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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Waldkirch
Map of Germany, position of the city Waldkirch highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 6 '  N , 7 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Emmendingen
Height : 274 m above sea level NHN
Area : 48.47 km 2
Residents: 21,809 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 450 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 79183
Area code : 07681
License plate : EM
Community key : 08 3 16 056
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 1–5
79183 Waldkirch
Website : www.stadt-waldkirch.de
Lord Mayor : Roman Götzmann ( SPD )
Location of the city of Waldkirch in the district of Emmendingen
Frankreich Ortenaukreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Freiburg im Breisgau Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Bahlingen am Kaiserstuhl Biederbach Biederbach Biederbach Denzlingen Elzach Emmendingen Endingen am Kaiserstuhl Forchheim (Kaiserstuhl) Freiamt (Schwarzwald) Gutach im Breisgau Herbolzheim Kenzingen Malterdingen Malterdingen Reute (Breisgau) Rheinhausen (Breisgau) Riegel am Kaiserstuhl Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl Sexau Simonswald Teningen Vörstetten Waldkirch Weisweil Winden im Elztal Wyhl am Kaiserstuhlmap
About this picture
Waldkirch from Kastelburg in spring ...
... and in winter, the candelabra in the background

Waldkirch is a large district town in Breisgau in Baden-Württemberg , it is about ten kilometers east of Emmendingen and about 16 kilometers northeast of Freiburg im Breisgau .


Geographical location

The city is located on the Elz in the southwestern part of the Black Forest . The neighboring communities in the Elztal valley inward are Freiamt and Gutach im Breisgau , in the Simonswald valley, which branches off to the southeast, Simonswald . There are also municipal boundaries to St. Peter and Glottertal . Out of the valley, Waldkirch borders on Denzlingen and Sexau . Waldkirch is located directly at the foot of the 1241 meter high Kandel . The lowest point in Waldkirch is 243 m, the difference in altitude on the district is 998 meters.

Due to its location in the Upper Rhine Rift , there are occasional smaller earthquakes. The last major quake with a magnitude of 5.4 on the Richter scale occurred on December 5, 2004, the epicenter was under the Kandel massif.

City structure

The city of Waldkirch includes the districts of Buchholz, Kollnau , Siensbach including the Siensbacher Weg, Suggental and Waldkirch. The spatial boundaries of the districts are identical to the boundaries of the former municipalities of the same name. With the exception of the Waldkirch district, the districts are officially named by the prefixed name of the city and, connected with a hyphen and followed by the name of the respective district. The districts of Buchholz, Kollnau, Siensbach, including the Siensbacher Weg and Suggental, are localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with a local council and mayor who is to be directly elected by the voters in local elections . In each of the localities there are administrative offices called "Stadt Waldkirch - local administration ...".

The Buchholz district includes the village of Buchholz and the hamlet of Batzenhäusle. The Kollnau district includes the village of the same name and the Harnischwald, Kohlenbach and Übental farms. The district of Siensbach including the Siensbacher Weg includes the hamlets Obertal (Dobel), Untertal and Zinken, the farms Biehl and Mühletal and the residential areas at Beim Rechen and Eichbühl. The Waldkirch district includes the town of the same name, the hamlet of Heimeck, the Dettenbach, Eschbach, Petershöfe and Wegelbach farms as well as the Altersbach, Forstsiedlung and Kandelrasthaus residential areas. In the district of Waldkirch were the village of Stahlhof, which was dissolved in Waldkirch and which formed its own district until 1936 with the districts of Dettenbach, Heimeck, Petershöfe and Wegelbach, the castles Kastelburg and Schwarzenburg as well as the castles Küchlinsburg (the Küchlin gentlemen ) and Kyffelburg and the locality that was lost Hamlet.


The Köppen climate type is the warm, humid temperate climate zone ( oceanic climate ).

