|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Height :||177 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||36.93 km 2|
|Residents:||10,089 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||273 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79341|
|Area code :||07644|
|License plate :||EM|
|Community key :||08 3 16 020|
|LOCODE :||DE KZI|
|City structure:||4 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Matthias Guderjan|
|Location of the city of Kenzingen in the district of Emmendingen|
The city of Kenzingen consists of the districts of Bombach, Hecklingen, Kenzingen and Nordweil . The spatial boundaries of the districts are identical to those of the formerly independent communities of the same name. The districts also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code and, with the exception of the Kenzingen district, localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code are each set up with their own local council and mayor as its chairman. Local administrative offices called "Ortschaftsverwaltung" have been set up in the villages.
The district of Kenzingen includes the town of Kenzingen, the hamlet of Wonnental, the courtyards Auhof, Hof Mundinger and Kirnhalder (Maier) hof and the residential areas Im Kaisergrün, Kirnhalden, Forsthaus Muckental, Hammerschmiede Muckental and Hof Hepp Muckental. Only the villages of the same name belong to the three other districts. In the district of Kenzingen are the abandoned localities Langenbogen and Altenkenzingen and in the district of Nordweil are the abandoned localities Bramenweiler, Hochstetten (?) And Furnik.
History of the districts
Kenzingen is mentioned for the first time in 772 in the Lorsch Codex :
- In God's name I, Eckehart, want to do a good work for the healing of my soul.
- It should benefit the holy martyr 'N ( Nazarius ), whose body rests in the Lorsch monastery, which is looked after by the venerable abbot Gundeland. I am giving everything that I have owned so far in pago Brisgowe (in Breisgau), in Kencinger marca (in the Kenzingen district n. Freiburg), namely horse riding, serfs, forests, meadows, vineyards, houses, farm buildings and water resources. Everything should be eternal property. Legally binding manufacturing.
- Done in monasterio \ auns \ i (amensi = in the Lorsch monastery) on December 18th in the 5th year (772) of King Charles.
The monastery Lorsch was during this period extensive property in the northern Breisgau.
By 1200 at the latest, the place came under the rule of the Lords of Üsenberg , in 1249 Rudolf II von Üsenberg granted Kenzingen town rights . After the Kenzing line of the Üsenberg family died out, the margraves of Hachberg became new local lords in 1354. After the imperial ban was imposed on Margrave Heinrich IV , Kenzingen fell to Austria in 1359 and belonged there to the region of Upper Austria . For a short time the city is a free imperial city from 1415 to 1427 , but then falls back into Habsburg possession. As a result of the Reichsdeputation Hauptschluss , Kenzingen fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 .
Bombach was first mentioned in a document in 1144. The village then belonged to the St. Trudbert monastery in the Münstertal. In the 13th century the place fell to the lords of the Kirnburg . Later he came to the House of Habsburg and remained a Habsburg until 1805. On December 1, 1971, Bombach was incorporated into Kenzingen. With around 650 inhabitants, Bombach is the smallest district in Kenzingen. With its wine festival on the 1st weekend in August on the Hummelberg, which has been held since 1978, the place has become known beyond the region.
Hecklingen was first mentioned in a document in 1147, although Celtic tribes were probably already settled here, as the place at the beginning of the Freiburg Bay was conveniently located on old trade routes. After the Roman era, Hecklingen was an Alemannic settlement in the 6th century, as the name shows, which must have been coined during this time. Lichteneck Castle , located above Hecklingen, was built in the 13th century.
The Zähringer were the lords of the place in the 12th century, followed by the Counts of Freiburg and the Lords of Üsenberg. By marriage, the place fell into the possession of the Count Palatine of Tübingen . In 1774 the family of Count Rudolf von Hennin settled in the village, and they also built the palace below the castle. Hecklingen has belonged to the Grand Duchy of Baden since 1805 . On January 1, 1974, Hecklingen was incorporated into Kenzingen.
The first written mention of the place Nordweil took place in 1095. At that time the place belonged to the Alpirsbach monastery and was ruled on site by the Lords of Üsenberg. After the dissolution of the monastery during the Reformation, ownership passed to the Duchy of Württemberg , and since 1805 Nordweil belonged to the Grand Duchy of Baden . On December 1, 1971, Nordweil was incorporated into Kenzingen.
Source for the figures from 1871: Statistics Kommunal - Kenzingen, State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, figures before: Estimation
Kenzingen is the seat of the municipal administration association Kenzingen-Herbolzheim, to which, in addition to the cities of Kenzingen and Herbolzheim , the municipalities of Rheinhausen and Weisweil also belong.
