The universities of teacher education , including universities of education , have developed differently in the various countries, have achieved a different status and have been given different research and educational tasks.
In Germany , the universities of teacher education are self-governing centers of educational sciences with unrestricted doctorate and habilitation rights at university level. You can also use the terms University of Education (see Karlsruhe University of Education ) or Université des Sciences de l'Éducation (see Freiburg University of Education ) in your name. The state-assigned tasks in research and teaching are carried out independently. The scientific focus is on teaching and learning research.
In Austria , the teacher training colleges are responsible for the training of teachers at compulsory schools and vocational schools as well as for the advanced training of teachers from all types of schools up to upper secondary level . The Bachelor of Education is offered as a standard qualification .
In Switzerland , the universities of teacher education are among the institutions of the tertiary education sector with the mandate of research, teaching and organization of school practice. They train teachers from primary level to upper secondary level and enable degrees such as bachelor's or master's degrees. Research activities focus on the school sector and its pedagogical and social relationships.
In China or the Baltic States , the universities of teacher education are called the University of Education . Their status is similar to that of universities and colleges with equal status in Germany.
Universities of Education in Germany
While the universities of teacher education in Baden-Württemberg received university structures and were retained in this form, in the 1960s to 1990s they were partially converted into universities by the other federal states or integrated into such. The universities of teacher education have the same status as the universities. The educational offer covers all ages from elementary education to adult education, from health education to culture and media education. The diploma, bachelor, master and doctoral degree programs qualify for school and extracurricular educational professions.
The training courses basically comprise practical and theoretical parts of the course. Compulsory subjects with different proportions are education (general and school education ), psychology or sociology, specialist science and specialist didactics of individual subjects, as well as education for foreigners and health education. In various internships, students of the teaching profession have to carry out teaching attempts at training schools. The teacher training program is depending on the state with a state exam or a master's degree finished. After the first state examination, the second phase of teacher training, the so-called legal clerkship, can be started.
The various degrees are offered according to different courses. For this purpose, a sequence of courses and performance records as defined in the study and examination regulations must be studied.
Primary school teachers were trained in teacher seminars in the 19th century . Training at the university was out of the question for a long time for cost reasons, and the seminarians did not have to have a high school diploma. For teacher training in school seminars, however, educational offers specializing in pedagogy emerged at universities as early as the last quarter of the 18th century and (beginning with Ernst Christian Trapp ) the first chairs for pedagogy.
In the Weimar Republic , advocates of university training for all teachers (especially the non-partisan German Teachers' Association ) and teacher training at pure educational universities (especially the Berlin philosopher and pedagogue Eduard Spranger ) opposed each other. The Reich government waived a uniform teacher training law , mainly for cost reasons , but also to preserve the denominational ties of the training centers for which the German Center Party campaigned.
In Prussia , a total of 15 educational academies were established in accordance with the resolution of June 30, 1925, passed by the Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs Carl Heinrich Becker , for which a high school diploma was a requirement. They should lead to employment in two years. The majority of them were denominational, such as the first Catholic in Bonn and the Protestant in Elbing ( West Prussia ) and Kiel from 1926. The first simultaneous training, which was also open to Jews , took place in Frankfurt am Main from 1927 under the boycott of the Catholic bishops who denied Catholic students permission to attend religious instruction. Because of the global economic crisis , the first academies were closed again as early as 1932. B. the Pedagogical Academy in Stettin , founded only in 1930 , also in Altona , Breslau , Cottbus , Erfurt , Frankfurt (Oder) , Hanover and Kassel . Consist remained after 1932 Bytom , Pedagogical Academy in Bonn , Pedagogical Academy Dortmund , Pedagogical Academy Elbing , Pedagogical Academy Frankfurt , Pedagogical Academy Halle (Saale) and Pedagogical Academy Kiel , all from April 1933 as a college for teacher training . Behind it was a special university building program that was supposed to give the academies their own character.
