Wolfram bet

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Wolfram Bet (2008)

Wolfram Wette (born November 11, 1940 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein ) is a German historian and peace researcher .


Wette was born in 1940 as the son of Hermann Maria Wette , director of the Saarland University of Music , and his wife Gertrud geb. Egli, born to a dentist. His grandmother was the librettist Adelheid Wette . He describes the Swabian Youth Union founded by Peter Rohland as a formative experience of his youth .

After graduating from high school in Geislingen in 1959 , Wette was a temporary soldier with the German armed forces' telecommunications unit from 1959 to 1965 . His last rank was Captain of the Army Reserve.

Wette studied political science , history and philosophy and was in 1971 with Hans Maier at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Munich with a thesis on the war theories of German socialists: Marx , Engels , Lassalle , Bernstein , Kautsky , Luxemburg . A contribution to peace research for Dr. phil. PhD . From 1971 to 1995 he worked as a civil servant historian at the Military History Research Office (MGFA) in Freiburg im Breisgau .

During his time at MGFA, Wette worked on an extensive biography of the controversial social democrat Gustav Noske . The advisory board set up shortly before after quarrels within the MGFA, which was chaired by General a. D. Johann Adolf Graf von Kielmansegg, which included historians Klaus Hildebrand , Michael Stürmer and Thomas Nipperdey , declared the finished manuscript not ready for printing in April 1986 and recommended that the publication not be supported by the MGFA. In addition, Noske is only criticized and disqualified. Wettes judgment of Noske is not much different from that of the KPD . The manuscript should be revised extensively. In the MGFA, however, further reports were obtained, which came to a positive result, so that the study Gustav Noske. A political biography was printed in 1987. In 1988, the historian Hans-Ulrich Wehler accused the advisory board of stating that its position was "desperately difficult to distinguish from an attempt to exercise censorship".

In 1990, Wette received his habilitation with his Noske biography in Modern History at the University of Freiburg . In 1991 he became a private lecturer . From 1998 to 2005 he worked as an adjunct professor for modern history at the Department of History at the University of Freiburg. He is a co-founder of the Working Group on Historical Peace Research (AHF) and co-editor of the History and Peace series as well as the Yearbook for Historical Peace Research (renamed in 2001 to Peace and War ). Wette is a member of the support group of the pacifist working group Darmstädter Signal . He is an honorary professor at the Russian University in Lipetsk . He is a member of the advisory board of the association Kontakt-Контакты eV - association for contacts with countries of the former Soviet Union (Berlin).

Wette is a member of the SPD . From 1980 to 1989 he was a city ​​councilor in Waldkirch and chairman of the parliamentary group. He is also a member of the United Service Union (ver.di).


Fonts (selection)


  • War theories of German socialists. Karl Marx; Friedrich Engels; Ferdinand Lassalle; Eduard Bernstein; Karl Kautsky; Rosa Luxemburg. A contribution to peace research . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1971, OCLC 249748037 , ISBN 3-17-094150-X (Dissertation University of Munich 1971).
  • Gustav Noske. A political biography. Droste, Düsseldorf 1987, ISBN 3-7700-0728-X . (see article about Gustav Noske )
  • Militarism and pacifism. Confrontation with the German wars. Foreword by Fritz Fischer . Donat, Bremen 1991, ISBN 3-924444-50-1 .
  • The army. Enemy images, war of extermination, legends. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2002, ISBN 3-10-091208-X (also in English, French, Spanish, Czech, Polish and Korean translations).
  • Gustav Noske and the revolution in Kiel 1918. (= special publications by the Society for Kiel City History, Vol. 64.) Boyens, Heide 2010, ISBN 978-3-8042-1322-7 .
  • Militarism in Germany. History of a warlike culture. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt a. M. 2011, ISBN 978-3-596-18149-0 .
  • Karl Hunter. Murderer of the Lithuanian Jews. Fischer Taschenbuch, Frankfurt am Main 2011, ISBN 978-3-596-19064-5 . (see article about Karl Jäger ).
  • Feldwebel Anton Schmid: A hero of humanity. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2013, ISBN 978-3-10-091209-1 . (see article about Anton Schmid ).
  • Honor where honor is due! Perpetrator, resister and rescuer (1939–1945). (= History & Peace series of publications. Vol. 24). Donat, Bremen 2014, ISBN 978-3-943425-30-7 .
  • Emergency peace. Lessons from German history since 1914. Donat, Bremen 2017 ISBN 978-3-943425-31-4 .
  • Revelation. Commemoration of victims and perpetrators in Waldkirch. Edited by the city of Waldkirch. Publishing house regional culture. Ubstadt-Weiher 2018 (= Waldkircher Stadtgeschichte , Vol. 3), ISBN 978-3-95505-061-0 .