Waldkirch 2015–2020
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source: [1]
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Waldkirch 2015–2020
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 6.2 8.1 12.8 17.0 20.7 25.4 27.5 26.4 22.6 16.3 10.7 7.9 O 16.8
Min. Temperature (° C) -1.1 -0.4 1.3 3.7 8.4 12.9 13.8 13.0 9.2 5.6 2.1 0.3 O 5.8
Temperature (° C) 3.4 4.8 6.9 10.5 14.7 19.2 21.1 20.0 15.5 10.7 6.4 4.1 O 11.5
Precipitation ( mm ) 63 44 43 69 119 93 47 73 52 47 55 44 Σ 749
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 2.7 3.5 4.0 5.8 6.5 8.4 7.8 7.2 5.7 3.8 2.4 2.0 O 5
Rainy days ( d ) 17th 13 14th 13 15th 14th 12 13 11 12 13 14th Σ 161
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: [2]


The oldest sources in Waldkirch refer to the founding of the St. Margarethen women's monastery by the Swabian Duke Burchard II around the year 918. The settlement was later under the protection of the Schwarzenbergs , who built the Kastelburg and Schwarzenburg as well as the settlement in the 13th century fortified a city wall.

On August 8, 1300 Waldkirch was of the Schwarzenberg Reeves , the city charter granted. In 1459 the von Rechberg , 1546 Sebastian von Ehingen and 1560 Hans Raphael von Reischach inherited the bailiwick. In 1567 Archduke Ferdinand of Austria bought the Schwarzenberg rule with the town of Waldkirch. Until 1805, Waldkirch was an administrative town in front of Austria . Then it fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden , where it was the official city of the district of the same name until 1936. Since then it has belonged to the district of Emmendingen .

In the period from 1933 to 1945, in addition to a local NSDAP group, there was both an SA and an SS storm in Waldkirch. The SS storm was, among others, the then resident in Waldkirch and for the subsequent killing of Lithuanian Jews chiefly responsible Karl Jäger founded. On June 11, 1939, what was then the primary and secondary school was renamed the Paul-Mauk-Schule , a student celebrated by Nazi propaganda and considered the youngest soldier on the German side in the First World War. In 1946, the school was renamed as the elementary school in Schwarzenbergschule Waldkirch. Today a plaque in front of the school commemorates this episode in school history. Further evidence of the Nazi era in Waldkirch include the war memorial in Kollnau and the Nazi propaganda murals by the artist Schroeder-Schoenenberg in the Waldkirch town hall that were covered during the renovation .

After the Second World War , which the city survived largely undamaged, Waldkirch belonged to the federal state of (Southern) Baden and thus became part of the newly formed state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952 . Today's town was re-formed in the course of community reform on January 1, 1975 by the merger of the town of Waldkirch and the communities of Buchholz and Kollnau under the name Waldkirch-Kollnau and renamed Waldkirch on the same day. Already on July 1, 1971, the community Suggental and on January 1, 1973 the community Siensbach was incorporated into Waldkirch. On January 1, 2009, Waldkirch was elevated to a major district town.


Municipal council

Until the municipal council elections in 2004, the false sub-district election was in effect , the municipality area was divided into residential districts accordingly.

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result (P / L: profit / loss compared to 2014):

Party / list Share of votes W / l% p Seats G / V
SPD 26.6% - 1.1 7th ± 0
CDU 25.5% - 5.3 7th - 1
FDP 03.4% + 3.4 1 + 1
The open list 24.7% + 2.7 6th ± 0
Free voters 19.9% + 0.4 5 ± 0

Mayor and Lord Mayor

Since the elevation to the major district town (2009), the mayor has held the official title of mayor.

