Stuttgart region

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
logo map
Logo of the Stuttgart region Location of the Stuttgart region in Germany
Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
Administrative headquarters : Stuttgart
Area : 3,653.96 km²
Residents : 2,787,724 (4th quarter 2018)
Population density : 763 inhabitants per km²
Gross domestic product : EUR 101.336 billion (2009)
Regional breakdown: 1 urban district ,
5 rural districts
Regional association
Association chairman: Thomas Bopp
Regional Director: Nicola Schelling
Association address: Kronenstrasse 25
70174 Stuttgart
Website :
Stuttgart region

The Stuttgart region is the capital region and one of twelve spatial planning and planning regions in Baden-Württemberg . It includes the state capital Stuttgart ( city ​​district ) and the five districts Böblingen , Esslingen , Göppingen , Ludwigsburg and Rems-Murr-Kreis with a total of 179 cities and municipalities .


The Stuttgart region extends 90 kilometers from northwest to southeast and 80 kilometers from southwest to northeast over an area of ​​3,654 square kilometers. According to calculations by the Baden-Württemberg State Surveyor's Office, the geographic center of the region lies in the south of the Rems-Murr district a few hundred meters east of the Weinstadt-Strümpfelbach suburb in a vineyard. A large boulder - the so-called Vogelstein - that was set up after the vineyard reform happened to be almost exactly in the regional center.

The Neckar flows through the region for about 90 kilometers, of which about 70 kilometers are waterways . The longest tributary within the region is the Fils (50 kilometers), followed by the Murr (45 kilometers), the Rems (35 kilometers) and the Enz (30 kilometers).

Topographically, the region is between 170  m above sea level. NN ( Neckar near Kirchheim am Neckar ) and 835  m above sea level. NN (Alb plateau near Hohenstadt ).

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2016.

Population development

Around 2.7 million people live in the Stuttgart region, which corresponds to a quarter of the total population of Baden-Württemberg and around a tenth of the area. 749 people live in the region on average per square kilometer.

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).

date Residents
December 31, 1973 2,373,268
December 31, 1975 2,341,099
December 31, 1980 2,369,273
December 31, 1985 2,348,272
May 25, 1987 ¹ 2,361,412
December 31, 1990 2,484,360
date Residents
December 31, 1995 2,566,950
December 31, 2000 2,613,379
December 31, 2005 2,667,766
December 31, 2010 2,678,795
May 9, 2011 ¹ 2,626,864
December 31, 2015 2,735,425

Association Region Stuttgart

Logo of the Stuttgart Region Association

The Verband Region Stuttgart, a corporation under public law , is one of twelve regional associations in Baden-Württemberg and the political and administrative authority of the Stuttgart region. Its predecessor is the Middle Neckar Regional Association, founded in 1973 , which was renamed the Stuttgart Regional Association in 1992 . This was finally transferred to the Stuttgart Region Association by the law on the establishment of the Stuttgart Region Association of February 7, 1994 . In addition to regional planning , the new association received additional tasks (see below) and was the only regional association in Baden-Württemberg to have a directly elected parliament , the regional assembly of the Stuttgart Region Association . This is elected by the electorate for five years.

Other organs of the association are the honorary association chairman , who is elected by the regional assembly for five years, and the regional director , who is also elected by the regional assembly for eight years and is a full-time official. The regional director represents the association and manages the administration of the region. It is based in the association's office in Stuttgart . The association also has an office in Brussels .

The VRS budget for 2016 is 389 million euros (2015: 323 million euros).