As in Prussia, the training of teachers in the Free State of Oldenburg was organized on March 27, 1929 through the establishment of the Pedagogical Academy in Oldenburg (Olbg.) . In other countries, the training was partially affiliated to the universities or technical colleges (integrated or as a pedagogical institute ) (especially Saxony / Pedagogical Institute Dresden and Pedagogical Institute Leipzig , Thuringia / University of Jena , Hamburg (1929) and Mecklenburg / Pedagogical Institute Rostock ). In Thuringia, the socialist education minister Greil pushed through academic teacher training against great opposition, particularly because of Mathilde Vaerting's appointment . Other countries retained their traditional seminar teacher training ( Württemberg , Bavaria ). After a long debate, Baden founded three teacher training institutes in Karlsruhe (simultaneously), Freiburg i. Br. (Catholic) and Heidelberg (ev.), For whom the Abitur was the rule, but not mandatory.
time of the nationalsocialism
When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, the Prussian Pedagogical Academies lost a large part of their lecturers because they had committed themselves to the republic. But there were already quite a few lecturers with a connection to National Socialism , like in Frankfurt / M. or Dortmund Ernst Krieck , who succeeded Spranger in favor of a pure teacher training school. The academies initially became universities for teacher training (HfL), some of which were relocated to smaller rural towns, such as Frankfurt / M. to Weilburg (Lahn) and the particularly progress-oriented from Halle (Saale) (head: Julius Frankenberger ) to Hirschberg in Lower Silesia (head: Herbert Freudenthal ). In addition, others were set up again, such as in Cottbus or Frankfurt (Oder). The Bernhard Rust University was founded in Braunschweig . The high school teacher training should also be delegated to the HfL. From 1934 to 1938 there was a Jewish teacher training institute in Berlin under Fritz Bamberger , which emerged from the College for the Science of Judaism , but was eventually liquidated.
From 1941 onwards, following Hitler's “Führer's order” in November 1940, numerous non-academic teacher training institutions were established , which were primarily geared towards ideological drill and sport. Boys and girls should be admitted here after primary school, but also professional soldiers without a high school diploma, in order to cover the expected post-war need for teachers.
After 1945, the teacher training colleges emerged from the former teaching academies, teacher training institutes and other teacher training institutions. On October 1, 1945, the Oldenburg Pedagogical Academy opened as the first in post-war Germany, and in 1948 it was renamed the Oldenburg University of Education . Around 1960, depending on state law, the pedagogical academies, which were re-established after 1945, were renamed as pedagogical universities. The training was extended everywhere from four to six semesters. By the "Law on the Legal Status of Teacher Education Universities" around 1970, they were mostly upgraded to scientific universities or integrated into existing ones. With the transfer of the right to confer doctorates in the sixties and seventies, the acquisition of the right to habilitation and the introduction of university structures, they achieved university status by the beginning of the nineties .
Universities of Education in Baden-Württemberg
In connection with research tasks in educational science and in subject didactics , the universities of education in Baden-Württemberg have the unrestricted right to award doctorates and habilitation . They also bear the designation University of Education (Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Ludwigsburg, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Weingarten) or Université des Sciences de l'Éducation (Freiburg) in their name, especially when it comes to their international contacts. Each university in the state has developed its own profile with a special educational offer, so that a very differentiated academic educational landscape could emerge in Baden-Württemberg.
Since the introduction of the Bachelor - Master course, vocational school teachers are no longer exclusively trained at universities. For example, the Heidelberg University of Education , in cooperation with the Mannheim University of Applied Sciences , offers a course for advanced teaching at vocational schools with two subjects: electrical power engineering and information and systems engineering. Also at the Freiburg University of Education in cooperation with the Offenburg University , at the Ludwigsburg University of Education in cooperation with the Esslingen University, at the Schwäbisch Gmünd University of Education in cooperation with the Aalen University and individualized learning at the Weingarten University of Education in cooperation with the university Ravensburg-Weingarten this is possible. The Karlsruhe University of Education created a focus in the region with the European teaching post and offers master’s courses in educational sciences and intercultural education .
