Kandel (mountain)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kandel from the Tuniberg in the Rhine plain

The candelabra from Tuniberg in the Rhine valley from

height 1241.3  m above sea level NHN
location Baden-Württemberg
Mountains Middle Black Forest
Dominance 18.55 km →  Schauinsland
Notch height 349.4 m ↓  Hinterzartener Moor
Coordinates 48 ° 3 '44 "  N , 8 ° 0' 43"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 3 '44 "  N , 8 ° 0' 43"  E
Kandel (mountain) (Baden-Württemberg)
Kandel (mountain)
The Kandel (top left) between the valleys of the Wilden Gutach (front right) and the Elz (back)

The Kandel (top left) between the valleys of the Wilden Gutach (front right) and the Elz (back)

Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD1

The Kandel is 1241.3  m above sea level. NHN the highest point in the Middle Black Forest and the local mountain of the city of Waldkirch . Due to its exposed location, it looks more impressive than neighboring mountains of comparable height.

Geology and relief

The Kandel belongs to the central Black Forest gneiss area. The mountain massif in its large form is tectonically determined: The Kandel-Scholle rises in the shape of a desk from the plateau around Sankt Peter to the northwest. It is surrounded by faults , some of which can be seen as clear edges of the terrain; the Rhine plain is more than 1000 meters and the peaks on the other side of the Elz valley are 500–600 meters lower than the Kandel. The constant uplift of the Kandel-Scholle opposite the Rhine plain (1–2 mm / a) is sometimes expressed in earthquakes.

The Kandel massif is divided radially from deep valleys into partly rounded, partly rocky ridges. The steep slopes reach 600 m to the south-west ( Glottertal ), 650 m to the north-west (Elztal) and a good 700 m to the north-east (valley of the Wild Gutach ). Only to the south-east does the mountain gradually sloping down, towards Sankt Peter by 500 m and to the Platte over the Zweribach waterfalls by a good 200 m. The extensive, grassland-rich southern slope leads to clear thermals and influences the weather in the Breisgau with the large thunderstorm cells that often arise here .

The form elements of the mountain range that go back to the Ice Age glaciations appear less clearly in the landscape than in other Black Forest mountains of similar height.

Sports and leisure opportunities

Various leisure activities typical of mountainous regions are offered on the Kandel, including hiking and biking trails . B. the southern part of the Kandelhöhenweg of the Black Forest Association . You can climb on the Großer Kandelfelsen , and there are launch sites for hang gliders and paragliders . Cyclists also use the mountain for a driveway, which overcomes 12 kilometers of 926 meters in altitude, which corresponds to an average gradient of 7.7% and also makes the road popular with motorcyclists .

In 2000, the third stage of the Germany Tour led over the Kandel. Udo Bölts was the first to reach the summit. On August 13, 2005, a mountain time trial from Waldkirch to the Kandel took place as part of the Regio Tour . Tony Martin was best with a time of 33 minutes and 43 seconds.

The Kandel Mountain Run also takes place every year. Start is on the market square of the city of Waldkirch, from there it goes over 12.2 kilometers and 980 m altitude on the district road to the top of the pass. Since 1986, the time of Wolfgang Muenzel (LG Frankfurt), who covered the distance in 48 minutes and 39 seconds, has been unbeaten.

Alternatively, the summit can also be reached via a bus connection ( Kandel Rasthaus ) from Freiburg via Denzlingen or St. Peter .

In winter there are ski lifts available, and when the snow conditions are good, a 5 km long trail is groomed. The mountain rescue service in the area is ensured all year round by the Waldkirch local group of the Black Forest mountain rescue service, which maintains a mountain rescue station on the Kandel.


  • Gustav-Beck hut ( 1031  m position )
  • Gaisfelsenhütte
  • Thomashütte ( 1070  m , mountain hut Lage ), named after Ludwig Thomas, a Freiburg university professor and former vice president of the Black Forest Association
  • Langeckhütte ( 780  m , mountain hut Lage )
  • Gummenhütte ( 1150  m , temporarily managed hut Lage )

Events around the Kandel

Summit with candelabra, looking east
Aerial view of the summit plateau, view towards Waldkirch and Emmendingen

In the early modern period the candelabra was known as the " Blocksberg of the Black Forest". The lower Elztal was one of the focal points of the witch hunt in Germany. The Walpurgis Night is celebrated today as a tradition. According to a legend, the witch Gfallrote was up to mischief there.

The upper part of the Kandelfelens, the Teufelskanzel , broke off in 1981, on Walpurgis Night from April 30th to May 1st. About 2,000 cubic meters of rock loosened and are now below the rock. The coincidence of Walpurgis Night and the fact that a brushwood broom was found between the rubble led to demonological explanations of the rock fall among residents. The real cause is still unclear today, a previously suspected quake could be ruled out on the basis of seismological records. The geographer Werner Bätzing suspects that there was a frost blast caused by the alternating thawing and freezing water, especially in spring. Several icicles have been found in the rubble dump. The brush broom was verifiably from the rock mechanic Peter Rambach, who carried out safety work on the rock in the months before the fall.

On 5 December 2004, one occurred earthquake of magnitude 5.43 on the Richter scale . The epicenter was in the Waldkirch / Kandel massif area, the actual earthquake center about 12 km below.

Web links

Commons : Kandel (Black Forest)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. Result list Kandel Mountain Run 1986 (PDF) March 26, 2018, accessed on March 26, 2018 .
  3. "Local mountain guides and academics also spread demonological explanations", in: Andreas Frey: Der Sturz der Teufelskanzel. On Walpurgis Night of all times, thirty years ago a witch's rock fell in the Black Forest. A causal explanation is still missing today. , in: Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung May 1, 2011, page 61