Burchard II (Swabia)

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Burchard II. (* 883 or 884 ; † April 29 926 killed in Novara ) was Duke of Swabia (917-926) and Rätien . He was born the son of Burchard I. He married Regelinda († 958), the daughter of Eberhard I. Graf in Zurichgau from the line of the Eberhardinger . She married the later Duke Hermann I.


As the son of Burchard I , Burchard II was one of the leading families in the south-west of Eastern France . He was significantly involved in the violent conflicts over the formation of the Duchy of Swabia at the beginning of the 10th century . Together with his wife he founded the St. Margarethen Monastery in Waldkirch in order to expand his influence on the Upper Rhine area.

In 911 his father tried to expand his influence. He was defeated by Bishop Solomon III. von Konstanz and the Count Palatine Erchanger and was executed. Burchard II and his wife Regelinda went into exile in Italy . According to other sources, Burchard fled to relatives in Italy. Around 913/914 Burchard returned from exile and took control and possessions from his father.

In the same year he fought alongside the Bavarian Duke Arnulf and the Count Palatine Erchanger against the Hungarians in the Battle of the Inn . Burchard openly opposed King Konrad I. In 915 he defeated the king in a fight near Wahlwies in Hegau , west of the Palatinate Bodman . Erchanger was proclaimed dux / duke. The Synod of Hohenaltheim condemned Erchanger's opposition of the dukes to Konrad. Three months after the synod, on January 21, 917, the king had his brothers-in-law Erchanger and Berthold and one of their nephews, Liutfried, executed, trusting that the conflict with Konrad would be settled, and the synodal resolution would be stricter. After Erchanger's execution, Burchard rose, took all of Erchanger's possessions and was recognized as a duke in all of Swabia.

In 919, Burchard II was in dire straits by Rudolf II of Hochburgund, who had brought the Palatinate of Zurich under his power and from there advanced to the Lake Constance area , the then political and cultural center of the Duchy of Swabia. 919 Duke defended by his victory in the Battle of Winterthur , the territorial claims of Rudolf II. Of Upper Burgundy , and recognized in the same year the newly elected East Frankish King Henry I of. King Heinrich gave Duke Burchard the fiscal property in Swabia and the other material bases of the kingship. He also left him overseeing the episcopal seats and imperial monasteries, so that he could also use the property of the imperial church . In his documents, Burchard, as Duke of Swabia, traced his rule back to the grace of God based on the royal model ( divina annuente gratia dux Alamannorum ).

In 922 Burchard II confirmed the peace with Burgundy by agreeing to marry his daughter Berta with King Rudolf II of Burgundy . When Burchard II accompanied his son-in-law Rudolf II to Italy to take over the kingship in order to support him against Emperor Berengar I (888-924), who was rejected by many , he also found opponents there. Another aspirant to the throne, Hugo , Margrave of Provence , was invited to take over the throne. Burchard II was attacked and killed off Novara at the end of April 926 by the troops under the command of Lambert of Milan .



predecessor Office successor
Erchanger Duke of Swabia
Hermann I.