- Esslingen University of Education , Esslingen am Neckar (dissolved in 1984)
- Freiburg University of Education , Freiburg im Breisgau
- Heidelberg University of Education , Heidelberg
- Karlsruhe University of Education , Karlsruhe
- Lörrach University of Education , Lörrach (dissolved in 1984)
- Ludwigsburg University of Education , Ludwigsburg
- Reutlingen University of Education , Reutlingen (dissolved as an independent university in 1987, affiliated to the PH Ludwigsburg as a faculty for special education until it was relocated to Ludwigsburg in 2015)
- University of Education Schwäbisch Gmünd , Schwäbisch Gmünd
- Weingarten University of Education , Weingarten
Pedagogical universities in Bavaria
Between 1958 and 1970, the universities of teacher education were quasi-university institutions for the training of elementary school teachers. A six-semester training course at a PH could only be attended with a general university entrance qualification at this time and until 1967 it had a confessional character, i.e. it was Roman Catholic or Protestant. The PH did not have the right to award doctorates. In July 1970, the "Law amending the Teacher Education Act" provided for them to be dissolved by August 1972 or to be incorporated into the educational science departments of the state universities.
After the end of the spiritual school supervision in the Bavarian Kingdom, the constitution of the German Reich of 1919 already provided for a higher education course for primary school teachers. Nevertheless, the Bavarian teachers during the Weimar Republic, like those in Baden and Württemberg, continued to be trained at denominational teacher training institutions. Plans to establish “pedagogical academies” or reform efforts that called for university education were not implemented. The Minister of Education, Franz Matt ( BVP ), who was in office from 1920 to 1926 , advocated maintaining training at seminars and successfully opposed the creation of colleges or universities for teacher training. Matt was of the opinion that an elementary school teacher at a university only learns things "that the teacher does not need and cannot use." Confessional teacher training was also laid down in Article 5 of the Bavarian Concordat of 1924.
During the Nazi era, all Bavarian teacher training institutions (Freising, Straubing, Kaiserslautern, Speyer, Amberg, Bamberg, Coburg, Eichstätt, Schwabach, Lauingen, Erlangen, Aschaffenburg and Munich) were closed at the end of the 1934/1935 school year. They were replaced by the "German advanced schools" in Pasing , Bayreuth and Würzburg , which were run as academic universities. In 1941 the training time was reduced to three semesters and the universities were classified as non-university teacher training institutions .
After the end of the Second World War, the teacher training institutes resumed their service with the curricula of 1931. However, the educational policy plans of the American military government provided for the training of elementary school teachers to be relocated to universities. The Allied Control Council also demanded in Directive NR. 54 that teacher training should take place at universities or at educational institutes of university rank. Since the Bavarian authorities did not follow these instructions despite repeated requests, the military government ordered the formation of a commission in 1948. This should submit detailed plans for teacher training at university level by the beginning of the following year. In April 1949, the Bavarian Ministry of Culture ordered that the teacher training institutions should be converted into higher schools in the next few years. These were then initially referred to as "Oberschule in short form". The concrete implementation of this order was a long time coming, among other things because of the controversial questions about the denominational orientation of the institutions. The ongoing training company was therefore maintained with various interim solutions until the decision was made to train for four semesters at an "Institute for Teacher Education", also known as the "German Gymnasium" in June 1954. In June 1958 the state parliament passed the "Law on Training for Teaching at Primary Schools" after some fierce school political battles. This law provided for the existing institutes to be converted into independent institutions of the state universities and henceforth to be referred to as “Pädagogische Hochschulen” (PH). The then minister of education and former Nazi lawyer Theodor Maunz is regarded as his pioneer .