  • 1775–1803: Benedikt Pfeifer
  • 1803–1817: Mathias Ringwald
  • 1817–1835: Johann Reisky
  • 1835-1836: P. Brand
  • 1836–1842: Mathias Fehrenbach
  • 1842–1845: Georg Ehrhard
  • 1845–1861: Heinrich Hoch
  • 1861–1866: Josef Joerger
  • 1866–1876: Heinrich Weiß
  • 1876–1879: Adolf Joerger
  • 1879: Christian Weber (20 days)
  • 1880–1887: Xaver Weiss
  • 1887–1897: Johann Seufert
  • 1897-1919: Albert Schill
  • 1919–1933: Carl Eberle , center
  • 1933–1945: Max Kellmayer , NSDAP
  • 1945 (April 25 - July 18): Stanislaus Göppert
  • 1945 (July 18-22): Carl Eberle, Center / CDU
  • 1945 (September 22 - October 18): Georg Schindler
  • 1945 (October 18-27): Georg Scholz
  • 1945–1946 (4.2.): Max Kahle, SPD
  • 1946–1947 (March 22): Otto Mutschler, BCSV
  • 1947 (23.3. – 25.4.): Ernst Oschwald, SPD
  • 1947–1948: Adolf Wolfsperger, BCSV
  • 1948–1970: Ernst Prestel, CDU
  • 1970–1983: Hugo Eisele , CDU
  • 1983–2015: Richard Leibinger , SPD
  • since 2015: Roman Götzmann , SPD

On March 15, 2015, Roman Götzmann was elected Lord Mayor with a voter turnout of 56.0% and 72.4% of the valid votes. He took office on June 11, 2015. As further applicants, Gerhard Bongarth received 19.5% and Bernhard Steinhart 7.8% of the votes.

coat of arms

Coat of arms valid since 1976
Old coat of arms of Waldkirch


The coat of arms of Waldkirch is a speaking coat of arms . It shows a black six-mountain in blue, on which a church with a red roof and a gold cross stands in silver. This arrangement is framed on the right flank by a silver linden branch and on the left flank by a silver oak branch. The church between the lime and oak branches symbolizes the city name. The Sechsberg comes from the coat of arms of the Lords of Schwarzenberg . The coat of arms is based on the oldest known seal from the 13th century and was awarded to the city on May 5, 1976.

Old coat of arms

Between 1634 and 1976 the city used a coat of arms without the six mountain. Divided by blue and green, a double-tower church on the main site, lined with two silver trees to the right and left. Three other silver trees are depicted in the base of the shield.

Coats of arms of the districts

Town twinning

The Europe Fountain bears the names of Waldkirch's twin cities.

Economy and Infrastructure

Waldkirch has a long industrial and craft past. The tradition of gemstone cutting goes back to the Middle Ages and is still represented today by the Wintermantel company . Waldkirch organ building, founded by Matthias Martin in 1799, was expanded to include barrel organs and music automats in the 19th century and enjoyed a worldwide reputation until the 1920s. Organ building is continued today by the company Jäger & Brommer as well as Paul Fleck Söhne , Achim Schneider and Wolfram Stützle. During the industrial revolution , Waldkirch was - like the entire Elztal - a well-known location for the textile industry . However, little remains of this today, especially the Gütermann company in neighboring Gutach . On the other hand, the optical and electrical engineering industry, represented by Sick , and paper processing , represented by August Faller KG, grew strongly after the Second World War .

Wine has been successfully grown in the Buchholz district since 1877 , and Buchholz is also known nationwide for the cultivation of fruit and berries. In the Suggental district, several silver mines were in operation in the Middle Ages ( Suggental silver mine ). Parts of the pits were exposed again by the Suggental mining research group and can be viewed by prior arrangement.

Also the tourism is a relevant economic sector. Waldkirch is located on the Deutsche Uhrenstrasse and is part of the Deutsche Orgelstrasse network.

Winter sports enthusiasts will get their money's worth at the lifts on the Kandel local mountain . The partial valley run "Nordhang" is particularly demanding here.

Since April 30, 2016, Waldkirch has a new outdoor pool in the Kollnau district.


Waldkirch station

Waldkirch is on the federal road 294 ( Bretten - Freiburg im Breisgau ), which bypasses the city south in the Hugenwald tunnel . Kandelstrasse begins on the northeastern outskirts of the city and has been connecting the city with the Kandel since the early 1930s and continued to St. Peter in the 1950s.