Important duties of the Stuttgart Region Association include a .:

Spatial planning

The Verband Region Stuttgart is responsible for regional spatial planning ( regional planning ). The most important instrument is the regional plan according to § 9 ROG . It shows the following central locations:

Map of the central areas in the Stuttgart region
Upper center
Stuttgart Stuttgart center
Bad Cannstatt (city center)
Feuerbach (city center)
Vaihingen (core city)
Weilimdorf (core town)
Zuffenhausen (city center)
Middle centers
Bietigheim-Bissingen (Bietigheim district) / Besigheim
Boeblingen / Sindelfingen
Esslingen am Neckar
Geislingen an der Steige
Kirchheim unter Teck
Ludwigsburg / Kornwestheim
Vaihingen an der Enz
Waiblingen / Fellbach
Filderstadt (Bernhausen district)
Leinfelden-Echterdingen (districts of Leinfelden and Echterdingen)
Marbach am Neckar
Ostfildern (Nellingen district)
Because of the city
Weinstadt (Endersbach district)
Small centers
Alfdorf (main town)
Bad Boll (main town)
Böhmenkirch (main town)
Bönnigheim (core town)
Deggingen (main town)
Ebersbach an der Fils (core town)
Eislingen / Fils (core town)
Freiberg am Neckar (core city)
Gäufelden (district of Nebringen)
Gerlingen (city center)
Großbottwar (core town), Oberstenfeld (main town)
Holzgerlingen (core town)
Korntal-Münchingen (Korntal district)
Lenningen (district Oberlenningen)
Neckartenzlingen (main town)
Neuffen (core city)
Plüderhausen (main town)
Rechberghausen (main town)
Reichenbach an der Fils (core town)
Remshalden (core city)
Renningen (core city)
Rudersberg (main town)
Sachsenheim (core town Großsachsenheim)
Steinheim an der Murr (core town)
Sulzbach an der Murr (main town)
Uhingen (main town)
Waldenbuch (main town)
Weilheim an der Teck (core town)
Wendlingen am Neckar (core city)
Wiesensteig (city center)


The Verband Region Stuttgart is responsible for regional transport planning and the regionally important local public transport . In the regional traffic plan, he makes long-term forecasts of traffic development and names and evaluates urgent measures to cope with traffic. The association is the sponsor of the Stuttgart S-Bahn and a partner in the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association . He also participates in the financing of Stuttgart 21 .

Of around 323 million euros in the 2015 budget of the Stuttgart Region Association, 300.4 million euros are allocated to the transport budget. This includes 80.5 million euros for the operation of the S-Bahn, the Schusterbahn and the small Teckbahn.

According to a financing agreement, the VRS will receive at least 9.1% of the regionalization funds of the state for the Stuttgart S-Bahn from 2018 to 2031, i.e. 88 million euros in 2018.

Business promotion

Software center Böblingen / Sindelfingen - an example of regional competence and innovation centers

In 1995, the association founded the Stuttgart Region Economic Development Corporation (WRS) together with other shareholders in order to fulfill the statutory task of regionally important economic development . In addition to recruiting and supporting companies that want to settle in the Stuttgart region ( exogenous economic development ), the around 50 employees at WRS advise and support companies that are already located in the context of site development ( endogenous economic development ).

In addition to the classic economic development in the narrow sense (such as by marketing of commercial space, support of investors in site selection and location marketing ) a focus of the business development activities of the Stuttgart Region is the support of certain industries cluster . These include a .:

To support these industries, WRS initiates, coordinates and supervises industry networks (e.g. the cluster initiative Automotive CARS, the Media Initiative Region Stuttgart or the Open Source Region Stuttgart initiative), organizes specialist conferences (such as the annual fuel cell congress f-cell ) and collects and publishes various industry information.

In order to show schoolchildren, students, graduates and young professionals the attractiveness of SMEs from the Stuttgart region as an employer, the Stuttgart Region Economic Development Corporation has set up the Stuttgart Region Employer Directory on the Internet. There companies have the opportunity to present themselves with a detailed employer profile and their current offers for junior staff.

To the knowledge transfer to improve and contacts between business and science, further 15 were in the region competence and innovation centers set up to help companies , universities and research institutions together and interdisciplinary work on industry-related projects. Examples of such competence and innovation centers are the Virtual Dimension Center (VDC, competence center for virtual reality in Fellbach ), the competence network mechatronics in Göppingen , the Packaging Excellence Center (PEC, competence center for packaging and automation technology ) in Waiblingen or the software center Böblingen / Sindelfingen .