Since then, the training of Bavarian elementary school teachers has taken place at universities.
The following universities of education existed until 1972:
- University of Education Augsburg of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (to the University of Augsburg )
- Bamberg University of Education (to Otto Friedrich University Bamberg )
- Bayreuth University of Education (to PH Nuremberg, 1972 to Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg , 1975 to University of Bayreuth )
- Eichstätt University of Education (to the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt )
- University of Education Munich-Pasing (to the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich )
- Nuremberg University of Education (to Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg )
- University of Education Regensburg (to the University of Regensburg )
- Würzburg University of Education (to the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg )
The Otto Friedrich University of Bamberg was a special feature. It was only founded by merging the Philosophical-Theological and Pedagogical University as a comprehensive university in Bamberg.
The University of Passau , founded in 1978 , was the only university in Bavaria to have an educational faculty that did not emerge from a teacher training college.
In contrast , the University of Bayreuth , founded in 1975, is the only university in Bavaria that still does not have a pedagogical faculty, despite the fact that it offers teacher training courses.
Pedagogical University in Berlin
- The Berlin University of Education or PH Berlin existed from 1946 to 1980.
Since 1959 the PH has been transformed into a scientific university, which has the right to award doctorates and habilitation degrees in some areas. On April 1, 1980, the PH Berlin was integrated into the Berlin universities of the Free University (FU), Technical University (TU) and University of the Arts (HdK).
Pedagogical University in Bremen
The Bremen University of Education was founded in 1947 as the successor to the Bremen Teachers' Seminar (1810 / 1821–1926) and Pedagogical Seminar (1945–1949). Since 1950 the study period has been six semesters. In 1966, 850 prospective teachers studied here. In the 1960s, a contentious discussion began about a more scientifical approach to pedagogical training. The conflicts led to a change in the university management and Job-Günter Klink became head of the PH in 1966. With him, the concept of scientific orientation prevailed. From 1971 to 1973 the University of Education was integrated into the University of Bremen , which currently (2010) has Faculty 12: Educational Sciences .
Universities for education in Hessen
The educational institutes founded in 1945/46 were dissolved in Hesse from 1960 to 1963, and the subsequent colleges for education were incorporated into the universities in 1967.
- University of Education Frankfurt am Main (HfE, founded 1960) as a department for educational sciences in 1967 at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
- University of Education Giessen (founded in 1960), 1967 to Justus Liebig University Giessen
- Pedagogical Institute Weilburg (founded 1946), 1963 at the HfE Gießen
- Pedagogical Institute Darmstadt / Jugenheim (founded 1946) at the HfE Frankfurt am Main 1963
Pedagogical universities in Lower Saxony
Universities for teachers at elementary and secondary schools were re-established as pedagogical academies after the Second World War . In 1962 they were renamed to teacher training colleges. In 1969 they were organizationally combined to form the Lower Saxony University of Education (PHN). The central administration and the rector's office were located in Hanover, the formerly independent universities were restructured into departments (headed by a dean ). This meant that the study places were to be allocated centrally for the purpose of more evenly utilizing the locations and then the graduates should be distributed as evenly as possible to the schools in the state of Lower Saxony. In addition, the study regulations and the examination system have been standardized. With the integration or conversion of the PHn into the universities, the PH Lower Saxony was dissolved:
- PH Alfeld (Leine) - to Hildesheim 1969
- PH Braunschweig - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to TU Braunschweig 1978
- Pedagogical Academy Adolf-Reichwein-Hochschule Celle - with the same name relocated to Osnabrück 1953
- PH Göttingen - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to the University of Göttingen 1978
- PH Hannover - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to University of Hannover 1978
- PH Hildesheim - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to Hochschule Hildesheim 1978
- PH Lüneburg - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to University of Lüneburg 1978
- PH Oldenburg - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to University of Oldenburg 1974
- PH Osnabrück - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to University of Osnabrück 1974
- PH Vechta - to PH Lower Saxony 1969 - to University of Osnabrück 1974
- PH Wilhelmshaven - recruited in 1969
Universities of Education in North Rhine-Westphalia
Following the example of the same name in Prussia during the Weimar Republic, educational academies were founded after 1945, which ensured that elementary school teachers were trained at a university level. For a long time, equality with the university was not considered. The training remained denominational. On November 18, 1946, the Cologne Academy began teaching with 13 lecturers and 194 students.
