|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Height :||397 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||28.04 km 2|
|Residents:||4655 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||166 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||78351|
|Area code :||07773|
|License plate :||KN|
|Community key :||08 3 35 098|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Matthias Weckbach|
|Location of the municipality of Bodman-Ludwigshafen in the district of Constance|
Bodman-Ludwigshafen is a municipality that emerged on January 1, 1975 from the previously independent municipalities of Bodman and Ludwigshafen am Bodensee (formerly Sernatingen ). The community is located on Lake Constance and is part of the Baden-Württemberg district of Konstanz in Germany .
Bodman-Ludwigshafen lies at the western end of the Überlinger See with Bodman on the south and Ludwigshafen on the north of the arm of the lake. The community belongs to the Hegau . The Aachried nature reserve extends between Bodman and Ludwigshafen , where rare birds and plants have found refuge.
The municipality of Bodman-Ludwigshafen consists of the former municipalities of Bodman and Ludwigshafen on Lake Constance with a total of 15 villages, hamlets, farms and houses. The former municipality of Bodman includes the village of Bodman, the hamlet of Bodman-Sommerhalde, the courtyards Bodenwald, Mooshof and Rehmhof and the houses in Frauenberg and Späth, Espasingerstraße. The former municipality of Ludwigshafen am Bodensee includes the village of Ludwigshafen am Bodensee, the Blumhof, Bühlhof, Ober-Laubegg, Unter-Laubegg and Weierhof farms, the Regentsweiler house and homestead and the Laubegg-Forsthaus houses. The hamlet of Weiler has risen up in Bodman and in the area of the former municipality of Bodman lies the Altbodman castle ruins and the present day monument of the former hill fort Burg Hals .
Stilt houses from the Stone and Bronze Ages have been found in Bodman . Under the name “ Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps ”, UNESCO recognized a total of 111 pile dwellings in six Alpine countries as cross-border world cultural heritage in June 2011 , including the site in Bodman-Schachen.
From Roman times , two kilometers west of today's village of Bodman, in the “Auf Mauren” area at the exit of the Dettelbach valley, a villa rustica with hypocaust heating can be traced back to the second half of the 1st century ; it was excavated as early as 1686. Two bronze vessels were also found here.
In the “Fraasen” area below the so-called “Bodenburg” there is a burial mound .
In the 9th century was in Bodman a palace of the Carolingian named Potamico (served as naming the Bodensee), by the German Ludwig and Charles the Fat was used here was 759 Othmar jailed. In 1277 Johann von Bodman acquired the palace from King Rudolf von Habsburg .
"By abrading the language, Potamanns became Bodam, Bodan, Bodensee and the family became Knights of Bodman, and the ridge between the two lakes, which mainly belonged to the Knights, became Bodanrück and the village became Bodman."
For Bodman there was the spelling Bodma nn in the 19th century . In 1884, the State Ministry approved Johann Franz von Bodman's (1835–1906) application for an adjustment to the spelling of his name and published the change in the State Gazette for the Grand Duchy of Baden.
Ludwigshafen is first mentioned in a document as Sernatingen in 1145. In 1810 Sernatingen became Baden . In 1826 the newly built port was christened Ludwigshafen by Grand Duke Ludwig . At the request of the residents, this name was soon adopted for the entire community. A witness of the past is the elongated, massive building of the customs house at the ship landing stage with the inscription on the port side "Grand Ducal Badisches Hauptzollamt" with Baden's coat of arms. The building was rebuilt around 1990 and has served as the town hall, citizens' and guest center since 1993.
Shortly before the end of the Second World War , Ludwigshafen was the target of an air raid on February 22, 1945 as part of the Allied Operation Clarion , a joint venture between the US and British air forces. The aim of the US 320th Bomb Group with six Martin B-26 Marauder medium-range bombers from Épinal in Lorraine was the Ludwigshafen marshalling yard. The bombers dropped 48 bombs within 70 seconds, six of them with a long-term chemical detonator. As early as July 24, 1944, a low-flying attack took place on several ships from Konstanz, which were supposedly safely decommissioned in the port and in the bay of Ludwigshafen. One sank in port and two were badly damaged at anchor.
Until the district reform in 1973 , both places belonged to the Stockach district , and since then to the Konstanz district. On January 1, 1975, Bodman and Ludwigshafen on Lake Constance merged to form the new municipality of Bodman-Ludwigshafen.