(Co-) editorships

  • with Wilhelm Deist , Manfred Messerschmidt , Hans-Erich Volkmann : Causes and requirements of German war policy (= The German Reich and the Second World War . Vol. 1). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt , Stuttgart 1979; Updated paperback edition: Causes and Requirements of the Second World War. Fischer Taschenbuch, Frankfurt am Main 1989, ISBN 3-596-24432-3 (also in English translation).
  • with Gerd R. Ueberschär : Bombs and Legends. The gradual reconnaissance of the air raid on Freiburg on May 10, 1940. A documentary report. Rombach, Freiburg im Breisgau 1981, ISBN 3-7930-0292-6 .
  • Militarism in Germany 1871–1945. Contemporary analysis and criticism. Lit, Münster 1999, ISBN 3-8258-4019-0 .
  • Pacifist officers in Germany 1871–1933. Donat, Bremen 1999, ISBN 3-931737-85-3 .
  • Savior in uniform. Scope of action in the Wehrmacht's war of extermination. With a foreword by Fritz Stern . Fischer Taschenbuch, Frankfurt am Main 2002, ISBN 3-596-15221-6 .
  • with Vincas Bartusevičius and Joachim Tauber: Holocaust in Lithuania. War, murder of Jews and collaboration in 1941. With a foreword by Ralph Giordano . Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-412-13902-5 .
  • Moral courage. Outraged, helpers and rescuers from the Wehrmacht, police and SS. With a foreword by Johannes Rau . Fischer Taschenbuch, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-596-15852-4 .
  • with Helmut Kramer : What is right is what serves the weapon. Justice and Pacifism in the 20th Century. With a foreword by Hans-Jochen Vogel . Structure, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-351-02578-5 .
  • Silent heroes. Rescuer of Jews in the border triangle during the Second World War. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-451-05461-2 .
  • Filbinger. A German career. To Klampen, Springe 2006, ISBN 3-934920-74-8 .
  • with Detlef Vogel: The last taboo. Nazi military justice and treason. Ricarda Berthold and Helmut Kramer collaborated. With a foreword by Manfred Messerschmidt. Structure, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-351-02654-7 .
  • with Detlef Bald : Alternatives to rearming. Peace Concepts in West Germany 1945–1955 (= Peace and War. Contributions to Historical Peace Research. Vol. 11). Klartext, Essen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8375-0013-4 .
  • with Detlef Bald: Peace initiatives in the early days of the Cold War 1945–1955. (= Peace and War. Contributions to Historical Peace Research. Vol. 17). Klartext, Essen 2010, ISBN 978-3-8375-0402-6 .
  • with Joachim Perels : With a clear conscience. Military power judges in the Federal Republic and their victims. Structure, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-351-02740-7 .
  • with Gerd R. Ueberschär: "Operation Barbarossa". The German attack on the Soviet Union in 1941. Reports, analyzes, documents. Schöningh, Paderborn 1984; extended new edition: Fischer Taschenbuch, Frankfurt am Main 2011, ISBN 978-3-596-19063-8 .
  • With the participation of Helmut Donat: White Raven. Pacifist officers in Germany before 1933 (= History and Peace Series, Vol. 45). Donat-Verlag, Bremen 2020, ISBN 978-3-943425-85-7 .
  • "There was nothing here!" Waldkirch under National Socialism. With a foreword by Roman Götzmann. In connection with the city of Waldkirch and the Waldkirch ideas workshop during the Nazi era. Donat-Verlag, Bremen 2020, ISBN 978-3-943425-86-4 .

Journalistic activity

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Ulrich Wehler: Disposal of the German Past? A polemical essay on the “historians' dispute” . Beck, Munich 1988, pp. 193-195.
  2. ^ Hans-Ulrich Wehler: Disposal of the German Past? A polemical essay on the “historians' dispute” . Beck, Munich 1988, p. 196.
  3. Förderkreis Presentation , Darmstädter Signal, accessed on March 12, 2014.
  4. Sylvia Timm: Wolfram bet and the late rehabilitation of the "war traitors" . In: Badische Zeitung , August 25, 2009.
  5. Order of Merit of the Federal Republic for historian Wolfram Wette . In: Badische Zeitung , May 4, 2015.