With the Waldkirch station , the city can be reached every half hour via the Elztalbahn ( Freiburg im Breisgau - Elzach ) operated by the SWEG . Waldkirch also owns two SBG city ​​bus routes . The next long-distance train stop is Freiburg im Breisgau. Waldkirch is part of the Freiburg Regional Transport Association .

The nearest international airports are Basel , Zurich , Frankfurt , Stuttgart , Baden-Baden and Strasbourg .

Established businesses

Sick AG headquarters

Some Waldkirch companies are known far beyond the local and regional framework, some are active worldwide or even world market leaders in their field.

Four companies build organs in Waldkirch, including Waldkircher Orgelbau Jäger & Brommer . Mack Rides is a family company that has existed in Waldkirch since 1780 and is one of the leading manufacturers of amusement park attractions today. Today's Europa-Park in Rust emerged from the former exhibition park . Sick AG , based in Waldkirch, manufactures sensor systems and optical devices for industry. The local company Ganter Interior operates worldwide as an owner-managed family business in the field of shop and interior design. The August Faller KG is a family business founded in 1882 with headquarters in Waldkirch. It is one of the market leaders for pharmaceutical secondary packaging in German-speaking countries.

Courts and authorities

In Waldkirch there is a district court in Waldkirch , which belongs to the regional court district of Freiburg im Breisgau and the OLG district of Karlsruhe , as well as a notary's office that is responsible for the communities in the Elz Valley . The former judicial prison next to the local court functioned as a branch of the JVA Freiburg . Prisoners who were in open prison were housed here. After its closure it will be used as an office complex. Until 2007, the city was also the seat of the Waldkirch deanery of the Archdiocese of Freiburg .

Educational institutions

In addition to the Geschwister-Scholl- Gymnasium , Waldkirch also has the secondary school Kollnau , the elementary school Schwarzenbergschule , the elementary and community school Kastelbergschule , which is operated as an all-day school, the elementary school Buchholz (primary and secondary school until 2014 ), the primary school am Kohlenbach in Kollnau (up to 2016 elementary and secondary school with Werkrealschule ), the SBBZ See St. Michael and the vocational school center Waldkirch . Another important educational institution is the Municipal Music School, which was founded in 1741, making it the oldest municipal music school in Germany. There is also the private school in Elztal .

Culture and sights

City Church of St. Margarethen

Waldkirch is located on the German Clock Route , which leads past many exhibition sites of historical clocks and clock factories.

The city is a member of Cittàslow , a movement founded in Italy in 1999 to slow down and improve the quality of life in cities.


Row of houses below the Kastelburg
  • The City Chapel of Our Lady is probably the oldest surviving building in the city. The building dates back to 1336 and was built by the townspeople in order not to have to go to the "Leutkirche" St. Walburga, which was outside the town walls, for worship, which was difficult in winter and dangerous in times of war.
The chapel was rebuilt in 1931 and expanded to include the choir , in which the baroque high altar is installed. The side figures of this altar are ascribed to Christian Wentzinger .
In the church there are pictures of the Stations of the Cross, which were created in 1938 by Georg Scholz , who was also mayor of the city for a short time after the end of World War II before he died. The organ was built in 1894 by the organ builder workshop Anton Kiene from Waldkirch and replaced an instrument from 1844.
  • The Catholic town church St. Margarethen (former collegiate church of the collegiate monastery of the same name), built 1732–1734 by the Vorarlberg baroque master builder Peter Thumb .
  • Church square with a fully preserved ensemble of baroque former canons of the collegiate monastery of St. Margarethen
  • Market place with historical buildings, see town hall (Waldkirch)
  • Ruins of the Kastelburg
  • Ruin of the Schwarzenburg
  • Buchholz Castle Commons-logo.svg


In the Elztal Museum , located in the baroque former Propsteig building , Kirchplatz 14, important examples of Waldkirch barrel organ and music automat construction are exhibited alongside regional folk art and historical documents. The latter is also shown in the organ builders' hall, Am Gewerbekanal 1, which is operated by the Waldkircher Orgelstiftung.

