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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Kenzingen
Map of Germany, location of the city of Kenzingen highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 12 '  N , 7 ° 46'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Emmendingen
Height : 177 m above sea level NHN
Area : 36.93 km 2
Residents: 10,089 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 273 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 79341
Area code : 07644
License plate : EM
Community key : 08 3 16 020
City structure: 4 districts

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 15
79341 Kenzingen
Website :
Mayor : Matthias Guderjan
Location of the city of Kenzingen in the district of Emmendingen
Frankreich Ortenaukreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Freiburg im Breisgau Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Bahlingen am Kaiserstuhl Biederbach Biederbach Biederbach Denzlingen Elzach Emmendingen Endingen am Kaiserstuhl Forchheim (Kaiserstuhl) Freiamt (Schwarzwald) Gutach im Breisgau Herbolzheim Kenzingen Malterdingen Malterdingen Reute (Breisgau) Rheinhausen (Breisgau) Riegel am Kaiserstuhl Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl Sexau Simonswald Teningen Vörstetten Waldkirch Weisweil Winden im Elztal Wyhl am Kaiserstuhlmap
About this picture
View of the old Elz from the Elzbrücke, at the entrance to the town center

Kenzingen is a small town in northern Breisgau . It belongs to the district of Emmendingen in the German state of Baden-Württemberg .


The city of Kenzingen is located in the Upper Rhine Plain on the edge of the Black Forest on the Alte Elz, about 30 km north of Freiburg im Breisgau .

City structure

The city of Kenzingen consists of the districts of Bombach, Hecklingen, Kenzingen and Nordweil . The spatial boundaries of the districts are identical to those of the formerly independent communities of the same name. The districts also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code and, with the exception of the Kenzingen district, localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code are each set up with their own local council and mayor as its chairman. Local administrative offices called "Ortschaftsverwaltung" have been set up in the villages.
The district of Kenzingen includes the town of Kenzingen, the hamlet of Wonnental, the courtyards Auhof, Hof Mundinger and Kirnhalder (Maier) hof and the residential areas Im Kaisergrün, Kirnhalden, Forsthaus Muckental, Hammerschmiede Muckental and Hof Hepp Muckental. Only the villages of the same name belong to the three other districts. In the district of Kenzingen are the abandoned localities Langenbogen and Altenkenzingen and in the district of Nordweil are the abandoned localities Bramenweiler, Hochstetten (?) And Furnik.


History of the districts


Aerial view of Kenzingen

Kenzingen is mentioned for the first time in 772 in the Lorsch Codex :

In God's name I, Eckehart, want to do a good work for the healing of my soul.
It should benefit the holy martyr 'N ( Nazarius ), whose body rests in the Lorsch monastery, which is looked after by the venerable abbot Gundeland. I am giving everything that I have owned so far in pago Brisgowe (in Breisgau), in Kencinger marca (in the Kenzingen district n. Freiburg), namely horse riding, serfs, forests, meadows, vineyards, houses, farm buildings and water resources. Everything should be eternal property. Legally binding manufacturing.
Done in monasterio \ auns \ i (amensi = in the Lorsch monastery) on December 18th in the 5th year (772) of King Charles.

The monastery Lorsch was during this period extensive property in the northern Breisgau.

In the 10th century, the kings Karl the Fat and Otto the Great donated properties in Kenzingen to the Andlau Abbey and the Swiss Abbey of Einsiedeln .

By 1200 at the latest, the place came under the rule of the Lords of Üsenberg , in 1249 Rudolf II von Üsenberg granted Kenzingen town rights . After the Kenzing line of the Üsenberg family died out, the margraves of Hachberg became new local lords in 1354. After the imperial ban was imposed on Margrave Heinrich IV , Kenzingen fell to Austria in 1359 and belonged there to the region of Upper Austria . For a short time the city is a free imperial city ​​from 1415 to 1427 , but then falls back into Habsburg possession. As a result of the Reichsdeputation Hauptschluss , Kenzingen fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 .



Bombach was first mentioned in a document in 1144. The village then belonged to the St. Trudbert monastery in the Münstertal. In the 13th century the place fell to the lords of the Kirnburg . Later he came to the House of Habsburg and remained a Habsburg until 1805. On December 1, 1971, Bombach was incorporated into Kenzingen. With around 650 inhabitants, Bombach is the smallest district in Kenzingen. With its wine festival on the 1st weekend in August on the Hummelberg, which has been held since 1978, the place has become known beyond the region.