The municipal elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of the 19 seats (1 compensation mandate , 2014: 24 with 6 compensation mandates) in the municipal council of the city of Kenzingen with a turnout of 58.1 47.9% (+ 10.2) :
|Party / list||Share of votes||W / l% p||Seats||G / V|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||25.8%||- 2.2||5||- 2nd|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||14.0%||- 1.6||3||- 1|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||10.3%||+ 6.6||2||+ 1|
|Free voters / citizens' association (FW / BVK)||23.2%||- 6.1||5||- 2nd|
|Alternative citizens' list Kenzingen (ABL)||16.8%||- 6.5||3||- 2nd|
|Me in Kenzingen (MiK)||8.3%||+ 8.3||1||+ 1|
|Bürgergemeinschaft Hecklingen (BGH)||1.6%||+ 1.6||0||-|
- 1932–1945: Josef Kreth
- 1946–1950: Otto Fasoli
- 1950-1959: Camill Leberer
- 1959–1979: Walter Rieder
- 1979–1995: Claus Kopinski
- 1995–1998: Edeltraud Bart
- 1998–2000: Rolf Schmidt (1st Deputy Federal Ministry)
- since 2000: Matthias Guderjan
On February 17, 2008 Matthias Guderjan was re-elected for a second term of eight years with 93.5% of the votes cast and on April 3, 2016 with 77.6% for a third term.
coat of arms
The blazon of the city coat of arms reads: "In a split shield under a blue shield head in which a silver flight, in front a silver bar in red, behind in silver two pole-wise turned away blue fish."
The city colors are red-blue.
Economy and Infrastructure
Kenzingen is through the federal highway 3 ( Buxtehude - Weil am Rhein ), which formerly ran through the city and is now the bypass road, and through the federal highway 5 with the junctions Riegel (59, south) and Herbolzheim (58, north) to the national road network connected. Since mid-2015, the Sparkasse in the south and the district senior center in the north have been completely Zone 30.
At the entrance to the village in the south there is a large roundabout that shows three beautiful buildings from Kenzingen: the Catholic Church, the Protestant Church and the town hall. At the entrance to the town in the north there has also been a new large roundabout since 2015.
Kenzingen train station is on the Rhine Valley Railway , Basel - Offenburg section . Regional Express trains stop every half hour, and the station is served by regional trains. The next ICE stops are in Freiburg (south, 25 minutes with the Regional Express ) and Offenburg (north, 35 minutes with the Regional Express).
Kenzingen is an old school location, an elementary school has been recorded as early as 1300. In addition to the grammar school, there are also three primary schools in Kenzingen (in Kenzingen, Hecklingen and Nordweil).
Culture and sights
The two-tower Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius , the construction of which began when the city was founded in 1249, combines Gothic and Baroque elements. Its furnishings include (at least attributed to these artists) early works by Johann Christian Wentzinger and grave monuments of Christoph von Urach .
From the former Franciscan monastery , built from 1657 to 1662, today's nursing home of the workers' welfare and a simultaneous church emerged. The nave houses the Protestant church Kenzingen and the choir, separated by a wall, the Catholic hospital chapel .
At the beginning of the 19th century, the cemetery was moved from the Laurentiuskirche to Bombacher Straße. The present cemetery chapel, which had a predecessor, was consecrated in 1888.
The Oberrheinische Narrenschau in Alte Schulstrasse 20, the carnival museum of the Association of Oberrheinischer Narrenzunft , shows the customs of the Alemannic carnival , the masks and jesters of the guilds on the Upper Rhine, from Oberkirch in the north to the Upper Rhine in the south.
- The Stadtkapelle Kenzingen, a wind orchestra with origins in the mid-18th century.
- Singing Association Eintracht Kenzingen e. V.
- Evangelical Kantorei Kenzingen
- Trombone Choir Kenzingen
- Male choir / mixed choir Liederkranz Nordweil e. V.
- Men's choir Lichteneck Hecklingen e. V.
- Musikverein Bombach e. V.
- Musikverein Hecklingen e. V.
- Musikverein Nordweil e. V.
- TonArt Kenzingen eV
There are the following larger green areas within the urban area of Kenzingen:
- the old green in the south on the Elz, with a playground and various sculptures from the wood sculptor symposia,
- the cemetery north of Bombacher Strasse
- the park at the AWO nursing home between Eisenbahnstrasse and the northern Lower Circle
Kenzingen has several sports clubs:
- SV Kenzingen 1910 eV (football) - founded in April 1910 as 1. FC Kenzingen , renamed to Sportverein Kenzingen in 1946 .
- TTSV Kenzingen (table tennis)
- Turnerbund Kenzingen 1882 eV
- Handball department
The Alemannic carnival tradition is maintained in Kenzingen. The main initiator of the Kenzinger Fasnet is the Narrenzunft Welle-Bengel Kenzingen eV 1824. In addition, there are other foolish associations such as the Kohler Witches, Galgenbuck Teufel, the Bachdatschern in Nordweil and the Räwehupfer in Bombach.
