District of Emmendingen
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 7 ' N , 7 ° 51' E
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Region :||Southern Upper Rhine|
|Administrative headquarters :||Emmendingen|
|Area :||679.9 km 2|
|Residents:||165,383 (Dec 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||243 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||EM|
|Circle key :||08 3 16|
|Circle structure:||24 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Hanno Hurth (independent)|
|Location of the district of Emmendingen in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Emmendingen is a district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the southern Upper Rhine region in the Freiburg administrative region .
The district of Emmendingen has a share in the Upper Rhine Plain and the Black Forest . Above all, the Elz valley , which is a right tributary of the Rhine , belongs to the district.
The district borders clockwise in the north, beginning with the Ortenau district , the Schwarzwald-Baar district , the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district and the Freiburg im Breisgau district . In the west, the Rhine forms the natural border with France with the local arrondissement Sélestat-Erstein within the Département Bas-Rhin .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The district of Emmendingen has the following 19 nature reserves .
- Amolter Heath : 11.2 hectares; City of Endingen am Kaiserstuhl - Amoltern district
- Brai : 6.9 ha; Community Biederbach - district Biederbach
- Elzwiesen : 410.8 ha (of which 281.5 ha in the Emmendingen district); Community Rheinhausen and city Kenzingen
- Erletal : 2.3 ha; City of Endingen am Kaiserstuhl - Endingen district
- Häuslematt : 7.2 ha (of which 6.9 ha in the Emmendingen district); Municipality Simonswald - district Upper Simonswald
- Hochberg : 0.7 ha; Community Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl - district Jechtingen
- Johanniterwald : 57.5 ha; City of Kenzingen and municipality of Rheinhausen - Oberhausen district
- Kohlersloch : 18.2 ha; City of Elzach - Prechtal district
- Diet : 447.5 ha; Simonswald community - Haslachsimonswald district
- Kreuzmoos : 5.4 ha; Municipalities of Gutach im Breisgau and Freiamt
- Limberg : 29.4 ha; Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl community
- Prechtaler Schanze-Ecklesberg : 230.2 ha; City of Elzach - Prechtal district
- Rhine valley Wyhl-Weisweil : 1,407.8 ha; Municipalities of Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl, Weisweil , Wyhl , Rheinhausen
- Rohrhardsberg-Obere Elz : 558.1 ha (of which 37.8 ha in the district of Emmendingen); City of Elzach and municipality of Simonswald
- Ehrleshalden quarry : 6.5 ha; City of Herbolzheim
- Taubergießen : 1,697.0 ha (of which 347.3 ha in the Emmendingen district); Rheinhausen community
- Teninger Unterwald : 52.8 ha; Teningen municipality
- Yacher Zinken : 873.0 ha; City of Elzach - Yach district
- Zweribach : 95.5 ha (of which 49.6 ha in the Emmendingen district); Simonswald community - Obersimonswald and Wildgutach districts
The district of Emmendingen goes back to the old district office of Emmendingen, which was established after the transition to Baden after 1803. In the course of its history it was changed several times (including the abolition of the Kenzingen office in 1872 and the abolition of the Breisach office in 1924) and from January 1, 1939 it was designated as the district of Emmendingen . At the same time most of the places of the dissolved office were assigned to Waldkirch.
During the district reform , the district received the Jechtingen community of the dissolved district of Freiburg on January 1, 1973. Through further community reforms he experienced on January 1, 1974 (Kiechlinsbergen, was incorporated into the city of Endingen am Kaiserstuhl on the same day ) and on April 1, 1974 (Leiselheim, which was incorporated into Sasbach ), a small increase in the northwestern Kaiserstuhl. The original intention to unite the district of Emmendingen with the district of Lahr was not realized.
After the community reform has been completed, the district of Emmendingen will comprise 24 communities, including six towns and of these, in turn, a major district town (Emmendingen). The city of Waldkirch exceeded the limit of 20,000 inhabitants in 2003 and became the second major district town in the Emmendingen district with effect from January 1, 2009. The largest city is Emmendingen, the smallest municipality is Forchheim / Kaiserstuhl.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).