Hecklingen from the southeast

Hecklingen was first mentioned in a document in 1147, although Celtic tribes were probably already settled here, as the place at the beginning of the Freiburg Bay was conveniently located on old trade routes. After the Roman era, Hecklingen was an Alemannic settlement in the 6th century, as the name shows, which must have been coined during this time. Lichteneck Castle , located above Hecklingen, was built in the 13th century.

The Zähringer were the lords of the place in the 12th century, followed by the Counts of Freiburg and the Lords of Üsenberg. By marriage, the place fell into the possession of the Count Palatine of Tübingen . In 1774 the family of Count Rudolf von Hennin settled in the village, and they also built the palace below the castle. Hecklingen has belonged to the Grand Duchy of Baden since 1805 . On January 1, 1974, Hecklingen was incorporated into Kenzingen.



The first written mention of the place Nordweil took place in 1095. At that time the place belonged to the Alpirsbach monastery and was ruled on site by the Lords of Üsenberg. After the dissolution of the monastery during the Reformation, ownership passed to the Duchy of Württemberg , and since 1805 Nordweil belonged to the Grand Duchy of Baden . On December 1, 1971, Nordweil was incorporated into Kenzingen.

Population development of Kenzingen.svgPopulation development of Kenzingen - from 1871
Population development of Kenzingen; above from 1300 to 2017, below a section from 1871

Population development

year 1300 1615 1648 1721 1871 1900 1925 1950 1961 1970 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2017
Residents 1000 2000 300 900 4105 4046 4477 5452 6517 6821 7634 8526 8884 9132 9232 9752 10,009

Source for the figures from 1871: Statistics Kommunal - Kenzingen, State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, figures before: Estimation


town hall

Administrative association

Kenzingen is the seat of the municipal administration association Kenzingen-Herbolzheim, to which, in addition to the cities of Kenzingen and Herbolzheim , the municipalities of Rheinhausen and Weisweil also belong.

Municipal council

The municipal elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of the 19 seats (1 compensation mandate , 2014: 24 with 6 compensation mandates) in the municipal council of the city of Kenzingen with a turnout of 58.1 47.9% (+ 10.2) :

Party / list Share of votes W / l% p Seats G / V
Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) 25.8% - 2.2 5 - 2nd
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 14.0% - 1.6 3 - 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 10.3% + 6.6 2 + 1
Free voters / citizens' association (FW / BVK) 23.2% - 6.1 5 - 2nd
Alternative citizens' list Kenzingen (ABL) 16.8% - 6.5 3 - 2nd
Me in Kenzingen (MiK) 8.3% + 8.3 1 + 1
Bürgergemeinschaft Hecklingen (BGH) 01.6% + 1.6 0 -


  • 1932–1945: Josef Kreth
  • 1946–1950: Otto Fasoli
  • 1950-1959: Camill Leberer
  • 1959–1979: Walter Rieder
  • 1979–1995: Claus Kopinski
  • 1995–1998: Edeltraud Bart
  • 1998–2000: Rolf Schmidt (1st Deputy Federal Ministry)
  • since 2000: Matthias Guderjan

On February 17, 2008 Matthias Guderjan was re-elected for a second term of eight years with 93.5% of the votes cast and on April 3, 2016 with 77.6% for a third term.

coat of arms

The blazon of the city coat of arms reads: "In a split shield under a blue shield head in which a silver flight, in front a silver bar in red, behind in silver two pole-wise turned away blue fish."

The city colors are red-blue.

Town twinning

On July 8, 2007, a partnership between the city in Breisgau and the Croatian city ​​of Vinkovci was sealed in Kenzingen .

Economy and Infrastructure


Kenzingen is through the federal highway 3 ( Buxtehude - Weil am Rhein ), which formerly ran through the city and is now the bypass road, and through the federal highway 5 with the junctions Riegel (59, south) and Herbolzheim (58, north) to the national road network connected. Since mid-2015, the Sparkasse in the south and the district senior center in the north have been completely Zone 30.

South Kenzingen roundabout
District Court

At the entrance to the village in the south there is a large roundabout that shows three beautiful buildings from Kenzingen: the Catholic Church, the Protestant Church and the town hall. At the entrance to the town in the north there has also been a new large roundabout since 2015.

