District of Boeblingen
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Administrative headquarters :||Boeblingen|
|Area :||617.82 km 2|
|Residents:||391,640 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||634 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||BB, LEO|
|Circle key :||08 1 15|
|Circle structure:||26 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Roland Bernhard ( independent )|
|Location of the Boeblingen district in Baden-Württemberg|
In the west of the district are the Obere Gäu (also called Korngäu here ) and part of the Heckengäus , which extends to the foothills of the Black Forest . In the south, large parts of the Schönbuch belong to the district area, the first nature park in Baden-Württemberg. In the north, too, there are forest areas in addition to the open landscapes of the Gau, summarized by name as Glemswald .
There are no larger rivers or lakes in the district. The Aich and Würm rises in the southern district area . The streams and smaller rivers all flow into the Neckar , directly or via the Enz . The geographically highest point is on the Kühlenberg near Oberjettingen at , the deepest is in the Glems valley on the northern border of the district.
The district of Böblingen borders in a clockwise direction in the northeast on the district of Ludwigsburg , the urban district of Stuttgart and the districts of Esslingen , Reutlingen , Tübingen , Calw and Enzkreis .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
The district of Böblingen has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 732.59 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 1.19 percent.
- Feuerbacher Heide-Dickenberg : 17.8 ha; Community Rutesheim , district Perouse
- Gerlinger Heide : 14.9 ha (of which 14.5 ha in the Boeblingen district); Districts Leonberg and Gerlingen ( Ludwigsburg district )
- Grafenberg : 23.9 ha; City of Herrenberg , marks Mönchberg and Kayh
- Hacksberg and Steckental : 160 ha (100 ha of which in the Boeblingen district); Districts Dätzingen , Weil der Stadt , Schafhausen and Ostelsheim ( district of Calw )
- Hartmannsberg : 25.6 ha; Municipality Weissach , district Flacht
- Hinteres Sommerhofental : 22.0 ha; Sindelfingen district
- Kappelwiesen-Beim Roten Brunnen-Salzwiesen : 30.8 ha; District because of the city
- Kasparsbrunnen-Ried-Binn : 53.2 ha; Gemarkungen Aidlingen , Döffingen and Dätzingen
- Krebsbachaue : 92.0 ha; Districts Ehningen , Gärtringen and Rohrau
- Längenbühl : 12.4 ha; Renningen district
- Merklinger Ried : 18.7 ha; City of Weil der Stadt , Merklingen district
- Mittelberg : 45.3 ha; District because of the city
- Neuweiler cattle pasture : 13.5 ha; Waldenbuch district
- Upper Hölzertal : 28.8 ha; Magstadt district
- Schaichtal : 467.8 ha; Markings Waldenbuch , Aich, Grötzingen, Neuenhaus, Altenriet, Schlaitdorf ( Esslingen district ), Walddorfhäslach ( Reutlingen district ) and Dettenhausen ( Tübingen district )
- Storrenberg : 12.4 ha; Community Aidlingen , district Dachtel
- Venusberg-Wolfsäcker-Besental / Halde : 115 ha; Gemarkungen Aidlingen and Deufringen
- Forest meadow in the Mahdental : 1.9 ha; Sindelfingen district
- Würmaue am Heuberg : 24.8 ha; City of Weil der Stadt, districts of Hausen an der Würm and Merklingen
The district of Böblingen goes back to the old Württemberg Oberamt of the same name , which was established during the times of the Duchy of Württemberg . In the course of history it was changed several times and in 1938 it was transferred to the district of Böblingen. At that time, almost all the municipalities of the dissolved Oberamt Herrenberg as well as some municipalities of the Amtsoberamt Stuttgart were incorporated into the Boeblingen district.
On September 1, 1971, the district was enlarged to include the municipality of Dachtel in the district of Calw.
On January 1, 1973, 15 communities in the district of Leonberg were added to the district reform - including the then or later cities of Leonberg , Weil der Stadt , Renningen and Rutesheim - (the others came either to the district of Ludwigsburg or the Enzkreis in the district of Karlsruhe ) Ceiling Pfronn municipality in the Calw district .