For a long time the academies did not have an independent legal character; they formed institutes under the Ministry of Culture. It was not until the provisional statute of the Pedagogical Academies of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia from 1954 that a reorganization of the university began with a rectorate constitution and a limited right of professors to supplement themselves. One step towards making the academies more scientific was the extension of the four- to six-semester course, the requirement for a broader educational component and the introduction of an elective subject related to the subject in the study and examination regulations of 1957.
The renaming to Pädagogische Hochschule (1962) was initially only nominal. With the educational legislation of the years 1965 to 1970, the universities of education in North Rhine-Westphalia at least formally achieved the rank of scientific institutions. With the end of denominational ties (1969), the equality of salary law between PH professors and university professors and the granting of diploma, postdoctoral qualifications (1968) and doctoral degrees (1970), they became academic universities.
Rhineland University of Education (1965–1980)
- Aachen Department (1946 as the Pedagogical Academy (Catholic); University of Education 1962 to 1980, to the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen )
- Bonn Department (established in 1926; closed and reorganized in 1933; renamed "Hochschule für Lehrerbildung"; closed in 1939; 1941 resumption of teaching as the " Lehrerbildungsanstalt Bonn"; 1946 re-establishment of the simultaneous "Pedagogical Academy"; 1962 renamed the Pedagogical University; 1965 integration as a department Bonn to the Pedagogical University of Rhineland; 1980 to the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelm University )
- Cologne Department (founded as the Cologne Pedagogical Academy (Catholic) in 1946; University of Education since 1962; Rhineland University of Education, Cologne Department since 1965; at the University of Cologne in 1980 )
- Department Neuss (1980 to the University of Düsseldorf )
- Wuppertal Department (founded in 1946 as a pedagogical academy (Protestant); 1972 to the Bergische Universität Wuppertal )
Ruhr University of Education (1965–1980)
- Pedagogical University Kettwig / Duisburg - The Pedagogical Academy Kettwig (Protestant since March 13, 1946), since 1962 PH, 1965 to PH Ruhr, was relocated in 1968 from Kettwig (from 1975 district of Essen) to a new building in Duisburg and was named " Ruhr University of Education, Duisburg Department ”. In 1972 she joined the University of Duisburg .
- Pedagogical University Dortmund (Founding of the Pedagogical Academy Dortmund 1929; 1933 by renaming the College for Teacher Education ; 1941 Teacher Training Institute ; 1946 again Pedagogical Academy Dortmund; 1965 PH Ruhr, Dortmund department; also the department for curative education in Dortmund; 1980 to the University of Dortmund )
- Pedagogical University Essen (since January 29, 1946 Pedagogical Academy (Catholic); 1965 to the PH Ruhr; 1972 to the comprehensive university Essen )
- Department Hagen (founded in 1963 as PH, 1965 to PH Ruhr, 1980 to University of Dortmund )
- Department Hamm (to PH Ruhr, 1980 to University of Dortmund )
University of Education Westphalia-Lippe (1965–1980)
- Department of Münster (I and II, 1965–1980, to the Westphalian Wilhelms University of Münster)
- Bielefeld Department (1965–1980, to Bielefeld University )
- Paderborn Department (1965–1972, to the Paderborn Comprehensive University )
- Siegerland Department (1965–1972, to the Siegen University of Applied Sciences )
Pedagogical universities in Rhineland-Palatinate
- Only after 1945 were educational academies founded, which in 1960 were elevated to denominational educational universities. The locations were Koblenz, Landau in the Palatinate, Mainz, Neuwied, Trier and Worms.