Kenzingen train station is on the Rhine Valley Railway , Basel - Offenburg section . Regional Express trains stop every half hour, and the station is served by regional trains. The next ICE stops are in Freiburg (south, 25 minutes with the Regional Express ) and Offenburg (north, 35 minutes with the Regional Express).


Kenzingen has a local court that belongs to the regional court district of Freiburg im Breisgau and the OLG district of Karlsruhe .


Kenzingen is an old school location, an elementary school has been recorded as early as 1300. In addition to the grammar school, there are also three primary schools in Kenzingen (in Kenzingen, Hecklingen and Nordweil).

Culture and sights

Catholic parish church St. Laurentius
Cemetery chapel
Schwabentor in Kenzingen


Despite the destruction in the Thirty Years War , Kenzingen today has a listed old town. To mention is u. a. the Schwabentor, which is also available as a model kit from the Faller company .

The two-tower Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius , the construction of which began when the city was founded in 1249, combines Gothic and Baroque elements. Its furnishings include (at least attributed to these artists) early works by Johann Christian Wentzinger and grave monuments of Christoph von Urach .

From the former Franciscan monastery , built from 1657 to 1662, today's nursing home of the workers' welfare and a simultaneous church emerged. The nave houses the Protestant church Kenzingen and the choir, separated by a wall, the Catholic hospital chapel .

At the beginning of the 19th century, the cemetery was moved from the Laurentiuskirche to Bombacher Straße. The present cemetery chapel, which had a predecessor, was consecrated in 1888.

Upper Rhine fool show


The Oberrheinische Narrenschau in Alte Schulstrasse 20, the carnival museum of the Association of Oberrheinischer Narrenzunft , shows the customs of the Alemannic carnival , the masks and jesters of the guilds on the Upper Rhine, from Oberkirch in the north to the Upper Rhine in the south.


  • The Stadtkapelle Kenzingen, a wind orchestra with origins in the mid-18th century.
  • Singing Association Eintracht Kenzingen e. V.
  • Evangelical Kantorei Kenzingen
  • Trombone Choir Kenzingen
  • Male choir / mixed choir Liederkranz Nordweil e. V.
  • Men's choir Lichteneck Hecklingen e. V.
  • Musikverein Bombach e. V.
  • Musikverein Hecklingen e. V.
  • Musikverein Nordweil e. V.
  • TonArt Kenzingen eV


There are the following larger green areas within the urban area of ​​Kenzingen:

  • the old green in the south on the Elz, with a playground and various sculptures from the wood sculptor symposia,
  • the cemetery north of Bombacher Strasse
  • the park at the AWO nursing home between Eisenbahnstrasse and the northern Lower Circle


Kenzingen has several sports clubs:

  • SV Kenzingen 1910 eV (football) - founded in April 1910 as 1. FC Kenzingen , renamed to Sportverein Kenzingen in 1946 .
  • TTSV Kenzingen (table tennis)
  • Turnerbund Kenzingen 1882 eV
    • Handball department


Wellebengel - traditional Kenzinger Fasnet figure
Fischerbuebe - Traditional Kenzinger Fasnet figure

The Alemannic carnival tradition is maintained in Kenzingen. The main initiator of the Kenzinger Fasnet is the Narrenzunft Welle-Bengel Kenzingen eV 1824. In addition, there are other foolish associations such as the Kohler Witches, Galgenbuck Teufel, the Bachdatschern in Nordweil and the Räwehupfer in Bombach.

Regular events

  • Christmas market: first weekend in December on the church square
  • Klausmarkt: on the first Thursday in December
  • Artist exhibition and market: in March / April and in September / October
  • Rock am Schloss in Hecklingen: Friday after Corpus Christi
  • Open day of the fire brigade with the artists' market: in September / October
  • Prize mask ball of the fools guild: three weeks before the start of carnival
  • Big guild cap evening "D'r Narrespiegel" of the fool's guild: one week before the start of carnival
  • Ancient Kenzinger Carnival: from Schmutzingen Thursday to Carnival Tuesday
  • Georgenmarkt (shopkeeper): in March / April
  • Traditional Heckling Carnival: from Dirty Thursday to Carnival Tuesday
  • Traditional Nordweiler carnival with the Bachdatscher fool's guild
  • Nordweiler wine festival in the quarry every two years
  • Nordweiler music festival alternating with the wine festival
  • Bombacher Wine Festival: the first weekend in August