The population of Bodman-Ludwigshafen is predominantly Roman Catholic . There is a Catholic church in each of the two suburbs and an additional Catholic chapel. But the Protestant and New Apostolic Church are also represented in the town.
The municipal council has 14 members. Up to the 2019 election there were 16 municipal councils as an aftermath of the fake suburb election that was repealed in 2004 . The municipal council election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following result:
- CDU 43.13% - 6 seats (−2)
- FWG 31.18% - 4 seats (+1)
- SPD 11.18% - 2 seats (± 0)
- Alliance 90 / The Greens 14.52% - 2 seats (+1)
The FDP did not stand for election in 2019, it had 2 seats in 2014-2019.
- January 1, 1975 - June 30, 1975: Manfred Hilbert as administrator
- July 1, 1975 - June 30, 1991: Werner Debis
- July 1, 1991 - June 30, 1999: Helmut Herzog
- since July 1, 1999: Matthias Weckbach
coat of arms
Blazon : In gold (yellow) a red armored and red tongued black eagle with a silver (white) breast shield, in which three sinking green linden leaves (2: 1).
The coat of arms awarded on May 17, 1976 by the Constance District Office unites elements of the coats of arms of the districts. Since the second half of the 17th century, Bodman had a coat of arms seal showing a split shield in front of half an eagle at the crack with a linden branch in its beak, and a linden branch in the back; the timing was established in 1895. The linden twigs are certainly an allusion to the family coat of arms of the Lords of Bodman. The landlord of Ludwigshafen (until 1826 Sernatingen) had been the hospital of the imperial city of Überlingen since 1294, as evidenced by the municipal coat of arms created in 1896 with an eagle (imperial city) and patriarchal cross in the breast shield (hospital).
Since July 30, 2000 there has been a friendship agreement between the former municipality of Schweta (now the town of Mügeln ) and the municipality of Bodman-Ludwigshafen.
Culture and sights
Biking and hiking trails
Museums and outdoor sculptures
In Bodman Town Hall there was a small museum with numerous finds from the Stone Age. Since the town hall was demolished for the construction of a new event hall with tourist information, citizens' office and bistro, the museum does not currently exist. However, it is to be set up again in a modern form in the new building if the financing can be secured. Until then, a few finds will be on display in showcases in the restaurant in the new "Seeum" building.
The open-air exhibition of numerous sculptures by Peter Lenk is located in the Kaiserpfalzstraße in Bodman at the exit towards Ludwigshafen . On a building satellite of the former Baden main customs office at Ludwigshafen harbor (since 1993 the “Zollhaus” civic and guest center), the relief of Ludwig's legacy by Peter Lenk satirizes the renaming of the place from Sernatingen to Ludwigshafen and points to recent political interventions on the occasion of the financial crisis. The portrayal of five politicians as global players was heavily discussed.
The sculpture Yolanda by the artist Miriam Lenk , Peter Lenk's daughter, who lives in Bodman, stands on the harbor promenade . The epoxy resin sculpture was installed there in 2017 and 'celebrates self-confident femininity beyond all fashions and dictates'.
There are brass bands in both places. The preliminary highlight is the self-composed musical Stettelberger , named after a legendary figure from Ludwigshafen.
In and at Bodman :
- The Bodman Castle of the same name is located in Bodman . It was built in 1831/32 by Johann Baptist Wehrle (1791-1857). Since it is inhabited by the count's family, only the park can be visited.
- On the Bodanrück are the Altbodman ruins and the Frauenberg monastery . The latter was originally the seat of the count's family until a fire caused by lightning in 1307. According to legend, the entire count's family burned to death, the wet nurse let the little family owner Johannes on the ground in a cauldron. The site is now marked by a small obelisk. After the fire, the castle was given to the Cistercian monastery in Salem for the salvation of the ancestor. The monastery expanded the burned down castle into Frauenberg monastery. In the course of secularization , this monastery came back into the possession of the count's family in 1806.
- The hamlet chapel in Bodman once stood far in front of the site. It was built around 1700. The large altarpiece of the Passion and Resurrection of Jesus dates from the second half of the 16th century.