- In 1969, the Rhineland-Palatinate University of Education (EWH) was founded from the PH Mainz , Worms , Landau in der Pfalz and Koblenz locations . The University of Koblenz-Landau emerged from this in 1990 .
- The PH Trier merged with the University of Trier .
University of Education in Saarland
The Saarbrücken University of Education existed from 1957 to 1978: initially denominationally separated at the Peter Wust University (Catholic) and the Comenius University (ev.), Which were merged in 1969. Since 1978 teacher training has also taken place for secondary schools at Saarbrücken University.
Universities of Education in Schleswig-Holstein
- The Flensburg University of Education existed from 1946 to 1994 and was responsible for teacher training (excluding grammar school) in Schleswig-Holstein . Friedrich Drenckhahn was an important professor .
- In 1926 the Pedagogical Academy in Kiel was founded. This was renamed the College for Teacher Training in 1933 . From 1941 to 1945 the university was called the teacher training institute in Kiel . At the university under its director Ulrich Peters and the deputy director and biologist Paul Brohmer , a folk upbringing had been propagated before 1933 , so that the National Socialist “seizure of power” was welcomed. The National Socialist history didacticist Karl Alnor also taught here. The university was one of the signatories of the professors' commitment at German universities and colleges to Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist state .
- In 1946, a college of education in Kiel was re-established in the British zone and existed until it was integrated into the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel in 1994. Friedrich Drenckhahn was the founding rector.
Pedagogical universities in the GDR
After 1945, numerous new teachers were hired in the Soviet occupation zone after four to eight months of training. Nevertheless, there was still a lack of teachers for whom training capacities were initially created at the universities' pedagogical faculties . The first teacher training colleges began their activities in Berlin and Potsdam in 1948. Since 1949, lower level teachers have been trained at institutes for teacher training (IfL) for which no high school diploma was required. Six pedagogical institutes were responsible for the higher grades from 1952/53. The duration of studies there was extended from two to three years in 1955 and to four years in 1958/59. The course was adapted to the content and ideological requirements of the newly created POS in 1959 . In 1982 the training period was extended to five years, the fifth year was used for the large school internship , which in the function came close to a clerkship .
In the GDR there were the teacher training colleges from 1951 to 1990 in addition to the training at universities for the teachers of the polytechnic high school, special schools and vocational schools (qualification through additional training after the standardized teacher training). Locations were
- PH "Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander" Dresden - Pedagogical Institute since 1952, 1967 PH
- PH "Dr. Theodor Neubauer "Erfurt / Mulhouse - one Pedagogical Institute since 1953, 1969 PH with double Location, 2001, the new University of Erfurt integrated
- PH " Liselotte Herrmann " Güstrow - Pedagogical Institute since 1952, 1972 PH, 1991 incorporation into the University of Rostock, dissolved in 1993
- University of Education Halle-Köthen " NK Krupskaja " - Pedagogical Institute since 1952, 1972/1974 PH, merged in 1988
- PH "Clara Zetkin" Leipzig - Pedagogical Institute since 1953, 1972 PH
- PH “Erich Weinert” Magdeburg - Institute for teacher training since 1951, 1972 PH
- PH "Edwin Hoernle" Neubrandenburg - 1988 relocation of the Pedagogical Institute from Templin , foundation of the PH on October 3, 1989, last university founded in the GDR, dissolution in 1990
- PH "Karl Liebknecht" Potsdam - founded as Brandenburg State University in 1948, 1951 PH (largest in the GDR), converted into the University of Potsdam in 1991
- PH "Ernst Schneller" Zwickau - Pedagogical Institute in Karl-Marx-Stadt since 1956, moved to Zwickau from 1959, 1973 PH. In 1992 the "Philosophical Faculty" was merged into the Technical University of Chemnitz as the "Technical University of Chemnitz-Zwickau".