Birthplace of Franz Sales Meyer

Honorary citizen

  • Erhard Hensle, former long-time mayor of Nordweil
  • Rolf Schmidt, former deputy mayor
  • Bernhard Bilharz, former deputy mayor

sons and daughters of the town

  • around 1400, Nikolaus Stocker , abbot in the monastery of St. Blasien
  • around 1700, Franz Ruedhart, master builder, created the church of St. Martin in Riegel am Kaiserstuhl in 1743
  • around 1790, Sebastian Frey , † 1878, administrative officer and judge
  • 1797, November 18, Joseph Rieder , † October 24, 1848 in Wolfach, Oberamtmann of Baden
  • 1821, June 17, Gebhard Kromer , † August 21, 1849 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden soldier and revolutionary
  • 1849, December 9, Franz Sales Meyer † November 6, 1927 in Karlsruhe , watercolor painter, professor at the Karlsruhe School of Applied Arts and honorary citizen of Kenzingen
  • 1890, May 13, Robert Scharbach , † April 4, 1966 in Freiburg im Breisgau, German wood and stone sculptor
  • 1891, March 15, Heinrich Ochsner , † September 15, 1970 in Freiburg im Breisgau, German philosopher
  • 1939, September 12, Hubert Konrad Frank , † August 18, 2014 in Bergisch Gladbach , German writer
  • 1949, July 1st, Franz Fehrenbach , German industrial manager, chairman of the supervisory board of Robert Bosch GmbH
  • 1953, Camill Leberer , German sculptor, photographer and painter
  • 1955, March 26th, Paul Witt , professor for municipal commercial law, rector of the Kehl University of Applied Sciences
  • 1956, July 31, Harald Roser , architect and university professor
  • 1963, December 6th, Gabi Rolland , politician (SPD), member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg since 2011
  • 1965, January 11, Renatus Scheibe , German actor and author / composer for stage and theater music
  • 1966, June 4th, Hans-Jörg "No Way" Rey , extreme mountain biker

Other personalities

Web links

Commons : Kenzingen  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Kenzingen  - Sources and full texts
Wiktionary: Kenzingen  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikivoyage: Kenzingen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Main statute of the city of Kenzingen from December 14, 2006
  3. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: District Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 239-242
  4. Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 4), Certificate 2652, December 18, 772 - Reg. 848. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 195 , accessed on May 15, 2016 .
  5. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 495 .
  6. Hecklingen entry on Discover regional studies online - leobw
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 511 .
  8. ^ City of Kenzingen - City Council Election 2019: Result , accessed on August 23, 2019
  9. Matthias Guderjan remains mayor in Kenzingen , article in the Badische Zeitung, April 3, 2016, accessed on November 4, 2016
  10. FALLER - Townhouse Schwabentor. Retrieved July 4, 2015 .
  11. Gebhard Heil: From the history of the parish St. Laurentius. 1700-1970. Typewriter manuscript 1995.
  12. Kantorei at the Evangelical Church Congregation Kenzingen, accessed on December 17, 2016
  13. Trumpet Choir at the Evangelical Church Congregation Kenzingen, accessed on December 17, 2016
  14. ^ TonArt Kenzingen eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
  15. The SV Kenzingen introduces itself ( memento from December 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on December 17, 2016
  16. ^ TTSV Kenzingen , accessed on December 17, 2016
  17. Welcome to the website of the Turnerbund Kenzingen von 1882 eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
  18. Handball department of the gymnastics association Kenzingen v. 1882 eV , accessed on December 17, 2016
  19. Kenzinger Fasnet , on, accessed on March 1, 2020
  20. Narrenzunft "Welle-Bengel" Kenzingen , on, accessed on March 1, 2020
  21. a b c Helmut Reiner: Art and artists in Kenzingen. Aesthetic biography of a small town. In: Die Pforte, yearbook of the Working Group for History and Regional Studies in Kenzingen eV, 40th year, 2001–2003, pp. 62–80.
  22. ^ Register of the Bishop of Constance, published in 1864
  23. List of participants in the Barmer Confession Synod , No. 18 (under Baden)