The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator.
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:
Results of the district elections since 1989
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||26.47||14th||30.30||16||30.2||15th||34.5||19th||37.5||19th||30.5||15th||32.4||16|
|FW||Free voters e. V.||19.96||11||23.27||12||25.6||13||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share *||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||25.2||13||23.9||12||22.9||11||18.7||9|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||19.57||10||16.51||9||13.0||6th||12.8||6th||9.2||4th||13.0||6th||10.4||5|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||15.95||9||21.57||11||21.6||10||21.5||11||24.8||12||26.4||13||28.5||14th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||8.29||4th||4.80||2||9.6||4th||6.0||3||4.6||2||6.5||3||10.1||5|
|UB / ÖDP||Independent Citizens / Ecological Democratic Party||4.34||2||1.60||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||4.12||2||1.94||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
* Voter associations from 1989 to 2004 not broken down into individual groups of voters
The district council is elected for five years. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.
- The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Emmendingen since 1810
- 1810–1816: Friedrich August Roth
- 1816–1818: Karl Ludwig Barck
- 1819–1823: Carl Deimling
- 1823–1834: Karl von Stößer
- 1834–1842: Conrad Ludwig Rettig
- 1842–1847: Philipp Pfeiffer
- 1847–1849: Ignaz Fränzinger
- 1849 Georg Wolf (Oberamtmann) (provisional) :
- 1850–1874: Gustav Adolph Fingado
- 1874–1884: Leopold Otto
- 1884–1890: Ludwig von Theobald
- 1890–1908: Ludwig Salzer
- 1908–1913: Hermann Kiefer
- 1913–1926: Karl Baur
- 1926 Alexander Schaible :
- 1927–1930: Ernst Frech
- 1931–1945: Alfred Hagenunger
- 1945 Wolfgang Bechtold (temporarily acting) :
- 1945–1946: Hubert Schnekenburger
- 1946 Ludwig Seiterich (acting) :
- 1946–1948: Viktor Huber von Gleichenstein
- 1948 Walther Fürst (official administrator) :
- 1949–1953: Alfons Oswald
- 1953–1970: Kurt Wehrle
- 1970–1983: Lothar Mayer
- 1983-2003: Volker Watzka
- since 2003: Hanno Hurth
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Emmendingen shows a split and half-split shield in front in gold and a red sloping bar; in the back at the top a black six-mountain in silver, at the bottom a silver flight in blue. The coat of arms was awarded on November 5, 1956 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .
The coat of arms symbolizes the rulers who divided the district area in earlier centuries, Baden-Hachberg ( sloping beam ), the Lords of Schwarzenberg ("Black Mountain") and the Lords of Üsenberg ( flight ).
- Erzgebirgskreis in Germany
Economy and Infrastructure
The district of Emmendingen is mainly agricultural and has only a low industrial density. This is mainly located in the Elztal (textile industry, electrical engineering) and around Emmendingen and Herbolzheim (mechanical engineering).
The focus of agricultural activity is viticulture (best-known wine towns: Endingen , Malterdingen , Kenzingen , Sasbach ).
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Emmendingen was ranked 121st out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was number 71 out of 401.
The largest employers in the Emmendingen district (based on the number of employees [as of 2009]) are:
- Sick AG , plants in Waldkirch and Reute
- District office, district hospital , district senior center
- Center for Psychiatry Emmendingen (ZfP)
- ebm-Papst Motoren , Herbolzheim
- Gütermann GmbH, Gutach
- August Faller KG , Waldkirch
- Tscheulin-Rothal GmbH , Teningen
The public transport is by the Regio-Verkehrsverbund Freiburg ensured.
The district of Emmendingen is traversed by the important Mannheim – Basel railway , which was opened between Offenburg and Freiburg in 1845 by the Baden State Railways .