Since the completion of the municipal reform on January 1, 1975, the district of Böblingen has comprised 26 municipalities, including nine towns and of these in turn four " large district towns " (Böblingen, Herrenberg, Leonberg and Sindelfingen). The largest city in the district is Sindelfingen, the smallest municipality is ceiling Pfronn.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).
In 2010, due to the relatively low average age of the population, the higher life expectancy and the above-average birth rate, the district of Böblingen was one of the few districts with a positive birth balance in Baden-Württemberg.
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the result shown in the adjacent diagrams.
Results of previous district elections since 1994
|Parties and constituencies||%
|FW||Free voters in the district of Böblingen e. V.||27.92||25th||34.43||30th||34.13||30th||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||31.0||28||32.9||27||30.3||28|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||21.48||17th||27.33||22nd||24.51||19th||29.1||24||29.1||22nd||25.5||22nd|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||12.78||11||15.05||13||15.60||12||18.8||15th||21.9||16||21.9||18th|
|GREEN||GREEN and Independent||19.47||16||13.27||11||12.29||9||12.3||10||9.0||6th||15.5||12|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||7.60||6th||4.60||4th||8.84||6th||5.6||4th||4.8||3||3.8||3|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||0.20||-||1.06||1||1.29||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||6.44||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|SALT||City: work, life, future||0.78||1||0.60||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Otherwise.||Others (2014 & 2019: FRiDi , 2009: PBC )||0.06||-||0.14||-||1.02||-||1.2||1||-||-||-||-|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1994 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district council elects the district administrator for a term of office of 8 years. This is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official who is not a district but a state official.
The district administrators of the former Leonberg district 1938–1972:
- 1938–1945: Otto Meditsch
- 1945–1948: Ludwig Schröter
- 1948–1954: Friedrich Michael Jetter
- 1954–1972: Wolfgang Ramsauer
The district administrators of the Böblingen district from 1935:
- 1935–1938: Otto Meditsch
- 1938–1939: Kurt Raunecker
- 1939–1944: Willy Ritter (Administrator)
- 1944–1945: Viktor Scheufele (Administrator)
- 1945: Walter Atorf (acting)
- 1945–1946: Walther Hoß (acting)
- 1946–1952: Georg Hengstberger
- 1953–1972: Karl Heß
- 1973-2000: Reiner Heeb
- 2000–2008: Bernhard Maier
- since 2008: Roland Bernhard (since October 1)
The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt Böblingen are shown in the article Oberamt Böblingen .
In state elections, the district area is divided into constituencies 5 (Böblingen) and 6 (Leonberg) , the former comprising the east of the district including Böblingen and Sindelfingen, the latter the north, south and west with Leonberg and Herrenberg.
Constituency 5 (Böblingen) is represented in the current state parliament by Thekla Walker (Greens), Paul Nemeth (CDU) and Harald Pfeiffer (AfD), Constituency 6 (Leonberg) by Bernd Murschel (Greens) and Sabine Kurtz (CDU).
The federal constituency of Böblingen includes the entire district of Böblingen without Waldenbuch and Steinenbronn . Marc Biadacz (CDU) represents the Böblingen constituency in the current Bundestag for the 19th electoral term .
coat of arms
Declaration of coat of arms: The flag is the coat of arms of the Count Palatine of Tübingen , who u. a. the cities of Böblingen, Sindelfingen and Herrenberg founded before they came to the Duchy of Württemberg. The Württemberg deer sticks symbolize the very early affiliation of the district to Württemberg.
The coat of arms was adopted on April 18, 1947 and re-awarded to the newly enlarged Boeblingen district on August 30, 1974 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg .
From 1927 to 1947, the Kl 25 sport aircraft shaped the coat of arms of the Oberamt and the Boeblingen district.
Economy and Infrastructure
The first line that the Württemberg State Railroad built in this area was the Black Forest Railway from Stuttgart via Leonberg to Weil der Stadt in 1868/69 , which was extended to Calw in 1872. It was not until 1879 that the Gäubahn followed from Stuttgart to Eutingen im Gäu . The Rankbachbahn as a cross connection between these two lines from Böblingen via Sindelfingen to Renningen was added in 1914/15. In 1909 the Ammertalbahn Herrenberg – Tübingen established a cross connection from the Gäubahn to the Neckar Valley .