Pedagogical universities in Austria
In Austria , academic institutions for teacher training at general compulsory schools (APS) were called the Pedagogical Academy (PÄDAK) until 2007 . Pedagogical Institutes (PI) were responsible for further training . The education of religious education teachers at APS took place at religious education academies (RPA), the further and advanced training at religious education institutes (RPI).
The teacher training colleges train teachers for elementary schools , secondary schools , special schools and polytechnic schools, as well as teachers for upper secondary level ( vocational school teachers, teachers for the technical-commercial area, teachers for information and communication education, fashion and design education and teachers for nutrition education). - Teachers for high schools, on the other hand, study at the university.
In January 2018, Christoph Berger was appointed Chairman of the Rectors' Conference of the Austrian University of Education by the KPH Vienna / Krems (before that it was Erwin Rauscher from the PH Lower Austria).
- List of universities of teacher education in Austria
- Private University of Education Burgenland , Eisenstadt
- Carinthia University of Education , Klagenfurt
- Lower Austria University of Education , Baden
- Upper Austria University of Education , Linz
- Salzburg University of Education , Salzburg
- Pedagogical University of Styria , Graz
- Pedagogical University of Tyrol , Innsbruck
- Vorarlberg University of Education , Feldkirch
- University of Education Vienna , Vienna
- Ecclesiastical University of Education Graz , Graz
- Private University of Education of the Diocese of Linz , Linz
- Church College of Education Vienna / Krems , Vienna and Krems
- Ecclesiastical Pedagogical University - Edith Stein with the locations Feldkirch , Innsbruck , Salzburg and Stams
- University of Agricultural and Environmental Education , Vienna ( Villa Blum )
- Jewish Pedagogical Academy , Vienna
Universities of Education in Switzerland
The teacher training colleges in Switzerland are institutions of the tertiary education sector. They serve teacher training from primary level to upper secondary level. The various institutes at each university promote research, teaching and school practice, with the school as an institution with its pedagogical and social aspects being at the center of the task area.
- University of Education Bern (PHBern) , Bern
- Haute école pédagogique des cantons de Berne, du Jura et de Neuchâtel (HEP BEJUNE)
- Freiburg University of Education (HEP FR / PH FR)
- University of Education Graubünden (PHGR), Chur
- University of Education of the University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW) , Aarau , Basel , Brugg - Windisch AG , Liestal , Solothurn
- St. Gallen University of Education (PHSG) , Rorschach , St. Gallen
- Lucerne University of Education
- Schaffhausen University of Education (PHSH), Schaffhausen
- University of Education Schwyz (PHSZ), Goldau
- Thurgau University of Education (PHTG), Kreuzlingen
- Haute école pédagogique du canton de Vaud (HEP Vaud) , Lausanne
- Wallis University of Education (HEP Valais / PH Wallis) , Brig , Saint-Maurice
- University of Education Zug
- University of Education Zurich (PHZH) , Zurich
- Scuola universitaria professionale della Svizzera italiana (SUPSI), Dipartimento formazione e apprendimento
Universities of Education in the rest of Europe
Overseas teacher training colleges
- Anhui Pedagogical University
- Changsha Pedagogical College
- Chongqing Pedagogical University
- Fujian Pedagogical University
- Guangxi Pedagogical University
- Guizhou Pedagogical University
- Harbin Pedagogical University
- Hebei Pedagogical University
- Hunan Pedagogical University
- Inner Mongolia Pedagogical University
- Jiangxi Pedagogical University
- Liaoning Pedagogical University
- Nanjing Pedagogical University
- Northeast China Pedagogical University
- East China Pedagogical University
- Beijing Pedagogical University
- Qinghai Pedagogical University
- Shaanxi Pedagogical University
- Sichuan Pedagogical University
- South China Pedagogical University
- Southwest China Pedagogical University
- Tianjin Pedagogical University
- Xuzhou Pedagogical University
- Yunnan Pedagogical University
- Central China Pedagogical University
- Zhejiang Pedagogical University
- German Teacher Training Institute Wilhelm von Humboldt Santiago (LBI, Instituto Profesional Alemán Wilhelm von Humboldt : University of Education for Chilean Law)
In Japan, teachers were trained in normal schools ( Japanese 師範学校 , shihan gakkō ), which were supported by the prefectures , since the mid-1870s . These normal schools were taken over by the state in 1943/44 and either converted into pedagogical colleges in 1949 or became pedagogical faculties of newly founded state universities. Only the PH Miyagi (1965) and the PHs Jōetsu and Hyōgo (both 1978) were founded later. There are also numerous private universities with educational faculties.