- Bodman Castle (Carolingian Royal Palace)
- Bodman Castle (Staufer Palatinate)
- Former Bodman Castle
- Catholic Parish Church of St. Peter and Paul in Bodman
In and near Ludwigshafen :
- The lakeside of Ludwigshafen is dominated by the former Grand Ducal Baden main customs office. After an eventful history, the building erected in the 1830s was completely renovated and has been used as a customs and guest center as well as a town hall since 1993 .
- The St. Anna Chapel in Ludwigshafen was built in 1734 and expanded in 1764. Its facade is adorned with a historically interesting view of Ludwigshafen (around 1897).
- Catholic parish church St. Otmar in Ludwigshafen
- former Laubegg Castle
- former knurled lock
Parks and natural monuments
Both districts have extensive riverside parks with a view of the Überlingen part of Lake Constance. The Lake Constance landscape is characterized by numerous ravines on the shore , for example the Echotal with Molasse rock faces east of Bodman . The nature reserve " Bodenseeufer (Bodman-Ludwigshafen) " stretches along the entire bank area between Bodman and Ludwigshafen with the Aachried .
Painting by Bodman
- Georg Schulz: See-Ende bei Bodman , 1942. In the archive of the Bodenseekreis art collection in Salem Castle.
- Werner Mollweide (1889–1978): Numerous watercolors and oil paintings, mostly in private ownership
From a sporting point of view, the municipality of Bodman-Ludwigshafen presents a wide range of activities in water and on land. Surfing and sailing schools offer courses, including water skiing and wakeboarding on the program, also is a Skike -Akademy. The community offers an extensive network of hiking and cycling trails, both Bodman and Ludwigshafen are located on the Lake Constance circular route and the Lake Constance cycle route .
In October 2005, the Haldenhof Revival was held to commemorate the Haldenhof races held from 1969 to 1981. Classic cars and racing vehicles were able to compete in five classes on the 1.7-kilometer mountain route. Old Porsches, Maserati and formula cars created a special flair. The event took place again in October 2007.
In summer there are regular beach festivals on the banks, such as the harbor festival around the customs house with night flea market on the last weekend in June and the lake festival on the third weekend in August with a large classic car meeting, both in Ludwigshafen.
Economy and Infrastructure
Both districts are strongly influenced by fruit growing and tourism . The Königsweingarten in Bodman is a small exposed vineyard. The Pinot Noir vine was planted here for the first time in Germany in 884 by Emperor Karl the Dicken .
The new route of the federal highway 31 no longer runs through Ludwigshafen, but as a continuation of the federal highway 98 in an eastward direction, relieving Ludwigshafen of heavy traffic. The Radolfzell - Überlingen connection still runs through Ludwigshafen .
The district of Ludwigshafen is connected by the Bodenseegürtelbahn (Stahringen – Friedrichshafen section) to the railway network both to the west and into Switzerland and to the east on the north side of the entire lake.
Biking and hiking trails
Bodman is the only place on Lake Constance without any thoroughfare. Even cyclists cannot use the riverside path from Wallhausen to Bodman, so the path from Wallhausen via the Marienschlucht to Bodman as part of the Lake Constance circular route is reserved for hikers. The Lake Constance cycle path from the direction of Constance runs from Wallhausen inland over the Bodanrück, touching Bodman, but also from there partly in the hinterland, partly by the lake to Ludwigshafen.
As part of the Stahringen - Stockach route, there is a bus route between Bodman and Ludwigshafen. In addition, the Ludwigshafen district is served by bus on the Überlingen - Stockach route.
In the community there are boatyards, fruit processing companies, gardening shops and many restaurants, as well as metal processing companies, IT & telecommunications, trade and crafts. Wine is grown in the "royal vineyard" of the von Bodman family.
Südkurier , s'Blättle (community bulletin) and the weekly newspaper.
Zollhaus community and guest center, lakeside parks in Bodman and Ludwigshafen, Bodman natural lido, Ludwigshafen natural lido.
- 1925: Hugo Schlosser (1862–1948), teacher (honorary citizen of the then independent municipality of Bodman)
- 1925: Karl Weber (1862–1934), former mayor (honorary citizen of the then independent municipality of Bodman)
- 1925: Franz-Josef Baumann (1851–1944), pastor, clergyman and dean (honorary citizen of the then independent parish of Bodman). He worked in Bodman from December 1884 to October 1937 and was buried in an honorary grave in the immediate vicinity of the count's burial place.