Further activities are aimed at a. on the supply of skilled workers (e.g. by improving the compatibility of family and career and model projects for the qualification of workers ) as well as on the support of business start-ups (e.g. through the partner network for business start-ups from Stuttgart universities (PUSH) or the mediation between founders and private investors ; see also: Business Angels ). Two separate institutions have also been set up to support the region's music and film industries , which are particularly strong in the region : the Film Commission Region Stuttgart and the Region Stuttgart Pop Office .

Association chairperson

The designations were: 1974–1994 “Chairman of the Regional Association of the Middle Neckar” and “Chairman of the Regional Association of Stuttgart”; from 1994 "Chairman of the Stuttgart Region Association".

Association directors or regional directors

The designations were: 1974–1994 Association Director of the Regional Association Middle Neckar and Association Director of the Regional Association Stuttgart ; from 1994 regional director of the Stuttgart Region Association .


The Stuttgart region is served by a dense network of motorways , federal and district roads. The four to six lane federal highways run in a star shape towards the state capital . There are few powerful tangential connections. The two motorways A 8 and A 81 meet in the region at the Leonberger Dreieck, one of the busiest motorway junctions in Germany. The Stuttgart Central is the hub for long-distance, regional and suburban railway traffic. Around 12 million people can be reached within a radius of 100 kilometers. The Stuttgart Airport has become a European hub for nearly 60 airlines have become. 10 million passengers use it annually, and 65,000 tons of air freight are loaded here. Flights are offered to over 120 destinations in over 40 countries. The region is connected to the domestic German and Western European waterway network through the port of Stuttgart . Freight ships with a dead weight of up to 2,800 t are loaded and unloaded here every day. In order to cope with the large number of commuters in the region and to relieve the roads, there is the offer of the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association (VVS). The S-Bahn network alone is 215 kilometers long and serves 83 stops .

Recreational traffic makes up the majority of the journeys made by the approximately 2.7 million inhabitants of the region. Around 800,000 people, around three quarters of the employees subject to social insurance contributions in the region, do not work in the place where they live.


In the Stuttgart region a gross domestic product of 92 billion € was generated in 2005, this corresponds to almost 30% of the added value of Baden-Württemberg , a share of 4.1% of the total German GDP, or the size of that in the EU countries Ireland or Finland. In 2009 the GDP was 101 billion euros - roughly the same as that of the EU country Hungary.

The GDP of the Stuttgart region corresponds to approx. € 35,000 per inhabitant and approx. € 64,000 per person in employment. The regional purchasing power is € 19,000 per capita. The trade tax revenue per inhabitant in 2005 was € 527. The average debt level of the municipalities per inhabitant was € 354.

In March 2005 there were 1,255,800 people in employment in the Stuttgart region, 1,029,310 of whom were employed subject to social security contributions as of June 2006. In December 2007 the number of unemployed in relation to the total civilian labor force was 58,510, which corresponds to an unemployment rate of 4.2%.

In 2004, 57.6% of employees subject to social security contributions were employed in the service sector, which accounted for € 50 billion of gross value added . The manufacturing sector accounted for € 32.7 billion, with 41.8% of the workforce employed.

Almost 24% of all employees subject to social insurance work, according to Eurostat , the statistical office of the European Union , in a high-tech industry, which is more than anywhere else in Europe . 7.1% of all employees are engineers. The regional export quota is 57.6%. Industrial companies earn far more than every second euro abroad, for comparison: the share of exports from companies in Baden-Württemberg is only 48.1% overall, and 40.1% in all of Germany. The vehicle , mechanical engineering and electrical industries are the main export sectors.

The Stuttgart region is home to over 140,000 companies, around 36,000 of which have their headquarters here. In 2006 there were 1,844 manufacturing companies with more than 20 employees. The most important industries are automotive , mechanical engineering and electrical engineering , but also financial services , IT , mass media and publishing . Not only global companies such as Daimler AG , Porsche Automobil Holding SE, Robert Bosch GmbH , IBM or Hewlett-Packard are based in the Stuttgart region, but also numerous innovative medium-sized companies, primarily from the mechanical engineering and electrical industries, but also from almost All other industries, such as the food industry , the construction industry or the engineering services sector, are represented. Many of the local medium-sized companies are world market leaders in their product area.