The area south of the district town was opened up in 1910/11 by the Schönbuchbahn Böblingen – Dettenhausen; it has been operated by the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (WEG) from 1996 on behalf of the municipalities . A branch line from the Schönaicher First station to Schönaich was opened in 1922 by the Deutsche Reichsbahn , which from 1928 also opened up the Siebenmühlental with the Siebenmühlentalbahn from Leinfelden to Waldenbuch.
Of the 100-kilometer rail network, 18 kilometers have now been shut down:
- 1954: Schönaicher First – Schönaich (three kilometers)
- 1955: Leinfelden – Steinenbronn – Waldenbuch (nine kilometers)
- 1983: Because the city - Schafhausen (- Calw) (six kilometers)
However, passenger traffic was also idle for another 20 kilometers for around 30 years.
The federal motorway 8 Stuttgart - Karlsruhe and the A 81 Stuttgart - Singen (Hohentwiel) run through the district . It is also accessed by federal, state and district roads. The most important are the B 14 Rottweil –Stuttgart and the B 295 Calw –Stuttgart.
The district of Böblingen is responsible for the following vocational schools : Commercial school Böblingen and Mildred-Scheel-Schule Böblingen (the latter with a biotechnological grammar school and a nutritional grammar school, among other things), Herrenberg home and agricultural school, Leonberg industrial, commercial and home economics school and Gottlieb-Daimler- School I and Gottlieb Daimler School II (with the Academy for Data Processing) in the Technical School Center in Sindelfingen , as well as the Special Education and Advice Centers (SBBZ) with a focus on intellectual development with a school kindergarten in Böblingen (Käthe Kollwitz School), Herrenberg ( Friedrich-Fröbel-Schule), Leonberg (Karl-Georg-Haldenwang-Schule) and Sindelfingen (Bodelschwinghschule), the SBBZ with a focus on physical and motor development with a school kindergarten in Sindelfingen and the SBBZ with a focus on language and school children r in long hospital treatment with a school kindergarten in Sindelfingen. Together with the cities of Böblingen and Sindelfingen, the district of Böblingen is responsible for the adult education center .
The two district hospitals in Herrenberg and Leonberg were initially operated by the Böblingen district clinics as a non-profit company since 2005. The hospital in Böblingen and the former municipal hospital in Sindelfingen were operated in the Klinikum Sindelfingen / Böblingen gGmbH. Both companies belonged to the Klinikverbund Südwest , in which the districts of Calw and Böblingen are involved. After the city of Sindelfingen withdrew from the Südwest Clinic Association, all four hospitals in the Böblingen district (Böblingen, Herrenberg, Leonberg and Sindelfingen) are operated by the Böblingen gGmbH district clinics, in which the district holds the majority. The Klinikverbund Südwest is an amalgamation of the hospitals Böblingen, Calw, Herrenberg, Leonberg, Nagold and Sindelfingen. Together with the therapy center in the Klinikverbund Südwest, the medical health center and the Service GmbH Schwarzwald, it is one of the largest municipal health facilities in southern Germany. In 2024 the existing clinics in Böblingen and Sindelfingen are to be given up and replaced by a new clinic on the airfield in Böblingen. The project is financed by subsidies, loans and own funds through the district of Böblingen (total costs of 423 to 452 million euros).
Waste management company
The waste company Böblingen district is in the form of a self operation performed and, with its approximately 240 employees a medium-sized supplier for waste disposal and recycling. It serves around 170,000 private households as well as a large number of commercial operations in the disposal and recycling of waste and operates the recycling centers in the individual district communities. As one of three districts in Baden-Württemberg, the district of Böblingen implements the recycling center concept ("bring system") instead of the yellow bag for the collection of recyclable materials . The district has a 51.07% stake in the RBB association, which operates the residual waste thermal power station in Böblingen.
The district has the highest earnings level in Baden-Württemberg. The average employee remuneration (gross including employer's social contributions) was 42,645 euros in 2009.