- Christmas market: first weekend in December on the church square
- Klausmarkt: on the first Thursday in December
- Artist exhibition and market: in March / April and in September / October
- Rock am Schloss in Hecklingen: Friday after Corpus Christi
- Open day of the fire brigade with the artists' market: in September / October
- Prize mask ball of the fools guild: three weeks before the start of carnival
- Big guild cap evening "D'r Narrespiegel" of the fool's guild: one week before the start of carnival
- Ancient Kenzinger Carnival: from Schmutzingen Thursday to Carnival Tuesday
- Georgenmarkt (shopkeeper): in March / April
- Traditional Heckling Carnival: from Dirty Thursday to Carnival Tuesday
- Traditional Nordweiler carnival with the Bachdatscher fool's guild
- Nordweiler wine festival in the quarry every two years
- Nordweiler music festival alternating with the wine festival
- Bombacher Wine Festival: the first weekend in August
- Erhard Hensle, former long-time mayor of Nordweil
- Rolf Schmidt, former deputy mayor
- Bernhard Bilharz, former deputy mayor
sons and daughters of the town
- around 1400, Nikolaus Stocker , abbot in the monastery of St. Blasien
- around 1700, Franz Ruedhart, master builder, created the church of St. Martin in Riegel am Kaiserstuhl in 1743
- around 1790, Sebastian Frey , † 1878, administrative officer and judge
- 1797, November 18, Joseph Rieder , † October 24, 1848 in Wolfach, Oberamtmann of Baden
- 1821, June 17, Gebhard Kromer , † August 21, 1849 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden soldier and revolutionary
- 1849, December 9, Franz Sales Meyer † November 6, 1927 in Karlsruhe , watercolor painter, professor at the Karlsruhe School of Applied Arts and honorary citizen of Kenzingen
- 1890, May 13, Robert Scharbach , † April 4, 1966 in Freiburg im Breisgau, German wood and stone sculptor
- 1891, March 15, Heinrich Ochsner , † September 15, 1970 in Freiburg im Breisgau, German philosopher
- 1939, September 12, Hubert Konrad Frank , † August 18, 2014 in Bergisch Gladbach , German writer
- 1949, July 1st, Franz Fehrenbach , German industrial manager, chairman of the supervisory board of Robert Bosch GmbH
- 1953, Camill Leberer , German sculptor, photographer and painter
- 1955, March 26th, Paul Witt , professor for municipal commercial law, rector of the Kehl University of Applied Sciences
- 1956, July 31, Harald Roser , architect and university professor
- 1963, December 6th, Gabi Rolland , politician (SPD), member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg since 2011
- 1965, January 11, Renatus Scheibe , German actor and author / composer for stage and theater music
- 1966, June 4th, Hans-Jörg "No Way" Rey , extreme mountain biker
- Nikolaus von Frauenfeld , also Nikolaus von Kenzingen , (before 1288-1344), Bishop of Konstanz, was in 1301 a church lord in Kenzingen
- Jakob Otter (1485–1547), theologian and reformer, worked in Kenzingen between 1522 and 1524
- José Cabanis (1922–2000), French writer, had to do forced labor from 1943 to 1945 in the Kenzinger munitions factory
- Friedrich Dittes (tax bailiff) (1883-1960), one of the four participants in the Baden Barmer Confessional Synod , worked late May 1934 in drafting the Theological Barmen Declaration with
- Kenzingen and Hecklingen on one architecture website
- Johanniterordenshaus Kenzingen in the database of monasteries in Baden-Württemberg of the Baden-Württemberg State Archives
- Kenzingen (Emmendingen district). Jewish history on www.alemannia-judaica.de
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Main statute of the city of Kenzingen from December 14, 2006
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: District Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 239-242
- Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 4), Certificate 2652, December 18, 772 - Reg. 848. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 195 , accessed on May 15, 2016 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 495 .
- Hecklingen entry on Discover regional studies online - leobw
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 511 .
- City of Kenzingen - City Council Election 2019: Result , accessed on August 23, 2019
- Matthias Guderjan remains mayor in Kenzingen , article in the Badische Zeitung, April 3, 2016, accessed on November 4, 2016
- FALLER - Townhouse Schwabentor. Retrieved July 4, 2015 .
- Gebhard Heil: From the history of the parish St. Laurentius. 1700-1970. Typewriter manuscript 1995.
- Kantorei at the Evangelical Church Congregation Kenzingen, accessed on December 17, 2016
- Trumpet Choir at the Evangelical Church Congregation Kenzingen, accessed on December 17, 2016
- TonArt Kenzingen eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
- The SV Kenzingen introduces itself ( memento from December 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on December 17, 2016
- TTSV Kenzingen , accessed on December 17, 2016
- Welcome to the website of the Turnerbund Kenzingen von 1882 eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
- Handball department of the gymnastics association Kenzingen v. 1882 eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
- Kenzinger Fasnet , on kenzingen.de, accessed on March 1, 2020
- Narrenzunft "Welle-Bengel" Kenzingen , on wellebengel.de, accessed on March 1, 2020
- Helmut Reiner: Art and artists in Kenzingen. Aesthetic biography of a small town. In: Die Pforte, yearbook of the Working Group for History and Regional Studies in Kenzingen eV, 40th year, 2001–2003, pp. 62–80.
- Register of the Bishop of Constance, published in 1864
- List of participants in the Barmer Confession Synod , No. 18 (under Baden)