Also due to the large number and range of innovative medium-sized companies, as well as the high proportion of employees in the high-tech industry, nowhere in Germany are more patents registered than in the Stuttgart region.


Of the total R&D expenditure by German companies, more than one in ten euros is invested by companies in the Stuttgart region, which is one of the reasons for the long-term records in patent applications. In the Stuttgart region there are two institutes of the Max Planck Society , six of the Fraunhofer Society , four of the industrial joint research, one large research facility , eighty-eight transfer centers of the Steinbeis Foundation for Economic Development and countless research facilities at the universities and technical colleges in the region.

Educational space

Every fifth place in Baden-Württemberg is provided by a university in the Stuttgart region. The Stuttgart Region is home to the technical University of Stuttgart and the University of Hohenheim with their focus on economics , agriculture and natural sciences . There is also the internationally oriented Stuttgart Institute of Management and Technology (SIMT), which offers English-language courses in the field of business . In addition, the cities of Stuttgart , Esslingen am Neckar , Göppingen , Ludwigsburg , Nürtingen and Geislingen an der Steige offer a university of education and eleven universities of applied sciences. The Stuttgart International School teaches the next generation of foreign specialists and managers. The Baden-Württemberg Cooperative State University Stuttgart emerged from the Stuttgart University of Cooperative Education , which was founded in 1974.


A selection of the regional sights:



  • Over 3,600 patents are registered annually in the Stuttgart region.
  • In the Stuttgart region also were next to the car Leitz , office copiers, nylon stockings, the spark plug , the electric hand drill (Messrs. C. & E. Fein ), Bra, Unimog, VW Beetle, Time Clock and portable radio invented.
  • Theodor Beltle, businessman and inventor, has in 1925 Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt the fizzy lemonade powder invented.

See also

Portal: Region Stuttgart  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the topic of Stuttgart region


  • Dispan, Jürgen; Krumm, Raimund; Koch, Andreas; Seibold, Bettina (2015): Structural Report Region Stuttgart 2015. Development of the economy and employment. Focus: investments. Stuttgart.
  • Dispan, Jürgen; Krumm, Raimund; Seibold, Bettina (2013): Structural Report Region Stuttgart 2013. Development of economy and employment. Focus: demand for skilled workers and labor force potential. Stuttgart. [1] (PDF; 5.3 MB)
  • Dispan, Jürgen; Krumm, Raimund; Koch, Andreas; Seibold, Bettina (2011): Structural Report Region Stuttgart 2011. Development of the economy and employment. Focus: environmental economics and green tech in mechanical engineering. Stuttgart. [2]
  • Dispan, Jürgen; Krumm, Raimund; Seibold, Bettina (2009): Structural Report Region Stuttgart 2009. Development of the economy and employment. Focus: upheaval in the automotive region. Stuttgart. [3]
  • Dispan, Jürgen; Koch, Andreas; Krumm, Raimund; Seibold, Bettina (2007): Structural Report Region Stuttgart 2007. Development of the economy and employment. Focus: business start-ups. Stuttgart. [4]
  • Caspar; Sigried; Dispan, Jürgen; Krumm, Raimund; Seibold, Bettina (2005): Structure report Region Stuttgart 2005. Development of economy and employment. Focus: innovation. Stuttgart.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Population, area and population density. In: Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office , accessed on July 12, 2019 .
  2. Population by nationality - quarterly. In: Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office , accessed on July 12, 2019 .
  3. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use
  4. Alexander Ikrat: Pact for better public transport now costs something . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten . No. 227 , October 1, 2015, p. 18 .
  5. Kristina Winter: S-Bahn swallows the most money . In: Neckar and Enzbote . October 2, 2014, p. 22 .
  6. ^ Benjamin Kehrer: LandesBahn Baden-Württemberg: S-Bahn Stuttgart . In: Bahn-Report . Issue 1/2018, December 11, 2017, p. 71 .
  7. Alexander Ikrat: Commuters will also need patience in the future . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten . tape 71 , no. 42 , February 20, 2016, p. 22 .

Coordinates: 48 ° 47 '  N , 9 ° 11'  E