Two branch lines branch off from it in a circle:
Since 1875 in Denzlingen the Elztalbahn of the city of Waldkirch, which was only carried further up into the valley by the Badische Staatsbahn from Waldkirch to Elzach in 1901, and since 1894 in Riegel the Kaiserstuhlbahn of the Süddeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft to Endingen, of which a branch in Riegel Ort on the eastern edge of the Kaiserstuhl to Gottenheim, while the other one has led from Endingen to Breisach in the west of the mountains since 1895. Today, the Südwestdeutsche Verkehrs AG (SWEG) operates two thirds of the rail network in the district with the Kaiserstuhlbahn and the Breisgau S-Bahn .
The federal autobahn 5 Basel - Karlsruhe and several federal highways, including the B 3 Basel – Karlsruhe and the B 294 Freiburg – Haslach in the Kinzig valley, run through the district . Furthermore, several state and district roads open up the district.
The Badische Zeitung appears in the district with the local editions Emmendingen and Waldkirch.
The district of Emmendingen is responsible for the following vocational schools : Commercial and domestic and social care schools Emmendingen, commercial schools Emmendingen and vocational school center (commercial and commercial schools) Waldkirch. Together with the Center for Psychiatry Emmendingen, he runs the school for health and nursing in the district of Emmendingen .
The district of Emmendingen is the sponsor of the district hospital Emmendingen as well as the district senior center with the supervised senior citizens' residence St. Maximilian Kolbe in Kenzingen. Both facilities are considered self-propelled out of the district.
Culture and sights
The Baden Wine Route and the German Clock Route run through the district . In addition to various local museums, the Jewish Museum and the German Diary Archive in Emmendingen are particularly important. The Southern Black Forest Nature Park is partially located in a district.
(Residents on December 31, 2018)
Agreed administrative communities or municipal administration associations
Municipalities before the district reform
Before the district reform in 1973 or before the community reform , the district of Emmendingen had a total of 57 communities , including six towns, since 1939 . On January 1, 1964, the municipality of Prechtal formed the independent municipality of Oberprechtal from 9 residential spaces. Thus the district had a total of 58 municipalities.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Emmendingen was made by the communities of Altsimonswald, Haslachsimonswald and Untersimonswald, which merged on April 1, 1970 to form the community of Simonswald . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. After the district reform on January 1, 1973, from which the district of Emmendingen initially emerged without border changes, three communities from the previous district of Freiburg (Kiechlinsbergen, Jechtingen and Leiselheim) came to the district of Emmendingen as a result of incorporations into communities in the district area.
The largest municipality in the district of Emmendingen before the municipal reform was the district town of Emmendingen . The smallest community was Wildgutach .
The old district of Emmendingen last covered an area of 666 km² and had a total of 118,674 inhabitants at the 1970 census .
The table shows the population development of the old district of Emmendingen up to 1970. All population figures are census results.
In the table, the municipalities of the Emmendingen district are before the municipal reform. All communities still belong to the district of Emmendingen today.
¹ formed on January 1, 1964
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive EM symbol when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.
- The state of Baden-Württemberg - official description by districts and municipalities (in 8 volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VI: Freiburg administrative region; Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2
- The district of Emmendingen - district descriptions of the state of Baden-Württemberg; Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Directorate in conjunction with the district of Emmendingen; 2 volumes, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 1999 and 2001, ISBN 3-7995-1363-9
- Official website of the district
- District of Emmendingen: people, nature and the environment
- Literature from and about the district of Emmendingen in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 495 f. and 511 f .
- ↑ Election result of the district council election 2019. landkreis-emmendingen.de, June 14, 2019, accessed on July 26, 2019 .
- ^ Members of the district council. landkreis-emmendingen.de, accessed on July 26, 2019 .
- ↑ Distribution of votes in the district council elections 1989–2004 ( Memento from September 4, 2014 in the web archive archive.today )
- ↑ Distribution of seats in the district elections 1989–2004 ( Memento from September 4, 2014 in the web archive archive.today )
- ↑ Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- ↑ Nine questions for… Hanno Hurth, District Administrator in the Emmendingen district . In: Business-on.de of March 20, 2009
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).