appointed grand ducal Baden forestry master in Offenburg and chamberlain . He administered the forest office there until his death. In 1808 he was appointed chamberlain and in 1833 he was promoted to chief forester.

On July 25, 1828, Franz Anton von Neveu acquired the farm and vineyards in the Durbach district , in the Hespengrund, for 30,000 guilders , which is still operated today in the sixth generation.

On February 6, 1809, he married Freiin Maria Franziska Josephe in Mannheim (born May 9, 1791 in Porrentruy in Switzerland , † February 14, 1844 in Offenburg), daughter of the grand ducal bailiff of Mahlberg Baron Adam Xaver von Roggenbach . Together they had two sons and four daughters:

  • Marie von Neveu (born November 26, 1809; † November 16, 1887 in Karlsruhe ), married to Baron Carl von Neubronn-Eisenburg (1807–1885), Grand Ducal Chamberlain and bailiff of Cork ;
  • Franz Joseph Adolph Karl von Neveu (born October 23, 1812 in Offenburg; † April 23, 1873 ibid), owner of his father's majorate and chamberlain from Baden, married to Mathilde, born. Freiin von Schauenburg zu Herrlisheim (born October 18, 1818 in Herrlisheim , † March 13, 1903 in Offenburg);
  • Maria Franziska Josephine Auguste von Neveu (born June 13, 1814 in Offenburg; † April 5, 1853 ibid), married to Freiherr Emil Böcklin von Böcklinsau (1807–1872), Grand Ducal Chamberlain of Baden and district forester in Offenburg;
  • Balbine von Neveu (born May 31, 1816 - March 2, 1868 in Karlsruhe); married to Baron Rudolf Otto von Berckheim (1805–1863);
  • Maria Adelheid Henrika von Neveu (born January 18, 1818 in Offenburg, † June 19, 1889 in Bühl ), married to Baron Wilhelm Franz Fidel Rink von Baldenstein (1805–1867), major general ;
  • Franz Anton Joseph von Neveu (born August 2, 1820, † January 21, 1880 in Biengen), landlord of Dietenbach and Rain, married to Luise Caroline (1829–1903), a daughter of Friedrich von Wangen zu Geroldseck, major general.

Franz Anton von Neveu was the landlord in Windschläg , Zastler , Dietenbach and Rain near Freiburg and the nephew and universal heir of the Prince-Bishop of Basel Franz Xaver von Neveu .


Franz Anton von Neveu was a member of the 1st Chamber in the Baden state parliaments from 1825–1828, 1831–1833 and 1835; the election of the deputy as representative of the manorial nobility was made partly by the grand duke and partly by the landlords.


In 1820 Franz Anton von Neveu was made a Knight of the Zähringen Order of the Lions .

Because he came to a solution in a legal dispute that had been going on for several centuries between the city of Offenburg and a neighboring municipality over an important forest area, the city of Offenburg granted him honorary citizenship in 1836 .

In honor of the family, the French occupation authorities renamed Adolf-Hitler-Strasse in Windschläg to Freiherr-von-Neveu-Strasse in 1945 .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Marco Jorio : Franz Konrad von Neveu. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . July 31, 2009 , accessed September 10, 2018 .
  2. ^ Fr Cast: Historical and genealogical book of the nobility of the Grand Duchy of Baden . S. 142. JF Cast, 1845 ( [accessed September 10, 2018]).
  3. ^ City of Offenburg: Honorary citizenships and awards. Retrieved September 10, 2018 (German).
  4. Stadtarchiv Offenburg (ed.): Investigation of the Offenburg street names (attachment) . P. 18.