- Hokkaidō College of Education
- Miyagi Pedagogical College
- Gakugei University of Tokyo
- Jōetsu College of Education
- Aichi University of Education
- Nara University of Education
- Kyoto University of Education
- Osaka School of Education
- Hyogo College of Education
- Naruto Pedagogical College
- Fukuoka Pedagogical College
- Caprivi College of Education , Katima Mulilo
- Rundu College of Education , Rundu
- Ongwediva College of Education , Ongwediva
- Windhoek College of Education , Windhoek
- Sigrid Blömeke: "... in search of solid ground": teacher training in the province of Westphalia 1945/46, professionalization versus educational limitation. Waxmann, Münster 1999, ISBN 3-89325-794-2 .
- Alexander Hesse: The professors and lecturers of the Prussian Pedagogical Academies (1926-1933) and universities for teacher training (1933-1941) . Deutscher Studien Verlag, Weinheim 1995, ISBN 3-89271-588-2 .
- Ingo Runde (Ed.): Teacher training on the Rhine and Ruhr in the 20th century: Symposium 40 years of the Ruhr University of Education in Duisburg (= writings from the archive and library of the University of Duisburg-Essen , Volume 1), University Library Duisburg-Essen, Albert Bilo and Sigurd Praetorius, Universitätsverlag Rhein-Ruhr, Duisburg 2011, ISBN 3-942158-04-3 ( full text online PDF, 150 pages, 13.07 MB, accessed on May 13, 2015).
- Michael Wermke: The denomination of elementary school teacher training in Prussia. A contribution to the school struggle in the Weimar Republic. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2016, ISBN 978-3-374-039227 .
- Wolfgang Werth: The teaching of theory and practice at the Prussian Pedagogical Academies 1926–1933 - illustrated using the example of the Pedagogical Academy Halle / Saale (1930–1933) (= socio-historical studies on reform pedagogy and adult education , volume 5). dipa, Frankfurt am Main 1985, ISBN 3-7638-0805-1 (Dissertation University of Frankfurt am Main 1984, 387 pages).
- Literature about the University of Education in the catalog of the German National Library
- University of Education Baden-Württemberg
- Pedagogical universities at the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Württemberg
- Pedagogical universities in Austria
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- There are similar models in other federal states. The Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Münster and the University of Applied Sciences Münster offer cooperative teaching courses at vocational colleges . In Lower Saxony, the University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück and the University of Osnabrück jointly offer a course for teaching at vocational schools.
- Franz Otto Schmaderer: History of teacher training in Bavaria , 1997, p. 432.
- quoted from: Franz Otto Schmaderer: History of teacher training in Bavaria , in: Max Liedtke: Handbuch der Geschichte des Bayerischen Bildungswesens, Volume IV, Klinkhardt Bad Heilbrunn 1997, p. 423.
- Franz Otto Schmaderer: History of teacher training in Bavaria , 1997, p. 426.
- Franz Otto Schmaderer: History of teacher training in Bavaria , 1997, p. 428.
- Franz Otto Schmaderer: History of teacher training in Bavaria , 1997, p. 431.
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