The district is responsible for the Kreissparkasse Böblingen .
- Aidlingen / Grafenau community administration association based in Aidlingen; Member communities: Aidlingen and Grafenau
- Municipal administration association Gärtringen / Ehningen with seat in Ehningen; Member communities: Gärtringen and Ehningen
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Herrenberg and the municipalities of ceilingpfronn and Nufringen
- Community administration association Holzgerlingen with seat in Holzgerlingen; Member communities: City of Holzgerlingen and communities of Altdorf and Hildrizhausen
- Local government association “Oberes Gäu” based in Gäufelden; Member communities: Bondorf, Gäufelden, Jettingen and Mötzingen
- Community administration association Waldenbuch-Steinenbronn with seat in Waldenbuch; Member communities: City of Waldenbuch and municipality of Steinenbronn
|city||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
Ew. per km²
above sea level
|Böblingen , large district town||39.04||50,155||1,285||464|
|Herrenberg , large district town||65.71||31,545||480||460|
|Leonberg , major district town||48.73||48,733||1,000||386|
|Sindelfingen , large district town||50.85||64,858||1,275||449|
|Because of the city||43.17||19.205||445||406|
|local community||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
Ew. per km²
above sea level
|Because in the beautiful book||26.14||10,018||383||482|
Municipalities before the district reform
From 1938, 42 municipalities initially belonged to the Böblingen district, of which 4 were towns. On April 1, 1942, the communities of Vaihingen auf den Fildern and Möhringen auf den Fildern were incorporated into the city of Stuttgart. When Vaihingen moved to the Stuttgart district, the Böblingen district lost its previously most populous municipality. She had never been granted city rights.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the old district of Böblingen was made on July 1, 1971 by the communities of Öschelbronn, Nebringen and Tailfingen, which merged to form the new community of Gäufelden, as well as the community of Neuweiler, which was incorporated into the community of Weil im Schönbuch on the same day. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. All of the remaining communities in the old Böblingen district were merged into the new, enlarged Böblingen district on January 1, 1973 .
The old district of Böblingen last covered an area of 451 km² and on June 30, 1971 had a total of 213,389 inhabitants.
The table shows the population development of the old Boeblingen district up to 1971.
In the table, the municipalities of the old Böblingen district are before the municipal reform. All communities with the exception of Leinfelden and Musberg, which are now part of the Esslingen district, still belong to the Böblingen district today.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign BB when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today. In connection with the license plate liberalization , the LEO ( Leonberg ) distinguishing mark has also been available since April 25, 2013 .
- The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume III: Region Stuttgart - Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 .
- The Böblingen district in the Home and Work series of Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart, 1983, publisher: District Administrator Reiner Heeb. ISBN 3-8062-0275-3 .
- Hans-Dieter Musch (text) Manfred Grohe (photos): Schönbuch and Gäu , Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart, 1976. ISBN 3-8062-0148-X .
- The nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region . Edited by Reinhard Wolf . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-7995-5173-5
- Official website of the district of Böblingen
- Zeitreise BB - Portal on the history and regional studies of the Boeblingen district
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for the Böblingen district.
- LUBW's protected area statistics ( Memento of the original from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 447, 459 f .
- Highest birth deficit in the south-west since the country was founded ( memento of the original from August 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, July 8, 2011, accessed on December 7, 2012
- Result of the district council election 2019
-  Result of the district election 2014
-  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1994–2009
-  ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in the district elections 1994–2009
- MPs - biography Marc Biadacz. In: bundestag.de. Retrieved May 4, 2020 .
- schedule - On the way to the airfield clinic. In: New Airfield Clinic. Klinikverbund Südwest, accessed on October 27, 2017 .
- Project structure and financing. In: New Airfield Clinic. Klinikverbund Südwest, accessed on October 2, 2017 .
- The Zweckverband - association partner RBB Böblingen, accessed on April 28, 2017.
- District of Böblingen 2009 with the highest level of earnings. (No longer available online.) Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office, August 24, 2011, archived from the original on December 15, 2012 ; Retrieved April 29, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.