More Attractions

  • The listed gemstone cutting shop Wintermantel is one of the largest and oldest artisanal gemstone cutting shops in Germany that has been preserved in the original and is still in operation, and the last remaining representative of an important handicraft tradition in Breisgau.
  • The Black Forest Zoo in the immediate vicinity of the recreational facilities of the Stadtrainsee is an attraction for children and families.
  • The medieval silver mine in Suggental offers guided tours by appointment.
  • The treetop path .

Regular events

The Waldkirch Organ Festival takes place every three years. The historical market square festival in Waldkirch takes place at the same time in July.

In addition, the tradition of the Swabian-Alemannic carnival is maintained in Waldkirch . The "Krakeelia" fools' guild in Waldkirch is one of the oldest in the region. On the “Dirty Dunschdig” (dirty Thursday), the carnival opening traditionally takes place, followed by a shirt-glunk parade. Two days later, on Shrove Saturday, the witches' Sabbath of the candelabra takes place. Furthermore, the carnival parade through the city takes place on Shrove Tuesday. On Rose Monday there is the traditional Elfimess for men. One of the customs of the Fasnet in Waldkirch is also the "Kläppere", in which music is made with two "Kläpperli" by rhythmically striking one another.

Regular cultural events at AJZ Waldkirch e. V. as well as at the municipal cinema of "Klappe 11".


The SV Waldkirch is the largest sports club in the city. The first men's soccer team was South Baden champions in 1969 and 1970 and South Baden cup winners in 1972 and 2014 . The football department has been independent as FC Waldkirch since 2016 .


Honorary citizen

  • Maria Luise Frick (1926–2018), honorary citizen 1992

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities related to Waldkirch

Web links

Commons : Waldkirch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Waldkirch  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ The places in the Black Forest: Waldkirch. Retrieved March 11, 2018 .
  3. Main statute of the city of Waldkirch from May 25, 2011Template: dead link /! ... nourl  ( page no longer available ) (PDF; 89 kB)
  4. ^ Freiburg administrative district . In: Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (ed.): The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality . tape IV . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 , p. 247-252 .
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 511 .
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 495 f .
  7. City of Waldkirch - Preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections and the State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections in Waldkirch <, accessed on June 23, 2019
  8. ↑ Dismissed due to debts. City history Waldkirch (V): financial difficulties and structural change at the beginning of the 19th century. ( Memento from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) In: Badische Zeitung , February 26, 2009.
  9. Mayor 1945–1948 based on Wolfram Wette , Politik im Elztal, Waldkirch 1990, ISBN 3-87885-228-2 , pp. 166–178.
  10. Waldkirch - Final result of the mayoral election 2015 ( Memento from September 30, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  11. New swimming pool ( Memento from April 28, 2016 in the web archive archive.today )
  12. ^ Badische Zeitung: Kastelbergschule becomes a community school - Waldkirch - Badische Zeitung. Retrieved March 24, 2020 .
  13. ^ Badische Zeitung: Farewell to secondary school - Waldkirch - Badische Zeitung. Retrieved March 24, 2020 .
  14. ^ Badische Zeitung: Double farewell in Kollnau - Waldkirch - Badische Zeitung. Retrieved March 24, 2020 .
  15. ^ Badische Zeitung: School becomes music learning center - Waldkirch - Badische Zeitung. Retrieved March 24, 2020 .
  16. Buchholz Castle is 250 years old ( memento from October 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ). In: Badische Zeitung, October 23, 2010.
  17. ^ Obituary: Honorary Citizen Maria Luise Frick has died . Badische Zeitung, January 29, 2018.
  18. Ernst Jünger (ed.): Die Unvergessenen , Moser-Verlag, Munich 1928, pp. 251-259.