- 1948: Wilhelm Schäfer (1868–1952), German writer (honorary citizen of the then independent municipality of Bodman)
- 1969: Johannes Graf von und zu Bodman (1899–1976), farmer and economist (honorary citizen of the then independent municipality of Bodman)
- 1973: Paul Weber (1893–1985), fruit growing pioneer, politician, prehistorian and art collector (honorary citizen of the then independent municipality of Bodman)
- 2010: Wilderich Graf von und zu Bodman (born December 12, 1936 in Möggingen ), head of the Bodman noble house , entrepreneur and local politician (CDU).
Sons and daughters of the church
- Franz von und zu Bodman (1835–1906), member of the Reichstag and Landtag (center)
- Johann Nikolaus Freiherr von und zu Bodman (1903–1988), ornithologist and nature conservationist
- Ulrich Goll (* 1950), politician (FDP), former Minister of Justice and former Deputy Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg
Personalities connected to the community
- Pit Beirer (* 1972), former motorcycle racer and motocross driver, grew up in Bodman-Ludwigshafen.
- Known residents
- Albert Hartl (1904–1982), publicist
- Johann Hüglin (before 1490–1527), early messner (pastor) and evangelical martyr
- Peter Lenk (* 1947), sculptor
- Miriam Lenk (* 1975), sculptor
- Ingo Lenßen (* 1961), lawyer and TV actor
- Sascha Maier (* 1974), athlete
- Heinrich Scharrelmann (1871–1940), educator and writer
- Gerhard Schumann (1911–1995), writer
- Klaus Schweinsberg (* 1970), journalist and economist
- Jürgen Wieshoff (* 1961), journalist and author
- Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde , Vol. 3 (1978): Bodman . ISBN 3-11-006512-6 .
- Joachim Hotz: Friedrich Maler and Johann Baptist Wehrle as architects of Bodman Castle. A study of Baden architecture after the death of Friedrich Weinbrenner . Special print from the yearbook of the State Art Collections in Baden-Württemberg , Vol. 14, 1977; Pp. 71-92.
- Ludwigshafen is the setting for the novel Seegfrörne by Christof Hamann (Göttingen 2001). In addition, the legend of the Nebelmännle plays in Bodman .
- Herbert Berner (Ed.): Bodman, Dorf Kaiserpfalz Adel . Volume 1, Thorbecke Verlag, 1977.
- Herbert Berner (Ed.): Bodman, Dorf Kaiserpfalz Adel . Volume 2, Thorbecke Verlag, 1985.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 784-786
- L. Ley: Roman settlement near Bodman on Lake Constance . In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings , V, 1874, pp. 160–164.
- Bodman . In: Franz Xaver Kraus, Josef Durm, Ernst Wagner: The art monuments of the Grand Duchy of Baden. Volume 1: The art monuments of the Constance district: Descriptive statistics on behalf of the Grand Ducal Ministry of Justice . Academic publishing bookstore by JCB Mohr (P. Siebeck), 1887, p. 461.
- Jörg Aufdermauer, Franz Götz: Roman settlement near Bodman, excavation report with plans from 1686 , In: Herbert Berner (Ed.): Bodman. Volume 1: Dorf, Kaiserpfalz, Adel , Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen 1977, pp. 65-68.
- quoted from: Lilly Braumann-Honsell : Bodensee ahoy! Oberbadische Verlagsanstalt Merk & Co., K.-G., Konstanz 1947. (Sailing turn from Reichenau, under the Rhine bridge to Konstanz, Überlingen, Friedrichshafen, Lindau, Bad Schachen, Rorschach, Allensbach, Stein am Rhein. A tour of the lake in the Conversational tone.), P. 35.
- Friedrich W. Strub: How Bodmann lost his second "n". In: Südkurier from January 11, 2013
- Lexicon of Lake Constance as a whole. Kompass Karten GmbH, Innsbruck. ISBN 3-85491-002-9 . P. 37
- 320th Bomb Group Final mission report Ludwigshafen Marshalling Yards (Germany) (PDF; 74 kB)
- Friedrich W. Strub: Bombiger suspicion on the sea shore . In: Südkurier from June 18, 2004
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 519 .
- Description of the coat of arms at Discover regional studies online
- Bodman-Ludwigshafen tourist brochure